Regiments
Of the Malta Garrison
The Royal Engineers

The Corps Of Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers
The Royal Engineers share the mottoes Ubique and Quo Fas et Gloria Ducunt with the Royal Artillery.
Royal Engineers
The Royal Cipher within the Garter, the whole enclosed in a laurel wreath; on top of the Garter, a crown; on the lower portion of the laurel wreath, a scroll inscribed Royal Engineers.

A Corps of Engineers was formed in 1717. It was an officer-only Corps, the other ranks being supplied by contracted civilian workers. The Royal Engineers was a sister Corps of the Royal Artillery, both of which were formed from the military branch of the old Board of Ordnance but the Royal Artillery predated the engineers by a year.

In 1787, was formed the Corps of Royal Military Artificers consisting of the other ranks.

The Corps of Engineers became a Royal Corps in 1787. In 1856, the officers of the Corps of Royal Engineers and the men of the Corps of Royal Military Artificers merged to form the Corps of Royal Engineers.

Medical Officers were first appointed to the Royal Engineers in July 1862.

The Royal Engineers share the mottoes Ubique (Everywhere) and Quo Fas et Gloria Ducunt (Whither Right and Glory Lead) with the Royal Artillery. They wear a grenade with nine flames as opposed to seven flames for the Royal Artillery.

A Corps of Maltese Artificers were raised in December 1800 to serve with the expedition of General Sir Ralph Abercrombie in Egypt. The men were superintended by a Maltese petty officer, who was under the direction of the store keeper. The men wore the uniform of the Ordnance department.

The Royal Engineers

1800 Maltese Artificers

Lt Archibald Campbell of Colonel's Coy 30th Foot served as an assistant engineer in Malta during the blockade of the French garrison.

Royal Engineers serving in Malta in 1800:

1801 Royal Engineers

1 Oct 1801 Monthly Returns to the Adjutant General show no attached surgeon or assistant surgeon.

Nov 1801 Lt Charles William Pasley RE (1780 &38211; 1861) posted to Malta from Minorca. Served in Malta until 1804. Penned his views for the retention of Malta by Great Britain, deploring its restitution to the Order of St John. Left a record of his impressions of the Maltese Islands.

1802 Royal Engineers

1803 Royal Engineers

1804 Royal Engineers

1805 Royal Engineers

14 Aug 1805 Strength: 11 men, 2 Sick.

3 Nov Detachments joined Sir James Craig's Expedition to Naples.

1806 Royal Engineers

1807 Royal Engineers

1808 Royal Engineers

1809 Royal Engineers

1810 Royal Engineers

1811 Royal Engineers

1812 Royal Engineers

1813 Royal Engineers

1814 Royal Engineers

Strength 409 men.

1815 Royal Engineers

Strength 409 men.

1816 Royal Engineers

1817 Royal Engineers

1818 Royal Engineers

Location: Valletta.

1819 Royal Engineers

Location: Valletta.

1820 Royal Engineers

1821 Royal Engineers

1822 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1823 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1824 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1825 Royal Engineers

1826 Royal Engineers

Burials in 1826:

1827 Royal Engineers

Marriages in 1827:

Baptisms in 1827:

Burials in 1827:

1828 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1828:

1829 Royal Engineers

Colonel Sir George Whitmore Commanding the Royal Engineers, left Malta in 1829. He had served in Malta and the Greek Islands for nearly 18 years. He had been resident in Malta during the greater part of that period, except for five years.

Baptisms in 1829:

1830 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1830:

1831 Royal Engineers

A Morshead
Grave of Lt Col H A Morshead Old Saluting Battery Valletta.

11 Nov 1831 Colonel Henry Anderson Morshead RE and Acting Lieutenant-Governor of Malta died at his residence in Valletta, aged 55 years. In 1829, Colonel Morshead was appointed Commanding Royal Engineer at Malta. He served on the island until his death. This was brought on by a violent bilious attack early in the year which so much debilitated him, that he was unable to rally during the great heat of summer. His high military spirit would, however, not allow him to quit his command. He left a widow and eleven children. As Colonel Morshead was Acting Lieutenant-Governor at the time of his death, he was buried at public expense. The funeral cortege left his residence to the Auberge de Castille and thence to the Old Saluting Battery overlooking the Grand Harbour where he was interred.1

Baptisms in 1831:

1832 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1832:

1833 Royal Engineers

Strength: 4 Officers, 0 men.

Burials in 1833:

1834 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1834:

1835 Royal Engineers

1836 Royal Engineers

Strength: 4 Officers, o men.

Marriages in 1836:

1837 Royal Engineers

1838 Royal Engineers

1839 Royal Engineers

1840 Royal Engineers

1841 Royal Engineers

1842 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta. No medical officers.

1843 Royal Engineers

Strength: HQ Valletta. No medical officers. 3 officers and 112 men.

1844 Royal Engineers

1845 Royal Engineers

1846 Royal Engineers

1847 Royal Engineers

1848 Royal Engineers

1849 Royal Engineers

1850 Royal Engineers

1851 Royal Engineers

17 Jan 1851 Strength: 93 men, 6 women, and 16 children of the Royal Sappers and Miners arrived from England.

Baptisms in 1851:

1852 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 47 men, No medical officers.

Marriages in 1852:

Baptisms in 1852:

1853 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 46 men, No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1853:

Baptisms in 1853:

Burials in 1853:

1854 Royal Sappers and Miners

No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

Baptisms in 1854:

Burials in 1854:

1855 Royal Sappers and Miners

No medical officers.

Burials in 1855:

In September 1855, the Simoom with 420 men and the Barrackpore with 300 men of the Army Working Corps arrived in the Crimea. The 720 men formed the bulk of the corps and were put to work in the repair and construction of the railway and the road from headquarters to Balaclava.

1856 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 107 men.

Up to 1856, the Royal Engineers consisted of two bodies. The officers formed the Corps of Royal Engineers and the men were in the Corps of Military Artificers, sappers and miners. After the Crimean War, the two separate bodies amalgamated into the Corps of Royal Engineers.

Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1856:

Baptisms in 1856:

Burials in 1856:

1857 Royal Engineers

Strength: 210 men. No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

Baptisms in 1857:

Burials in 1857:

1858 Royal Engineers

1 Dec 1858 Strength: 7 Officers, 9 NCOs, 3 Buglers/Drummers, 151 rank and file, 170 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,618 rank and file).

Baptisms in 1858:

1859 Royal Engineers

1 Jan 1859 Strength: 7 Officers, 8 NCOs, 3 Buglers/Drummers, 147 rank and file, 165 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,537 rank and file).

25 Apr An extra Coy RE was placed under orders to embark for Malta, so as to increase the strength of the garrison in the Mediterranean. On 11 May 1859, No 28th Coy RE embarked for Malta. It served in Malta for 4 years 8 months, leaving the island on 26 January 1864.

1 Jun Strength: 12 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 279 rank and file, 312 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6,937 rank and file).

1 Dec Strength: 9 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 270 rank and file, 300 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7,044 rank and file).

In 1859, the regiment had 255.2 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 4.18 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

Baptisms in 1859:

Burials at Floriana Cemetery in 1859:

Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1859:

1860 No 28th Coy Royal Engineers

Admissions and Deaths during 1860
Average Strength Admissions Hospital Deaths Admissions/1000 Deaths/1000
283 280 4 989 14.13
Admissions into hospital and deaths during the year with ratio of admissions and deaths per 1000 of strength. The average strength of the troops, exclusive of the Royal Malta Fencibles, was 5,950 men.

1 Jan 1860 In the beginning of 1860, there were 3 Companies of Royal Engineers. Strength: 9 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 270 rank and file, 300 total all ranks.

In 1860, 21 soldiers were admitted with common continued fevers with 2 deaths.

Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1860:

1861 Royal Engineers

In 1861, the Engineers had an average strength of 245 men, 141 hospital admissions (575 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 4 deaths in hospital (16.33 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The RE had 20 admissions (82 per 1000 of mean strength) from continued fevers with 3 deaths (12.24 per 1000 of mean strength).

Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1861:

1862 Royal Engineers

In 1862, the regiment had an average strength of 200 men, 158 hospital admissions (790 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital, 1 death out of hospital and 1 among the invalids (20 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1862:

1863 Royal Engineers

In 1863, the regiment had an average strength of 194 men, 202 hospital admissions (1041.4 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with no deaths.

1864 Royal Engineers

In 1864, the regiment had an average strength of 166 men, 155 hospital admissions (934 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital (12.08 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

1865 Royal Engineers

Floriana barracks
Map of Floriana with barracks.

In 1865, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 182 men. It had 178 hospital admissions (978 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital, 1 out of hospital and 1 death among the invalids (16.48 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The Royal Engineers occupied St Francis Barracks Floriana; their families inhabited huts in an adjoining outworks. Some of the men had diarrhoea but no true cholera.

1866 Royal Engineers

3 May 1866 Two companies of the Royal Engineers arrived from Gibraltar where they had served since 1861. They relieved two companies from Malta, one company left for Gibraltar, the other to England.

In 1866, the regiment had an average strength of 182 men. There were 180 hospital admissions (989 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital (10.99 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). It had 61 admissions (335/1000 mean strength) for continued fevers with 2 deaths (10.99 deaths/1000 mean strength).

The regiment was quartered at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin.

1867 Royal Engineers

In 1867, the regiment had an average strength of 178 men. There were 153 hospital admissions (859.5 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital (5.62 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). It had 17 admissions for continued fevers with no deaths.

The regiment was quartered at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin.

Cholera broke out on 1 September 1867. On 4 September, a child of a sergeant died within 8 hours of falling ill with cholera.

1868 Royal Engineers

Location: St Francis Barracks.

The average annual strength in 1868 was 180 men. There were 154 admissions into hospital; 2 died in hospital. The ratio per 1000 mean strength of those admitted was 856 and for deaths 11.11.

The Royal Engineers were at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin. From June to September, the regiment had 23 admissions for continued fevers, with no deaths.

1869 32 Coy RE

Barracks occupied by the Royal Engineers in 1869:

Barracks Occupied by the RE in 1869
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers
St Francis 136 8 5.88
St Francis Ravelin 17 2 11.76
Table I: Barracks occupied by the RE showing the average Strength number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.

Strength of the Royal Engineers from 1 January to 31 December 1869:

Royal Engineers 1 January to 31 December 1869
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 174 8 0
February 173 6 0
March 173 6 0
April 172 11 0
May 172 9 0
June 172 9 0
July 167 10 0
August 167 11 0
September 167 8 1
October 166 8 0
November 167 8 0
December 167 9 0
Table II: Regimental Strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. TNA:WO 334/62
A Ferguson
Spr Alexander Ferguson 27 Coy RE aged 27 yrs 8 mths died from asphyxia due to accidental drowning on 14 Sep 1869 (Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pieta)

The average annual strength in 1869 was 170 men. There were 103 admissions into hospital; 1 died out of hospital. The ratio per 1000 of mean strength of those admitted was 605.9 and for deaths 5.88. In 1869, the garrison had 39 cases with five deaths from Delirium tremens. The Royal Engineers furnished the highest proportion, having had six cases in a strength of 170 men while the 52nd and 48th Foot had each only one and two cases respectively.

Two cases of suicide, were both soldiers cut their own throat, occurred during the year. Assistant surgeon John Stuart attributed the deaths to temporary excitement brought on by drink.

1870 Royal Engineers

Barracks Occupied by the Royal Engineers in 1870
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers
St Francis 131 28 21.37
St Francis Ravelin 12 5 41.63
Table III: Barracks occupied by the RE showing the average Strength number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.
Floriana Bks
Map of Floriana showing St Francis Barracks and Ravelin. Two companies were quartered at St Francis Barracks. Men married with leave occupied quarters at St Francis Ravelin.

The average Strength of the officers was 9.08; five were admitted to hospital during the year. An average of 15.76 women accompanied the regiment, of whom 19 were admitted to hospital. There were no deaths among the officers or wives.

From 1 January to 31 December 1870, there was an average of 29.33 children with the regiment, 43 of whom were admitted to hospital. There were 5 infant deaths from: mumps (1), phthisis pulmonalis (1), diarrhoea (2) and atrophy (1).

There was an average of 164 NCOs and men in the command, with 201 admissions to hospital (1226 admissions/1000 mean strength) and 1 death (6.10 deaths/1000 mean strength).

St Francis Barracks Floriana was a two storied building with four large rooms, two on each floor and two small ones. There were no night urinals, urine tubs being still used by the men. These were not only offensive, but it was also impossible to keep the floor around the tubs clean. The married quarters at St Francis Ravelin were situated in a block of buildings which was well lit and ventilated. At each end of the block, was a quarter for a non-commissioned officer; each of the other quarters had only one room. These were too crowded for large families, who were often granted a second quarter, when these became available. NCOs had larger quarters in St Francis Barracks.

The Engineer Companies at Malta were:

The men of the Royal Engineers wore the red tunic and black trousers in winter while on guards and full dress parades. In summer they wore the serge patrol jackets and white trousers. Over their forage caps, they wore a white cover with a short curtain to protect the back of the neck from the heat of the sun. There were two weekly parades with arms and accoutrements, which lasted between one and two hours. These were held early in the morning so as to escape as much as possible the heat of the day. During the day, the men were employed at their trades, or labouring on maintaining the defences.

Royal Engineers 1 January to 31 December 1870
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 169 16 0
February 178 13 0
March 179 8 0
April 179 9 0
May 97 8 0
June 96 19 0
July 180 28 0
August 178 22 0
September 178 24 1
October 178 14 0
November 176 16 0
December 178 24 0
Table IV: Regimental Strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. (TNA:WO 334/77)

In 1870, the Royal Engineers had more admissions into hospital from fevers than in 1868 and 1869. This increase was attributed to the arrival of a new Company from England in January, and another from Gibraltar in June, with men not yet being acclimatised to the climate. The Company which had served in Gibraltar for 4 years prior to its arrival at Malta, admitted as many soldiers to hospital with fever, as the one arriving from England. The PMO blamed heavy drinking for the high admission rate among the Royal Engineers.

All the men, women, and children were vaccinated against smallpox.

Burials in 1870:

1871 Royal Engineers

The regiment had an average strength of 194 men. There were 240 admissions into hospital (1237/1000 mean strength), with 1 death in hospital (5.15/1000 mean strength). The men were at St Francis Barracks Floriana.

1872 Royal Engineers

In 1872, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 176 men. It had 200 admissions (1136/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths. Its average strength from 30 June to 30 September was 162 men. During this third quarter of the year when fevers were prevalent, the Royal Engineers had a total of 18 hospital admissions with 4 deaths. It had: 6 cases of enteric fever with 4 deaths, 137 of simple continued fevers and 38 of febricula.

The men were at St Francis Barracks and St Francis Ravelin Floriana.

1873 Royal Engineers

In 1873, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 173 men. It had 191 admissions (1104/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (11.56/1000 mean strength).

The 1st and 24th Companies Royal Engineers arrived in Malta from Mauritius and Bermuda respectively.

1874 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 209 men. It had 218 admissions (1043.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (4.78/1000 mean strength). It had 2 invalids returned to England.

5 Jun 1874 No 1 Coy RE consisting of 1 officer, 4 Sgts, 61 Rank and File, 10 wives and 23 children, embarked on the Sprite for Dover, arriving there on 18 June 1874.

1875 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 183 men. It had 191 admissions (1043.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death among the invalids (5.49 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 5 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 8.34 (45.82/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.63 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.94 days.

1876 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 206 men. It had 164 admissions (791.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths including 1 among the invalids (9.71 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 5 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 7.50 (36.84/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.44 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.88 days.

1877 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 188 men. It had 131 admissions (696.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (15.96/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 4.89 (26.01/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 13.62 days.

1878 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 203 men. It had 142 admissions (699.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (24.63 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.09 (30.0/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.95 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.65 days.

1879 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 193 men. It had 163 admissions (844.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.18/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 7.73 (40.05/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.31 days.

The RE operated the Brennan Torpedo System, a wire guided torpedo controlled from the shore for the defence of narrow harbour entrances. The system was installed at Forts Tigné and Ricasoli in 1889 to defend Marsamxetto Harbour and the Grand Harbour. It closed in 1907 and its functions was transferred to the Royal Navy.

1880 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 225 men. It had 218 admissions (968.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (22.22 deaths/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.01 (48.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.91 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.48 days.

In the 1870's, the RE took responsibility for the defence of the harbours by controlled mines. This was known as the Submarine Mining Service which remained with the RE until it was transferred to the Royal Navy in 1885.

1881 Royal Engineers

James Wakeham
Spr James Wakeham 33 Coy RE died 14 Sep 1881 aged 29 yrs.
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

In 1881, the Royal Engineers in Malta consisted of two companies. One company of RE served from 1 January to 23 March; one company from 1 January to 27 April.

The RE (17 and 33 Coys) had an average strength of 187 men. It had 111 admissions (593.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (26.74 deaths/1000 mean strength).

6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.15 (43.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.90 days.

1882 Royal Engineers

John H Turner
Bugler John H. Turner 18th Coy RE aged 16 yrs died 15 Oct 1882 from the effects of the Egyptian Campaign.
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

The RE had an average strength of 113 men. It had 48 admissions (424.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 3.0 (26.54/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.69 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.81 days.

1883 Royal Engineers

The RE had an average strength of 76 men. It had 31 admissions (407.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital (15.06 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 1.68 (22.10/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.06 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.68 days.

1884 Royal Engineers

Walter George Portch
Annie Elizabeth Portch wife of Cpl Walter George Portch died 1 Dec 1884 aged 26 years
Cpl Walter George Portch 15 Coy RE died 14 Feb 1885 aged 26 yrs
their son Albert Henry Portch died 10 Nov 1884, aged 10 weeks.
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 120 men. It had 101 admissions (841.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (33.33 deaths/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.35 (52.91/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.36 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.01 days.

During the year the Malta Command had 1 Company of Royal Engineers:

Burials in 1884:

1885 Royal Engineers

15 Coy RE
Memorial 15 Coy RE
To those who died during the stay of the Coy in Malta 1884-88.
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 147 men. It had 104 admissions (707.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (40.81 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.16 (41.90/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.29 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.61 days.

A soldier fell from a terrace in the lower court yard of the Valletta Station Hospital and fractured his skull.

There were 2 companies of the Royal Engineers in the Command.

1886 Royal Engineers

J Pegg
Spr J Pegg 8th Coy RE died 30 May 1886 aged 31 yrs (Pieta' Military Cemetery).

The Royal Engineers had been stationed in Valletta for 12 months. It had an average strength of 132 men. It had 88 admissions (666.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.57/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.72 (43.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.81 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.72 days.

The Royal Engineers had two companies throughout the year.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1886:

1887 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 130 men. It had 73 admissions (561.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.69/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.45 (34.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.25 days.

2 companies of the Royal Engineers served in the Command throughout the year.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1887:

1888 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 138 men. It had 74 admissions (536.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (21.74/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.48 (25.22/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.22 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.21 days.

The Royal Engineers had 2 companies in the Command.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1888:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1888:

1889 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 137 men. It had 78 admissions into hospital with 1 death. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.80. The average sick time to each soldier was 12.78 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.46 days.

Two companies of the Royal Engineers served in the Command throughout the year.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1889:

1890 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 150 men. It had 72 admissions (480/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.94 (32.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.02 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.04 days. The RE was in Cottonera for 12 months with detachments in various out stations.

Baptisms in 1890:

1891 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 165 men. It had 103 admissions (660.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (6.06/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.32 (38.30/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.98 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.15 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

Baptisms in 1891:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1891:

1892 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 239 men. It had 128 admissions (535.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (8.37/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 8.42 (35.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.89 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.08 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

Baptisms in 1892:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1892:

The Malta Militia Division Submarine Miners Royal Engineers 1892 – 1921

The Maltese Militia Division Submarine Miners Royal Engineers was raised at the beginning of 1892 from the boating classes in Malta for service as submarine miners under the Royal Engineers. The force consisted of 1 Lieutenant, 1 Company Sergeant Major, 3 Sergeants, and 1 engineer clerk. Enlistment was for 5 years. The training consisted of the division being called up for a period of 120 days during the submarine mining annual training of the Royal Engineers. The men were issued with their Lee-Metford Rifle and sword bayonet.

1893 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 295 men. It had 83 admissions (281.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.39/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.64 (19.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 6.98 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.80 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

On 19 July 1893 a Court of Enquiry was convened into the accidental deaths by drowning of Lt Bourne and Lt Fallon RE on 18 June 1893.

Baptisms in 1893:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1893:

1894 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 274 men. It had 92 admissions (335.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (18.24/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months. There were five companies.

Its average constantly sick was 4.16 (15.18/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 5.54 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.50 days.

Baptisms in 1894:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1894:

1895 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 262 men. It had 71 admissions (271/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.23 (19.96/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.29 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.89 days.

There were three companies of the Royal Engineers:

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

Baptisms in 1895:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1895:

1896 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 260 men. It had 55 admissions (211.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.84/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.06 (11.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 4.31 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.36 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks, Floriana for 12 months. There were three companies:

Baptisms in 1896:

Burials at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1896:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1896:

1897 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 312 men. It had 79 admissions (253.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.16 (13.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 4.87 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.22 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks, Floriana for 12 months.

In Apr 1897, a detachment of the RE served in Crete as part of the Cretan International Force.

Baptisms in 1897:

Burials at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1897:

1898 Royal Engineers

Admissions and Deaths during 1898
Average Strength Admissions Hospital Deaths Admissions/1000 Deaths/1000
285 136 4 477 14.03
Admissions into hospital and deaths during the year with ratio of admissions and deaths per 1000 of strength. The average strength of the troops, exclusive of the Royal Malta Artillery, was 7,390 men.

Its average constantly sick was 5.81 (20.39/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.44 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.59 days.

The RE was quartered at St Francis Barracks Floriana with a detachment at Crete. There were three companies of RE serving in the command throughout the year.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1898:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1898:

1899 Royal Engineers

Spr Sharlock H 28 Coy RE
25763 Spr Sharlock H 28 Coy died at the Valletta Hospital on 6 Apr 1899 aged 32 yrs
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

Strength (June 1899) 324 men (3 Coys). An outbreak of enteric fever broke out at St Francis Barracks during the latter part of the year.

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1899:

1900 Royal Engineers

M Gillies
27998 Spr M Gillies 28 Coy
Died at Valletta Hospital 7 Nov 1900, 29 yrs. (Pieta' Military Cemetery)

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1900:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1900:

1901 Royal Engineers

The Militia Regt and the Malta Militia Division of the Royal Engineers were established under Ordinance XII of 1901, by which previous ordinances with regard to the Militia were repealed. This empowered the Governor to raise a Militia by voluntary enlistment to be embodied in time of war.

The Militia Engineers received training in submarine mining. The Infantry Militia attended training in musketry and a number of days training in camp and barracks.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1901:

1902 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1902:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1902:

Burials in Gozo Military Cemetery in 1902:

1903 Royal Engineers

John E Sleightholm
John Ernest Sleightholm infant son of SSgt and Mrs Sleightholm died 14 Apr 1903. (Mtarfa Military Cemetery)

Head Quarters RE was at the Auberge d'Italie. Officers Mess was at the Auberge de Castille.

The Royal Engineers (Militia) Submarine Miners was composed of one division of 60 NCO's and men. In addition there was a permanent staff of one lieutenant and two sergeants Royal Engineers.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1903:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1903:

1904 Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers Offices Vittoriosa 1904

Engineer Companies in Malta were:

The average strength of the troops serving in the Malta Command (excluding the Royal Malta Artillery) was 9,120. There were a total of 56 deaths in the garrison of which 5 were in invalids. In the Royal Engineers the admission, mortality and constant sick rates were 388.7, 3.13 and 22.79 per 1000 of Strength.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1904:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1904:

1905 Royal Engineers

St Francis Barracks Floriana consisted of a small range of barracks partly on one, partly in two stories which was occupied by a company of the Royal Engineers. The rooms on the ground floor accommodated 45 men in each.

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1905:

1906 Royal Engineers

F Jarvis
Spr F. Jarvis 28 Coy died 5 May 1908.
(Pembroke Military Cemetery)

Baptisms in 1906:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1906:

1907 Royal Engineers

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1907:

1908 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1908:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1908:

1909 Royal Engineers

Pitman Olive K
Olive Kathleen Pitman wife of Lt L C Pitman died at Citta Vecchia 13 July 1909 aged 23 yrs (Mtarfa Cemetery).

Baptisms in 1909:

1910 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1910:

1911 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1911:

1912 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in 1912:

Burials in 1912:

1913 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in the Zejtun Gate Church Room in 1913:

Baptisms in the Garrison Church 1913:

1914 Royal Engineers

29 July 1914 A Field Coy RE was ordered to mobilize. On 31 July, it moved to Bir-id-Deheb where it set up camp. The engineers set up wire entanglements at Sliema Point Battery and Tigné Battery. They prepared sangars and constructed sun shelters and wooden platforms for sentries.

A Field Coy RE was bivouacked at Fort Benghajsa.

23 Dec 1st/3rd Lancashire Works Coy RE disembarked at Malta.

Baptisms in the Zejtun Gate Church Room in 1914:

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1914:

Burials in 1914:

1915 Royal Engineers

25 Apr 1915 Major Campbell RE left for Alexandria.

27 Apr 3 officers and 93 men of 1st/3rd Lancashire Works Coy RE left for the east in the store ship Immingham.

Baptisms in 1915:

Burials in the New Pietà Military Cemetery in 1915:

1916 Royal Engineers

Baptism in Mtarfa Church Room in 1916:

Baptisms in 1916:

1917 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1917:

1918 Royal Engineers

1919 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1919:

1920 Royal Engineers

Baptisms in the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1920:

1921 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at St Oswald's Chapel Mtarfa in 1921:

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1921:

1922 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1922:

1923 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1923:

Burials in 1923:

1924 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1924:

1925 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1925:

1926 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1926:

1927 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1927:

1928 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1928:

1929 Royal Engineers

A Haggertay
1859226 Spr Alfred Haggertay died at Mtarfa on 30 June 1929 (Pieta Military Cemetery.)

Baptisms at St Matthew's Church Fort Ricasoli in 1929:

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1929:

1930 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1930:

1931 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1931:

1932 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1932:

1933 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1933:

1934 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1934:

1935 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1935:

1936 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1936:

1937 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1937:

1938 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1938:

1939 Royal Engineers

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1939:

1940 Royal Engineers

The Colonial Troops were a peace time unit in Malta responsible for maintaining the AA Search Light.

In November 1940, they became part of 4 Search Light Regt RA/RMA.

Baptisms in St Oswald's Chapel Mtarfa in 1940:

Baptisms at the Barracca Garrison Church Valletta in 1940:

1941 Royal Engineers

28 Mar 1941 Lt Col Fox RE was treated at MAP Mellieha for a fractured wrist following a motor cycle accident.

Baptisms in St Oswald's Chapel Mtarfa in 1941:

1942 Royal Engineers

In June 1942, RE personnel from No 173 Tunnelling Company dug the shelters for No 45 General Hospital St Patrick's Barracks.

1943 Royal Engineers

1943 RE
L/Sgt Carmel Galea and Spr Anthony Troisi RE MTF died 17 April 1943 (Pieta Military cemetery)

Total Strength (30 June 1943): 50 officers and 876 men.

1944 Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers Malta
The Royal Engineers Units serving in Malta (St Paul's Cathedral Valletta).

Total Strength (30 June 1944): 34 officers and 429 men.

1945 Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers
Ditch in Horn Work below St Francis Bastion with the Capuchin Convent.

Total Strength (31 Mar 1945): 24 officers and 156 men.

1946 Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers Offices in the ditch of the Horn Works Floriana.

1947 Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers Offices in the ditch of the Horn Works Floriana.

1948 Royal Engineers

1949 Royal Engineers

Total Strength: 18 Officers and 92 men.

1950 Royal Engineers

1951 Royal Engineers

1952 Royal Engineers

1953 Royal Engineers

1954 Royal Engineers

1955 Royal Engineers

1956 Royal Engineers

1957 Royal Engineers

Benches Anglican Cathedral Valletta
Benches presented to the Anglican Cathedral Valletta to commemorate the Royal Engineers continuous service in Malta from 1798 to 1979.

1958 Royal Engineers

1959 Royal Engineers

1960 Royal Engineers

1961 Royal Engineers

1962 Royal Engineers

1963 Royal Engineers

The Malta Fortress Company was officially formed by Captain M D P Young RE at the end of the war, comprising mainly of Maltese sappers.

In 1964, was formed the Malta Park Squadron, later retitled 72 (Malta) Support Squadron RE. With the disbandment of HQ RE, Fortress Squadron and 72 (Malta) Support Squadron RE on 30th September 1970, the soldiers of RE Malta, ceased to serve with the Royal Engineers and joined the Malta Land Force.

Bibliography