RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment

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The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment

Introduction

The 62nd Regiment of Foot was derived from the 2nd/4th Regiment of Foot. The 2nd Battalion was raised in 1756, but two years later became an independent regiment as the 62nd Regiment of Foot.

In 1782, the 62nd was granted its territorial affiliation with Wiltshire to become The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment.

On 1 July 1881, The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment merged with the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment to form The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment).

In 1959, The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment) joined The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Regiment to form The Duke of Edinburgh Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire).

The 1st/62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment

1854 62nd (Wiltshire)

28 Feb 1854 The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment arrived from Ireland. Steam navigation had cut its journey from Cork to 16 days. The 1st division disembarked from the transport Sir George Pollock and marched to Lower St Elmo Barracks.

18 Apr The 62nd was kept as a reserve at Floriana Barracks until needed in the East.

10 Oct In the garrison reshuffle of 10 Oct 1854, the 62nd moved from Floriana Barracks to the Auberge de Castille and Fort Manoel.

Nov The regiment had 21 officers and 560 men serving in the Crimea. It arrived from Malta on 14 Nov and soon after its landing was attacked with cholera. 14 men died of cholera and 2 from diarrhoea before the end of the month and 18 died in December 1854. The surgeon attributed the outbreak to fatigue, exposure, inclement weather and change of diet from fresh meat and vegetables to salt meat, rum and biscuits.

19 Dec 1854 116 men, 234 women and 303 children of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment left for England on the Himalaya with the wounded and convalescents from the Crimea.

The following were buried in 1854:

1855 — 62nd (Wiltshire)

The Wiltshire Regiment fought at Sebastopol in the Crimean War (1854–56).

16 Dec 1855 Burial of Pte James King 62nd Regiment.

1856 62nd (Wiltshire)

11 May 1856 The 62nd (Wiltshire) embarked on the Himalaya and proceeded to Halifax Nova Scotia with the 2nd/63rd Foot.

25 Feb Burial of Pte William Gullick 62nd Regiment.

The 1st/The Duke of Edinburgh Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire)

1962 1st/The Duke of Edinburgh's (Berkshire and Wiltshire)

3 Dec 1962 The 1st/The Duke of Edinburgh's Regiment embarked at Southampton in HMT Oxfordshire. It was the last infantry regiment to deploy from England in a troopship. The battalion moved into St Patrick's Barracks, Pembroke.

1963 1st/The Duke of Edinburgh's (Berkshire and Wiltshire)

Aug–Sep 1963 The battalion took part in Exercise Drum Beat in Libya.

1964 1st/The Duke of Edinburgh's (Berkshire and Wiltshire)

9 Feb 1964 The battalion moved to Cyprus. It took up positions at Nicosia Airport and manned the Green Line between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.

Apr 1964 The battalion returned to Malta. It was the Guard of Honour on the granting of independence to Malta on 21 September 1964.

1965 1st/The Duke of Edinburgh's (Berkshire and Wiltshire)

Dec 1965 The 1st/The Duke of Edinburgh's Regiment returned to England. It moved to Minden in Germany where it formed part of 11th Infantry Brigade.

Bibliography