The 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment
The 63rd Regiment of Foot was derived from the 2nd/8th Regiment of Foot. The 2nd Battalion was raised in 1756, but two years later became an independent regiment as the 63rd Regiment of Foot.
In 1782, the 63rd was granted its territorial affiliation with West Suffolk to become The 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment.
On 1 July 1881, The 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment merged with the 96th Regiment of Foot to form The 1st Battalion The Manchester Regiment.
In 1958, The Manchester Regiment joined The King's Regiment (Liverpool) to form The King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool).
The Fleur de Lys was associated with the 63rd Foot during the first half of the 19th century. In 1923, the Fleur de Lys replaced the Arms of the City of Manchester as the regimental badge of the Manchester Regiment.
The 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment
1801 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk)
10 Sep 1801 The 2nd/63rd Regiment consisting of 552 officers and men, of which 34 were sick, arrived from Gibraltar.
1 Oct Monthly Returns to the Adjutant General show 0 surgeon and 1 assistant surgeon.
1 Nov Strength: 641 officers and men, of which 55 were sick and 464 men fit for duty.
1802 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk) (Balcarres's Regiment)
1 Jan 1802 Strength: 36 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 394 rank and file fit for duty, 42 rank and file sick, 558 total officers and men, 1123 establishment.
1 Mar Strength: 32 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 398 rank and file fit for duty, 32 rank and file sick, 552 total officers and men, 1123 establishment.
1 May Strength: 34 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 56 NCOs, 377 rank and file fit for duty, 39 rank and file sick, 508 total officers and men, 842 establishment.
21 July 40 men, 10 women, and 8 children of the 2nd/63rd embarked on the men-of-war Haarlem. They were withdrawn from Malta in compliance with the provision of the Treaty of Amiens. On the same day, another 103 men embarked on the men-of-war Carrere.
1 Aug Strength: 497 officers and men, of which 27 were sick and 378 men fit for duty. The regiment was severely affected by fever, which was common in Malta during the summer months.
1 Nov Strength: 19 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 56 NCOs, 377 rank and file fit for duty, 24 rank and file sick, 494 total officers and men, 843 establishment.
1803 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk)
5 May 1803 The 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment embarked for Ireland.
The 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment
1854 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk)
21 July 1854 The 2nd/63rd embarked at Cork on the Royal West Indian mail steamer Avon for the Crimea. It arrived at Malta on 1 August and at Constantinople on 7 August 1854.
Nov The regiment had 15 officers and 713 men serving in the Crimea. The amount of sickness in the corps was unusually great and the morbidity severe. The surgeon blamed exposure to the inclement weather, severe duty, the men having only half a night in bed for three-quarters of the month. During the last week of the month the men had two consecutive nights in their tents.
Their tents were worn, and the commissariat supplies had been scant but good in quantity. The men had expressed difficulty in cooking them for want of fuel, kettles and cooking plates. Fevers pneumonia and bowel disorders were prevalent among them.
Burials in 1854:
- 2 Dec Pte James Grubb aged 25 years.
1855 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk)
The 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment served in the Crimea.
Burials in 1855:
- 1 Jan Pte Lance Stephens.
- 3 Sep Pte John Carberry aged 19 years.
- 31 Oct Pte William Lever aged 28 years.
- 19 Dec Pte Thomas Line aged 21 years.
1856 2nd/63rd (West Suffolk)
5 May 1856 The 63rd received orders to proceed from the Crimea to Nova Scotia. On 5 May it left the camp before Sevastopol for Balaclava. It embarked on the steamship Andes for Malta, where it arrived on 11 May 1856. At Malta, the regiment trans-shipped to the Himalaya and proceeded to Halifax Nova Scotia with the 62nd Foot.
- Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
- Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
- TNA:WO 265/1. Quarterly Historical Reports, Headquarters Malta Command, 30 September – 31 December 1946.
- TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
- TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.