Of the Malta Garrison
British Italian Legion

The British Italian Legion

The British Army raised foreign troops at the outbreak of the Crimean War to augment the infantry regiments of the Line. The men were recruited in accordance with the Enlistment of Foreigners Act 1854, and the troops became collectively known as the British Foreign Legion.

In 1855 recruitment started into the British German Legion, the British Italian Legion, and the British Swiss Legion. A total of 14,000 men were recruited, although none saw active service, and all were disbanded after the war with Russia.

In 1861, Surgeon Major Thomas Wood in his diary Account of a journey from Khanpur (Cawnpore) to Malta had this to say of the Italian Legion:

A few years ago the vindictive character of the Maltese was exhibited in the brawls they had with the soldiers of the Italian Legion, which was stationed in Malta during the Crimean War. Most of the Maltese of the lower class carry knives generally in a sash around their waist, and these are freely used when their blood is up.
The Italian Legion were a turbulent set, mutinied in 1855 or 56 and marched out to an old castle, where they took up their position. However, they were checkmated when they found that during the night a battle ship of the line or two, had been quietly brought quite close to them, with broadsides bearing directly upon their retreat, and so rendering their destruction certain if they offered any further resistance.

The 1st/British Italian Legion

1812 1st/Italian Legion

1 Apr 1812 1167 recruits arrived in Malta under Major Burke but were kept on board their transports. Only 91 were allowed ashore where they were employed in making shoes and clothing for the regiment.

28 May The 1st/Italian Legion sailed for Sicily. They recruited men from Prisoners of War held at Malta.

The 1st/British Italian Legion

1856 1st/British Italian Legion

11 Mar 1856 Arrived from Genoa.

1 Apr Strength: 967 men. Camped at Manoel Island.

The 2nd/British Italian Legion

1856 2nd/British Italian Legion

24 Mar 1856 The 2nd Battalion arrived at Malta from Genoa. .

1 Apr Strength: 953 men. Camped at Manoel Island.

The 3rd/British Italian Legion

1856 3rd/British Italian Legion

8 Apr 1856 The 3rd Battalion arrived at Malta.

1 May Strength: 940 men. Camped at Fort Manoel.