David Bruce Naval Hospital Mtarfa

Staff Medical Officers
Of the Malta Garrison 1856

Crimea Memorial

Mortality MOs

Mortality of MOs serving with the Army in the East from 1 May 1854 to 30 Apr 1856.

The foundation stone for a memorial to those Medical Officers who lost their lives in the Crimea was laid at the Royal Victoria Military Hospital at Netley Southampton, on 1 Aug 1864. The names of the deceased were recorded on seven panels, with the eighth panel bearing the following inscription:

In memory of the Officers of the Army Medical Department who died whilst serving with the Army in the East, during the war with Russia in 1854, 1855, 1856. This monument has been erected by their brother officers and friends.1

  1. Deputy Inspector General
    • McGrigor Alexander
      Scutari 16 Nov 1855
    • Spence Thomas
      Balaklava Bay 14 Nov 1854
  2. Staff Surgeons 1st Class
    • Marshall John
      Scutari 10 Feb 1855
    • Mitchell John
      24 Sept 1854
    • O'Connor Nicholas
      Balaclava 7 June 1856
    • Ormerond Lawrence
      Balaclava 20 June 1855
    • Pine Chilley
      Balaclava 6 Mar 1855
    • Pitcairn George Kincaid
      Varna 16 Aug 1854
    • Wishart James Alexander
      Scutari 25 May 1855
  3. Staff Surgeons 2nd Class
    • Jane Michael Allen
      Scutari 7 Mar 1855
    • Anderson David
      Scutari 4 Nov 1854
    • Mackey Peter
      Balaclava 5 Oct 1854
    • Newton John
      Scutari 26 Jan 1855
    • Bassano Christopher Bakewell 2nd/Rifle Bde
      Balaclava 1 Feb 1856
  4. Staff Assistant Surgeons
    • Ludlow Henry
      Scutari 4 Apr 1855
    • Reid Alexander Rothney
      Balaclava 5 Oct 1854
    • Macartney Frederick Arthur
      2nd/Rifle Bde
      Scutari 12 Feb 1855
  5. Regimental Surgeons
    • Anderson William Abbott 41st
      Balaclava 3 Jan 1855
    • Browne William 95th
      Scutari 26 Nov 1854
    • Huthwaite Francis Cornelius
      Grenadier Guards
      Balaklava 30 Sept 1854
    • Le Blanc Edward 9th
      Sebastopol 17 Mar 1855
    • Macartney Christopher 77th
      Sebastapol 11 Apr 1855
    • Simpson Walter 17th
      31 May 1855
    • Smith Francis 95th
      Balaclava 10 Feb 1855
  6. Assistant Surgeons
    • Ancell Malcolm Currie
      11th Hussars
      10 Aug 1855
    • Beckwith Henry 49th
      Sebastopol 17 Oct 1854
    • Boyle Edward Patrick
      2nd/Rifle Bde
      8 Dec 1854
    • Gilborne John Henry 71st
      Yenikale 25 Jan 1856
    • Grabham John 71st
      Scutari 16 Apr 1855
    • Harrison Harry 95th
      23 May 1855
    • Jenkin Ebenezer Alfred 23rd
      Varna 2 Aug 1854
    • Lamont James 41st
      Sebastopol 5 Jan 1855
    • Langham John Phillipson
      7th Royal Fus
      Scutari 4 Feb 1855
    • Longmore John
      2/Rifle Bde
      Sebastopol 21 Aug 1855
    • Martel Philip Giffard 50th
      11 Sept 1854
    • Norris John James 55th Regt
      Scutari 22 Nov 1854
    • O'Leary John Francis 68th
      Sebastopol 17 Oct 1854
    • Renwick William 14th
      Balaclava 2 Mar 1855
    • Shegog Frederick York 88th
      29 Aug 1854
    • Shorrock James Aloysius
      1st/Rifle Bde
      Alma 21 Sept 1854
    • Thomson James 44th
      Balaclava 5 Oct 1854
    • Wason Edmund Sidney 13th
      Scutari 8 Feb 1855
    • White John Horsley 3rd
      Sebastopol 2 July 1855
  7. Acting Assistant Surgeons
    • Graham F
    • Longmore J
    • Ludlow H
    • Mayne J
    • Mitchell T O
    • Struthers A
    • Simons R T
    • White J H
    • Wood H W
  8. Principal Apothecary
    • Reade George Hume
      Scutari 28 Nov 1854
  9. Dispensers of Medicines
    • Beveridge J M
    • Whitwell J H
  10. Hospital Dressers
    • Fell T
    • Harrison H
  11. Civil Surgeons
    • McKenzie R J
    • Complin E J
  12. Civil Dressers
    • Edmonds J H

Select Committee

On July 1856, a Select Committee on the Medical Department of the Army under Mr Stafford MP met to enquire into the organisation of the department, and the grievances of the medical officers regarding their pay and condition of service. The findings led to the Royal Warrant of 1858.

Treaty of Paris

On 30 Mar 1856, the Treaty of Paris brought the war with Russia to an end.

Dr Borg

In Mar 1856, Dr Borg, a Maltese civilian medical practitioner, was temporarily appointed as a second medical attendant at the encampment at St George's Bay, as no military officer was available at that station.

Murder of Capt Thomas Graves

On 23 Sept 1856, the boatman Giuseppe Meli of Cospicua, went on trial for the wilful homicide of Capt Thomas Graves RN on 25 Aug 1856. Meli was accused of stabbing Capt Graves with a knife in his abdomen, which perforating the small bowel. It was alleged that he bore a grudge against the Port Superintendent, who had ordered his boat to be hauled up for 15 days, for having overcharged a passenger. The planks of the boat had dried while it was hauled up. This rendered it unseaworthy. Meli's livelihood was thus ruined. It was alleged that Meli sought revenge against Graves. He pleaded not guilty. His lawyer convinced the court, that it was not the knife that had killed Capt Graves but the negligent treatment administered to him by the doctors. After being stabbed, Graves was taken to the Dispensary of Dr Giuseppe Sammut where he was also seen by Dr Giuseppe Clinquant, Junior Physician at the Central Civil Hospital. Neither could assess the depth of the wound which was dressed. Graves took to his bed at Floriana where he was seen by Dr Stilon and Surgeon William Simpson 71st Regiment. He died at his residence at Floriana on 28 August.
The jury unanimously found the accused "guilty of wilful severe bodily harm on Capt Graves on which death ensued owing to supervening accidental causes, and not to the nature and natural consequences alone of such harm. The Court sentenced Giuseppe Meli to nine years hard labour".2

Proposed New Military Hospital

St James Cavalier

Castille Square with St James Cavalier, the former British Forces NAAFI.

St James Cavalier

Plan of the Upper part of Valletta dated April 1851, showing the environment around Strada Torre (TNA:MPH 1/912).

Capuchin convent

Plan of Floriana showing Magazine and St Francis Bastions occupied by Capuchin Convent and St Francis Barracks.

In Dec 1855, Inspector General of Hospitals Daniel Scott, approved the area of Strada Torre Barracks, and St James Cavalier in Valletta as an ideal location for a military hospital. The site was adjacent to the Auberge de Castille. It was elevated with a free circulation of air all round it, and well drained.
In Nov 1856, the Governor Sir William Reid agreed with Sir John Pennefather, General Officer Commanding Troops Malta, that the best site for a military hospital was that occupied by the Civil Lunatic Asylum inside the Floriana Lines. Reid felt that sufficient ground existed without having to incorporate the recently completed barracks of St Francis within the hospital.


  1. Hart H G The New Annual Army List. 29 Dec 1856.
  2. TNA:WO 17/2162, Office of the Commander in Chief, Monthly Returns of the General and Staff Officers Malta to the Adjutant General (1 Jan – 1 Dec 1856).
  3. 1Army Medical Department, Statistical, Sanitary, and Medical Report for 1863, Vol V; (London 1865).
  4. 2TNA:CO 158/179, Trial of Giuseppe Meli.