Medical Officers
Of the Malta Garrison – 1935

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Malta Garrison – 1935

Abyssinia Crisis

In Sept 1935, the War Office decided to reinforce Malta as a precaution against an Italian invasion. The 14th Infantry Bde, made up of the 2nd/Lincolnshire Regiment, the 2nd/South Wales Borderers and the 1st/King's Own Scottish Borderers, arrived on 28 Sept as extra reinforcements.

The regiments marched to a hanger at RAF Kalafrana, where they stayed for the nine months duration of the crisis. Barbed wire surrounded all the island's bays and inlets; specially constructed boom defences guarded the Grand Harbour and Sliema harbours; additional air squadrons and anti-aircraft units arrived from England.

On 15 Oct, service families were evacuated from Malta. The emergency ended in May 1936 with the fall of Addis Ababa and the exile of Haile Selassie, Emperor of Abyssinia, to Palestine. On 16 June 1936, the League of Nations raised its sanctions against Italy and life in Malta returned to normal.

Fort Campbell

In 1935, work begun on a fort on the ridge overlooking Mistra Bay so as to defend the approaches from Mellieha and St Paul's Bay.

The fort was named Fort Campbell after Gen Sir David Graham Muschet Campbell, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Malta (June 1931 – Mar 1936). The fort replaced Wardija Battery in the defence of St Paul's Bay anchorage.

The strength of the garrison on 30 June 1935 was 160 officers and 2,879 rank and file.


  • Drew R, Commissioned Officers in the Medical Services of the British Army Vol II. Roll of Officers in the Royal Army Medical Corps 1898–1960. London The Wellcome Historical Medical Library 1968.
  • The Army List January 1935, corrected to 29 December 1934.
  • The Army List July 1935, corrected to 29 June 1935.
  • The Army List April 1935, corrected to 30 March 1935.
  • General returns of the regimental strength of the British Army on 30 June 1935.
  • General returns of the regimental strength of the British Army on 31 December 1935.