The average strength of the garrison was 100 officers and 2,604 men, excluding the 468 men of the Royal Malta Fencible Regiment.
|RA & RE||155||36||96 (2†)||12 (1†)|
|7th||492 (12†)||39||62 (2†)||16|
|42nd||484 (7†)||52 (2†)||103 (6†)||16|
|73rd||493 (11†)||65 (3†)||94 (7†)||26|
|94th||493 (9†)||43||95 (10†)||17|
|Strength of the Garrison. † stands for deaths (TNA:WO 334/10).|
The garrison had the minimum number of troops required to guard the Dockyard and the extensive fortifications. Any decrease in British troops was made up for by an increase in the Maltese Fencibles. The Maltese not only made good soldiers, but were cheaper to maintain than a British battalion.
There were 39 deaths among the men in hospitals, 5 among the women and 27 among the children. There were an additional five deaths outside the regimental hospitals mainly: two suicides in the Royal Fusiliers in barracks; two sudden deaths in the Royal Highlanders, one from a ruptured aneurysm, the other from apoplexy; and one in the 94th from periglottitis, while on detachment at Gozo, under the care of the assistant surgeon of the Royal Malta Fencibles.
Assistant Inspector of Hospitals John Davy described the peculiar weather of 1833. The first quarter ending on 31 March, was cold and rainy to an uncommon degree. The second quarter ending 30 June, was also very rainy, with showers common even in June, when the temperature did not rise above 24 C. In the third quarter ending 30 September, the weather was unusually variable, with heavy rains in September. The fourth quarter ending the year was tempestuous, cold, and rainy.
Consequently, there was an increase in pulmonary complaints and more sickness and deaths among the troops, than in the previous year. There were 55 admissions for pneumonia and 3 for pleuritis. The greater mortality among the troops was attributed entirely to an unusual prevalence of pulmonary disease, accounting to more than one half of the whole number of deaths instead of about one-eighth of the average proportion, and more than a third by Phthisis Pulmonalis instead of about 1:32.