Medical Officers
Of the Malta Garrison – 1831

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Malta Garrison – 1831

Malta Garrison

The effective strength of the garrison on 1 June 1831 was 2,355 men against an established strength of 2,528 Rank and File.

The regiments in station on 1 June showing their effective strength against an established strength of 515 rank and file were: 7th Foot (6 Coys) 462 men, 73rd Foot 482 men, 85th Foot 475 men, 2nd/Rifle Bde 488 men, the Royal Malta Fencibles 448 men (estab. strength 468).

From 1831, soldiers received a daily monetary allowance, instead of the ration of wine drawn from the commissariat.

Baptisms and Burials 1831

  • 6 Nov Baptism of Caroline Shew Colinna Bowman born on 30 Sep 1831, daughter of Eliza Shepherd and William Bowman Deputy Assistant Commissary General.
  • 26 Feb Burial of William Cundell aged 45 years, Assistant Commissary General.
  • 9 Aug Burial of Joseph William Kerly aged 18 months, son of J. Kerly Pensioner 35th Regt.
  • 30 Oct Burial of Michael Grimes aged 14 months, son of James and Mary Grimes.

Criminal Code

In 1831, a legal commission of five Maltese layers was set up to compile a criminal code and a code of criminal procedure for the Island of Malta and its Dependencies.

The commissioners were instructed to base their work on the report drawn up in 1826 by the English Judge Sir J. Richardson. The Neapolitan Code, promulgated in 1819 in the Kingdom of the two Sicilies and based on the reformed French Code was adopted as a model.

In 1836 the first draft code of penal laws were published, and promulgated in 1854.


In 1831 the Governor was informed of the continued progress of cholera from the eastern parts of the world, to the ports in the Baltic. He was made aware that cholera was highly contagious, and must therefore be met by all those precautions which were considered necessary against plague. Every possible sanitary measure had to be adopted to prevent its introduction into the Maltese islands.

We have to guard against it not only from the north and west, but more particularly from the east, for cholera has latterly shown itself on board of vessels at Constantinople and it now rages on shore at Odessa, Varna and several other places on the Black Sea. It has even appeared on the shores of the Adriatic at Trieste.



  • A list of all the Officers of the Army and Royal Marines. War Office 24 January 1831.
  • TNA:CO 158/69 dated 4 August 1831, Progress of Cholera.
  • TNA:WO 156/121. Register of burials 1830 – 1837
  • TNA:WO 17/2137, Returns of the General and Staff Officers of the hospitals attached to the forces in Malta (February – December 1831).
  • Cassar P, Insanity in the Criminal Law of Malta. Br Med J (1949), 2: 4637; 1182-1183 (Published 19 November 1949).