RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Royal Engineers

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The Royal Engineers

Introduction

A Corps of Engineers was formed in 1717 from the old Board of Ordnance. It was an officer-only Corps, the other ranks were supplied by contracted civilian workers.

In 1787, was formed the Corps of Royal Military Artificers consisting of the other ranks.

The Corps of Engineers became a Royal Corps in 1787.

In 1856, the officers of the Corps of Royal Engineers and the men of the Corps of Royal Military Artificers merged to form the Corps of Royal Engineers.

The Royal Engineers share the mottoes Ubique (Everywhere) and Quo Fas et Gloria Ducunt (Whither Right and Glory Lead) with the Royal Artillery. They wear a grenade with nine flames as opposed to seven flames for the Royal Artillery.

The Royal Engineers

1800 Maltese Artificers

A Corps of Maltese Artificers were raised in December 1800 to serve with the expedition of General Sir Ralph Abercrombie in Egypt. The men were superintended by a Maltese petty officer, who was under the direction of the store keeper. The men wore the uniform of the Ordnance department.

Lt Archibald Campbell of Colonel's Coy 30th Foot served as an assistant engineer in Malta during the blockade of the French garrison.

Royal Engineers serving in Malta in 1800:

  • Captain William Gordon
  • Lieutenant J R Arnold
  • Lieutenant John Burgoyne
  • Assistant Engineer Matteo Bonavia
  • Assistant Engineer Giuseppe Bonavia

1801 Royal Engineers

1802 Royal Engineers

1803 Royal Engineers

1804 Royal Engineers

1805 Royal Engineers

14 Aug 1805 Strength: 11 men, 2 Sick.

3 Nov Detachments joined Sir James Craig's Expedition to Naples.

1806 Royal Engineers

1807 Royal Engineers

1808 Royal Engineers

1809 Royal Engineers

1810 Royal Engineers

1811 Royal Engineers

1812 Royal Engineers

1813 Royal Engineers

1814 Royal Engineers

Strength 409 men.

1815 Royal Engineers

Strength 409 men.

1816 Royal Engineers

1817 Royal Engineers

1818 Royal Engineers

Location: Valletta.

1819 Royal Engineers

Location: Valletta.

1820 Royal Engineers

1821 Royal Engineers

1822 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1823 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1824 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1825 Royal Engineers

1826 Royal Engineers

1827 Royal Engineers

22 Feb 1827 In the chapel of the Governor's Palace by the Rev John Cleugh, the Government Chaplain, Lt George St Vincent Whitmore RE, eldest son of Col George Whitmore RE, of Lower Slaughter Gloucestershire, married Miss Isabella Maxwell Stoddart, eldest daughter of Sir John Stoddart, President of the High Court of Appeal and Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court Malta.

Lt Charles Heard Beague RE died 12 May 1827. Memorial erected by his widow. Should his son visit this tomb, may it strength him to a pious emulation of his father's worth. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

5 Oct Emma Gertrude Jones daughter of Capt Harry David Jones RE and Charlotte born on 7 September 1827 was baptised on 5 October 1827.

1828 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in 1828:

  • 25 Mar Cordelia Nugent Whitmore daughter of Lt George St Vincent Whitmore and Isabella Maxwell born on 16 January 1828.
  • 6 Oct Henry Walpole John Dashwood son of Lt Robert Dashwood and Henrietta Mary Annette born on 14 September 1828.

1829 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in 1829:

  • 22 June George Stoddart St Vincent Whitmore son of Lt George St Vincent Whitmore and Isabella Maxwell born on 30 May 1829.
  • 23 Oct Harry Vallette Jones son of Capt Harry David Jones and Charlotte born on 24 September 1829.

1830 Royal Engineers

7 Feb 1830 Baptism of Walpole George Dashwood son of Lt Robert Dashwood and Henrietta Mary Annette born on 9 January 1830.

1831 Royal Engineers

11 Nov 1831 Colonel Henry Anderson Morshead RE and Acting Lieutenant-Governor of Malta died at his residence in Valletta, aged 55 years. In 1829, Colonel Morshead was appointed Commanding Royal Engineer at Malta. He served on the island until his death. This was brought on by a violent bilious attack early in the year which so much debilitated him, that he was unable to rally during the great heat of summer. His high military spirit would, however, not allow him to quit his command. He left a widow and eleven children. As Colonel Morshead was Acting Lieutenant-Governor at the time of his death, he was buried at public expense. The funeral cortege left his residence to the Auberge de Castille and thence to the Old Saluting Battery overlooking the Grand Harbour where he was interred.1

The following were baptised in 1831:

  • 5 Feb Montagu Stopford St Vincent Whitmore son of Lt George St Vincent Whitmore and Isabella Maxwell born on 11 January 1831.
  • 17 Apr Augusta Isabella Dashwood daughter of Lt Robert Dashwood and Henrietta Mary Annette born on 24 March 1831.
  • 1 Nov Arthur Trefusis Jones son of Capt Harry David Jones and Charlotte born on 11 August 1831. He was baptised by the Rev John Cleugh Chaplain to Government.

1832 Royal Engineers

12 Nov 1832 Baptism of Richard Hotham son of Lt George Hotham and Caroline born on 16 October 1832.

1833 Royal Engineers

Strength: 4 Officers, 0 men.

16 Nov 1833 Burial of Walter Graham Jones aged 9 months, youngest son of Captain H D Jones RE died at Valletta.

1834 Royal Engineers

2 May 1834 Baptism of Edith Marian Jones daughter of Capt Harry David Jones and Charlotte born on 27 February 1834.

1835 Royal Engineers

1836 Royal Engineers

Strength: 4 Officers, o men.

19 Nov 1836 At the Palace Chapel Valletta, Bachelor Lt Roger Stewart Beatson RE married Elizabeth Mary Ann, spinster second daughter of Lieutenant General John Sulivan Wood.

1837 Royal Engineers

1838 Royal Engineers

1839 Royal Engineers

1840 Royal Engineers

1841 Royal Engineers

1842 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta. No medical officers.

1843 Royal Engineers

Strength: HQ Valletta. No medical officers. 3 officers and 112 men.

1844 Royal Engineers

1845 Royal Engineers

1846 Royal Engineers

1847 Royal Engineers

1848 Royal Engineers

1849 Royal Engineers

1850 Royal Engineers

1851 Royal Engineers

17 Jan 1851 Strength: 93 men, 6 women, and 16 children of the Royal Sappers and Miners arrived from England.

1852 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 47 men, No medical officers.

20 July 1852 Bachelor L/Cpl John Morris Royal Sappers and Miners born in the Parish of Dunfermline County Fife, Scotland married Julia Cully, spinster born in the Parish of Portsea Hampshire.

1853 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 46 men, No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

The following were buried in 1853:

  • 10 Sep Sgt Thomas Barr Royal Sappers and Miners aged 31 years.
  • 7 Nov Johns Barr aged 11 months, son of Sgt Thomas Barr Royal Sappers and Miners.
  • 3 Dec William Lambert aged 8 months, son of Sgt William Lambert Royal Sappers and Miners.

The following were married in 1853:

  • 5 May In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor L/Cpl Henry William Timblick Royal Sappers and Miners, of the Parish of Greenwich, Kent to Sarah Husband, spinster, of the Parish of St Austell Cornwall. (N.B. Greenwich formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created).
  • 26 May In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor Pte Charles Carline Royal Sappers and Miners, of the Parish of Loughinisland County Down, Ireland to Elizabeth Halchose of the Island of Minorca, spinster.

1854 Royal Sappers and Miners

No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

The following were buried in 1854:

  • 9 June John Morris aged 8 months, son of L/Cpl John Morris Royal Sappers and Miners.
  • 14 July William Henry Harvey aged 12 months, son of Sgt William Harvey Royal Sappers and Miners.
  • 23 July Pte Charles Stevenson aged 25 years.
  • 25 July Frederick William Tawn infant son of Cpl John Tawn.

1855 Royal Sappers and Miners

No medical officers.

The following were buried in 1855:

  • 14 Apr Cpl Thomas Leonard aged 31 years.
  • 6 Dec James Larkington Army Working Corps.

In September 1855, the Simoom with 420 men and the Barrackpore with 300 men of the Army Working Corps arrived in the Crimea. The 720 men formed the bulk of the corps and were put to work in the repair and construction of the railway and the road from headquarters to Balaclava.

1856 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 107 men.

Up to 1856, the Royal Engineers consisted of two bodies. The officers formed the Corps of Royal Engineers and the men were in the Corps of Military Artificers, sappers and miners. After the Crimean War, the two separate bodies amalgamated into the Corps of Royal Engineers.

The following were buried in 1856:

  • 6 Feb George Buchanan aged 14 years, stepson of Colonel R Thomson RE.
  • 11 Feb Matilda Victoria Buchanan aged 18 years, daughter of of Mr George Buchanan of Chats Upper Canada and stepdaughter of Col R Thomson RE.
  • 17 July Edward William Anthony Charles Dunsford aged 1 years, son of Lt A Dunsford RE.
  • 7 Aug Pte Robert Curtis aged 20 years.
  • 20 Sep Pte Matthew Pierce aged 20 years.
  • 24 Oct Pte Edmund Berriman aged 26 years Royal Sappers and Miners.
  • 11 Nov Eliza Jane Paton aged 1 year 5 months, daughter of Pte Edward Paton Royal Engineers.
  • 18 Nov Spr Robert Cole Royal Engineers.

The following were married in 1856:

  • 8 Dec In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor Cpl Edward Main to Madalana Decarla spinster of Malta.
  • 23 Dec In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor Sgt George William Grubb to Elizabeth Blackford, spinster of the Parish of Clerkenwell London.

1857 Royal Engineers

Strength: 210 men. No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

Pte Robert Blogg Royal Engineers was buried at Rock Gate Cemetery on 2 September 1857.

1858 Royal Engineers

1 Dec 1858 Strength: 7 Officers, 9 NCOs, 3 Buglers/Drummers, 151 rank and file, 170 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4618 rank and file).

1859 Royal Engineers

1 Feb 1859 Strength: 7 Officers, 8 NCOs, 3 Buglers/Drummers, 147 rank and file, 165 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4771 rank and file).

1 Apr Strength: 8 Officers, 8 NCOs, 1 Bugler/Drummer, 149 rank and file, 166 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5650 rank and file).

25 Apr An extra Coy RE was placed under orders to embark for Malta, so as to increase the strength of the garrison in the Mediterranean.

1 Aug Strength: 10 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 278 rank and file, 309 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).

1 Dec 1859 Strength: 9 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 270 rank and file, 300 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7044 rank and file).

In 1859, the regiment had 255.2 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 4.18 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1859:

  • 13 June Henry Alfred Wells aged 5 weeks, son of Spr John Wells RE.
  • 20 Sep Spr Thomas Winsburg aged 36 years.
  • 8 Oct Cpl Francis Daniels aged 22 years, at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.

1860 Royal Engineers

1 Jan 1860 Strength: 9 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 270 rank and file, 300 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7018 rank and file).

1 June Strength: 11 Officers, 14 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 267 rank and file, 298 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6203 rank and file).

In 1860, the regiment had an average strength of 283 men, 280 hospital admissions (989 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 4 deaths in hospital (14.13 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). 21 soldiers were admitted (74/1000 strength) with continued fevers with 2 deaths (7.07/1000 strength).

The following were buried at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1860:

  • 3 Jan Spr Richard Clark RE aged 28 years.
  • 13 July Kate E Newlyn aged 6 months, daughter of Cpl William Newlyn.
  • 11 Aug Mary Anne Croat aged 1 year 8 months, daughter of Sgt A Croat.
  • 21 Aug Spr William Penhey aged 28 years.
  • 17 Nov Spr Sanborn Smith aged 18 years.

1861 Royal Engineers

In 1861, the regiment had an average strength of 245 men, 141 hospital admissions (575 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 4 deaths in hospital (16.33 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The RE had 20 admissions (82 per 1000 of mean strength) from continued fevers with 3 deaths (12.24 per 1000 of mean strength).

The following were buried at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1861:

  • 16 Aug Cpl John Henry Couzens aged 29 years.
  • 28 Aug Sgt James Nichols aged 41 years.
  • 9 Sep Spr James Clark aged 24 years.
  • 29 Nov Alfred Lewis aged 1 year 4 months, son of Spr Thomas Lewis.
  • 22 Dec Caroline Harvey aged 33 years, wife of Cpl Harvey.

1862 Royal Engineers

In 1862, the regiment had an average strength of 200 men, 158 hospital admissions (790 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital, 1 death out of hospital and 1 among the invalids (20 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The following were buried at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1862:

  • 4 Jan Sarah Ralph aged 22 years, servant to Capt Fyers RE.
  • 4 Apr Cpl Edward Rawlins aged 23 years.

1863 Royal Engineers

In 1863, the regiment had an average strength of 194 men, 202 hospital admissions (1041.4 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with no deaths.

1864 Royal Engineers

In 1864, the regiment had an average strength of 166 men, 155 hospital admissions (934 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital (12.08 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

1865 Royal Engineers

  • No 28 Coy RE
  • No 31 Coy RE

In 1865, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 182 men. It had 178 hospital admissions (978 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital, 1 out of hospital and 1 death among the invalids (16.48 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The Royal Engineers occupied St Francis Barracks Floriana; their families inhabited huts in an adjoining outworks. Some of the men had diarrhoea but no true cholera.

1866 Royal Engineers

May 1866 Two companies of the Royal Engineers arrived from Gibraltar where they had served since 1861. They relieved two companies from Malta, one company left for Gibraltar, the other to England.

In 1866, the regiment had an average strength of 182 men. There were 180 hospital admissions (989 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital (10.99 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). It had 61 admissions (335/1000 mean strength) for continued fevers with 2 deaths (10.99 deaths/1000 mean strength).

The regiment was quartered at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin.

  • No 27 Coy: Ordered from Gibraltar to Malta.
  • No 33 Coy: Ordered from Gibraltar to Malta.
  • No 28 Coy: Ordered home from Malta. In June, it was on its passage to Chatham.
  • No 31 Coy: Ordered to Gibraltar from Malta.

1867 Royal Engineers

In 1867, the regiment had an average strength of 178 men. There were 153 hospital admissions (859.5 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital (5.62 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). It had 17 admissions for continued fevers with no deaths.

The regiment was quartered at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin.

Cholera broke out on 1 September 1867. On 4 September, a child of a sergeant died within 8 hours of falling ill with cholera.

  • No 27 Coy: Arrived May 1866. Strength 178 men.
  • No 33 Coy: Arrived May 1866.

1868 Royal Engineers

Location: St Francis Barracks.

The average annual strength in 1868 was 180 men. There were 154 admissions into hospital; 2 died in hospital. The ratio per 1000 mean strength of those admitted was 856 and for deaths 11.11.

The Royal Engineers were at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin. From June to September, the regiment had 23 admissions for continued fevers, with no deaths.

1869 32 Coy RE

Barracks Occupied by the RE in 1869
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers
St Francis 136 8 5.88
St Francis Ravelin 17 2 11.76
Table I: Barracks occupied by the RE showing the average Strength number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.
Royal Engineers 1 January to 31 December 1869
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 174 8 0
February 173 6 0
March 173 6 0
April 172 11 0
May 172 9 0
June 172 9 0
July 167 10 0
August 167 11 0
September 167 8 1
October 166 8 0
November 167 8 0
December 167 9 0
Table II: Regimental Strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. TNA:WO 334/62

32 Coy RE arrived at Malta in September 1869. Two companies were at St Francis Barracks. Married soldiers occupied quarters at St Francis Ravelin.

The average annual strength in 1869 was 170 men. There were 103 admissions into hospital; 1 died out of hospital. The ratio per 1000 of mean strength of those admitted was 605.9 and for deaths 5.88. In 1869, the garrison had 39 cases with five deaths from Delirium tremens. The Royal Engineers furnished the highest proportion, having had six cases in a strength of 170 men while the 52nd and 48th Foot had each only one and two cases respectively.

Two cases of suicide, were both soldiers cut their own throat, occurred during the year. Assistant surgeon John Stuart attributed the deaths to temporary excitement brought on by drink.

1870 Royal Engineers

Barracks Occupied by the Royal Engineers in 1870
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers
St Francis 131 28 21.37
St Francis Ravelin 12 5 41.63
Table III: Barracks occupied by the RE showing the average Strength number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.

The average Strength of the officers was 9.08; five were admitted to hospital during the year. An average of 15.76 women accompanied the regiment, of whom 19 were admitted to hospital. There were no deaths among the officers or wives.

From 1 January to 31 December 1870, there was an average of 29.33 children with the regiment, 43 of whom were admitted to hospital. There were 5 infant deaths from: mumps (1), phthisis pulmonalis (1), diarrhoea (2) and atrophy (1).

There was an average of 164 NCOs and men in the command, with 201 admissions to hospital (1226 admissions/1000 mean strength) and 1 death (6.10 deaths/1000 mean strength).

St Francis Barracks Floriana was a two storied building with four large rooms, two on each floor and two small ones. There were no night urinals, urine tubs being still used by the men. These were not only offensive, but it was also impossible to keep the floor around the tubs clean. The married quarters at St Francis Ravelin were situated in a block of buildings which was well lit and ventilated. At each end of the block, was a quarter for a non-commissioned officer; each of the other quarters had only one room. These were too crowded for large families, who were often granted a second quarter, when these became available. NCOs had larger quarters in St Francis Barracks.

The men of the Royal Engineers wore the red tunic and black trousers in winter while on guards and full dress parades. In summer they wore the serge patrol jackets and white trousers. Over their forage caps, they wore a white cover with a short curtain to protect the back of the neck from the heat of the sun. There were two weekly parades with arms and accoutrements, which lasted between one and two hours. These were held early in the morning so as to escape as much as possible the heat of the day. During the day, the men were employed at their trades, or labouring on maintaining the defences.

The Engineer Companies at Malta were:

  • No 17 Coy: Arrived from Gibraltar 18 June 1870, (83 men); it replaced No 33 Coy RE, which returned to England on 6 April.
  • No 26 Coy: Arrived from England 18 Jan 1870, (93 men); it relieved No 27 Coy RE.
  • No 27 Coy: Left for England on 28 Jan 1870 (139 men), on board HM Steam Troop Ship Simoom.
  • No 32 Coy: Left for Portsmouth Dec 1870.
  • No 33 Coy: Returned to England on 6 Apr 1870, (139 men), on board HM Steam Troop Ship Tamar.
Royal Engineers 1 January to 31 December 1870
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 169 16 0
February 178 13 0
March 179 8 0
April 179 9 0
May 97 8 0
June 96 19 0
July 180 28 0
August 178 22 0
September 178 24 1
October 178 14 0
November 176 16 0
December 178 24 0
Table IV: Regimental Strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. (TNA:WO 334/77)

In 1870, the Royal Engineers had more admissions into hospital from fevers than in 1868 and 1869. This increase was attributed to the arrival of a new Company from England in January, and another from Gibraltar in June, with men not yet being acclimatised to the climate. The Company which had served in Gibraltar for 4 years prior to its arrival at Malta, admitted as many soldiers to hospital with fever, as the one arriving from England. The PMO blamed heavy drinking for the high admission rate among the Royal Engineers.

All the men, women, and children were vaccinated against smallpox.

On 16 September 1870, Sgt J. McIsaacs 26 Coy RE, aged 30 years, died in the regimental hospital from an abscess in his liver.

1871 Royal Engineers

The regiment had an average strength of 194 men. There were 240 admissions into hospital (1237/1000 mean strength), with 1 death in hospital (5.15/1000 mean strength). The men were at St Francis Barracks Floriana.

  • No 26 Coy
  • No 17 Coy

1872 Royal Engineers

In 1872, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 176 men. It had 200 admissions (1136/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths. Its average strength from 30 June to 30 September was 162 men. During this third quarter of the year when fevers were prevalent, the Royal Engineers had a total of 18 hospital admissions with 4 deaths. It had: 6 cases of enteric fever with 4 deaths, 137 of simple continued fevers and 38 of febricula.

The men were at St Francis Barracks and St Francis Ravelin Floriana.

  • No 21 Coy: Arrived Oct 1872.
  • No 26 Coy: Left for Bermuda Nov 1872.
  • No 17 Coy: Left for Bermuda Nov 1872.

1873 Royal Engineers

In 1873, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 173 men. It had 191 admissions (1104/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (11.56/1000 mean strength).

The 1st and 24th Companies Royal Engineers arrived in Malta from Mauritius and Bermuda respectively.

  • No 1 Coy
  • No 21 Coy: Arrived Oct 1872.
  • No 24 Coy: Ordered home by December 1873.

1874 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 209 men. It had 218 admissions (1043.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (4.78/1000 mean strength). It had 2 invalids returned to England.

  • No 1 Coy: Arrived Apr 1873 from Mauritius. Left for Dover 5 June 1874.
  • No 21 Coy: Arrived Oct 1872.

1875 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 183 men. It had 191 admissions (1043.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death among the invalids (5.49 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 5 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 8.34 (45.82/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.63 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.94 days.

1876 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 206 men. It had 164 admissions (791.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths including 1 among the invalids (9.71 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 5 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 7.50 (36.84/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.44 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.88 days.

  • No 20 Coy: 12 Dec 1876 – Ordered from Portsmouth to Malta.
  • No 21 Coy
  • No 24 Coy: Dec 1876 – Left for England.
  • No 33 Coy: Dec 1876 – Detachment arrived from Davenport.

1877 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 188 men. It had 131 admissions (696.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (15.96/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 4.89 (26.01/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 13.62 days.

  • No 11 Coy: Dec 1877 - Arrived from Bermuda.
  • No 20 Coy: 12 Dec 1876 - Ordered from Portsmouth to Malta.
  • No 21 Coy: Oct 1872 - Arrived at Malta.
  • No 24 Coy: Dec 1876 - Left for England.
  • No 33 Coy: Dec 1876 - Detachment arrived from Davenport.

1878 Royal Engineers

The Madras and Bombay European Sappers and Miners arrived from India. They left Malta for Cyprus on 20 July as part of the Malta Expeditionary Force under the command of Sir Garnet Wolseley.

12th Company Royal Engineers arrived from Bermuda.

20th Company Royal Engineers embarked for England.

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 203 men. It had 142 admissions (699.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (24.63 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.09 (30.0/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.95 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.65 days.

  • No 11 Coy
  • No 12 Coy: Nov 1878 - Arrived from Bermuda.
  • No 20 Coy: Dec 1878 - Left for Chatham.
  • No 21 Coy: Oct 1872 - Arrived at Malta.
  • No 33 Coy
  • Madras and Bombay European Sappers and Miners: Arrived from India in May. Left for Cyprus in Oct 1878.
  • Sappers and Miners (3 men).

1879 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 193 men. It had 163 admissions (844.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.18/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 7.73 (40.05/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.31 days.

The RE operated the Brennan Torpedo System, a wire guided torpedo controlled from the shore for the defence of narrow harbour entrances. The system was installed at Forts Tigné and Ricasoli in 1889 to defend Marsamxetto Harbour and the Grand Harbour. It closed in 1907 and its functions was transferred to the Royal Navy.

  • No 11 Coy
  • No 12 Coy: Dec 1880 - Left for Chatham.
  • No 33 Coy (Torpedo) RE: Nov 1879 - Arrived from England.

1880 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 225 men. It had 218 admissions (968.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (22.22 deaths/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.01 (48.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.91 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.48 days.

In the 1870's, the RE took responsibility for the defence of the harbours by controlled mines. This was known as the Submarine Mining Service which remained with the RE until it was transferred to the Royal Navy in 1885.

  • No 11 Coy: Dec 1877 - Arrived from England. Left for England Dec 1880.
  • No 12 Coy: Nov 1878 - Arrived from England. Left for Chatham Dec 1880.
  • No 17 Coy: Dec 1880 - Arrived from England.
  • No 33 Coy (Submarine Mining) RE: Sep 1880 - Arrived at Malta.

1881 Royal Engineers

In 1881, the Royal Engineers in Malta consisted of two companies. One company of RE served from 1 January to 23 March; one company from 1 January to 27 April.

The RE (17 and 33 Coys) had an average strength of 187 men. It had 111 admissions (593.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (26.74 deaths/1000 mean strength).
6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.15 (43.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.90 days.

  • No 12 Coy: Rest of the company left for Portsmouth on 27 April 1881.
  • No 17 Coy: Arrived from England Sep 1880.
  • No 33 Coy (Torpedo): Arrived Sep 1880.

1882 Royal Engineers

The RE had an average strength of 113 men. It had 48 admissions (424.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 3.0 (26.54/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.69 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.81 days.

  • No 17 Coy – Embarked for Egypt on 8 July 1882
  • No 33 Coy (Submarine Mining) RE

1883 Royal Engineers

The RE had an average strength of 76 men. It had 31 admissions (407.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital (15.06 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 1.68 (22.10/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.06 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.68 days.

  • No 33 Coy (Submarine Mining) RE

1884 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 120 men. It had 101 admissions (841.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (33.33 deaths/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.35 (52.91/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.36 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.01 days.

During the year the Malta Command had 1 Company of Royal Engineers:

  • No 15 Coy: Strength (1 July 1884) 60 men. Arrived on 17 Mar 1884.
  • No 33 Coy (Submarine Mining) RE: Strength (1 July 1884) 49 men.

1885 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 147 men. It had 104 admissions (707.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (40.81 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.16 (41.90/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.29 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.61 days.

A soldier fell from a terrace in the lower court yard of the Valletta Station Hospital and fractured his skull.

There were 2 companies of the Royal Engineers in the Command.

  • No 15 Coy: Strength (1 Jan 1885) 55 men.
  • No 33 Coy (Submarine Mining) RE: Strength 49 men. Left before Dec 1885.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine Mining) RE: Strength 63 men.

1886 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had been stationed in Valletta for 12 months. It had an average strength of 132 men. It had 88 admissions (666.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.57/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.72 (43.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.81 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.72 days.

The Royal Engineers had two companies throughout the year.

  • No 15 Coy: Strength 80 men.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Strength 57 men.

1887 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 130 men. It had 73 admissions (561.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.69/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.45 (34.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.25 days.

2 companies of the Royal Engineers served in the Command throughout the year.

  • No 15 Coy: Strength 80 men.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength 57 men.

1888 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 138 men. It had 74 admissions (536.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (21.74/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.48 (25.22/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.22 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.21 days.

The Royal Engineers had 2 companies in the Command.

  • No 2 Coy: Arrived Sep 1888.
  • No 15 Coy: Strength 80 men.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength 51 men.

22 Jan 1888 Sgt Gordon MacDonald aged 32 years was buried in Pietà Cemetery.

19 Oct Henry James Brown aged 17 years, was buried in Pietà Cemetery.

1889 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 137 men. It had 78 admissions (569.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.30/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.80 (35.04/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.78 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.46 days.

Two companies of the Royal Engineers served in the Command throughout the year.

  • No 2 Coy: Arrived Sep 1888. Strength 87 men.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength 61 men.

1890 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 150 men. It had 72 admissions (480/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.94 (32.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.02 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.04 days. The RE was in Cottonera for 12 months with detachments in various out stations.

  • No 2 Coy: Arrived Sep 1888. Strength 85 men (1 Jan–1 June 1890); Strength 97 men (1 July 1890).
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength 50 men (1 Jan–1 June 1890); Strength 66 men (1 July 1890).

1891 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 165 men. It had 103 admissions (660.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (6.06/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.32 (38.30/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.98 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.15 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

  • No 2 Coy: Arrived Sep 1888. Strength 82 men (Jan 1891).
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength 69 men (Jan 1891).
  • No 42 Coy: Arrived Dec 1891.

8 June 1891 L/Cpl W Davies 2 Coy RE, aged 25 years, was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery.

5 July M J Donington aged 4 months, died at Fort Ricasoli and was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery.

8 July Infant Ethel B Ryde aged 8 months, was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery.

1892 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 239 men. It had 128 admissions (535.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (8.37/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 8.42 (35.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.89 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.08 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

  • No 2 Coy: Arrived Sep 1888. Strength (1 Jan-1 June 1892), 89 men.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength (1 Jan-1 June 1892) 66 men.
  • No 42 Coy: Arrived Dec 1891. Strength (1 Jan-1 June 1892), 100 men.
  • Malta Division Submarine Miners RE was raised on 3 Feb 1892 to protect the Grand Harbour by laying mines.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1892:

  • 3 Jan Sgt Joseph Sharp aged 33 years.
  • 20 Mar J McCartney aged 25 years.
  • 27 May John Francis Battersby Campling aged 1 year.
  • 24 July Infant Ernest Claude Johnson aged 10 months, son of Sgt Walter Johnson.
  • 1 Aug Child Hilda Maud Grodley aged 1 year 4 months.
  • 3 Oct Infant Robane Ryde aged 8 months.
  • 8 Oct Infant Bertram A Bradley aged 19 days.
  • 16 Dec Cpl Morris.

The Maltese Militia Division Submarine Miners Royal Engineers 1892

The Maltese Militia Division Submarine Miners Royal Engineers was raised at the beginning of 1892 from the boating classes in Malta for service as submarine miners under the Royal Engineers. The force consisted of 1 Lieutenant, 1 Company Sergeant Major, 3 Sergeants, and 1 engineer clerk. Enlistment was for 5 years. The training consisted of the division being called up for a period of 120 days during the submarine mining annual training of the Royal Engineers. The men were issued with their Lee-Metford Rifle and sword bayonet.

1893 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 295 men. It had 83 admissions (281.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.39/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.64 (19.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 6.98 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.80 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

On 19 July 1893 a Court of Enquiry was convened into the accidental deaths by drowning of Lt Bourne and Lt Fallon RE on 18 June 1893.

  • No 2 Coy: Arrived Sep 1888. Strength (1 June 1893), 82 men.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength (1 June 1893) 70 men.
  • No 42 Coy: Arrived Dec 1891. Strength (1 June 1893) 85 men.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1893:

  • 23 May Infant Sydney M Drayson aged 6 months.
  • 3 July Elsie Melita Gale aged 1 month, daughter of Spr Gale 34 Coy RE.
  • 12 Aug Infant Webb aged a few hours, daughter of Sgt Webb.
  • 24 Oct Infant Miriam B Ryde aged 3 months.

1894 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 274 men. It had 92 admissions (335.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (18.24/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.16 (15.18/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 5.54 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.50 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months. There were five companies.

  • No 2 Coy: Arrived Sep 1888. Strength (1 June 1894) 91 men. Left for Egypt Oct 1894.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortresses): Arrived Oct 1894.
  • No 34 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived May 1885. Strength (1 June 1894) 73 men. Left for Gravesend Nov 1894.
  • No 42 Coy: Arrived Dec 1891. Strength (1 June 1894) 92 men. Strength (1 Dec 1894) 88 men.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived Oct 1894. Strength 63 men.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1894:

  • 27 Feb Frederick F P Lilley aged 6 years 9 months.
  • 4 June Spr Charles Beak aged 26 years.
  • 7 Nov George Thomas Duckett aged 1 month 10 days, son of Sgt Duckett.
  • 29 Nov Spr William Gotley Thomas aged 29 years.
  • 17 Nov Gnr J Pearson aged 23 years.

1895 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 262 men. It had 71 admissions (271/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.23 (19.96/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.29 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.89 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

There were three companies of the Royal Engineers:

  • No 24 Coy (Fortresses): Strength (1 June 1895), 84 men. Arrived Oct 1894.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Strength (1 June 1895) 63 men. Arrived Oct 1894.
  • No 42 Coy (Fortresses): Strength (1 June 1895) 92 men. Arrived Dec 1891.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1895:

  • 7 Mar Infant William Henry Ryde aged 7 days,son of Cpl Ryde RE.
  • 1 Aug Child Edward Ernest Winton aged 2 years 9 months, son of Sgt Winton RE.
  • 12 Nov Child Ella Melita Dayson aged 15 months, daughter of SgtMaj Dayson RE.

1896 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 260 men. It had 55 admissions (211.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.84/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.06 (11.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 4.31 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.36 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks, Floriana for 12 months. There were three companies:

  • No 24 Coy: Arrived Oct 1894.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine and Mining): Arrived Oct 1894.
  • No 42 Coy: Arrived Dec 1891.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1896:

  • 30 July Spr Charles Yeoman aged 25 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 6 Nov Bessie Melita Clarke aged 1 year 3 months, daughter of Sgt Maj died at Fort St Angelo Vittoriosa.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1896:

  • 28 Apr Mrs Elizabeth Johnson aged 34 years, wife of Sgt W Johnson.
  • 11 July Infant Arthur Henry Blackman aged 14 days, son of Sgt Blackman.
  • 22 July Infant Alice Blackman daughter of Sgt Blackman.
  • 2 Sep Child Ethel Smith aged 3 years 6 months, daughter of Cpl F Smith RE of Mtarfa.

1897 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 312 men. It had 79 admissions (253.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.16 (13.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 4.87 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.22 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks, Floriana for 12 months.

In Apr 1897, a detachment of the RE served in Crete as part of the Cretan International Force.

  • No 24 Coy: Arrived Oct 1894.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining): Arrived Oct 1894.
  • No 42 Coy: Strength 92 men. Arrived Dec 1891. Left for South Africa in Oct 1899.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1897:

  • 21 Aug Margaret Ann Williams aged 29 years 8 months, wife of Sgt Albert James Williams died at Kalkara.
  • 4 Oct Frederick Ernest Williams aged 5 months, son of Sgt Williams died at Rinella (Kalkara).
  • 9 Nov Winifred Annie Foster aged 11 months, died at Kalkara.

1898 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 285 men. It had 136 admissions (477.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (14.03/1000 mean strength). 8 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.81 (20.39/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.44 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.59 days.

The RE was quartered at St Francis Barracks Floriana with a detachment at Crete. There were three companies of RE serving in the command throughout the year.

  • HQ Coy: At St Francis Barracks Floriana.
  • No 24 Coy: Arrived at Malta Oct 1894. Strength (1 June 1898) 92 men.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining): Arrived Oct 1894. At Hay Wharf Floriana. Strength (1 June 1898) 79 men.
  • No 42 Coy: Arrived Dec 1891. Left for South Africa 10 Oct 1899. Strength (1 June 1898) 95 men.

The following were baptised in 1898:

  • 2 Mar Ada Elizabeth Smith born on 10 February 1898, daughter of CSM Frank Smith and Martha Jane, resident at Mtarfa.
  • 24 Mar John Henry Newbery born on 13 February 1898, son of Cpl John Newbery and Anne Catharine, resident at Floriana.

1899 Royal Engineers

Strength (June 1899) 324 men (3 Coys). An outbreak of enteric fever broke out at St Francis Barracks during the latter part of the year.

  • No 24 Coy: Strength (1 June 1899) 79 men.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining): Strength (1 June 1899) 92 men.
  • No 42 Coy: Strength (1 June) 71 men. Left for South Africa in Oct 1899.

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1899:

  • 7 Oct Annie Melita MacKay aged 13 months, daughter of John MacKay RE died at Casal Paola.

1900 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan) 82 men.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining): Strength (1 Jan) 88 men.
  • No 51 Coy (Fortress): Arrived from England Apr 1900, on its formation. Strength (1 May) 94 men.
  • Royal Militia Engineers: Strength (1 Jan) 43 men.

The following was baptised in 1900:

  • 18 Feb Hector James McDonald born on 22 January 1900, son of Sgt Henry Bower McDonald and Rose, resident at Sliema.

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1900:

  • 20 June Bernard Neale Smith aged 9 weeks, son of SSgt Smith RE died at Kalkara.

1901 Royal Engineers

  • RE: Strength 46 men.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 79 men.
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining): Strength 105 men.
  • No 51 Coy (Fortress): Strength 95 men.
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1902 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining)
  • No 51 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

8 Dec 1902 Burial of Emily Cockram aged 32 yrs, wife of Sgt RE at Gozo Cemetery.

1903 Royal Engineers

Head Quarters RE was at the Auberge d'Italie. Officers Mess was at the Auberge de Castille.

  • RE at St Francis Barracks Floriana
    • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
    • No 28 Coy (Submarine Miners)
    • No 31 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia Engineers — Office at Haywharf
    • Submarine Miners RE Malta Division

The Royal Engineers (Militia) Submarine Miners was composed of one division of 60 NCO's and men. In addition there was a permanent staff of one lieutenant and two sergeants Royal Engineers.

  • Companies RE — Orderly Room Auberge d'Italie.
  • Military Telegraph Division RE — Office St James Cavalier.
  • East Sub-District RE — Office Auberge d'Italie.
  • East Division RE — Office St Angelo.
  • Central Division RE — Office Auberge d'Italie.
  • West District RE — Office Strada Tigne Sliema.
  • St Andrew's Division RE — Office St Andrew's Barracks.
  • West Division RE — Office 16 Strada Tigne Sliema.
  • Imtarfa Division RE (including Gozo and Comino) — Office Imtarfa.

15 Apr 1903 Burial of John Ernest Sleightholm aged 1 day, son of SSgt Sleightholm foreman of works RE at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 1, Row 1, Grave 6).

1904 Royal Engineers

Engineer Companies in Malta were:

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining)
  • No 31 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1905 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining)
  • No 31 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

Location: St Francis Barracks Floriana. This consisted of a small range of barracks partly on one, partly in two stories which was occupied by a company of the Royal Engineers. The rooms on the ground floor accommodated 45 men in each.

1906 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Submarine Mining)
  • No 31 Coy (Fortress) Left for Ceylon between 1 Apr and 1 July 1906
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

11 Nov 1906 Edward Rowe aged 12 hours son of SSgt RE Office was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery.

1907 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1908 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1909 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1910 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1911 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1912 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1913 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

The following were baptised in the Zejtun Gate Church Room in 1913:

  • 11 May George William Williams born on 5 April, son of Spr Cecil James and Daisy Williams of 13 Via Cappucini Kalcara.
  • 20 May Walter Graham Pierce born on 18 April, son of Cpl Walter Stanley and Annie Pierce of Vittoriosa Barracks.
  • 8 June Maurice Herbert Pipkin born on 12 May, son of Cpl William and Helena Edith Pipkin of No 2 Salvatore Gate Quarters.

1914 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Zejtun Gate Church Room in 1914:

  • 24 May Nesta Gweneth Sarah May Phillips born on 5 May, daughter of Cpl William Thomas and Lottie Phillips of St Nicholas Married Quarters.
  • 14 June Patricia Elizabeth Green born on 27 May, daughter of Cpl Joe and Ada Elizabeth Green of St Nicholas Married Quarters.
  • 5 July Percy Alfred born on 16 May, son of SSgt James and Margaret Richards of Margherita Married Quarters.

29 July 1914 A Field Coy RE was ordered to mobilize. On 31 July, it moved to Bir-id-Deheb where it set up camp. The engineers set up wire entanglements at Sliema Point Battery and Tigné Battery. They prepared sangars and constructed sun shelters and wooden platforms for sentries.

2 Aug Funeral of Sgt Hampson.
A Field Coy RE bivouacked at Fort Benghajsa.

23 Dec 1914 1st/3rd Lancashire Works Coy RE disembarked at Malta.

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress)
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress)
  • Militia (Submarine Mining)

1915 Royal Engineers

25 Apr 1915 Major Campbell RE left for Alexandria.

27 Apr 3 officers and 93 men of 1st/3rd Lancashire Works Coy RE left for the east in the store ship Immingham.

1916 Royal Engineers

1917 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1917:

  • 16 May Joan Noëlle Etherington born on 25 December 1916, daughter of QMS William George Ide Miers Etherington RE and Sarah Elisa resident at St Francis Ravelin Floriana.
  • 27 May Constance Bertha Tucker born on 6 May 1917, daughter of Cpl Ernest Phillip Tucker and Annie Bertha resident at 8 St Francis Ravelin Floriana.
  • 25 Nov Ethel Maddock born on 7 November 1917, daughter of Cpl John Arthur Maddock and Lilian resident at 6 Married Quarters St Francis Ravelin Floriana.

1918 Royal Engineers

1919 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1919:

  • 25 June Audrey Joyce Page daughter of Sgt Major Harry Page and Lucy May, resident at WO's Quarters St Francis Ravelin Floriana.
  • 2 July Beryl Norah Allan born on 15 June 1919, daughter of Sgt Robert Lloyd Allan and Norah Anita, resident at 7 St Francis Ravelin Married Quarters Floriana.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress) – Arrived July 1919
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress) – Arrived Oct 1894

1920 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1920:

  • 1 Feb Ernest Philip Tucker born on 7 January 1920, son of Acting QMS Ernest Philip Tucker and Annie Bertha, resident at No 27 St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.
  • 30 May Ronald Wilfred Holdom born on 13 May 1920, son of SSgt Reginald Parsons Holdom and Lilian Mary, resident at No 25 St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.
  • 21 July Patricia Margery Withey born on 23 June 1920, daughter of SSgt Albert William Withey and Margery Emily, resident at Margherita.
  • 29 Aug Bryan Hilton Burd born on 7 August 1920, son of SSgt Frank Burd and Ethel May, resident at No 31 St Francis Ravelin Floriana.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress) – Strength (1 Nov 1920) 65 rank and file.
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress) – Strength (1 Nov 1920) 85 rank and file.

1921 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress) Strength (1 Jan 1921) 62 rank and file.
  • No 28 Coy (Fortress) – Strength (1 Jan 1921) 72 rank and file. Left between 1 Oct and 1 Dec 1921.

The following was baptised at St Oswald's Church Mtarfa in 1921:

  • 26 Jun Geoffrey Hitchen born on 30 May 1921, son of Annie and Sgt Gerald Hitchen RE resident at Mtarfa.

The following were baptised at the Barracca Church Valletta in 1921:

  • 9 Feb Joyce Willmore born on 22 January 1921, daughter of QMS Arthur Bertie Willmore and May, resident at St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.
  • 13 Feb Charles William John Hughes born on 3 January 1921, son of Cpl Charles Edwin Hughes and Norah, resident at St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.
  • 27 Feb Robert Cornelius Jones born on 23 January 1921, son of Spr Robert Joseph Jones and Amy, resident at St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.
  • 22 June Roberta Joan Thompson born on 29 May 1921, daughter of Sgt George William Thompson and Bertha, resident at St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.
  • 15 Aug Ronald Lloyd Allan born on 25 July 1921, son of Sgt Robert Lloyd Allan and Norah Anita, resident at St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.
  • 8 Dec Terence Francis Burd born on 11 Nov 1921, son of QMS Frank Burd and Ethel May, resident at St Francis Ravelin, Floriana.

1922 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress) Strength (1 Jan 1922) 10 officers, 158 rank and file.

1923 Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1923) 7 officers, 70 rank and file. Strength (1 July 1923) 1 officer, 52 rank and file.
  • Establishment for Eng. Services: Strength (1 July 1923) 5 officers.
  • Garrison Services Clerks
  • Military Mechanists

1924 Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1924) 5 officers, 152 rank and file.
  • Establishment for Eng. Services: Strength (1 Jan 1924) 6 officers.
  • Garrison Services Clerks: Strength (1 July 1924) 1 clerk.
  • Military Mechanists: Strength (1 July 1924) 1 man.

1925 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1925) 4 officers, 172 rank and file.
  • Establishment for Eng. Services: Strength (1 Jan 1925) 7 officers.
  • Garrison Services Clerks.

1926 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1926) 4 officers, 182 rank and file.
  • Works Services.
  • Garrison Services Clerks.

1927 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1927) 6 officers, 148 rank and file.
  • Works Services.
  • Garrison Services Clerks.

1928 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1928) 5 officers, 140 rank and file.
  • Works Services: 3 officers.
  • Garrison Services Clerks.

1929 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1929) 6 officers, 157 rank and file.
  • Works Services: 3 officers.
  • Garrison Services Clerks.

Sheila Mary Hulme born on 15 July 1929, daughter of Spr Thomas Edward Hulme and Elsie May of Fort Ricasoli was baptised at St Matthew's Church Fort Ricasoli on 18 August 1929.

1930 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1930) 6 officers, 164 rank and file.
  • Works Services: 3 officers.

1931 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength (1 Jan 1931) 7 officers, 152 rank and file.
  • Works Services: 3 officers.

1932 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 139 rank and file.
  • Works Services: 3 officers.

1933 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 158 rank and file.
  • Works Services.

1934 Royal Engineers

  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 7 officers, 144 men.
  • 16 Anti Aircraft Search Light Coy: Strength 3 officers and 141 men. Became No 16 (Fortress) Coy by June 1935.
  • Works Services.
  • Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division.

1935 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE: Strength 2 Officers, 3 men.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy by June 1935.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 8 officers, 144 men.
  • Works Services.
  • Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division (Colonial Troops).

1936 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE: Strength 2 Officers, 3 men.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy: Strength 3 officers, 141 men.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 8 officers, 145 men.
  • Works Services.
  • Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division (Colonial Troops).

1937 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE: Strength 2 Officers, 3 men.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy: Strength 3 officers, 208 men.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 8 officers, 136 men.
  • Works Services.
  • Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division (Colonial Troops).

1938 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE: Strength 2 Officers, 3 men.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy: Strength 163 men.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 140 men.
  • Works Services.
  • Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division (Colonial Troops).

1939 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE: Strength 2 Officers, 3 men.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy: Strength 4 officers and 177 men.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 4 officers and 123 men.
  • Works Services.
  • Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division (Colonial Troops).

1940 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy: Strength 4 officers and 140 men.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 4 officers and 193 men.
  • Works Services.
  • Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division (Colonial Troops).

The Colonial Troops were a peace time unit in Malta responsible for maintaining the AA Search Light. In November 1940, they became part of 4 Search Light Regt RA/RMA.

27 Oct 1940 Anthony Richard Fowler son of Minnie Ada Elizabeth Fowler and Maj Edward Fowler RE of No 3 Officers Quarters Hospital Imtarfa, was baptised at St Oswald's Church Mtarfa.

1941 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy: Strength 3 officers and 191 men.
  • No 24 Coy (Fortress): Strength 8 officers and 146 men.
  • No 1 (Works) Coy Malta RE: Strength 6 officers and 210 men.
  • No 2 (Works) Coy Malta RE: Strength 4 officers and 207 men.
  • No 1 (Bomb Disposal) Coy RE: Strength 1 officer.
  • No 2 (Bomb Disposal) Coy RE: Strength 1 officer.
  • No 173 (Tunnelling) Coy RE: Strength 7 officers and 224 men.
  • No 178 (Tunnelling) Coy RE: Strength 6 officers and 217 men.
  • No 180 (Tunnelling) Coy RE: Strength 6 officers and 211 men.

1942 Royal Engineers

  • HQ Fortress RE.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy: Strength 3 officers and 191 men.
  • No 24 (Fortress) Coy (Defence Electric Light Coy ): Strength 8 officers and 146 men.
  • No 1 (Works) Coy Malta RE: Strength 6 officers and 210 men.
  • No 2 (Works) Coy Malta RE: Strength 4 officers and 212 men.
  • No 127 (Bomb Disposal) Coy RE: Strength 1 officer.
  • No 128 (Bomb Disposal) Coy RE: Strength 1 officer.
  • No 173 (Tunnelling) Coy RE: Strength 7 officers and 217 men.
  • No 178 (Tunnelling) Coy RE: Strength 6 officers and 217 men.
  • No 180 (Tunnelling) Coy RE: Strength 6 officers and 137 men.

In June 1942, RE personnel from No 173 Tunnelling Company dug the shelters for No 45 General Hospital St Patrick's Barracks.

1943 Royal Engineers

Total Strength (30 June 1943): 50 officers and 876 men.

  • HQ Fortress RE.
  • No 16 (Fortress) Coy.
  • No 24 Coy (Defence Electric Light Coy ).
  • No 1020 Port Op Coy RE .
  • No 2 (Works) Coy Malta RE.
  • No 1 (Bomb Disposal) Coy RE.
  • No 171 (Tunnelling) Coy RE.
  • No 173 (Tunnelling) Coy RE.

1944 Royal Engineers

Total Strength (30 June 1944): 34 officers and 429 men.

  • HQ Fortress RE.
  • No 3 Boring Section.
  • CRE Works Section.
  • No 1 Tunnelling Engineers.
  • Dock Control Unit.
  • No 171 (Tunnelling) Coy RE.

1945 Royal Engineers

Total Strength (31 Mar 1945): 24 officers and 156 men.

  • HQ Fortress RE.
  • 128 Bomb Disposal Platoon
  • No 171 (Tunnelling) Coy RE.
  • No 1 Tunnelling Engineers.
  • Dock Control Unit.
  • CRE Works Services.

1946 Royal Engineers

  • 128 Bomb Disposal: Platoon.
  • CRE Works.
  • 1 Tunnelling Coy RE .
  • 171 Tunnelling Coy RE.
  • 2 Works Coy.
  • Docks Control Unit.

1947 Royal Engineers

  • 128 Bomb Disposal: Platoon.
  • CRE Works.
  • 1 Tunnelling Coy RE.
  • 171 Tunnelling Coy RE.
  • 2 Works Coy.
  • Docks Control Unit.

1948 Royal Engineers

1949 Royal Engineers

Total Strength: 18 Officers and 92 men.

  • CE Works Section.
  • No 1 Fortress RE
  • Docks Control Unit.

1950 Royal Engineers

1951 Royal Engineers

1952 Royal Engineers

1953 Royal Engineers

1954 Royal Engineers

1955 Royal Engineers

1956 Royal Engineers

1957 Royal Engineers

1958 Royal Engineers

1959 Royal Engineers

1960 Royal Engineers

1961 Royal Engineers

1962 Royal Engineers

1963 Royal Engineers

The Malta Fortress Company was officially formed by Captain M D P Young RE at the end of the war, comprising mainly of Maltese sappers.

In 1964, was formed the Malta Park Squadron, later retitled 72 (Malta) Support Squadron RE. With the disbandment of HQ RE, Fortress Squadron and 72 (Malta) Support Squadron RE on 30th September 1970, the soldiers of RE Malta, ceased to serve with the Royal Engineers and joined the Malta Land Force.

Bibliography

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