Regiments
Of the Malta Garrison
Medical Staff Corps

The Medical Staff Corps

Medical Staff Corps
Officer of the Medical Staff Corps in full dress uniform (1884–1898). (Courtesy AMS Archives)

The Medical Staff Corps was raised by Royal Warrant dated 11 June 1855, to provide the army with orderlies for the care of the sick and wounded in General Military Hospitals during the Eastern Campaign of 1854–1856. It replaced the short-lived Hospital Conveyance Corps which had been hastily raised to transport the wounded during the Crimean War.

In 1853, Russia went to war with the Ottoman Empire. On 22 February 1854, an Army of Observation proceeded to Malta. In March 1854, Britain found herself in a major conflict for the first time since the Napoleonic Wars. French and British troops landed in the Crimea on 14–16 September 1854.

Prior to the Crimean War, the sick in General Military Hospitals were attended to by non effective soldiers, generally pensioners, receiving various rates of pay from 3d to 6d a day and free rations. Sick soldiers in the regimental hospitals were looked after by regimental orderlies. During the war in the Peninsula, drummers and bandsmen of the corps engaged in the fighting, were used to aid the sick and injured on the battlefield. These soon became overwhelmed by the considerable number of casualties.

In February 1854, Inspector General Andrew Smith, Director General of a combined Army Medical Department and Ordnance Medical Department, clearly foresaw the need for a body of men, not liable to be diverted by any authority from the special service for which it is intended, and to be in every respect, except that of military discipline, under the immediate control of the Medical Department.1 The DG repeatedly urged the Military Secretary, Horse Guards to raise an ambulance corps for the conveyance of the wounded. It would greatly conduce to the interests of the service, wrote Smith, if a corps of 400 men were organised for duty in connection with the sick and wounded of the force, and that I believe such a corps might easily be raised from able bodied volunteers from the Indian Depôts at Chatham.1

officer MSC
Warrant Officer MSC. Officers wore a broad red strip on their trousers while the men had red piping. Forage caps of the Medical Staff Corps had a gold cap band with two red stripes; officers had a gold lace with two black lines (RAMC/737/2).

On 4 April 1854, Director General Smith proposed that upon the arrival of the Expeditionary Force in Turkey, 800 natives (preferably Armenians) be assimilated into a corps of special attendants for the service of the sick and wounded, under regular military discipline, which will, if it be wisely organised and properly managed, inspire the combatants with comfort and confidence and greatly advance the cause of humanity.1

DG Smith failed to get the required authority to raise his ambulance corps. Instead, the War Office prepared a Pensioners' Conveyance Corps for service in the Crimea. The establishment consisted of 10 sergeants and 250 privates as hospital orderlies, and 10 sergeants and 100 privates as ambulance wagon drivers. The hospital orderlies came from pensioners recalled to the colours; the wagon drivers from the pensioners of the artillery. The pay was 1s 10d for sergeants and 1s 3d for privates. The men were untrained for the varied and at times highly specialised services demanded of them; some were too old and many were of disorderly habits. Furthermore, although medical officers supervised their work, there was no true military organisation, no system of command, and neither discipline nor authority could be directly enforced.

The Pensioners' Conveyance Corps arrived in Turkey towards the end of July 1854. It was encamped near Varna where some of the men fell ill with cholera. The men were incapable of looking after their wagons or the wild, unbroken mules that had been handed over to them as draught animals. There were no farriers, smiths or wheelwrights; not a single man could shoe a horse or assemble a wagon. They could not repair the slightest defect and broken wagons had to be abandoned. In addition, the harnesses sent out from England were made for large horses required to pull heavy wagons and were unsuitable for mules.

At the end of August 1854, the Army embarked at Varna for the Crimea. It reached the Crimea on the morning of 14 September 1854. Part of the Pensioners' Conveyance Corps embarked on the John Masterman Medical Store Transport, with canvas bearers for the conveyance of the wounded men. However, on disembarking in the Crimea the pensioners deliberately left their stretches in their wagons.

The whole Ambulance Corps proved an utter failure. The fighting on the Alma on 20 September 1854 found it totally inefficient for the duties for which it had been detailed. It was only thanks to the assistance of the sailors of the fleet and the loan of a French ambulance that the wounded from Alma were able to be removed from the field.

By December 1854 the Commissariat of the 1st Division was incapable of removing the 253 sick of the Cavalry Division from the lines above Sebastapol to Balaclava. All requests by Staff Surgeon 1st Class Thomas Alexander for arabas to convey the sick had to be turned down. The men and mules of both ambulance waggons were laid up and unfit for work. The severe weather had not only killed a number of oxen and mules but also 20 arabas had been rendered unusable by the incessant wear and tear upon the roads.

On 25 October 1854, DG Smith renewed his efforts to raise his Ambulance Corps. He pointed out to the Military Secretary the total failure of the Corps of Pensioners attached to the Expeditionary Army, the impossibility of engaging locally able bodied soldiers in sufficient number for the requirements of the hospitals, and the unsuitability of relying on the convalescents, who were the only available orderlies, and who were not generally in a state of health to enable them to endure the night watching and to furnish the assistance to the many wounded.

Ambulance Corps
Return for the Ambulance Corps HQ Camp before Sebastopol 17 September 1855.

By February 1855, Horse Guards was fully aware that Lord Raglan's ambulance was much disorganised and suggested the formation of an ambulance corps based on the Prussian Ambulance Corps. This consisted of one company with 10 or 15 ambulance carriages to such army corps. Each company had 4 officers, 3 medical officers and 211 Non-Commissioned Officers which was supplied with powerful red light lanterns for distinction at night. A return dated 17 September 1855 compiled by Captain G P Pigott officer-in-charge Ambulance Corps gives a strength of 2 officers and 210 men; 45 of the men were attached from Line Regiments and 111 from the Land Transport Corps.

By March 1855, the preliminaries for the formation of a Medical Staff Corps, with its rate of pay and plan of organisation, were all settled but not put into fruition. The Medical Staff Corps was finally established on 11 June 1855. On 22 June, Captain George Bunbury was placed in charge of its Headquarters at the Invalid depôt Chatham.

On 27 July 1855, the Association Medical Journal, later the British Medical Journal, informed its readers that the Medical Staff Corps at the invalid depôt Chatham, which has been formed under the staff officer, Captain George Bumbery, into eight companies, is now complete. Orders have been sent into the recruiting districts not to enlist any more men. As the Medical Staff Corps is for service in the Crimea, to attend the sick and wounded in the field; and to execute orders from medical officers and from the medical departments, it is necessary that every orderly should be able to read and write. It has been ascertained that 280 young men who have entered and passed medical inspection, and been approved, can neither read nor write. The head-quarters of this Medical Staff Corps will be at Chatham.

SSgt Lee AMD
Sgt Lee Army Medical Department. His cloth helmet with a spike was introduced in 1878. The helmet badge, worn from 1869 to 1878, shows a laurel wreath, surmounted by a Victorian crown, within the wreath, a rope circle with a cross of red enamel on a background of white enamel. The rest in gilt (RAMC/737/2).

On 20 September 1855, the original Warrant of 11 June 1855 constituting the Medical Staff Corps was amended to increase its strength from nine companies (800 men) to ten companies (1200 men). Each company was to be in attendance in a hospital for 500 patients and was to provide soldier servants to medical staff officers serving in General Hospitals at Home. The Medical Staff Corps was to be composed of a Purveyor's Department and a Surgeon's Department. The non-commissioned officers though taking ranks with those of the other corps of the army were not to wear the ordinary distinctions of NCOs on their uniforms but were to wear other distinctions by which the different grades were to be shown.

The Purveyor's Department had: 1 steward to rank as sergeant major, 4 assistant stewards to rank as sergeants, 6 issuers to rank as privates, 2 washermen to rank as corporals, 1 cook to rank as sergeant, 4 assistant cooks to rank as privates.

The Surgeon's Department had: 1 wardmaster to rank as colour sergeant, 8 assistant wardmasters to rank as corporals, 3 barbers to rank as privates, 20 orderlies of the 1st class to rank as privates, 70 orderlies of the 2nd class to rank as privates.

Their daily rate of pay was: Stewards 5 shillings (s), Wardmasters 4s, Assistant Stewards and Cooks 3s 6 pence (d), Assistant Wardmasters 2s 6d, Orderlies 1st Class 2s, Orderlies 2nd Class 1s 3d. The last three were to receive an increase of a penny a day for every 5 years service in the corps. Orderlies employed as servants to officers of the medical staff were not eligible for promotion until after 3 years' service in the corps.

The Medical Staff Corps gradually replaced the pensioners at the General Hospital at Fort Pitt, and the military hospitals at Chichester, Portsmouth, and Aldershot. Regimental orderlies were not replaced by orderlies from the Medical Staff Corps.

The first detachment of the Medical Staff Corps left Southampton for the Crimea on 6 October 1855. It arrived at Scutari on 26 October. A second group left Chatham on 24 October and arrived at Scutari on 12 November. This detachment consisted of one steward, four assistant stewards, eight assistant ward masters and 147 orderlies in charge of Captain J Maxwell 34th Regiment who was on his way to join his corps. They embarked on board the the steam ship Thames which was taking out detachments of the 16th, 17th and 18th Regiments to join their service companies. A third detachment left on 13 November for Balaclava and on to Scutari, where it arrived on 12 December 1855.

The Crimean War was concluded with the Treaty of Paris on 30 March 1856. In July 1856, the Select Committee on the Medical Department of the Army chaired by Lord Sidney Herbert, recommended: That the Medical Staff Corps, which was raised for service during the late war, should continue a part of the peace establishment; and that it is desirable it should be recruited from the ranks of the army, provided volunteers offer in sufficient numbers, possessing the requirements deemed essential to qualify for the particular service on which the corps is to be employed.

By 31 March 1856, the establishment of the Medical Staff Corps had reached a 1,000 men. As the Corps was close to its establishment DG Smith requested the Adjutant General to suspend recruiting for it in all the districts except London, where the best recruits were to be obtained. The Corps had 10 Stewards, 10 Ward Masters, 40 Assistant Stewards, 80 Assistant Ward masters, 20 Washer men, 10 Cooks, 40 Assistant Cooks, 30 Barbers, 560 Orderlies of the 1st and 2nd class, and 400 Servant Orderlies of the 2nd class.

The Medical Staff Corps had been improvised in haste during the Crimean War. In August 1856, Judge Advocate General Charles Pelham Villiers (1852–1858), in his letter to the Adjutant General declared that all the Non-Commissioned Officers of the Medical Staff Corps had been enlisted illegally under the warrant of 11 June 1855. As the law of enlistment and attestation stood, every enlisted soldier was attested for a particular regiment, be it infantry, cavalry or artillery. The word corps did not appear in the statutes raised by Parliament. The War Office had been aware of the anomaly and had, without any legislative sanction, merely struck off the word Regiment in the attestation papers and replaced it with Medical Staff Corps. Such alterations in the statutes governing recruitment could only be effected by an Act of Parliament. No amendments to the law governing enlistment had been enacted when the Medical Staff Corps had been raised, rendering the recruitment into the corps illegal and inadmissible. Judge Advocate General Pelham Villiers further ruled that the ranks of the Medical Staff Corps ranging from ward master to stewards and orderlies had no equivalent rank in the army, and the men so ranked were not acknowledged as having any military rank at all.

The constitution of the Medical Staff Corps was revised under Royal Warrant dated 1 August 1857, which established the Army Hospital Corps. The Medical Staff Corps was not phased out until 1860 when the men from the Medical Staff Corps were transferred to the new Army Hospital Corps. The first transfers from the Medical Staff Corps to the Army Hospital Corps took place on 31 October 1859 when No 4 MSC William Stawtree and No 461 MSC Benjamin Rawlins became No 1 AHC and No 2 AHC respectively with the rank of Sergeant Major. No 2 MSC Blake John became No 275 AHC Sergeant Major on 30 November.

On 6 February 1883, allegations of neglect of the sick during the Egyptian Campaign (13 July–6 Sep 1882) led to the formation of a Departmental Committee of the Army Medical Department under the chairmanship of The Earl of Morley, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for War. The committee enquired into the constitution, organisation, and training of the Army Hospital Corps and Bearer Companies, and their establishment in peace and war. It also scrutinized the organisation of field hospitals, nursing in army hospitals, whether by male or females, and transport of invalids by sea and hired transports.

Lord Morley's made a number of recommendations for the improvement of the Army Medical Services, which were embodied in the Royal Warrant of 20 September 1884. Accordingly, the medical officers and the quartermasters of the Army Medical Department were to be styled The Medical Staff; the warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the Army Hospital Corps, reverted back to their original title The Medical Staff Corps. The officers of the Medical Staff were granted command over the Medical Staff Corps, all patients in military hospitals, and such officers and men as were attached for duty to the Medical Staff Corps. However, officers of the Medical Staff were not to hold any military command outside their Corps.

Medical Staff Corps
Other Ranks Medical Staff Corps at the Royal Victoria Hospital Netley 1884–1897.

The new Medical Staff Corps had its baptism of fire in the Suakin Expeditionary Force of March 1885 under Sir Gerard Graham. On 21 February 1885, six warrant officers, forty sergeants, and 250 rank and file were assembled at Aldershot. They were formed into two Bearer Companies and four Field Hospitals. The hospital and bearer companies of the Medical Staff Corps arrived at North Woolwich from Aldershot in charge of Surgeon Major George Joseph Hamilton Evatt. On the 22nd February 1855, they embarked on board the Steam Ship Calabria for Suakin.

In addition, the following medical officers were also appointed to the Medical Staff Corps and assembled at the Depôt and Training School, Aldershot for a course of instruction in stretcher drill and first aid to the wounded on the battle field: Surgeons J R Forrest, M W Russell, W. R. de Momini, B. F. Zimmerman, A. F. Stace, A. Stables, J. F. E. McGrath, E. A. C. Smith, G. Moffett, W. M. Hewson, H. A. Hames, J. D. Moir, R. Crofts, F. M. Dobson, A. T. J. Lilly, R. Caldwell, A. C. Reilly, S. E. Duncan, J. Maher, A. Perry, S. Cordoys, A. de C. Scanlan, H. W. James, R. Trevor, H. D. Innes, W. Turner, and B. O. W. Morton.

The Medical Staff Corps for Suakin consisted of:

By November 1885, the number of non commissioned officers and men of the Medical Staff Corps employed during the campaign in Egypt and the Sudan reached 850. Of these, 362 were attached to the Nile Expeditionary Force and 468 to Suakin. In addition, there were 3 Non-Commissioned officers and 53 privates belonging to Line Regiments employed with the Nile Force. Of the Medical Staff Corps on the Nile, 30 were returned as sick in hospital, the ratio being 83 per 1,000. Of those at Suakin, 20 were in hospital or 41 per 1,000 of the strength. The distribution according to rank was 8 sergeants major, 105 staff sergeants and sergeants, 98 corporals, and 426 ward orderlies.

collar badge
SSgt Alfred Owens VMSC wearing the collar badges of a Volunteer Infantry Brigade Bearer Company (RAMC/737/2).

In November 1895, eighty-five warrant officers, non commissioned officers and men of the Medical Staff Corps joined the Depôt Medical Staff Corps at Aldershot to form a provisional company for active service in Ashanti. The company was under the command of Surgeon Major William Owen Wolseley with Surgeon Captain O'Callaglhan as company officer, and Lieutenant (QM) Lines as Quartermaster. The warrant officers and non commissioned officers were armed with a revolver, the rank and file with a Martini Henri carbine. An advance party left England on 23 November 1895. Three female nurses accompanied the expedition. Mrs T. A. Gray, Acting Superintendent of Nurses and a Dame of the Royal Red Cross embarked accompanied by army nursing sisters for work in the hospitals. The base was at Accra, where large medical stores were accumulated.

RAMC Warrant
Royal Warrant 23 June 1898 creating the RAMC.

The Volunteer Corps had been authorised by the War Office on 12 May 1859, with each Volunteer Rifle Companies having a section of stretcher bearers.

In 1884, the Volunteer Medical Staff Corps (VMSC) came into existence, when volunteer companies of the Medical Staff Corps were formed among the students of several of the London hospitals. Surgeon James Cantlie had for some time been training medical students in medical work in the field, and in 1883 called together a committee interested in the movement. The Charring Cross students were joined by a company from University College Hospital under the command of Captain J E Squire, who had been a combatant officer. The movement grew in size and received officially recognition in 1885.

On 1 April 1885, was gazetted the Volunteer Medical Staff Corps (VMSC) with a constitution of four companies, Adjutant (Captain J E Squire), Quartermaster and Surgeon Commandant. This last was a new title conferred on its founder James Cantlie who was at the time a supernumerary assistant surgeon with the rank of Lieutenant in the London Scottish Volunteers. Lt Col J E Squire became commandant in February 1898.

In 1902, in recognition of its work in the South African War, the title changed to the Royal Army Medical Corps (Volunteers).

Under the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act of 1907, the Volunteer Organisations ceased to exist on 31 March 1908 when the RAMC (V) became the Royal Army Medical Corps Territorial Force.

The Royal Warrant, Army Order 93 of 23 June 1898, merged the Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and men of the Medical Staff Corps, with the commissioned officers of the Army Medical Staff to create the Royal Army Medical Corps. The Corps came into existence on 1 July 1898.

The Medical Staff Corps

1855 Medical Staff Corps

11 June 1855 Formation of the Medical Staff Corps.

24 Oct A detachment of the Medical Staff Corps left Chatham for Southampton and the Crimea. It stopped at Malta on the steamer Ripon at the end of Nov 1855. The detachment consisted of one Steward, 4 Assistant Stewards, 8 Assistant Ward-Masters and 147 orderlies, under the command of an officer of the 34th Regiment on his way to join his unit.

1st Class Orderlies deserting in Malta in 1855:

Burials in 1855:

1856 Medical Staff Corps

Prior to the Crimean War, assistant surgeons compounded all regimental prescriptions and a certificate to that effect formed part of the monthly sick returns. From 1856 however, sergeants were taught compounding and received one shilling a day for their work.

15 Apr 98 Rank and File of the Medical Staff Corps arrived from England.

The following arrived from Scutari between 1 April to 30 September 1856:

  • Stewards (1856)
    1. No 121 Hickie Henry (from Aug 1856)
      7 August In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta Bachelor CSgt Richard Lethbridge Yeabsley 47th Regiment born in Yealmpton, Devonshire, son of Nathaniel and Ann Yeabsley married Charlotte Hickie, spinster daughter of Eliza and Steward Henry Hickie.
  • Ward Masters (1856)
    1. No 5 Connell Bartholomew
    2. No 126 Dunn Edward – Left for Portsmouth 10 July 1856.
    3. No 115 Farrell James
    4. No 113 Goddard James
  • Probationary Cook (1856)
    1. No 995 Knight Benjamin – Arrived from Scutari Aug 1856.
  • Assistant Ward Masters (1856)
    1. No 28 Bowles John
    2. No 49 Fiander Mercer
    3. No 95 Graves James
    4. No 48 Horton William
    5. No 99 Layton Ernest
    6. No 583 Kent William Thomas
    7. No 384 Pearce Villers
    8. No 475 Rand Stephen
    9. No 528 Salisbury Robert Henry
    10. No 86 Treacher William
    11. No 886 Witherspoon Thomas
  • 1st Class Orderlies (1856)
    1. No 374 Cahill Francis
    2. No 231 Cameron William
    3. No 82 Dinely Samuel
    4. No 230 England Henry
    5. No 229 James Frederick
    6. No 142 Kitson James
    7. No 259 Ludlow Thomas
    8. No 160 Meggs Robert
    9. No 154 McAllister John
    10. No 296 McGowan Patrick
    11. No 58 Miller George
    12. No 291 Melvie William
    13. No 167 O'Brien Patrick
    14. No 131 Pennycook John
    15. No 417 Pontin Walter
    16. No 198 Portlock William
    17. No 40 Russell George
    18. No 1273 Searls John
    19. No 68 Scully John
    20. No 155 Smith Henry
    21. No 163 Smyth Henry
    22. No 355 Syne David
    23. No 51 Timlin Robert
    24. No 394 Thiviston William
    25. No 16 Thomson William
    26. No 279 Way George
    27. No 397 Ward John
    28. No 222 Wood Andrew
    29. No 306 Walsh Edward
  • 2nd Class Orderlies (1856)
    1. No 532 Brodie Edward
    2. No 103 Bond John
    3. No 490 Croley John
    4. No 579 Catt John
    5. No 593 Canley Patrick
    6. No 589 Coole William
    7. No 585 Cooper George
    8. No 594 Compton Frederick
    9. No 551 Deuchan Charles
    10. No 556 Davies George
    11. No 570 Danford Robert
    12. No 587 Davies John
    13. No 548 Fewkes William
    14. No 669 Gillman David
    15. No 565 Hayling Frederick
    16. No 574 Inston Maxwell
    17. No 636 Isabel William
    18. No 117 King William
    19. No 550 Love George
    20. No 562 Leonard Godfrey
    21. No 668 Lightfoot Edward
    22. No 534 Mercer John
    23. No 554 Munro William
    24. No 560 Millman Samuel
    25. No 563 Morley William
    26. No 591 March William
    27. No 588 Moore James
    28. No 586 Mew William
    29. No 670 McPherson Walter
    30. No 1182 Nowlan William
    31. No 575 Overbury Nathaniel

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps at Malta:

MSC No 155, AHC No 163 Smyth Henry

90th Foot Reg No 3608, MSC No 1292, AHC No 117 King William

MSC No 417 AHC No 153 Pontin Walter

Baptisms in 1856:

Burials in 1856:

1857 Medical Staff Corps

1 Aug 1857 The Army Hospital Corps was raised by Royal Warrant on 1 August 1857. According to the returns of the Malta Garrison there were 68 men of MSC in Malta on 1 April 1857 and 61 men in September 1857. In November there were 68 men of the Army hospital Corps recorded as being in Malta.

Strength of the Medical Staff Corps / Army Hospital Corps – Malta 1857
Date Regiment Rank & File Garrison Strength
1 April MSC 68 7016
1 May MSC 66 6717
1 June MSC 65 5142
1 July MSC 64 5130
1 August MSC 62 5100
1 September MSC 61 4331
1 October AHC 59 4320
1 November AHC 68 4105
1 December AHC 54 4252
Table I: Distribution of the British Army (Adjutant's General Office) – AHC Malta 1 April to 1 December 1857.

The following are listed as serving in Malta in the quarter April to June 1857:

  • Stewards ranking as Sergeant Majors
    1. No 121 Hickie Henry
  • Ward Masters ranking as Colour Sergeants
    1. No 5 Connell Bartholomew
  • Assistant Ward Masters ranking as Corporals
    1. No 28 Bowles John
    2. No 82 Dinely Samuel
    3. No 48 Horton William
    4. No 583 Kent William Thomas
    5. No 216 Shepherd Robert
    6. No 147 Wilkinson Keith
  • 1st Class Orderlies ranking as Privates
    1. No 231 Cameron William
    2. No 230 England Henry
    3. No 1645 Grant William
    4. No 223 Gunn William (Returned to Depôt 25 June)
    5. No 135 Goodway Thomas. Enlisted for the MSC 2 Feb 1855. On transfer to the AHC his regimental number changed to 876. On 29 July 1857, he was charged with being absent from roll call for 8 hrs 30 minutes for which he forfeited 2 days pay and was awarded 10 days of drill. He died on 6 July 1866.
    6. No 56 Hersey William
    7. No 142 Kitson James
    8. No 154 McAllister John
    9. No 58 Miller George
    10. No 59 Morey Henry
    11. No 291 Melvie William
    12. No 167 O'Brien Patrick
    13. No 417 Pontin Walter
    14. No 198 Pollock William
    15. No 40 Russell George
    16. No 355 Syme David
    17. No 155 Smith Henry
    18. No 349 Thurston William
    19. No 306 Walsh Edward
  • 2nd Class Orderlies ranking as Privates
    1. No 549 Bond John
    2. No 558 Benwell John
    3. No 576 Brereton T H
    4. No 647 Beale Thomas
    5. No 490 Croley John
    6. No 579 Catt John
    7. No 593 Canly Patrick
    8. No 589 Cook William
    9. No 585 Cooper George
    10. No 594 Crompton Frederick
    11. No 551 Denham Charles
    12. No 556 Davies George
    13. No 570 Dunford Robert
    14. No 738 Gardiner Alexander
    15. No 1019 Griffiths William (Until 12 July)
    16. No 565 Haylingo Frederick
    17. No 595 Halford Henry B
    18. No 638 Isabel William
    19. No 1292 King William
    20. No 554 Munro William
    21. No 560 Millman Samuel
    22. No 591 March William
    23. No 588 Moore James
    24. No 586 Mew William
    25. No 670 Mcpherson Walter
    26. No 603 Moon James
    27. No 575 Overbury Nathaniel. From 23 April. Discharged at Portsmouth 6 May.
    28. No 553 Preston Alfred
    29. No 568 Pross Thomas
    30. No 929 Poole Joseph
    31. No 498 Thompson James
    32. No 592 Williams George
    33. No 590 Woodhouse George
    34. No 674 Wickstead George

The rate of pay per day was: Stewards 5 shillings, Ward Masters 4 shillings, Assistant Stewards 3 shillings 6 pence, Probationer Cooks 3 shillings 6 pence, Assistant Ward Master 2 shillings 6 pence, 1st Class Orderlies 2 shillings, 2nd Class Orderlies 1 shilling 3 pence.

The Army Hospital Corps was withdrawn from Malta in December 1857 and no longer appears in the returns of the Distribution of the British Army for 1 January 1858.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

MSC No 549, AHC No 103 Bond John

14th Foot No 3682 AHC No 443 Marshall John

Baptisms in 1857:

Burials in 1857:

1858 Medical Staff Corps

Baptisms in 1858:

1884 Medical Staff Corps

Edgley J A
SSgt Edgley Alfred John MSC
(Courtesy F Galvin).

20 Sep 1884 The Warrant Officers, NCOs and men of the Army Hospital Corps became the Medical Staff Corps.

Strength (AHC 1 July 1884): 1 Warrant Officer, 15 Sgts, 72 rank and file, total 88 men.
The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 86 men. It had 54 admissions with 1 death. 7 invalids returned to England.

Marriages in 1884:

1885 Medical Staff Corps

Burials at Pietà Military Cemetery in 1885:

Strength (1 Jan 1885): 1 Warrant Officer, 10 non-commissioned officers, 44 rank and file.

Strength (1 Dec 1885): 1 Warrant Officer, 12 Sergeants, 85 rank and file, 98 all ranks.

Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps Malta 1 April to 31 December 1885
Regt_No Name Remarks
  Sergeants Major  
2701 Hewett Martin Left for England on 27 April 1885.
2000 Fowles G. Promoted Sergeant Major on 1 May 1885.
  1st Class Staff Sergeant  
2701 Hewett Martin Promoted Sergeant Major on 29 March 1885.
  2nd Class Staff Sergeant  
4078 Andrews A.  
2264 Jarvis Charles Returned to England 22 Oct 1885.
  Sergeants  
2581 Bright A. Compounder of Medicine 1 Nov 1885.
Granted extra duty pay (6d) 19 May 1885.
Promoted Sergeant 1 June 1885.
Remitted part of his pay to Mrs M. A. Bright 10 Dec 1885.
4434 Carroll W. Granted extra duty pay (6d) 20 May 1885.
Compounder of Medicine 1 Nov 1885.
Promoted Sergeant 1 June 1885.
Remitted part of his pay to Mrs M. A. Bright 10 Dec 1885.
2999 Chamberlin W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885.
3789 Dryden T. On 10 Dec 1885 remitted part of his pay to Mr Robert Dryden.
2745 Edgley Alfred John Married Margaret O'Connor in 1879 at Cork Ireland.
Had eight children but five died in infancy — Alfred Henry died Malta 1885, Ann A. born Malta 1886, Mary Clare born Malta 1889.
Arrived from England on 19 June 1885.
4268 Green J.  
4351 Keene H. Promoted from L/Sgt June 1885.
4711 Macdonald W. Appointed Compounder of Medicine 1 Nov 1885.
2803 Midgley A. Arrived from England 29 Sep 1885.
Compounder of Medicine 1 Nov 1885.
4359 Short G. Returned to England 22 Oct 1885.
5269 Stead T. Arrived from England 29 Sep 1885.
3922 Taylor A. K. In hospital from 1 to 24 June.
Died at Cottonera Hospital at 12.35 am on 24 June 1885.
1957 Thatcher J. Left for England 28 Sept 1885.
2121 Vickery G. Arrived from England 10 Oct 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
  Lance Sergeants  
2581 Bright A. Promoted from Cpl on 29 Apr 1885.
4351 Keene H. Promoted from Cpl to Lance Sergeant 14 May 1885.
391 Eaton A. L/Sgt attached to MSC from 10 Sept 1885.
  Corporals  
4339 Batchelor Edward Returned to England 22 Oct 1885.
3192 Collier H. Promoted to Cpl on 1 July 1885.
2569 Inskip L. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885.
3293 Murphy A. In hospital from 6 to 22 June 1885.
Attached to 1st/Dorsetshire Regt on 26 Sept 1885.
680 Patterson W. Attached to MSC from 1 Apr 1885.
Rejoined his regiment on 10 Sept 1885.
  Lance Corporals  
3192 Collier H. Promoted from Pte 1 June 1885.
Promoted Cpl 1 July 1885.
  Privates  
6585 Allwright F. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
Confined to barracks 22 to 23 Oct 1885.
6292 Arnold A. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle
Attached to 1st/Dorsetshire Regt 6 Oct 1885.
6631 Baker A. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6427 Bailey W. Arrived 1 Oct 1885.
6533 Baldwin G. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hants on 1 May 1885.
6441 Blake W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6450 Blakeley W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6689 Bovey C. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
5239 Burton C. Absent 15 to 16 April 1885.
Reduced from 2nd to 3rd Class Orderly on 15 Apr 1885.
Fined 5 shillings for drunkenness 9 July 1885.
Absent on 5 July.
Placed in guardroom from 6 to 9 July and in cells 10 to 16 July.
Confined to Civil Prison from 8 Aug to 7 Nov 1885.
Returned to England 14 Nov 1885.
6638 Butler William Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6416 Butt W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
5261 Cain T. In hospital 7 July to 10 Aug 1885.
Returned to England 10 Aug 1885.
4727 Cakebread A. Lunatic attendant.
Returned to England 18 June 1885.
6589 Carter J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6719 Chivers G. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6792 Clarke J. A. Transferred from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 July 1885.
3192 Collier H.  
6592 Cooper W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6630 Coulson R. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
In hospital from 16 to 23 Oct 1885.
6469 Coppock B. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6604 Currie W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6186 Dumbleton H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6444 Dare H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6405 Davies S. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
5243 Delaney C. Transferred from 1st/Hants on 1 May 1885.
Granted Good Conduct pay at 1 penny a day from 23 July 1885.
6479 Doggett A.  
6810 Dowdall J. Arrived from England 10 Oct 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6452 Ferrall F. Arrived from England 10 Oct 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6422 Fielde J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
Deserted from Cottonera on 16 Nov 1885.
6605 Foster S. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
On 9 Dec 1885 was fined 5 shillings for drunkenness.
6515 Geary H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2364 Gentry J. E.  
6414 Gibbs F. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6813 Goodall H. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 July 1885.
6609 Grant M. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6502 Griffin A. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 May 1885.
5196 Hardy C. Arrived from England 19 June 1885.
6485 Harmsworth W. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 May 1885.
6614 Harrison C. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
Lunatic Attendant and 2nd Class Orderly since 1 Dec 1885
5802 Hart A Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2nd Class Orderly since 1 Dec 1885.
6588 Hartley H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6582 Heap T. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
Appointed 1st Class Orderly 1 Nov 1885.
5510 Hoadley B. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6436 Horgan P. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
On 18 Dec 1885 was fined 5 shillings for drunkenness.
6423 Howard H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6293 Jennison G. Arrived from England 10 Oct 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6586 Jeffery H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2nd Class Orderly since 1 Dec 1885.
5677 Johnson G. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2nd Class Orderly since 1 Dec 1885.
6597 Judd B. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2nd Class Orderly since 1 Dec 1885.
6812 Kitcher H. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 July 1885.
6565 Knowles J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6404 Lamacroft W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6673 Ley W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
3676 Lloyd J. Arrived from England 19 June 1885.
6439 Lonsdale W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle
2nd Class Orderly 1 Dec 1885.
6811 Maycock A. Transferred to MSC from 1st/East Kent Regt on 1 July 1885.
6613 McCracken W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
On 9 Dec 1885 was fined 2 shillings 6 pence for drunkenness.
6635 Mitcheel W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
3828 Mitcheel H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
Prisoner from 18 to 31 Dec 1885.
6610 McDonald W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6432 McGrath J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6453 McQuade J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2nd Class Orderly 1 Dec 1885.
6613 McCracken W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
4693 Nicholls G. Transferred from 1st/Hants on 1 May 1885.
6396 Morris W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
In hospital from 1 to 4 Dec 1885.
Died at 07:45 hrs on 4 Dec 1885 at Cottonera.
6468 North F. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2nd Class Orderly 1 Dec 1885.
6750 Parks T. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
2nd Class Orderly 1 Dec 1885.
6547 Penton J. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 July 1885.
6636 Robertson W. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6493 Rogers W. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 May 1885.
6622 Ross E. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
5689 Rowan R. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6610 Salkeld G. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6457 Sleigh A. Arrived from England on 10 Oct 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6651 Smith T. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6475 Smith E. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6438 Smith S. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6389 Smith J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6566 Stanmore G. Transferred from 1st/Hampshire Regt 1 June 1885.
6959 Stanmore H. Arrived 1 Sept 1885.
6528 Stanton H. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
4535 Thwaites J. In hospital from 1 Apr to 8 May 1885.
6510 Tonkin J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6545 White J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
Deserted at Cottonera on 16 Nov 1885.
6619 Wells F. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
4192 Wilkins W. Transferred from 1st/Hants on 1 May 1885.
Returned to England on 22 Oct 1885.
6037 Willan R. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
6695 Williams C. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 SS Stirling Castle.
Prisoner from 1 to 31 Dec 1885.
6650 Wooldridge P. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 SS Stirling Castle.
4407 Wyatt R. Returned to England 22 Oct 1885.
1255 Able H. Attached Privates from 1st/East Kent Regt (Buffs) from 25 to 26 June 1885.
1258 Chance J. Attached Privates from 1st/East Kent Regt (Buffs) from 25 May to 25 Sept 1885.
793 Hardes J. Attached Privates from 1st/East Kent Regt (Buffs) from 22 Apr to 19 May 1885.
485 Harvey W. Attached Privates from 1st/East Kent Regt (Buffs) from 1 Apr to 9 Sept 1885.
491 Ryan W. Attached Privates from 1st/East Kent Regt (Buffs). Left 9 Sept 1885.
1244 Smith F. Attached Privates from 1st/East Kent Regt (Buffs) from 1 to 21 Apr 1885.
746 Webb J. Attached Privates from 1st/East Kent Regt (Buffs) from 25 to 26 June 1885.
1324 Coffey W. Attached Privates from 1st/Hampshire Regt.
Left 23 Sept 1885.
62 Penton J. Attached Privates from 1st/Hampshire Regt.
Transferred to MSC 1 July 1885.
128 Rogers W. Attached Privates from 1st/Hampshire Regt.
Transferred to MSC 1 May 1885.
410 Rollins W. Attached Privates from 1st/Hampshire Regt. from 24 to 31 Oct 1885.
605 Veck W. Attached Privates from 1st/Hampshire Regt. from 1 May to 31 Oct 1885.
1001 Battery B. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 24 June to 4 Sept 1885.
1242 Bridge H. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 9 Aug to 25 Sept 1885.
1152 Daniells J. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 24 June to 4 Sept 1885.
831 Littler A. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 10 to 25 Sept 1885.
1156 Maggs R. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 10 to 24 Sept 1885.
1096 Pierce W. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 13 July to 21 Sept 1885.
1316 Shepherd W. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 10 to 30 Sept 1885.
1423 Smith J. Attached Privates from 1st/Dorsetshire Regt from 9 Aug to 31 Oct 1885.
1676 Bradbury F. Attached Privates from 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt from 24 June to 27 Aug 1885.
641 Coyne W. Attached Privates from 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt from 20 to 30 Sept 1885.
939 Gascoyne G. Attached Privates from 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt from 23 June to 30 Sept 1885.
791 O'Brien J. Attached Privates from 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt from 8 June to 19 Sept 1885.
2258 Redfern G. Attached Privates from 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt from 1 to 30 Sept 1885.
1757 Terry J. Attached Privates from 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt from 13 July to 30 Sept 1885.
2003 Wilson W. Attached Privates from 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt from 23 June to 30 Sept 1885.
2104 Burdett F. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 26 Sept to 3 Oct 1885.
130 Dow H. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 4 to 15 Oct 1885.
2109 Hooper G. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 26 to 30 Sept 1885.
2149 Sampson J. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 16 to 31 Oct 1885.
Granted Good Conduct Pay of 1d from 16 Oct 1885.
Table 2: Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps Malta 1 April to 31 December 1885.

1886 Medical Staff Corps

Sarah Inskip
Sarah and Hannah Inskip
(Pieta Military Cemetery)

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 98 men. It had 66 admissions into hospital with no deaths. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.05. The average sick time to each soldier was 18.80 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.92 days.

Sarah Inskip died on 3 September 1886 aged 8 years 5 months. Also Hannah Inskip who died on 25 September 1886 at Citta Vecchia Malta aged 9 months. The children were the beloved daughters of Corporal Leonard Inskip Medical Staff Corps and Angusina his wife.

Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps serving in Malta from 1 January to 31 December 1886.
Regt_No Name Remarks
  Quartermaster  
  Gordon Robert Acting Paymaster. Pay at 10s 6d a day.
  Sergeants Major  
2000 Fowles G. Promoted Sergeant Major 1 May 1885.
Pay at 5s 6d a day.
  2nd Class Staff Sergeant Pay of a 2nd Class SSgt was 4s 3d a day
4078 Andrews A.  
4268 Green J. Promoted 2nd Class Staff Sergeant on 3 Mar 1886.
  Sergeants  
2581 Bright A. Compounder of Medicine 1 Nov 1885.
4434 Carroll W. Compounder of Medicine 1 Nov 1885.
2999 Chamberlin W. Prisoner from 1 to 3 Apr 1866. Tried but acquitted by District Court Martial.
On 2 Sept 1886 returned to England on the SS Geelong.
4929 Donn A. Arrived from England on 27 Dec 1886.
3789 Dryden T. From 10 July 1886 remitted part of his pay to his spouse Helen Dryden.
2745 Edgley Alfred John Married Margaret O'Connor in 1879 at Cork Ireland.
Had eight children but five died in infancy — Alfred Henry died Malta 1885, Ann A. born Malta 1886, Mary Clare born Malta 1889.
Arrived from England on 17 June 1885.
5072 Hendren E. Arrived from Egypt on 9 Feb 1886.
Embarked for England 10 Apr 1886.
4351 Keene H. Returned to England on SS Geelong 3 Nov 1886.
4711 Macdonald W. Compounder of Medicine
2803 Midgley A. Compounder of Medicine
5269 Stead T. Returned to England on the SS Clyde 10 Oct 1886.
4440 Turner A. Arrived from Egypt on 5 May 1886.
2121 Vickery G.  
  Corporals  
3192 Collier H. Appointed Compounder of medicines on 2 May 1886.
5243 Delaney C. Promoted L/Cpl 27 Jan 1886.
Promoted Cpl 22 Apr 1886.
On 12 Apr 1886 remitted part of his pay to his brother James Delaney.
On 18 Sept 1886 remitted part of his pay to his brother Francis Delaney 20 King Street, Regent Street, London.
2364 Gentry J. E. Promoted L/Cpl 22 Apr 1886.
Promoted Cpl 1 July 1886.
6502 Griffin A. Promoted Cpl 8 Oct 1886.
6485 Harmsworth W. Promoted L/Cpl 3 Feb 1886.
Promoted Cpl 3 May 1886.
6614 Harrison C. Promoted L/Cpl on 20 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly in Jan 1886.
Promoted Cpl 3 Mar 1886.
5510 Hoadley B. Promoted L/Cpl on 12 Mar 1886.
Promoted Cpl 20 June 1886.
2569 Inskip L.  
3293 Murphy A. Attached to 2nd/South Yorkshire Regt to 3rd Dec 1886.
4387 Waller W. Promoted Cpl 29 July 1886.
  Lance Corporals Pay at 1s 5d a day
4693 Nicholls G. Promoted L/Cpl 13 Mar 1886.
Granted Good Conduct Pay of 2d a day from 30 Non 1886.
6502 Griffin A. Promoted L/Cpl 11 July 1886.
Promoted Cpl 8 Oct 1886.
6811 Maycock A. Promoted L/Cpl 18 Aug 1886.
5689 Rowan R. Promoted L/Cpl 26 Nov 1886.
  Privates Pay at 1s 2d a day
6585 Allwright F. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
6292 Arnold A. Ceased to be Attached to 2nd/South Yorkshire King's Own Light Infantry Regt from 22 Apr 1866.
2nd Class Orderly 2 Nov 1886.
7016 Austin E. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 2 Nov 1886.
6631 Baker A. On 11 Aug 1886 remitted part of his pay to his father Robert Baker.
6427 Bailey W. 2nd Class Orderly 22 July 1886.
Lunatic Attendant from 14 Feb to Mar 1886.
6533 Baldwin G. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
Attached to 1st/South Yorkshire Regt. from 22 Apr 1886 to 3 Dec 1886.
5677 Betts F. Arrived from Egypt 18 July 1886.
Fined 2 shilling 6 pence for drunkenness 4 Nov 1886.
6441 Blake W. 2nd Class Orderly 5 June 1886.
6450 Blakeley W. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera 5 May 1886.
Sent from England for trial 11 June 1886.
Back on the strength of the MSC Malta 21 July 1886.
6689 Bovey C. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 24 Sept 1886.
6638 Butler William 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
1st Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6416 Butt W. In hospital 26 to 28 Feb 1886.
6583 Carter J. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
7021 Casey T. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 22 July 1886.
1st Class Orderly 15 Sept 1886.
6719 Chivers G. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
1st Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6792 Clarke J. A. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
1st Class Orderly 15 Sept 1886.
6976 Collins S. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
7020 Coombe J. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
6592 Cooper W. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
1st Class Orderly 15 Sept 1886.
6469 Coppock B. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
6630 Coulson R. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
6604 Currie W. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
6444 Dare H.  
6405 Davies S.  
7050 Deleann J. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
595 Dick G. Attached to 1st/Gordon Hldrs from 1 to 31 Mar 1886.
6479 Doggett A. 2nd Class Orderly 18 Jan 1886.
6810 Dowdall J. In guard room between 10 and 13 Mar and in cells from 14 to 20 Mar 1886.
Confined to barracks on 21 Mar 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 14 July 1886.
7001 Downing R. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
6186 Dumbleton H. 1st Class Orderly 1 Apr 1886.
Returned to England on the SS Khedive on 17 Sept 1886.
5684 Farrell W. Arrived from Egypt 18 July 1886.
6452 Ferrall F. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 1 Apr 1886.
6422 Fielde J. Arrived from England 29 Sept 1885 on SS Stirling Castle.
Deserted from Cottonera on 16 Nov 1885.
6605 Foster S. Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 21 Jan 1886.
6515 Geary H. Fined 7s 6d for drunkenness on 3 Mar 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 14 July 1886.
6414 Gibbs F. In hospital from 26 to 31 Jan 1886.
6155 Godfrey G. Arrived from Egypt 18 July 1886.
6813 Goodall H. 1st Class Orderly 1 Apr 1886.
Returned to England on the SS Khedive 17 Sept 1886.
7048 Gracie H. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
Special attendant from 10 June to 8 July 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 22 July 1886.
1st Class Orderly 14 Oct 1886.
6609 Grant M. 2nd Class Orderly 14 July 1886.
6502 Griffin A. Transferred to MSC from 1st/Hampshire Regt on 1 May 1885.
Promoted L/Cpl 11 July 1886.
5196 Hardy C. Returned to England on the SS Khedive on 17 Sep 1886.
5802 Hart A Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 22 Jan 1886.
6830 Harkness T. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
6588 Hartley H. Discharged by purchase on 20 Mar 1886.
6582 Heap T. In prison from 1 to 19 Jan 1886.
In the guard room on 20 Jan 1866.
2nd Class Orderly 14 July 1886.
6436 Horgan P. In hospital 8 to 31 Jan 1886.
Lunatic attendant from 11 Apr 1866.
1st Class Orderly 5 June 1886.
6423 Howard H. 2nd Class Orderly Jan 1886.
Special Attendant from 27 June to 6 July 1886.
6293 Jennison G. 2nd Class Orderly 18 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 1 Apr 1886.
Reduced to 2nd Class Orderly 5 June 1886.
In prison from 5 to 11 June and confined to barracks from 12 to 18 June 1886.
6586 Jeffery H. 1st Class Orderly since 1 Jan 1886.
Attached to 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry Regt from 2 Aug to 1 Oct 1886.
From 17 Nov 1886 remitted part of his pay to his sister Mrs Annie B. Webb.
5677 Johnson G. Lunatic attendant from 25 Jan 1886 to 6 Feb 1886.
6597 Judd B. 1st Class Orderly on 1 Mar 1886.
6812 Kitcher H. 2nd Class Orderly 18 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 18 Sep 1886.
6565 Knowles J. Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 11 Feb 1886.
6404 Lamacroft W. 2nd Class Orderly 5 June 1886.
2140 Lanning W. Attached to 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 2 Jan to 31 Mar 1886.
6673 Ley W. Special Attendant from 10 June to 8 July 1886.
3676 Lloyd J. Absent from 8 to 10 Jan 1886.
Reduced in rank from 1st Class to 2nd Class Orderly in Jan 1886.
Forfeited Good Conduct Pay from 8 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6439 Lonsdale W. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Dec 1885.
6811 Maycock A. 2nd Class Orderly 18 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 1 Apr 1886.
Promoted L/Cpl 18 Aug 1886.
6613 McCracken W.  
6610 McDonald W.  
6432 McGrath J. Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 5 Jan 1886.
6453 McQuade J. 1st Class Orderly on 1 Mar 1886.
Lunatic Attendant – Oct 1886.
3828 Mitcheel H. Prisoner from 1 to 31 Jan 1886.
Returned to England on 6 Feb 1886.
6635 Mitcheel W. Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 5 Jan 1886.
77 Murphy A. Attached to 2nd/South Yorkshire King's Own Light Infantry up to 3 Dec 1886.
5812 Muddell W. Arrived from Egypt 18 July 1886.
6468 North F. In hospital 1 to 31 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 2 July 1886.
6750 Parks T. 1st Class Orderly on 1 Mar 1886.
7060 Patch C. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6547 Penton J. 1st Class Orderly on 1 Apr 1886.
6636 Robertson W. Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 21 Jan 1886.
6493 Rogers W. 2nd Class Orderly 18 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 15 Sep 1886.
6622 Ross E. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 10 Feb 1886.
Lunatic attendant on 22 Mar 1886.
5689 Rowan R. Good Conduct Pay of 1 d a day from 7 Feb 1886.
6610 Salkeld G. In Civil Prison from 1 Mar to 23 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 15 Sep 1886.
6457 Sleigh A. 2nd Class Orderly 18 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 21 Oct 1886.
7041 Smart C. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 14 July 1886.
1st Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6651 Smith T. Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 11 Feb 1886.
6475 Smith E. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Feb 1886.
In prison from 24 to 31 July 1886.
7004 Smith G. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6438 Smith S. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 6 Oct 1886.
From 17 Nov 1886 remitted part of his pay to his mother Mrs Charlotte Smith.
6389 Smith J. 2nd Class Orderly 8 Feb 1886.
6566 Stanmore G. Discharged by purchase on 23 Feb 1886.
6959 Stanmore H. 2nd Class Orderly 18 Jan 1886.
1st Class Orderly 1 Apr 1886.
Good Conduct pay of 1 penny a day from 19 July 1886.
6528 Stanton H. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Aug 1886.
From 16 Dec 1866 remitted part of his pay to his sister Lizzie Simmons and his uncle Harvey Stanton.
6980 Squibb J. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
4535 Thwaites J. On 17 Sept 1886 returned to England on the SS Khedive.
6510 Tonkin J. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
4387 Waller W. Promoted Cpl 29 July 1886.
6619 Wells F. 2nd Class Orderly 1 Jan 1886.
Discharged by purchase 3 June 1886.
7005 Whatley J. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 14 July 1886.
1st Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6037 Willan R.  
6695 Williams C. In prison 1 Jan to 20 Feb 1886.
In the guard room on 21 Feb 1886.
In prison 1 to 26 Sept. In guardroom 27 Sept 1886.
Returned to England on the SS Geelong on 3 Nov 1866.
7084 Willmott J. Arrived from England 10 Apr 1886.
2nd Class Orderly 4 Nov 1886.
6650 Wooldridge P. 1st Class Orderly 19 Nov 1886.
1672 Braddick H. Attached Privates from 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 20 Oct to 31 Oct 1886.
2140 Lanning W. Attached Privates from 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 1 to 26 Apr 1886.
313 Lanning W. Attached Privates from 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 1 Oct to 31 Dec 1886.
136 Withey T. Attached Privates from 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 1 Oct to 31 Dec 1886.
1672 Braddick H. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 3 Nov to 31 Nov 1886.
954 Hamond G. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Berkshire Regt from 1 Nov to 18 Nov 1886.
595 Dick G. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 1 to 26 Apr 1886.
997 Gillanders J. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 18 Nov to 31 Dec 1886.
1309 Hammond H. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 20 Apr to 20 Oct 1886.
Granted Good Conduct Pay of 1 penny a day from 30 May 1886.
2029 Cleal B. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 27 Apr to 1 Oct 1886.
From 27 May 1886 remitted part of his pay to his spouse MaryAnne Cleal, Barns Street, Crewkerne Somerset.
2067 Hay W. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 27 Apr to 1 Oct 1886.
From 27 May 1886 remitted part of his pay to his spouse MaryAnne Cleal, Barns Street, Crewkerne Somerset.
Table 3: Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps serving in Malta from 1 January to 31 December 1886.

1887 Medical Staff Corps

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 93 men. It had 35 admissions into hospital with no deaths. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 2.01. The average sick time to each soldier was 7.88 days.

The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.96 days.

Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps serving in Malta from 1 January to 31 December 1887.
Regt_No Name Remarks
  Quartermaster  
  Gordon Robert Promoted Lieutenant Feb 1887.
Promoted Captain July 1887.
  Sergeants Major  
2000 Fowles G. Returned to England 21 May 1887.
  1st Class Staff Sergeant  
2089 Bishop A. Arrived from Egypt on HMS Jumna 10 June 1887.
  2nd Class Staff Sergeant  
4078 Andrews A. Returned to England 4 Apr 1887.
2745 Edgley Alfred John Compounder of Medicine 21 Feb 1887.
Promoted 2nd Class Staff Sgt 9 July 1887.
4268 Green J. From 1 Sept 1887 remitted part of his pay to his wife Kate Green, West End Ely.
On furlough to England 9 Oct to 9 Dec 1887.
Joined depôt on expiration of furlough.
2803 Midgley A. Compounder of Medicine
Promoted 2nd Class Staff Sgt 2 Mar 1887.
Returned to England 31 Aug 1887.
  Sergeant  
2581 Bright A. Compounder of Medicine
On 17 Jan 1887 remitted part of his pay to his brother George Bright at 42 Regent Street Clifton Bristol and to his mother Maryann Bright.
3192 Collier Henry Compounder of medicines
Promoted Lance Sergeant 3 Mar 1887.
Promoted Sergeant 26 June 1887.
4434 Carroll W. Compounder of Medicine
4929 Donn A. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 10 to 17 Feb 1887.
3789 Dryden T. From 10 July 1886 remitted part of his pay to his spouse Helen Dryden.
4711 Macdonald W. Compounder of Medicine
4411 Metcalf E. Arrived from England 11 Dec 1887.
4440 Turner A. Arrived from Egypt on 5 May 1886.
2121 Vickery G.  
  Corporals  
5243 Delaney C. From 17 Sept 1887 remitted part of his pay to his brother Francis Delaney, 20 King Street, Regent Street London.
2364 Gentry J. E. Promoted Cpl 1 July 1886.
6502 Griffin A. Promoted Cpl 8 Oct 1886.
6485 Harmsworth W. Promoted Cpl 3 May 1886.
6614 Harrison C. Promoted Cpl 3 Mar 1886.
5510 Hoadley B. Promoted Cpl 20 June 1886.
2569 Inskip L.  
6811 Maycock A. Attached to 2nd/Essex Regt 12 July 1887.
5812 Muddell W. Promoted L/Cpl 7 Jan 1887.
Promoted Cpl 10 July 1887.
3293 Murphy A. Returned to England 4 Apr 1887.
4693 Nicholls G. Promoted Cpl 18 June 1887.
6528 Stanton H. Promoted L/Cpl 10 Jan 1887.
Promoted Cpl 20 July 1887.
On 3 Feb 1887 remitted part of his pay to his niece Miss A Simmons.
4387 Waller W. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 10 to 17 Feb 1887.
  Lance Corporals  
6592 Cooper W. Rejoined MSC from 2 Bty Northern Div Royal Artillery 8 Aug 1887.
Compounder 1 July 1887.
6586 Jeffery H. Promoted L/Cpl 1 Aug 1887.
5689 Rowan R. Compounder 25 July 1887.
  Privates  
6585 Allwright F.  
6292 Arnold A. Confined by Civil Power from 23 Feb to 29 Apr 1887. In guard room 30 Apr 1887.
7016 Austin E.  
6427 Bailey W. Attached to 2nd/Essex Regt 12 July 1887.
6631 Baker A.  
6533 Baldwin G.  
5677 Betts F. Attached to 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry 5 Aug 1887.
6441 Blake W.  
6450 Blakeley W. Attached to 1st/Royal Hldrs 14 Aug 1887.
6689 Bovey C.  
6638 Butler William  
6416 Butt W.  
6583 Carter J.  
7021 Casey T.  
6719 Chivers G.  
6792 Clarke J. A.  
6976 Collins S.  
7020 Coombe J. Deserted 12 Dec 1887.
6592 Cooper W. Attached to 2nd Bty Northern Div Royal Artillery on 10 June 1887.
Promoted L/Cpl July 1887.
6469 Coppock B.  
6630 Coulson R. Deserted 5 Nov 1887.
6604 Currie W. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 10 to 17 Feb 1887.
Lunatic attendant 6 to 11 June 1887.
6444 Dare H. Attached to 2nd/Essex Regt 12 July 1887.
6405 Davies S. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 10 to 17 Feb 1887.
Attached to 2nd Bty Northern Div Royal Artillery from 10 to 8 Aug 1887.
Attached to Royal Hldrs 14 Aug 1887.
7050 Deleann J.  
595 Dick G. Attached to 1st/Gordon Hldrs from 1 to 31 Mar 1886.
6479 Doggett A.  
6810 Dowdall J.  
7001 Downing R.  
5684 Farrell W.  
6452 Ferrall F. Fined 5s for drunkenness 5 July 1887.
6515 Geary H. Fined 7s 6d for drunkenness on 3 Mar 1886.
Fined 7s 6d for drunkenness 4 Mar 1887.
6414 Gibbs F. Fined 2s 6d for drunkenness 27 June 1887.
6155 Godfrey G.  
7048 Gracie H.  
6609 Grant M.  
6830 Harkness T.  
6582 Heap T. Fined 7s 6d for drunkenness 4 Jan 1887.
Returned to England 1 Mar 1887.
6436 Horgan P.  
6423 Howard H.  
6293 Jennison G.  
6586 Jeffery H. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 13 to 17 Feb 1887.
5677 Johnson G. Attached to 2 Bty Northern Div Royal Artillery 8 Aug 1887.
6597 Judd B.  
6812 Kitcher H.  
6404 Lamacroft W.  
2140 Lanning W. Attached to 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 2 Jan to 31 Mar 1886.
6673 Ley W. 1st Class Orderly 25 Jan 1887.
3676 Lloyd J. Returned to England 19 Apr 1887.
6439 Lonsdale W.  
6613 McCracken W.  
6610 McDonald W.  
6453 McQuade J. Lunatic attendant 1 to 30 Jan 1887.
77 Murphy A. Attached to 2nd/South Yorkshire King's Own Light Infantry up to 3 Dec 1886.
6468 North F.  
7123 Officer T. Arrived Mar 1887. Returned to England 31 Aug 1887.
6750 Parks T.  
4390 Payne R. Arrived from England 11 Dec 1887.
7060 Patch C.  
6547 Penton J.  
7799 Porter H. Arrived from England 11 Dec 1887.
6636 Robertson W. Deserted from the Station Hospital Cottonera on 21 Jan 1886.
6493 Rogers W.  
6622 Ross E. Attached to 2 Bty Northern Div Royal Artillery 8 Aug 1887.
5689 Rowan R.  
6610 Salkeld G. Fined 7s 6d for drunkenness 15 July 1887.
Attached to 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry 5 Aug 1887.
7540 Scott E. Arrived 1 Apr 1887.
7315 Sheil R. Arrived from England 11 Dec 1887.
6457 Sleigh A.  
7041 Smart C. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 10 to 17 Feb 1887.
6475 Smith E.  
7004 Smith G.  
6389 Smith J.  
6438 Smith S. From 17 Jan 1887 remitted part of his pay to his mother Charlotte Smith, 13 Teriel Place Heavitree Exeter.
6980 Squibb J. 1st Class Orderly 25 Jan 1887.
6959 Stanmore H.  
7871 Sturgess A. Arrived from England 11 Dec 1887.
6510 Tonkin J.  
7005 Whatley J.  
6656 Wheeldon F. Arrived from England 11 Dec 1887.
6037 Willan R.  
7353 Williams H. Arrived from England 11 Dec 1887.
7084 Willmott J.  
6650 Wooldridge P.  
313 Swannell S. Attached Privates from 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 11 Jan to 24 Feb 1887.
136 Withey T. Attached Privates from 1st/Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry from 11 Jan to 24 Feb 1887.
997 Gillanders J. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 1 Jan to 10 Jan 1887 and then to 24 Coy Royal Engineers from 11 Jan 1887.
1309 Hammond H. Attached Privates from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 11 Jan to 28 Feb 1887.
Confined by Civil Power from 23 to 28 Feb 1887.
Returned to his unit on 1 Mar 1887.
876 Hailstones A. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 13 to 31 Dec 1887.
1314 Hunt G. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 24 Feb to 12 Sept 1887.
2420 Murdoch J. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 1 Mar to 31 Aug 1887.
1098 Pitts W. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 24 Feb to 30 Sept 1887.
2767 Stanley G. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 1 to 13 Dec 1887.
1016 Stoddart D. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 13 to 31 Dec 1887.
2356 Wright G. Attached Privates from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 12 Sept to 30 Sept 1887.
17818 Bulling G. Attached L/Cpl from Royal Engineers from 19 Apr to 10 May 1887.
13985 Batt A. Attached Sappers from Royal Engineers from 18 Feb to 9 May 1887.
16254 Fournean J. Attached Sappers from Royal Engineers from 18 Feb to 4 Apr 1887.
11654 Gough J. Attached Sappers from Royal Engineers from 18 Feb to 15 Apr 1887.
18711 Lawrence M. Attached Sappers from Royal Engineers from 5 Apr to 9 May 1887.
20115 Such A. Attached Sappers from Royal Engineers from 18 Feb to 9 May 1887.
18756 Thompson S. Attached Sappers from Royal Engineers from 18 Feb to 9 May 1887.
Table 4: Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps serving in Malta from 1 January to 31 December 1887.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1887:

1888 Medical Staff Corps

Albert Henry Cole
Albert Henry Cole died from an accident at Citta Vecchia 11 Mar 1888. (Pietà Military Cemetery).

Burials in 1888:

Baptisms in 1888:

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 100 men with 45 admissions into hospital. 5 invalids returned to England.

In 1888, the MSC entertained over 550 guests at a grand ball held at the Malta Union Club in the Auberge de Provence.

Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps serving in Malta from 1 January to 31 March 1888.
Regt_No Name Remarks
  Quartermaster  
  Gordon Robert Promoted Captain July 1887.
  Sergeants Major  
  West R. Arrived from England 26 Jan 1888.
  1st Class Staff Sergeant  
2089 Bishop A. Death of his son Alfred aged 12 years on 1 Nov 1888.
  2nd Class Staff Sergeant  
3428 Cole F. Arrived from England 26 Jan 1888.
2745 Edgley Alfred John  
3699 Taylor A. Arrived from England 26 Jan 1888.
  Sergeants  
2581 Bright A. Returned to England 10 Feb 1888.
4434 Carroll W. Returned to England 10 Feb 1888.
3192 Collier H. Compounder of medicine.
4929 Donn A. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 10 to 17 Feb 1887.
3789 Dryden T.  
4711 Macdonald W. Returned to England 10 Feb 1888.
4411 Metcalf E.  
4440 Turner A.  
2121 Vickery G.  
5249 Wakefield Arrived from England 26 Jan 1888.
  Corporals  
5243 Delaney C.  
2364 Gentry J. E. Returned to England 10 Feb 1888.
6502 Griffin A.  
6485 Harmsworth W.  
6614 Harrison C.  
5510 Hoadley B.  
2569 Inskip L.  
6811 Maycock A. Attached to 1st/Gordon Hldrs.
5812 Muddell W.  
4693 Nicholls G.  
6528 Stanton H.  
5689 Rowan R. Compounder of Medicine.
4387 Waller W.  
  Lance Corporals  
6592 Cooper W.  
6586 Jeffery H.  
  Privates  
6585 Allwright F.  
6292 Arnold A. Returned to England 30 Jan 1888.
7016 Austin E.  
6427 Bailey W. Attached to 1st/Gordon Hldrs.
6631 Baker A.  
6533 Baldwin G.  
5677 Betts F.  
6441 Blake W.  
6450 Blakeley W.  
6689 Bovey C.  
7768 Browne L.  
6638 Butler William  
6416 Butt W.  
6583 Carter J.  
7021 Casey T.  
6719 Chivers G.  
6792 Clarke J. A.  
6976 Collins S. Returned to England 30 Jan 1888.
7020 Coombe J. Deserted 12 Dec 1887 but rejoined from England 26 Jan 1888.
6469 Coppock B.  
6604 Currie W.  
6444 Dare H. Attached to 1st/Gordon Hldrs.
6405 Davies S.  
7050 Deleann J.  
595 Dick G. Attached to 1st/Gordon Hldrs from 1 to 31 Mar 1886.
6479 Doggett A.  
6810 Dowdall J.  
7001 Downing R.  
5684 Farrell W.  
6452 Ferrall F.  
6515 Geary H.  
6414 Gibbs F.  
6155 Godfrey G.  
7048 Gracie H.  
6609 Grant M.  
6830 Harkness T.  
6436 Horgan P.  
6423 Howard H.  
6293 Jennison G.  
6586 Jeffery H. Attached to Gordon Hldrs from 13 to 17 Feb 1887.
5677 Johnson G.  
6597 Judd B.  
6812 Kitcher H.  
6404 Lamacroft W.  
6673 Ley W.  
6439 Lonsdale W.  
6613 McCracken W.  
6610 McDonald W.  
6453 McQuade J.  
6468 North F.  
6750 Parks T.  
4390 Payne R.  
7060 Patch C.  
6547 Penton J.  
7799 Porter H.  
6493 Rogers W.  
6622 Ross E.  
6610 Salkeld G.  
7540 Scott E.  
7315 Sheil R.  
6457 Sleigh A.  
7041 Smart C.  
6475 Smith E.  
7004 Smith G.  
6389 Smith J.  
6438 Smith S.  
6980 Squibb J.  
6959 Stanmore H.  
7871 Sturgess A.  
7505 Tidmarsh A. Arrived from England 26 Jan 1888.
6510 Tonkin J.  
7767 Ward H. L. Arrived from England 26 Jan 1888.
7005 Whatley J.  
6656 Wheeldon F.  
6037 Willan R.  
7353 Williams H.  
7084 Willmott J.  
6650 Wooldridge P.  
1371 Duncan A. Attached Private from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 1 to 15 Jan 1888.
252 Graham G. Attached Private from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 16 Jan to 31 Mar 1888.
876 Hailstones A. Attached Private from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 13 Dec 1887 to 31 Jan 1888.
2420 Murdoch J. Attached Private from 1st/Royal Highlanders from 1 to 9 Jan 1888.
1822 Robb R. Attached Private from 1st/Gordon Highlanders from 10 Jan 1888.
442 Grinshaw Attached Private from 2nd/Essex Regt from 10 Jan 1888.
Table 6: Detachment of the Medical Staff Corps serving in Malta from 1 January to 31 March 1888.

1889 Medical Staff Corps

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 98 men with 36 admissions into hospital and 1 death. 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 2.45. The average sick time to each soldier was 9.12 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.84 days.

Burials in 1889:

1890 Medical Staff Corps

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 101 men with 67 admissions into hospital and 1 death. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.22. The average sick time to each soldier was 15.25 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.90 days.

Baptisms in 1890:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1890:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1890:

1891 Medical Staff Corps

John Postgate
Pte John Postgate MSC died 15 March 1891 aged 29 yrs.
(Pietà Military Cemetery)

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 103 men with 55 admissions into hospital and 2 deaths. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.03. The average sick time to each soldier was 10.73 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.11 days.

Warrant Officers and Non Commissioned Officers of the Medical Staff Corps Malta January 1891:

  • Warrant Officer 2132 R West at Valletta Hospital from January 1888. Attested 9 March 1868
  • 1st Class SSgt A C Pollett at Cottonera Hospital from July 1889.
  • 1st Class SSgt T J McLintic. Attested 20 August 1874.
  • 2nd Class SSgt H Bridges at Forrest Hospital. Attested 16 September 1875.
  • 2nd Class SSgt H Woolley. Attested 5 March 1881.
  • Sgt T Mahon at Cottonera Hospital from September 1888. Attested 4 July 1878.
  • Sgt 5249 H P Wakefield at Valletta Hospital. Attested 11 February 1880.
  • Sgt G Vickery at Valletta Hospital. Attested 10 July 1873.
  • Sgt 3332 R A Bell at Gozo. Attested 17 May 1876.
  • Sgt 4506 C W Buckland at Valletta Hospital. Attested 24 June 1880.
  • Sgt E A Metcalfe Staff at Valletta Hospital. Attested 1 May 1880.
  • Sgt 5413 A Collins at Cottonera Hospital. Attested 12 April 1883.
  • Sgt B S Gledhill Staff at Valletta Hospital from December 1888. Attested 16 August 1884.
  • Cpl W Drummy.
  • Cpl 3560 T Greenham at Cottonera Hospital from July 1889.
  • Cpl W Waller at Malta from May 1886.
  • Cpl W P McCarthy at Valletta Hospital from September 1889.
  • Cpl W G Carter
  • Cpl 5689 R C Rowan at Valletta Hospital from September 1895.
  • Cpl J A McInery at Forrest Hospital from July 1889.
  • Cpl J R Kenshole
  • Cpl 6438 S Smith at Valletta Hospital from September 1885.
  • Cpl W Butler at Valletta Hospital from September 1885.
  • L/Cpl G Rowbotham
  • L/Cpl J Willmott at Malta from March 1886.
  • Pte H Shanmore at Cottonera Hospital from June 1885.
  • Pte J Waller at Cottonera Hospital from July 1889.
  • Pte 5980 F H Gibbon
Merritt G
Lt Col George Merritt (QM retd.) playing bridge at his home in Durban in his 97th year. (Courtesy AMS archives)

Lt Col George Merritt OBE (1856 – 5 June 1953) enlisted in the Army Hospital Corps as a dispenser in 1874. He served in Bermuda from November 1874 to July 1878, the Zulu War of 1879, and the Egyptian War of 1882. Returning from Egypt in 1884 he was posted to the War Office, where he became superintending clerk of the Records Branch of the Corps. He remained at the War Office until commissioned in June 1889. He was posted to Malta in December 1891, serving there until 1897.

Robert A Bell
Sgt Robert Arthur Bell MSC enlisted in May 1876. He served in the Army Hospital Corps and then in the Medical Staff Corps at Fort Chambray Gozo. He married and raised a family in Malta and retired in 1896 as a compounder Staff Sgt (Courtesy D Cunningham).

Merritt was them appointed officer in charge medical stores at Woolwich and was largely responsible in equipping troops for the South African War. He worked at the War Office serving under Colonel Gubbins, Colonel Johnson, Major Babtie, and Major Russell until December 1904, when he was posted to the Army stores at Capetown. He remained there until his retirement in June 1911.

At the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, he joined the South African Defence Force and served with the South African General Hospital in German West Africa. In July 1916, he accompanied the South African General Hospital to France. Returning to Richmond he was responsible under the High Commissioner for handing over the hospital to the Imperial authorities, the final evacuation of South Africa convalescents and the disposal of property. He was promoted to the rank of Lieut Colonel and awarded the OBE for his services.

His son Major B. T. Merritt served in the 1914–1918 and 1919 Afghan Wars in the 10th Gurkhas. His eldest grandson Pilot Officer Anthony Merritt was shot down and killed at El Alamein in the Second World War.

Lt Colonel George Merritt took up residence in South Africa in 1937.

Baptisms in 1891:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

1892 Medical Staff Corps

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 101 men with 86 admissions into hospital and 1 death. 12 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.06. The average sick time to each soldier was 18.83 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.53 days.

Baptisms in 1892:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1892:

1893 Medical Staff Corps

John Whatley
Pte John Whatley MSC Valletta died 20 March 1893 aged 35 yrs.
(Pietà Military Cemetery)

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 113 men with 58 admissions into hospital and 1 death. 6 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.59. The average sick time to each soldier was 11.59 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.59 days.

Marriages in 1893:

Baptisms in 1893:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1893:

1894 Medical Staff Corps

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 120 men with 63 admissions into hospital and 1 death. 5 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.10. The average sick time to each soldier was 12.17 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.75 days.

A group photograph of the Army Medical Staff and Orderlies of the Medical Staff Corps at the Valletta Military Hospital captured by R. Ellis in 1894 appeared in the Times dated 15 December 1997.

The men of the Medical Staff Corps were distributed at Valletta, Cottonera, Forrest, Citta Vecchia and Gozo.

Baptisms in 1894:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1894:

1895 Medical Staff Corps

gordon
Gordon died on 15 June 1895 aged 1 yr 5 mths only child of Sgt Smellie MSC and his wife Rose (Pietà Military Cemetery).

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 118 men with 78 admissions into hospital and 3 deaths (25.42/1000 mean strength). 8 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.40. The average sick time to each soldier was 19.80 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.05 days.

Baptisms in 1895:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1895:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1895:

1896 Medical Staff Corps

Thomas William Humphreys
Thomas William son of Sgt Humphreys MSC died 21 Jan 1896 aged 5 yrs 6 mths. (Pietà Military Cemetery)

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 123 men. It had 66 admissions into hospital with 1 death. 2 invalids returned to England.

Glover Samuel William
Samuel William Glover son of SSgt H W Glover died Valletta on 4 Dec 1896 aged 6 yrs 11 mths (Ta Braxia Cemetery).

Its average constantly sick was 2.64. The average sick time to each soldier was 7.86 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 14.64 days.

Baptisms in 1896:

1897 Medical Staff Corps

The Medical Staff Corps had an average strength of 140 men. It had 118 admissions into hospital with 6 deaths. 8 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 7.20. The average sick time to each soldier was 18.77 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.27 days.

Baptisms in 1897:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1897:

24 Mar A detachment of the MSC served in Crete as part of the Cretan International Force.

1898 Medical Staff Corps

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1898:

Burials in 1898:

23 June Amalgamation of the Medical Staff Corps with the Army Medical Staff to form the Royal Army Medical Corps.

13 July One of the first soldiers of the Medical Staff Corps to arrive in Malta on the formation of the RAMC was No 11177 Pte George Biddiscombe who was born in Greenwich, Kent on 2 March 1880.

On 19 August 1896, aged 18 years, George Biddiscombe enlisted in the MSC at Maidstone Kent for 7 years in the army and 5 years in the Reserve. He was appointed a 3rd Class Orderly on 22 December 1896. He served in Cork (1897) and Fermoy (1898), became a 2nd Class Orderly on 1 December 1897 and embarked for Malta on 13 July 1898.

He served at Kandia, Crete (22 August to 27 September 1898) where on 6 September 1898, he received a gun shot wound to his right leg during the Moslem attack on the Field Hospital. Private G Biddiscombe was mentioned in despatches (London Gazette Issue 27045 page 458 dated 24 January 1899), and awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (London Gazette Issue 27060 page 1586 dated 7 March 1899), for his part in the rescue of a wounded soldier of the 1st/Highland Light Infantry under heavy enemy fire. The medal was presented to him by Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle on 11 May 1899.

On 14 December 1898, he was invalided home and left Netley Hospital on 6 January 1899 after 4 months treatment in various hospitals. He deployed to South Africa on 14 October 1899 where he remained until to 22 September 1902.

Organisation of The Field Hospital in 1898

Field Hospital
Field Hospital and ambulance waggons on manoeuvres outskirts of Mosta 1898. (The Navy and Army Illustrated Vol VI No 71 page 279 published 11 June 1898).

The Field Hospital replaced the Regimental Hospitals which disappeared with the introduction of the Unification System of 1878, when regimental surgeons became part of the Army Medical Department.

In addition to the surgeons and Stretcher Bearers attached to every regiment in action, each sub-division of infantry had its Bearer Company and Field Hospital.

A Bearer Company consisted of 3 Medical Officers, 1 Warrant Officer, 6 NCOs, and 54 men from the Medical Staff Corps. In addition there were an officer and 34 men of the Army Service Corps for transport duties. The transport consisted of 10 ambulance wagons, 4 forage carts, and a water cart.

Dressing Station
Dressing Station with ambulance waggon conveying patients from the front. (The Navy and Army Illustrated Vol XV No 311 page 455 published 17 January 1903).

The Bearer Company was responsible for following up the fighting line, attending to the wounded, and evacuating the casualties on stretchers in the ambulance waggons to the Dressing Station located about a kilometer behind the fighting line. At the Dressing Station the wounded are reassessed and moved on to the Field Hospital.

The Field Hospital of about 100 beds was not static but was able to advance or retreat with the infantry. Although there were 13 Field Hospitals on the establishment, none existed in peace time, but were mobilised as hostilities dictated. It was commanded by a Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel and manned by one Surgeon-Major, two Surgeon-Captains, one quartermaster of the Army Medical Staff, one sergeant major, seven staff sergeants and sergeants, and 32 rank and file of the Medical Staff Corps. One warrant officer and 16 men of the Army Service Corps were attached to the Field Hospital for transport duties.

The Field Hospital cleared its wounded by moving them further up the chain to the Base Hospitals.

The compound ranks of the medical staff were introduced by the Royal Warrant of 7 August 1891 and abolished on the formation of the Royal Army Medical Corps in 23 June 1898.

On overseas service, each Field Hospital was established for 40 tents. Twenty five bell tents, taking four patients each on field stretchers, were assigned for the sick and wounded. The tents were arranged in five rows of five tents each. The rest were used for as an operating theatre, a surgery tent housing medicines and the medical and surgical panniers, and tents for staff accommodation. In addition the Field Hospital had six general service waggons and a forage cart.

The Medical Staff Corps at Home was organised in 18 Service Companies and two depôt Companies located at Aldershot, where recruits were trained. Nos 1, 2 and 3 Service Companies manned the three Military Hospitals at Aldershot, while another two companies served at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley. The remaining companies had their HQs at the headquarter stations of the different military districts. On mobilisation, each company formed the cadre of the Field Hospital and Bearer Company.

Field Ambulace
Field Ambulance on parade 1906

Field Ambulances came into existence in 1905, when, following the experiences of the South African War, the hitherto completely separate units of Bearer Coys and the Field Hospital of a hundred beds were combined.

Following the South African War, the transport element (Bearer Coy) was combined with the treatment element (hospital staff). The Field Ambulance was divided into a Bearer Division and a Tent Division both of which were subdivided into three equal sections known as A, B and C.

A Major commanded a Field Ambulance, while the sections were under the command of RAMC captains. The role of the Field Ambulance was to collect the sick and wounded from the forward area, render first aid and evacuate casualties to a Casualty Clearing Station (CCS). The personnel of a Field Ambulance consisted of seven medical officers, a quartermaster and about 220 men. One or more sections usually B and C would be sent forward to form an Advanced Dressing Station (ADS). Section A, Headquarter Section, usually remained in the rear to form a Main Dressing Station (MDS). Casualties from an ADS were transported in motor ambulances to a MDS.

Bibliography