RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Army Hospital Corps

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The Army Hospital Corps

Introduction

The Army Hospital Corps was raised by Royal Warrant on 1 August 1857 to provide orderlies for military hospitals, except those in India. The Medical Staff Corps, which had been embodied on 22 June 1855, was reorganised over the course of three years. In December 1859, the name Medical Staff Corps ceased to appear in the Returns of the Distribution of the Army and was substituted with Army Hospital Corps.

The first transfers from the Medical Staff Corps to the Army Hospital Corps did not take place until 31 October 1859 when No 4 MSC William Stawtree and No 461 MSC Benjamin Rawlins became No 1 AHC and No 2 AHC respectively with the rank of Sergeant Major. On 30 November 1859, No 2 MSC Blake John became No 275 in the AHC with the rank of Sergeant Major. Captain and Brevet Major Stonehouse George Bunbury MSC who on 22 June 1855 had been placed in charge of the Medical Staff Corps only became a captain in the new Army Hospital Corps on 3 February 1860.

In 1858, the organisation of military hospitals, the treatment of the sick and the provision for their transport from the battle field during the Crimean War came under the scrutiny of the Select Committee on the Medical Department of the Army, chaired by Lord Sidney Herbert.

One of the recommendations of Sidney Herbert's Commission was the replacement of the General Hospital at Fort Pitt, Chatham, with a new one at Netley. On the opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital Netley in 1863, female nurses, who had been retained at Fort Pitt after their service in the Crimea, were transferred to Netley. However, it was not until 1869, that the Army Nursing Service was placed upon an official basis, when Mrs Jane Deeble, herself the widow of an army surgeon, took the first contingent of military nursing sisters from St Thomas' Nursing Institute down to Netley. Mrs Deeble led a group of nurses to South Africa during the Zulu War of 1879.

Prior to the Crimean War, the sick in General Military Hospitals were attended to by non effective soldiers, generally pensioners, receiving various rates of pay from 3d to 6d a day and free rations. Sick soldiers in the regimental hospitals were looked after by regimental orderlies. In accordance with Paragraph 4, Clause 44, Army Circulars 1873, military hospitals with no servants of the AHC were to be manned accordingly:

  • When the sick do not exceed five – one non-commissioned officer and one private.
  • When the sick exceed five but less than ten – one non-commissioned officer, one private, one private as cook.
  • When the sick exceed ten – one non-commissioned officer and one private as cook, and orderlies at the rate of one for every ten patients.
  • When the sick exceed fifty – an additional non-commissioned officer may be employed as cook, with one private as assistant cook.

The Royal Warrant of 27 September 1861 confined the duties of the AHC to General, Depôt and Field Hospitals only. Men were usually transferred from Line Regiments to Netley Hospital and allocated on three months probation to either the Medical or the Purveyor Branch of the service.

The men in the Purveyors Department were stewards, clerks, store keepers, gardeners, cooks, washermen, barbers, lamp lighters, warders of lunatics and wardmasters in Detachment Hospitals for which they received no pay, nor recognition of any kind. They had the nominal rank of Lance Sergeant and sixpence per day working pay, both rank and pay being relinquished on removal from these special duties. In 1869, several working Departmental Branches of the Army were amalgamated into one unwieldy mass under the designation of Control Department. Barrack Sergeants who were qualified clerks were moved into the central control offices and were replaced by Sergeants of the Army Hospital Corps.

In the Medical Branch of the Corps the private was promoted to effective sergeant, such promotion carrying every privilege of the Service. Promotion in the Medical Branch Army Hospital Corps was vested in the Commandant at Netley. Privates or orderlies in the Medical Branch of the AHC concerned themselves with nursing the sick and ensuring that the wards were clean and the patients well cared for. They worked under the supervision of non-commissioned officers styled Ward Masters. A few private soldiers were promoted to the rank of Lance Sergeants and were employed as compounders of medicine.

Soldiers in the Army Hospital Corps had a military rank structure with men filling the ranks of Sergeant Major, Company Sergeants, Sergeants and Privates. The non commissioned officers and privates served as Sergeant Major, Ward Master and Assistant Ward Master, Steward, Compounder of Medicines, Sergeant or Corporal Cook, and Orderlies. There was also an NCO in charge of the pack store. A corporal was not eligible for further promotion until he passed as a compounder of medicines.

The men of the Army Hospital Corps were instructed at Netley by Staff Assistant Surgeon Andrew Moffitt. Moffit served on the staff of the Royal Victoria Hospital for five years. In 1870, he compiled a manual of instruction for attendants on sick and wounded in war. The manual became the standard text for the AHC, but was also adopted by the National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded. The men were trained in the transport of the wounded on stretchers and in various ways of carrying wounded men by one bearer, and two or more bearers, when no regular conveyances were available. They were also trained in the use of the wheeled stretcher, which had been invented by a sergeant of the AHC, and in carrying men with broken limbs in and out of ambulance wagons.

In accordance with army regulations, the medical officers had no authority over the men of the Army Hospital Corps. The entire control over all orderlies and the whole distribution of the duties of male hospital attendants, and the responsibility for the manner in which the duties were performed in general military hospitals, were vested in the Captain of Orderlies who was responsible for the performance of his duties to the governor and commandant. The medical officers might require the hospital attendants to do certain duties in the way of watching, dressing, or nursing patients and the attendants might or might not do them according to the directions given. According to the army regulations, medical officers not satisfied with the work of the orderlies had to complain to the Captain of Orderlies, who would investigate the complaint, and dispose of it according to his own views and judgment.1

The first reorganisation of the Army Hospital Corps came with the Cardwell reforms of 1 March 1873. The Royal Warrant devised by the Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell abolished the Purveyors Department and the system of regimental hospitals and regimental surgeons. Cardwell's scheme unified the medical services of the army into an autonomous medical department, with complete control over all military hospitals, which from that date became either General Hospitals, Station Hospitals, or Field Hospitals.

A complementary warrant of the same date organised the existing Army Hospital Corps for extended duties in connection with hospital service, during peace and war, especially through the formation of bearer companies and field hospital personnel. Four years later, the Royal Warrant dated 14 August 1877, placed the Army Hospital Corps, all patients in military hospitals, as well as soldiers attached to them for duty, under the command of officers of the Army Medical Department.

Before 1877, the AHC had been officered by former apothecaries and those who had served as regimental hospital sergeants. Dispensers of Medicines became the new apothecaries when the rank was revived on 23 October 1854. The apothecaries ranked as Lieutenants. This rank was, however, permanently abolished on 1 October 1858, and the apothecaries became Officers of Orderlies in the recently raised AHC.

In accordance with Article 8 of the Royal Warrant of 1 March 1873, all vacancies as Captain of Orderlies or Lieutenant of Orderlies were to be filled from the ranks of the Non-commissioned officers (NCO) of the Corps. No NCO was considered for promotion until he had passed the examination as Compounder and was successful in a special examination in pharmacy, the management of hospitals in camp and quarters and the mode of conducting the transport of the sick and wounded. Lieutenants of Orderlies commissioned after 1 January 1879 had to pass an examination in Pharmacy, Drill, Physiology, Interior economy, Military Law and a general knowledge of the Regulations of every Branch of the Service.

The men of the AHC had been initially recruited from soldiers in infantry regiments. This was in accordance with the Royal Warrant of 22 February 1875, which specified that the ranks of the Corps will be filled by Non-commissioned officers or soldiers volunteering from the ranks of the army, or by recruits whose enlistment for General Service may be authorised by the Secretary of State, with a view to their undergoing a course of probation at the Royal Victoria Hospital Netley, (later replaced by the Depôt and Training School Aldershot), preparatory to their being transferred to the Army hospital Corps, if deemed eligible for service therein.

The men generally joined the Army Hospital Corps after two to three years' military service and had to undergo a probationary period of six months before being accepted into the corps. They enlisted for twelve years under the Army Enlistment Act of 1870, of which six years were with the Colours and six years with the Reserve. However, while men in India served for the full six years with the Colours, men in Britain could pass into the reserves after three years. From 1878, the AHC fell under the Cardwell short service system, and recruits now served for 3 years with the Colours and 9 years with the Reserve. After 1877, the number of soldiers transferring from the infantry declined, as from 1875 the AHC enlisted men directly from civil life and trained them in both military and hospital duties.

Men of the AHC who had originally volunteered from other regiments and who wished to remain with the Corps on the completion of the first period of their limited engagement had to re-engage. They were only accepted if found qualified to do so. The bureaucratic process involved their re-transfer proforma to the regiment from which they had volunteered, be re-engaged for that regiment, and then again be transferred to the Army Hospital Corps.

In 1876, the depôt of the AHC moved from Netley to Aldershot, where Surgeon Major Sandford Moore instructed the orderlies. Moore produced a two part manual of exercises for stretcher bearers. Part one dealt with the training of bearers; part two covered the training of bearer companies.

The duties undertaken by the AHC in war required its personnel to be separated into two classes, Class I (Hospital Attendants) and Class II (Bearers). Class I orderlies were trained in six to twelve months, although the highly skilled compounders of medicine and the higher grades of non-commissioned officers to whom were entrusted the duties of general supervision, required about two years instruction. Class II soldiers only required about six weeks training. Those who were to form the Bearer Companies were expected to be furnished by the Militia Reserve. The peace time establishment of the AHC in 1878 was 1,700 men.

The Royal Warrant of July 1881 discontinued the designations of Lieutenant and Captain of Orderlies, replacing them with the new rank of Hospital Quartermaster. Under the previous warrant of 14 August 1877, discipline in the AHC had been transferred from the Captains and Lieutenants of Orderlies to the medical officers, leaving to the former the duties of quartermaster. The new warrant placed the Hospital Quartermasters on an equal footing with Line Quartermasters, but deprived them of their combatant rank and transformed them into departmental officers with honorary military rank only. Their daily rate of pay was that of Regimental Quartermasters which was lower than that of the Quartermasters of the Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers and Ordnance Department.

On 6 February 1883, allegations of neglect of the sick during the 1882 Egyptian Campaign led to the formation of a Departmental Committee of the Army Medical Department under the chairmanship of The Earl of Morley, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for War. The committee enquired into the constitution, organisation, and training of the AHC and bearer companies, and their establishment in peace and war. It also scrutinized the organisation of field hospitals, nursing in army hospitals, whether by male or females, and transport of invalids by sea and hired transports.

The committee recommended the employment of three female nurses in all hospitals with more than 100 patients. The nurses' social position had to be sufficiently high to prevent them ever associating themselves on terms of equality with the orderlies. The nurses were to act as superintendents of wards and assist in the training of the hospital orderlies. They were not to take upon themselves the actual bedside attendance on the sick to the exclusion of the orderlies, as the latter required the experience to enable them to work unsupervised in field and station hospitals.

Lord Morley's recommendations for the improvement of the Army Medical Services Accordingly, the medical officers and the quartermasters of the Army Medical Department were to be styled The Medical Staff; the warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the Army Hospital Corps, were to be called The Medical Staff Corps. The officers of the Medical Staff were granted command over the Medical Staff Corps, all patients in military hospitals, and such officers and men as were attached for duty to the Medical Staff Corps. However, officers of the Medical Staff were not to hold any military command outside their corps.

The AHC had been so undermanned that it found it difficult to fill the home hospitals, those in the colonies, as well as provide the nursing manpower for expeditionary forces, as was borne out by the Zulu and Egyptian campaigns. In consequence of the great pressure placed upon the department during the 1882 Egyptian Campaign, and the complaints made about the nursing of the sick, the new Medical Staff Corps was augmented by an additional 200 men.

On 23 June 1898, the warrant officers, non commissioned officers and men of the Medical Staff Corps merged with the commissioned officers of the Army Medical Staff to form the Royal Army Medical Corps.

The Army Hospital Corps

1859 – Army Hospital Corps

The return of the distribution of the British Army dated 1 December 1859 shows no men of the Medical Staff Corps or Army Hospital Corps serving in Malta. The return of 1 December 1859 is the first time that the heading Army Hospital Corps appears in the returns. The form has the heading Medical Staff Corps struck off, and overwritten with the words Army Hospital Corps. The return of 1 January 1860 stated: With the Army Hospital Corps are included 374 men at present belonging to the Medical Staff Corps.

1860 Army Hospital Corps

1 June 1860 Two NCOs of the AHC appear on the strength of the Malta Garrison in the returns of the distribution of the British Army dated 1 June 1860. There were none in the returns of 1 April 1860.

1861 Army Hospital Corps

The detachment of the AHC was under the command of Principal Purveyor and Pay Master William John Arnold Tucker. Purveyor Tucker was commissioned Purveyor on 27 April 1853 and became Principal Purveyor to the Forces under the Royal Warrant of 24 December 1860.

8 Feb 1861 Pte George Rose AHC aged 24 years was buried in Floriana Cemetery.

Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps Malta 1 Nov to 31 Dec 1861
Name Hospital Remarks
Principal Purveyor    
William John Arnold Tucker Garrison Hospital Valletta Principal Purveyor 24 Dec 1860
Sergeant Majors    
1061 Cooney Michael Vittoriosa Hospital Reg No (MSC) 447. Enlisted 6 Oct 1855 in the Medical Staff Corps when he was ranked Steward.
278 Wyatt Joseph Garrison Hospital Valletta  
Sergeants    
1048 Bishop Thomas Vittoriosa Hospital  
1023 Brew George Sanatorium Citta Vecchia  
1019 Butcher Thomas Valletta Hospital Cook
1034 Coughlan John Valletta Hospital  
551 Drake William Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Cook
Enlisted in MSC (No 1057) 6 Feb 1856. On duty at Chichester Hospital.
1033 Hook George Citta Vecchia Sanatorium  
1075 Lawrie Joseph Citta Vecchia Sanatorium  
1032 Marshall John Valletta Hospital  
1035 Millman James Citta Vecchia Sanatorium  
1029 Thomas George Forrest Hospital  
1065 Vella Luigi Valletta Hospital  
1049 Wain James Forrest Hospital  
Privates    
1026 Angraves Allan Citta Vecchia Barber
In hospital 1 Nov to 18 Dec 1861
1040 Bott George Valletta  
1050 Clifford John Citta Vecchia  
1036 Coates James Citta Vecchia Assistant Cook
1080 Cook John Forrest Assistant Cook
1027 Dawson Henry   Sentenced to 168 days in a military prison
1079 Edwards William Valletta Good Conduct pay at 1d from 10 Dec 1861
44 Gardiner Alexander Vittoriosa Assistant Cook
Good Conduct pay at 1d from Nov 1861
1043 Gibbs John Citta Vecchia  
1083 Halford Henry Vittoriosa  
1042 Harris Charles Citta Vecchia  
1037 Ibbotson Thomas Valletta  
1045 Kerr John Forrest  
1044 Knight John Forrest  
1039 Kraus Joseph Citta Vecchia Citta Vecchia 1 to 26 Nov 1861
Forrest Hosp St Julians' Bay 4 Dec to 31 Dec 1861.
In confinement 27 Nov to 3 Dec 1861.
1030 McNair James Vittoriosa In hospital 8 Nov to 31 Dec 1861
1051 Masters Edward Citta Vecchia  
1052 Menaugh Gilbert Citta Vecchia  
624 Mobbs John William Citta Vecchia  
1081 Mahoney John Citta Vecchia Good Conduct pay at 2d a day from 23 Nov 1861
1046 Mitchell James Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Assistant Cook
1025 Parry John Valletta Barber
1041 Rogers Henry Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Vittoriosa 1 to 14 Nov 1861
Vittoriosa 15 Nov to 31 Dec 1861
In confinement from 27 Oct 1861.
Tried by Court Martial for habitual drunkenness 2 Nov 1861. Sentenced to 28 days imprisonment with hard labour but had 14 days imprisonment remitted.
Forfeited 1d a day for 84 days, 42 days of which were remitted.
Released from prison 15 Nov 1861.
1053 Targett Edward Forrest  
1047 Wallis James Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Barber
Citta Vecchia 1 to 24 Nov 1861
Citta Vecchia 27 Dec to 31 Dec 1861
In cells 25 to 26 Dec 1861
1028 Williams Francis Garrison Hospital Valletta  
1038 Woodhead Thomas Citta Vecchia Sanatorium In hospital 1 Nov to 5 Dec 1861
1002 Wilson Thomas Garrison Hospital Valletta Barber
1294 Wise Henry    
1295 Wigglesworth John    
Table I: Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps in Malta from 1 Nov to 31 Dec 1861. (Principal Purveyor (1), Sgt-Maj (2), Sgts (12), Ptes (30) (TNA:WO 12/10428).

1862 Army Hospital Corps

The detachment of the AHC was under the command of Principal Purveyor William John Arnold Tucker. From 1 October 1862 the orderlies were listed as belonging to either the Purveyor Branch (P) or the Medical Branch (M) of the Army Hospital Corps.

Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps Malta 1 Jan to 31 Dec 1862
Name Hospital Remarks
Principal Purveyor    
William John Arnold Tucker Garrison Hospital Valletta Principal Purveyor 24 December 1860
Sergeant Major    
1061 Cooney Michael (P) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Garrison Hospital Valletta from 1 Oct 1862.
In hospital of the Royal Artillery 28 to 31 Dec 1862.
278 Wyatt Joseph Garrison Hospital Valletta Engraver by trade. Enlisted 15 Jan 1841. Born Dublin.
Died Valletta 25 Apr 1862 aged 42 years. Buried at Floriana Cemetery 26 April.
Left a widow Charlotte resident at Valletta.
Company Sergeant    
1023 Brew George Sanatorium Citta Vecchia Promoted from Sgt to Coy Sgt (1st Class Sgt) 2 July 1862.
Moved to Upper Hospital Vittoriosa 30 Sept 1862.
Sergeants    
1048 Bishop Thomas (M) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa To Garrison Hospital Valletta from 26 Apr 1862.
1019 Butcher Thomas (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Cook
Purveyor Branch
1034 Coughlan John (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Purveyor Branch
551 Drake William (P) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia Cook
Reg No 1057 MSC. Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps 6 Feb 1856.
Arrived at Malta from Chichester.
1033 Hook George (M) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia In hospital at the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia 2 to 31 Dec 1862.
1075 Lawrie Joseph (M) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia In hospital Citta Vecchia 7 to 13 Apr 1862.
Moved to the Garrison Hospital Valletta 30 Apr 1862.
1032 Marshall John (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta In hospital of the Royal Artillery Valletta 27 to 30 June 1862.
1035 Millman James (M) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia To the Garrison Hospital Valletta 30 Apr 1862.
1029 Thomas George (P) Forrest Hospital St Julians Bay Purveyor Branch
1065 Vella Luigi (M) Garrison Hospital Valletta Compounder of Medicine Army Medical Department from 16 Jan 1862.
Allowance of a 1d a day as a compounder.
1049 Wain James (M) Forrest Hospital St Julians Bay Compounder of Medicine from 6 Nov 1862.
Privates    
1026 Angraves Allan (M) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia Barber Enlisted 10 Dec 1857.
Born Gilmorton nr Lutterworth Leicestershire.
Wire drawer by trade.
In hospital sanatorium 7 to 16 Aug 1862
Moved to Valletta in Aug.
In hospital Royal Artillery 18 Aug to 14 Oct 1862.
Died Valletta 14 Oct 1862. Next of kin Ann Angraves (mother).
1040 Bott George (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Moved to Fort Chambray Gozo 22 Sept 1862.
Returned to Valletta Nov 1862.
Good Conduct Pay at 4d a day from 10 Nov 1862.
1050 Clifford John (M) Forrest Hospital St Julians Confined to barracks 10 days 29 Mar 1862 for being drunk when out on duty at Valletta.
Forfeited Good Conduct pay of 1d from 29 Mar 1862.
Not performing hospital duty 1 to 7 Apr 1862.
In hospital Forrest 12 to 22 Dec 1862.
1036 Coates James (P) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia Assistant Cook
Admonished for being drunk and fighting at Citta Vecchia 4 Mar 1862.
Good Conduct pay at 1d from 10 June 1862.
Move to Garrison Hospital Valletta 26 Sept 1862.
At Vittoriosa from Oct 1862.
In hospital of 2nd/15th Regt from 5 to 8 Dec 1862.
1080 Cook John (P) Forrest Hospital St Julians Bay Assistant Cook
Good Conduct Pay at 3d a day from 31 July 1862.
1027 Dawson Henry (M) Garrison Hospital Valletta Medical Branch
1079 Edwards William (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta
Sanatorium Citta Vecchia
In hospital of the Royal Artillery from 29 Jan to 6 Mar 1862.
To Citta Vecchia Sanatorium 5 May 1862.
Promoted 1st Class Orderly 22 Oct 1862.
44 Gardiner Alexander (P) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Assistant Cook
Promoted Lance Sgt 31 Jan 1862.
1043 Gibbs John (M) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia In hospital Sanatorium 19 Jan to 20 Feb 1862.
1083 Halford Henry (P) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa In hospital of the Royal Artillery 21 to 24 Sept 1862.
Promoted 1st Class Orderly 22 Oct 1862.
1042 Harris Charles (M) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia Good Conduct Pay at 2d from 18 May 1862.
Transferred to 1st/22nd (Cheshire) Regt 9 Oct 1862.
Re transferred to the AHC 17 Oct 1862.
1037 Ibbotson Thomas (M) Garrison Hospital Valletta  
1045 Kerr John (P) Forrest Hospital St Julians Bay To Vittoriosa Hospital 8 May 1862.
1044 Knight John (M) Forrest Hospital St Julians Bay Drunk in bed on the night of 6 Oct 1862. Deprived of his Good Conduct pay of 1 penny a day 7 Oct 1862.
Sentenced 14 days drill and confined to barracks.
Drunk at defaulters drill on 7 Oct.
Awarded 28 days drill and confined to barracks.
1039 Kraus Joseph (M) Forrest Hospital St Julians Bay Confined to barracks 5 to 10 Mar 1862 for drunkenness.
In hospital Forrest 12 to 20 Dec 1862.
1081 Mahoney John (P) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Assistant Cook
Found drunk on the evening of 3 Nov 1862.
Confined to barracks for 7 days.
Re-enlisted on 9 Dec 1862 his first period of engagement having expired.
1051 Masters Edward (M) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Admonished for being absent without leave 16 Feb 1862.
Drunk on the night of 6 Oct 1862.
Sentenced to 7 days confinement to barracks.
1030 McNair James (M) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium In hospital at Vittoriosa 1 to 11 Jan 1862 and at the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia 12 Jan to 31 Feb 1862.
In hospital at Citta Vecchia 1 to 8 Apr 1862.
Absent for 25 hrs from night 24 Nov 1862.
Forfeited 2 days pay and confined to barracks 14 days.
In hospital at the Sanatorium from 1 to 31 Dec 1862.
1052 Menaugh Gilbert (M) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Barber
In hospital at Citta Vecchia 17 to 19 Apr 1862
Good Conduct Pay of 2d from 7 Aug 1862.
Re-enlisted on 25 Oct 1862 his first period of engagement having expired.
1046 Mitchell James (P) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Assistant Cook
In hospital Vittoriosa 21 Feb to 22 Mar 1862.
Confined to barracks 10 days for drunkenness 2 Aug 1862.
Deprived of his Good Conduct Pay 3 Aug 1862.
In hospital of the Royal Artillery 6 to 12 Aug 1862.
624 Mobbs John William (M) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium MSC No 884. Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps on 7 Jan 1856.
In hospital at Citta Vecchia 19 to 24 May 1862.
Placed in the cells for 48 hrs on 5 Nov 1862 by Major Lennox for using insolent language to Sgt Millman.
Deprived of his Good Conduct pay of 1d a day from 26 Nov 1862.
To Forrest Hospital Dec 1862.
1025 Parry John (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta To Citta Vecchia Sanatorium from 27 Sept 1862.
Promoted Lance Sgt from 22 Oct 1862.
1041 Rogers Henry (M) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa To Garrison Hospital Valletta 27 Apr 1862.
Drunk and breaking out of his quarters on the night of 13 June 1862.
To Citta Vecchia Sanatorium 1 July 1862.
1053 Targett Edward (M) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Good Conduct Pay of 1d restarted 15 July 1862.
1047 Wallis James Citta Vecchia Sanatorium In cells 21 to 22 Feb 1862.
In military prison 25 to 31 Mar 1862.
In Guard House 15 to 17 Apr 1862. Released without trial 17 Apr and returned to duty 18 Apr 1862.
On 1 July 1862 was Re-transferred to 2nd/23rd Foot for misconduct.
1028 Williams Francis (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Promoted Lance Sgt 3 Mar 1862.
In hospital of the Royal Artillery 18 Nov to 1 Dec 1862.
1002 Wilson Thomas (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Barber
In hospital of the Royal Artillery 18 to 29 Sept 1862.
1038 Woodhead Thomas (M) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Good Conduct pay at 1d a day from 8 Jan 1862.
Table II: Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps at Malta 1 Jan to 31 Dec 1862.
From 1 Oct 1862 the orderlies were listed as belonging to either the Purveyor Branch (P) or the Medical Branch (M) of the Army Hospital Corps (TNA:WO 12/10428).

1863 Army Hospital Corps

On 22 May 1863, Principal Purveyor William John Arnold Tucker handed over command of the detachment of the AHC to Principal Purveyor Charles Barrett Knapp. Purveyor Barrett Knapp became Principal Purveyor to the Forces under the Royal Warrant of 24 December 1860.

The Purveyor Branch at Malta was established for twenty soldiers, (one Sergeant-Major, one 1st Class Sergeant, three 2nd Class Sergeants, four privates acting as Lance Sergeants, two 1st Class Privates, and nine 2nd Class private soldiers).

The Medical Branch was established for twenty seven men, (one 1st Class Sergeant, six 2nd Class Sergeants and twenty 2nd Class Privates).

The daily rate of pay for the different ranks was: Sergeant Major 4s 2d, 1st Class Sergeant 3s 2d, 2nd Class Sergeant 2s 2d, Privates 1s 0d.

In 1863, five deaths occurred among the men of the Army Hospital Corps, one of them out of hospital.

Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps Malta 1 January to 31 December 1863
Name Hospital Remarks
Principal Purveyor    
William John Arnold Tucker Garrison Hospital Valletta 22 May 1863 command of the detachment of the AHC passed to Principal Purveyor Knapp.
Charles Barrett Knapp Garrison Hospital Valletta Principal Purveyor & Paymaster from 22 May 1863.
Sergeant Majors    
1061 Cooney Michael (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Steward
In hospital of the Royal Artillery Valletta 1 to 19 Jan 1863.
Invalided to England 1 July 1863.
2nd Class Sergeant    
1019 Butcher Thomas (P) Valletta Cook
Purveyor Branch
1034 Coughlan John (P) Valletta Assistant Steward
Steward Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Dec 1863.
551 Drake William (P) Citta Vecchia Cook
Steward Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Dec 1863.
1033 Hook George (M) Citta Vecchia Enlisted on 31 Jan 1852.
In-patient at the Sanatorium from 1 Jan to 31 Mar 1863.
Died on 8 April 1863. His next of kin was his widow and their children who were residing at Malta.
1075 Lawrie Joseph (M) Female Hospital Floriana To the Garrison Hospital Valletta 1 Apr 1863.
Placed under arrest by the medical officer for inability to perform his work from the effects of drink.
Admonished and released by officer commanding Royal Artillery.
Invalided 3 June 1863.
1032 Marshall John (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Store Keeper
Steward Oct 1863. Invalided 24 Oct 1863.
Compounder of Medicine 23 Oct to 31 Dec 1863.
1035 Millman James (M) Forrest Hospital Ward Master
Compounder and Assistant Ward Master St Julians' Bay.
1029 Thomas George (P) Forrest Assistant Steward
Garrison Hospital Valletta from 31 June 1863.
Returned to England 31 July 1863.
1065 Vella Luigi (M) Valletta Compounder
Also employed in the Apothecary Stores Garrison Hospital Valletta.
Compounders were granted an allowance of a penny a day.
1049 Wain James (M) Forrest Hospital Compounder
Assistant Ward Master at Citta Vecchia Sanatorium from 1 July 1863.
Privates    
1048 Bishop Thomas (M) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Deserted 26 July 1862. Back at Citta Vecchia June 1863.
Tried by Courts Martial 3 to 8 June.
On 9 June 1863 was reduced to the rank of Pte by sentence of a Courts Martial.
1040 Bott George (P) Citta Vecchia Steward
1023 Brew George (P) Valletta Steward
Reduced from 1st Class Sgt to the rank of Pte 21 Dec 1863.
£41 4s were stopped from pay for stores lost.
1050 Clifford John (M) Valletta To Citta Vecchia June 1863.
Born in Newtownards Co. Down Ireland.
Enlisted as a clerk on 4 Aug 1858.
Died 13 Dec 1863. His next of kin were his father Robert Clifford, his brother Robert 46th Regiment and his sister Eliza.
1036 Coates James (P) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Assistant Cook
Forfeited his Good Conduct Pay 16 Oct 1863.
To Forrest Hospital Oct 1863.
1080 Cook John (P) Forrest Assistant Cook
Barber, Lamp Keeper, Bath House man from 11 June 1863 at the Garrison Hospital Valletta.
1293 Cox George (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Assistant Cook
Transferred from 4th/Rifle Bde on 1 Sept 1863.
Defaulted from 29 Nov to 12 Dec 1863.
1027 Dawson Henry (M) Valletta Clerk to PMO
A penny a day Good Conduct pay was restored to him on 1 Jan 1863.
1079 Edwards William (P) Citta Vecchia Assistant Steward
Promoted 1st Class Private 22 Oct 1862.
In-patient at the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia from 20 to 27 Jan 1863.
Issuer at Valletta from July 1863.
44 Gardiner Alexander (P) Vittoriosa Cook
Promoted Lance Sgt 13 Jan 1863.
Born in the parish of Kinnoull Perth. Clerk on enlistment 6 Dec 1855.
Died at Malta 5 June 1863. His next of kin was his mother Elizabeth Gardiner of County Tipperary.
1043 Gibbs John (M) Citta Vecchia Barber 29 Jan to 2 Feb 1863.
Good Conduct Pay at 2d a day from 6 July 1863.
Forfeited his Good Conduct Pay on 21 Oct 1863.
Forfeited 2nd Badge from 25 Nov 1863.
Defaulter from 22 Oct to 6 Nov 1863.
1083 Halford Henry (P) Vittoriosa Store man
Good Conduct Pay at 1d a day from 1 July 1863.
Promoted 1st Class Private 22 Oct 1862.
1042 Harris Charles (M) Citta Vecchia Moved to the Garrison Hospital Valletta on 1 Oct 1863 as clerk to the PMO.
1037 Ibbotson Thomas (M) Valletta Apothecary stores Garrison Hospital Valletta.
3 Nov 1863 promoted Sergeant from Pte.
Assistant Ward Master at Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Dec 1863.
1045 Kerr John (P) Vittoriosa Issuer
Garrison Hospital Valletta from Oct 1863.
1044 Knight John (M) Citta Vecchia Garrison Hospital Valletta from Oct 1863.
1039 Kraus Joseph (M) Forrest Born in Hull. Enlisted on 13 Jan 1859 while still a medical student.
Died at Forrest Hospital St Julians' Bay 1 Jan 1863.
1081 Mahoney John (P) Citta Vecchia Assistant Cook
1051 Masters Edward (M) Citta Vecchia  
1030 McNair James (M) Citta Vecchia Cook
In-patient at the Sanatorium from 1 Jan to 2 Feb 1863.
Drunk on the night of 4 Feb 1863.
Confined to barracks with drill for seven days.
Absent without leave from 15 to 18 Oct and from 21 to 25 Nov 1863.
1052 Menaugh Gilbert (M) Citta Vecchia Barber
In-patient at the sanatorium from 29 Jan to 2 Feb 1863.
Defaulted 7 to 11 Nov and from 25 to 31 Dec 1863.
1046 Mitchell James (P) Valletta Assistant Cook
Garrison Hospital Valletta Oct 1863.
624 Mobbs John William (M) Citta Vecchia MSC No 884. Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps on 7 Jan 1856.
On 19 June 1863 was imprisoned for 28 days by order of a District Courts Martial for breaking into the quarters of nurse Ellen Marsh at the Female Hospital on 14 June.
1025 Parry John (P) Citta Vecchia Promoted Lance Sgt 22 Oct 1862.
Drunk on 1 Mar 1863. Deprived of his L/Sgt stripes.
Confined at the guard room at Citta Vecchia 6 to 8 Mar.
Under stoppages from pay of 8d a day.
Tried by Courts Martial 18 Mar 1863 for purloining stores.
Sentenced to 730 days imprisonment.
Transferred to the military prison on 26 Mar 1863.
£7 19s 11d stopped from his pay for lost stores.
1041 Rogers Henry (M) Citta Vecchia Drunk and disobedient on 2 Feb 1863.
Awarded 10 days confinement to barracks with drill.
1107 Smith Henry (P) Citta Vecchia Joined from Dublin. Born in Hull.
Clerk prior to enlistment on 11 July 1861.
Died Malta 4 July 1863. Left a wife, Mary, who was at Malta at the time of his death
1053 Targett Edward (M) Citta Vecchia  
1295 Wigglesworth John (M) Citta Vecchia Transferred to AHC from 1st/25th (King's Own Borderers) Regt 1 Sept 1863.
To Forrest Hospital from 1 Oct to 31 Dec 1863
1028 Williams Francis (P) Valletta Assistant Steward
Steward at Forrest Hospital St Julians' May 1863.
Promoted Lance Sgt 14 Mar 1863.
1002 Wilson Thomas (P) Valletta Barber up to 10 June 1863. To Vittoriosa June 1863.
Lance Sergeant from 11 June vice A. Gardiner deceased.
Cook at Vittoriosa July 1863.
1294 Wise Henry (M) Citta Vecchia Transferred to AHC from 2nd/22nd (Cheshire) Regt. 1 Sept 1863.
1038 Woodhead Thomas (M) Citta Vecchia To Female Hospital Floriana June 1863.
Table III: Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps at Malta 1 Jan to 31 Dec 1863 (TNA:WO 12/10428).

1864 Army Hospital Corps

From 1 January to 31 March 1864 the detachment of the AHC in Malta was established for one 1st Class Sergeant, six 2nd Class Sergeants and twenty 2nd Class Privates for the Medical Branch. The actual numbers in the Malta hospitals were four 2nd Class Sergeants and twelve 2nd Class Privates. The Purveyor Branch was established for one Sergeant Major, one 1st Class Sergeant, three 2nd Class Sergeants, four Privates as Lance Sergeants, two 1st Class Privates and nine 2nd Class Privates. The actual numbers in Malta were one 1st Class Sergeant, three 2nd Class Sergeants, three Privates as Lance Sergeants, two 1st Class Privates and seven 2nd Class Privates.

Distribution of the Army Hospital Corps Malta 1 January to 31 March 1864
  Sgt-Maj 1st Class Sgt 2nd Class Sgt Pte (L/Sgt) 1st Class Pte 2nd Class Pte
PURVEYOR BRANCH            
Garrison Hosp Valletta 0 1 1 1 0 2
Upper Hosp Vittoriosa 0 0 1 1 1 0
Sanatorium Citta Vecchia 0 0 1 0 0 3
Forrest Hosp St Julians 0 0 0 1 0 1
Female Hosp Floriana 0 0 0 0 1 0
In Prison 0 0 0 0 0 1
TOTAL 0 (E 1) 1 (E 1) 3 (E 3) 3 (E 4) 2 (E 2) 7 (E 9)
             
MEDICAL BRANCH            
Garrison Hosp Valletta 0 0 1 0 0 2
Upper Hosp Vittoriosa 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sanatorium Citta Vecchia 0 0 2 0 0 5
Forrest Hosp St Julians' 0 0 1 0 0 2
Female Hosp Floriana 0 0 0 0 0 1
In Prison 0 0 0 0 0 2
TOTAL 0 (E 0) 0 (E 1) 4 (E 6) 0 (E 0) 0 (E 0) 12 (E 20)
Table IV: Distribution of the Army Hospital Corps at Malta 1 January to 31 March 1864. (The letter E in the Total row represents the established number.) (TNA:WO 12/10428).

The detachment of the Army Hospital Corps in Malta from 1 January to 31 March 1864 was:

Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps Malta 1 Jan to 31 Mar 1864
Name Hospital Remarks
Knapp Charles Barrett Garrison Hospital Valletta Principal Purveyor and Paymaster AHC
1st Class Sergeant    
50 Hibbert Thomas (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Steward
Arrived from Portsmouth 9 Mar 1864 on HMS Orontes. Left Cork on 5 February. His journey from Cork to Portsmouth via Bristol and Salisbury took three days.
2nd Class Sergeants    
1019 Butcher Thomas (P) Garrison Hospital Valletta Cook
1034 Coughlan John (P) Upper Hospital Vittoriosa Steward
551 Drake William (P) Citta Vecchia Sanatorium Steward
Enlisted in the MSC (No 1057) on 5 Feb 1856. On 20 June 1864, reduced to the rank of Private by order of a District Courts Martial for making away with stores on 20 May 1864.
Stoppages of £12 5s 4 1/2d deducted from pay.
On 14 July 1864 was reported by Sgt Ibbotson and Sgt Wain for quarrelling with his wife and causing a noise in his quarters after tattoo.
Awarded 4 days drill by Lieut Fenton 1st/22nd Regiment.
1037 Ibbotson Thomas (M) Citta Vecchia Assistant Ward Master
Promoted Sergeant 3 Nov 1863.
1035 Millman James (M) Forrest Assistant Ward Master
Also Compounder Citta Vecchia Sanatorium.
1065 Vella Luigi (M) Forrest Compounder
Also Assistant Ward Master.
1049 Wain James (M) Valletta Compounder
Also worked in Apothecary Stores.
Privates    
1048 Bishop Thomas (M)   Apprehended as a deserter 18 Feb 1864.
In guard room from 19 Feb to 8 Mar 1864.
In military prison from 9 Mar 1864.
1040 Bott George (P) Valletta Steward
1023 Brew George (P) Sanatorium Citta Vecchia In cells 1 Jan 1864. In military prison from 8 Jan to 9 Mar 1864.
1036 Coates James (P) Forrest Assistant Cook
1080 Cook John (P) Valletta Barber
Also Bath House man at the Garrison Hospital Valletta.
1293 Cox George (M) Forrest Defaulted 4 to 17 Feb and 25 to 29 Mar 1864.
In cells 30 Mar 1864.
1027 Dawson Henry (M) Valletta Clerk to PMO
1079 Edwards William (P) Vittoriosa Assistant Cook
1043 Gibbs John (M) Forrest Barber
Re transferred to 2nd/22nd Regt 31 Mar 1864.
1083 Halford Henry (P) Female Assistant Steward
1042 Harris Charles (M) Valletta PMO's Office
Forfeited his Good Conduct pay from 3 Mar 1864.
Awarded 8 days pack drill from 8 to 12 Mar 1864.
1045 Kerr John (P) Valletta Assistant Cook
1044 Knight John (M) Valletta Defaulted 26 Jan to 4 Feb 1864.
1081 Mahoney John (P) Citta Vecchia Assistant Cook
1051 Masters Edward (M) Citta Vecchia Barber and Bath House Man.
1030 McNair James (M) Citta Vecchia Cook
In prison 1 to 7 Jan 1864.
In hospital from 12 Feb to 1 Mar 1864.
Re transferred to 2nd/15th Regt on 1 Mar 1864.
1052 Menaugh Gilbert (M) Citta Vecchia  
1046 Mitchell James (P) Citta Vecchia Defaulter from 2 to 9 Jan 1864.
624 Mobbs John William (M) Citta Vecchia On 18 July 1864 was admonished by Lt Fenton 1st/22nd Foot for preventing Pte Bishop obeying an order given to him by Sgt Wain.
On 4 Nov was confined to barracks for 14 days by Lt Sodden 2nd/8th Foot with drill for being drunk at the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia and breaking out of the guard room when a prisoner.
On 22 Nov 1864 was confined to barracks for 28 days by Col Anderson for being drunk at the sanatorium Citta Vecchia.
1025 Parry John (P)   In military prison.
1041 Rogers Henry (M) Citta Vecchia In prison 17 Jan to 17 Feb 1864.
Re transferred to 2nd/22nd Regt on 31 March.
Sentenced by Courts Martial to forfeit one penny a day for 168 days.
1053 Targett Edward (M) Citta Vecchia  
1295 Wigglesworth John (M) Forrest Granted 2d a day Good Conduct pay from 22 Feb 1864.
1028 Williams Francis (P) Forrest Steward
1002 Wilson Thomas (P) Vittoriosa Steward
1294 Wise Henry (M) Citta Vecchia  
1038 Woodhead Thomas (M) Female General fatigue duties.
Table V: Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps at Malta 1 January to 31 March 1864 (TNA:WO 12/10428).

1865 Army Hospital Corps

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • (M) 624 Mobbs John William – Citta Vecchia Sanatorium.
    1. 14 Jan 1865 Confined to barracks for 14 days by Lt Col Anderson 2nd/22nd Regiment for being drunk in his bed at the sanatorium Citta Vecchia.
    2. 23 June Confined to barracks for 8 days by Major Brook 100th Regiment for being drunk.
    3. 4 Oct Deprived of a penny a day for 84 days and imprisoned for 14 days by a Regimental Courts Martial for habitual drunkenness. His imprisonment was remitted.
    4. 28 Oct Confined to barracks for 6 days by Lt Nicholls 100th Regiment for threatening to report the gate porter.
    5. 17 Nov 1865 Confined to barracks for 28 days by Lt Col Campbell for being drunk in bed.
    6. Discharged from the army.
  • Military Train No 394, AHC No 786 Davies Charles
    1. Enlisted on 21 October 1856 in the Military Train.
    2. Transferred from the Military Train to the Army Hospital Corps on 29 February 1860.
    3. Arrived at Malta from Corfu in 1865.
    4. 24 October 1865 Confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Col Campbell 100th Regiment for returning drunk to hospital.
    5. 16 Dec Reported by Staff Surgeon Chartres John S and confined to barracks by Lt Col Campbell 100th Regiment for 7 days for bringing on a disease due to excessive drinking.
    6. 28 Dec 1865 Forfeited one days' pay for being absent from tattoo. Did not return to barracks until 02:30 of 29 December.
  • No 1057 MSC, (P) No 551 AHC, Drake William – Steward, Citta Vecchia Sanatorium.
    1. 6 Feb 1856 Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps.
    2. Arrived at Malta from Chichester.
    3. 24 Sep 1865 Confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Col Campbell for being drunk at 12 noon.
    4. 30 Nov 1865 Confined to barracks for 10 days by Lt Col Campbell for being drunk and ill treating his wife.

During the cholera of July-November 1865, the Staff and Army Hospital Corps had 5 women attacked with 3 deaths and 1 child infected who recovered.

1866 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC at Malta in May 1866 was 48 men. There was one death during the year.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • MSC No 883, AHC No 150 Smith John
    1. 4 Jan 1856 Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps.
    2. Served in Hong Kong and Chatham before arriving at Malta.
    3. 1 Sep 1866 Confined to barracks for 6 days by Lt Col Savage for drunkenness.
    4. 7 Dec 1866 Reported by CSgt Wain AHC for being drunk in hospital. Confined to barracks for 8 days.
  • MSC No 864 AHC No 715 Murdoch John
    1. 5 Jan 1856 Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps.
    2. 24 July 1865 Engaged for the 2nd/Rifle Brigade.
    3. Arrived from Woolwich.
    4. 19 May 1866 Confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Col Lightfoot commanding 84th Regiment for being drunk and fighting in hospital.
    5. 23 Oct Confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Col Savage for being drunk.
    6. 8 Dec 1866 Reported by Sgt Ford AHC for being drunk and absent from tattoo. Confined to barracks for 14 days by Lt Col Lightfoot 84th Foot.
  • 55th Foot No 3879, AHC No 488 Foster Charles
    1. 27 Mar 1855 Enlisted in 55th Foot.
    2. 30 Nov 1859 Transferred from 55th Foot to the Army Hospital Corps. Served at Citta Vecchia Sanatorium.
    3. 12 Sep 1866 Reported by Sgt Wain for being absent without leave from the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia from 12th to 13th September. On 17 September was reduced in rank by order of a Regimental Courts Martial.
  • 57th Foot No 3538 AHC No 489 Ryan Patrick
    1. 15 Jan 1855 Enlisted in 57th Foot.
    2. 30 Nov 1859 Transferred from 57th Foot to the Army Hospital Corps.
    3. Arrived at Malta from Cork having served with the 57th at Calcutta.
    4. 15 June 1866 Admonished by Lt Col Lightfoot for being improperly dressed in the street.
    5. 15 Sep 1866 Confined to barracks for eight days by Lt Col Savage for being drunk in hospital.
  • No 1057 MSC, (P) No 551 AHC, Drake William
    1. 6 Feb 1856 Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps.
    2. 24 Feb 1866 Discharged from the army.

1867 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC at Malta on 1 January 1867 was 41 men.
There were three deaths during the year, a staff sergeant and two privates.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • MSC No 883 AHC No 150 Smith John
    1. 24 Apr 1867 Confined to barracks for 12 days by Lt Col Carrington for drunkenness.
    2. 22 June Confined to the cells for 7 days by Lt Col Farrington for being drunk on duty.
    3. 9 Aug At the Garrison Hospital Valletta. Confined to barracks for 10 days by Major Coleman for neglect of duty.
    4. 20 Aug Imprisoned for 96 hours by Major Coleman for using disrespectful language to Lt Butcher.
    5. 16 Oct Imprisoned for 7 days by Lt Lindsay 1st/14th Foot for being drunk in hospital Valletta at 15:30 hours.
  • 55th Foot No 3879, AHC No 488 Foster Charles
    1. 30 Nov 1859 Transferred to the AHC from 55th Foot.
    2. 14 Feb 1867 Confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Calderew for being drunk at the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia.
    3. 8 May Confined to barracks for 10 days by Lt Browne for being drunk at Citta Vecchia.
    4. 14 July Confined to barracks for 5 days by Lt Bateman for overstaying his pass by 24 hours.
    5. 28 Sep Confined to barracks for 10 days by Lt Bateman for being absent from tattoo till 21:15 hrs and returning drunk.
  • 57th Foot No 3538 AHC No 489 Ryan Patrick
    1. 7 Oct 1867 Confined to barracks for 8 days by Ensign Morshead 1st/24th Regiment for being drunk in a public house at 20:50 hrs.
  • No 1057 MSC, (P) No 551 AHC, Drake William
    1. 24 Sep 1865 Confined to barracks for 8 days for being drunk at mid-day.
    2. 30 Nov 1865 Confined to barracks for 10 days for being drunk and ill using his wife.
    3. 24 Feb 1866 Discharged form the army.
  • MSC No 864 AHC No 715 Murdoch John
    1. 5 Jan 1856 Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps.
    2. 10 Mar 1867 Confined to barracks for 4 days by Lt Col Farrington for fighting in hospital.
    3. 15 Mar 1867 Imprisoned for 186 hours with hard labour by Lt Col Farrington for drunkenness.
    4. Transferred to 1st/60th Rifles.
  • Military train No 394, AHC No 786 Davies Charles
    1. 21 Oct 1856 Enlisted for the Military Train.
    2. 29 Feb 1860 Transferred from the Military Train to the Army Hospital Corps.
    3. 14 June 1867 Confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Col Farrington for being drunk on duty.

1868 Army Hospital Corps

In 1868, there were three deaths in the Army Hospital.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • MSC No 883 AHC No 150 Smith John
    1. 28 Feb 1868 Imprisoned for 42 days by a Regional Courts Martial for giving a bottle of wine to a patient in hospital.
    2. 15 Aug Confined to barracks for 20 days and ordered to pay barrack damages by Lt Col Woods 1st/8th Foot for being drunk in the hospital and committing a nuisance.
    3. 9 Sep Imprisoned for 14 days with hard labour by a Regimental Courts Martial and forfeited a penny a day for 168 days for being drunk on duty at the General Hospital Valletta.
    4. 1 Oct 1868 Re-transferred to 87th Foot.
  • 55th Foot No 3879 AHC No 488 Foster Charles
    1. 30 Nov 1859 Transferred from 55th Foot. Served at Citta Vecchia Sanatorium.
    2. 19 Apr 1868 Confined to barracks for 6 days at Citta Vecchia by Lt Dashwood 87th Regiment for overstaying his pass from 8 O' Clock till 20:45 hrs.
  • 57th Foot No 3538, AHC No 489 Ryan Patrick
    1. 30 Nov 1859 Transferred from 57th Foot to the Army Hospital Corps.
    2. 27 Jan 1868 Confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Keogh 64th Foot for being drunk at tattoo at Citta Vecchia.
    3. 15 Mar 1868 Confined to barracks for 14 days by Lt Dashwood 87th Regiment for being drunk at the sanatorium at Citta Vecchia at 20:00 hours.
  • Military train No 394, AHC No 786 Davies Charles
    1. 29 Feb 1860 Transferred from the Military Train to the Army Hospital Corps.
    2. 5 Jan 1868 Reported by Sgt-Major Hibbert and confined to barracks for 6 days by Lt Col Woods 1st/8th Regiment for neglect of duty while serving at Valletta.
    3. 13 Jan 1868 Reported by Sgt-Major Hibbert and confined to barracks for 14 days by Lt Col Woods 1st/8th Regiment for being drunk at the General Hospital Valletta.

1869 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC in Malta in 1869 was 30 men. The NCOs and men of the Army Hospital Corps on duty at the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia were distinguished for their general good conduct and exemption from crime.

Deaths during 1869 were:

  • No 161 Pte Martin Manley AHC aged 37 years, committed suicide on 6 September 1869, by cutting his throat with a razor. He was found dead in a small room off the Barracca at the Sanatorium. In February 1869, he had been treated at the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia for Delirium Tremens. Manley had been in the army for 13 years.
  • No 7 CSgt Samuel Allen AHC, aged 36 years, was admitted to the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia on 19 October 1869. He had been ill with a liver abscess for 17 days. He bled profusely from his bowels and died on 4 November at 10 in the morning from a ruptured liver abscess. He had served for 14 years.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • Military train No 394, AHC No 786 Davies Charles
    • 22 April 1869 Reported by Sgt-Maj Hibbert and Sgt Vella and confined to barracks for 8 days by Lt Col Hamilton for being drunk on returning to hospital at 20:15 hours.
    • 5 June 1869 Fined 7s 6d by Lt Col Hamilton for being drunk in hospital.
    • 17 June 1879 Davies left Malta for Edinburgh and was discharged from the army on completion of 2nd period.

1870 Army Hospital Corps

1870 Strength: 27 men. Four soldiers of the Army Hospital Corps serving at Fort San Salvatore were admitted to the regimental hospital of the 1st/24th Regiment during the year.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • MSC No 634, AHC No 88 Squirrell Samuel
    1. Enlisted in the Medical Staff Corps on 26 November 1855. In 1867, he was at Port Louis, Mauritius. He arrived at Malta from Chatham some time between November 1869 and January 1870.
    2. 31 Jan 1870 Reported by Sergeant-Major Hibbert AHC for being absent from his quarters from tattoo on the night of 31 January until 09:30 hours of 1 February. He was severely reprimanded by Lt Col Eagar officer commanding 31st Regiment.
    3. 21 Mar Reported by Sergeant-Major Hibbert AHC for neglect of duty as a cook, in leaving the kitchen without permission. He was severely reprimanded by Lt Col Eagar 31st Regiment.
    4. 4 Aug Tried by District Courts Martial for insubordination and reduced in rank.
    5. 14 Aug Confined to barracks for three days by Lt Col Eagar for creating a disturbance in his quarters.
    6. 31 Aug Confined to barracks for ten days by Lt Col Eagar officer for being drunk and noisy in the streets.
    7. 30 Sep 1870 Transferred to the 87th Regiment.
  • 57th Foot No 3538 AHC No 489 Ryan Patrick
    1. 30 Nov 1859 Transferred from 57th Foot to the Army Hospital Corps.
    2. 4 Sep 1870 Confined to barracks for 10 days by Lt Col Cagan 31st Regiment for being drunk in the streets of Vittoriosa.
    3. 16 Dec 1870 Fined 5 shillings Lt Col Hallows commanding 87th Foot for being drunk at Vittoriosa.

1871 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC at Malta in 1871 was 27 men.

10 Sep 1871 Death of MSC No 1052, AHC No 22 Sgt-Major James Burrows. He left a widow, Elizabeth and children Dora, Charles, Richard, and an infant. His family was in Malta at the time of his death.

James Burrows was born at St James' Westminster Middlesex. He enlisted as a clerk in the Medical Staff Corps on 30 January 1856. He held the China Medal and the Abyssinia medal. On 9 July 1871 was severely reprimanded by Lt Col Hallows 87th Regiment for using highly improper language to Corporal Curtis 31st Regiment concerning Sergeant Nolan 87th Regiment.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • 57th Foot No 3538 AHC No 489 Ryan Patrick
    1. 15 Jan 1855 Enlisted in 57th Foot.
    2. 30 Nov 1859 Transferred from 57th Foot to the Army Hospital Corps.
    3. 1 July 1871 Fined 2s 6d by Lt Col Hallows 87th Regiment for being drunk at Floriana Barracks at 19:00 hrs.
    4. 1 Aug 1871 Admonished by Lt Col Stevenson for neglect of duty.
    5. Left Malta for Netley.

1872 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC at Malta in 1872 was 26 men.

31 Jan 1872 Death of 1357 Sgt J. Bathy who was found drowned in the harbour.

1873 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC at Malta in 1873 was 30 men.

The Royal Warrant of 1 March 1873 cancelled those of 1 August 1857 and 27 September 1861 and articles 740 to 743 and 1138 to 1139 from the Royal Warrant of 27 December 1870. Accordingly:

  • Until the organisation of the corps was complete, the AHC was to consist of the NCOs and men serving in it at the date of the Warrant and also of volunteers from the NCOs and men from other corps in the army. Afterwards, it was to be filled by NCOs or soldiers volunteering from the ranks of the army or by direct enlistment of recruits. Volunteers from other corps were to serve a six month probation before being accepted into the AHC.
  • The AHC was to be placed under the direction and control of the Principal Medical Officer at a station. In matters of discipline it was subject to the orders of the local military authority.
  • Officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the AHC were to be employed in military hospitals or with field ambulances.
  • Officers and non-commissioned officers of the AHC were to rank with the officers and non commissioned officers of other corps in the army and wear the ordinary distinction badges as may be special to their corps.
  • Command remained the right of combatant officers. The officers of the AHC were granted command over the men in their own corps, patients in hospital and men immediately attached to hospital establishments.
  • The ranks of officers in the AHC were Captain of Orderlies (pay of 10s a day) and Lieutenant of Orderlies (6s 6d a day).
  • The ranks of officers in the AHC were to be filled by Captain of Orderlies and Apothecaries to the Forces who volunteered for service in the corps. The men were to rank as: Sergeant-Major, Colour-Sergeant, Sergeant, Corporal, Second Corporal, Private and Bugler.
  • At out-stations the duties of quartermaster were to be performed by the officers of the corps as part of their ordinary duties.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • 58th Foot No 255, AHC No 245. Thrice Edward
    1. 18 Feb 1858 Enlisted in the 58th Foot.
    2. 1 Nov 1859 Transferred from 58th Foot to the Army Hospital Corps.
    3. 20 June 1873 Severely reprimanded for bringing in eggs to patients in hospital having no authority to do so.

1874 Army Hospital Corps

19 Mar 1874 Death of No 73 Sgt-Major William Milner. On 30 September 1874, No 365 CSgt Robert Johnson was promoted Sgt-Major.

20 Dec Death of No 1403 Pte Henry Ayre. He was born in Norfolk and enlisted as a labourer on 11 November 1854. He held the Crimea Medal and the Turkish medal.

One of the deaths was returned as due to simple continued fever.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • No 607 AHC Smith Patrick
    1. 28 Jan 1860 Enlisted in the Army Hospital Corps
    2. 14 Dec 1864 Reprimanded while serving at the Royal Victoria Hospital Netley for allowing beer to be carried in gallon cans to the quarter of the married families at Netley.
    3. Arrived at Malta from Netley.
    4. 17 Feb 1874 Admonished by Lt Col Dillon 1st/18th Regiment for using improper language to Lance Sergeant Simpson 18th Regiment.
    5. 4 Feb 1879 Discharged to a modified pension.

1875 Army Hospital Corps

The Army Hospital Corps had an average strength of 55 men. It had 29 admissions into hospital with 2 deaths among the invalids . It had 3 invalids returned to England.

30 June 1875 Strength of families of AHC at Malta: Staff Sergeants: 1 wife 6 children. Sergeants: 9 wives 40 children. Rank and File: 3 wives and 5 children.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • 58th Foot No 255, AHC No 245. Thrice Edward
    1. 26 Jan 1875 Reported by Sgt-Maj Carey and admonished by Lt Colonel Lambert commanding 101st Foot for neglect of duty.
    2. 2 July 1877 Discharged as an invalid.

1876 Army Hospital Corps

In 1876, the Army Hospital Corps had 54 men. Its strength was at less than one fifth of its establishment.

During the year, there were four cases of enteric fever in the AHC at Cottonera Hospital. They were treated by Surgeon-Major John Adcock.

  • No 2716 Pte E H, aged 21 years, single, orderly to prisoner's ward, was admitted from No 42 nurses room to Prisoner's Ward ground floor on 27 August 1876.
  • No 2527 Pte R A, aged 21 years, single, assistant cook, was admitted from No 16 store orderlies room ground floor on 27 August 1876. Pte R A died of his illness.
  • No 2580 Pte W S, aged 21 years, single, provision store orderly, was admitted from No 16 nurses room ground floor on 16 September 1876.
  • No 144 Sgt E W, aged 40 years, married, hospital sergeant and ward master, was admitted from No 1 ground floor on 1 October 1876.

31 Mar 1876 Strength of families of the AHC: Staff Sergeants 1 wife and 6 children, Sergeants 9 wives and 41 children, Rank and File 1 wife and 3 children.

3 Mar Death of 1037 Sgt Thomas Ibbotson who left a widow and seven children. Ibbotson was born in Hakefied York and enlisted as a mason on 31 March 1858.

10 Nov 1876 Report of Surgeon-Major John Adcock, Cottonera Hospital: At this period I was informed that the hospital steward, the corporal cook and the gas and water orderly were all suffering from feverish symptoms, all of whom lived on the ground floor, and, together with the four men who suffered from enteric fever, drank from the same source, namely the tap attached to the force pump, which brought water from the filtering chamber of tank 47 B. The only man living on the ground floor who did not suffer was the compounder of medicines, who states that he drank the same water, but only after it had been passed through the filter in the dispensary. The tap was used by residents on the ground floor, as its water which came from an underground tank was cool and fresh, unlike the water from the taps of the hospital which came from iron tanks on the roof and was warm and flat in taste. No cases of fever occurred among the orderlies on duty in the wards and living in the upper part of the building; neither was any patient attacked.

Tank 47 B was a very large tank, cut out of the rock and covered with an arched roof of masonry. It received water from the clean roof of the hospital and kitchen. It was situated in the rear of the hospital at the south side of the kitchen and offices. Water from it was drawn by a bucket and a force pump. Around the well was a flagged area, with a raised margin, which was intended to catch any water spilt after it was drawn by the bucket. This water was collected into a catch pit situated under one corner of the flagged space surrounding the opening of the tank, and thence be carried away by an earthenware drain into the sewers. After a short course this pipe passed under the tap of the force pump, where a bell trap was placed. Still further in its course it received the drain water from the cook house, and thence passed to the main drain. Water from the bell trap was flowing backwards into the catch pit, depositing sewage. From the catch pit, this contaminated water was dripping into the filtering chamber through a large opening in the roof through which the suction pipe of the force pump entered. No fresh cases of enteric fever occurred after the closure of the pump connected with tank 47 B .

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • MSC No 926, AHC No 144 Wall Edward William
    1. 14 Jan 1856 Enlisted for the Medical Staff Corps.
    2. 5 Apr 1876 Admonished by Captain Singleton 71st HLI for being absent from tattoo till 23.25 hrs and returning drunk.
    3. 27 Feb 1877 Not recommended for a Good Conduct Medal. Was discharged at Netley on completion of his 2nd period of engagement.

1877 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC at Malta in 1877 was 54 men. In 1877 the minimum height of recruits for the Army Hospital Corps was reduced from 5 feet 7 inches to 5 feet 5 inches.

The Army Hospital Corps Committee was appointed by Mr Hardy, Secretary of State for War, on 22 February 1877. Its President was Lt Col A H Wavell 41st Foot, who was appointed in Apr 1878 in succession to Maj J N Crealock 95th Foot, appointed Assistant Military Secretary at the Cape of Good Hope in Feb 1878. The members were: Mr G Lawson Assistant Director of Supplies and Transport, Surgeon Sandford Moore Instructor of AHC Aldershot, Mr R H Knox Estimate Clerk and Mr C W Wisbey War Office Clerk. The committee reviewed the terms and condition of service of the Army Hospital Corps which had been originally laid down by the Royal Warrants of Aug 1857 and Sept 1861.

Extracts from the Defaulter's Book Army Hospital Corps and Medical Staff Corps:

  • No 607 AHC Smith Patrick
    1. 28 Jan 1860 Enlisted in the Army Hospital Corps
    2. 18 Feb 1877 Admonished by Lt Col Dillon 1st/18th Regiment for being absent and for neglect of duty.
    3. 4 Feb 1879 Discharged to a modified pension.

1878 Army Hospital Corps

The Army Hospital Corps had an average strength of 56 men. It had 28 admissions into hospital. 2 invalids were returned to England.

In 1878, the Captain of Orderlies was Llewen Wallis.

The Peace Establishment of the AHC for 1878–1879 was set at 1,700 men. The men were employed in hospitals at Home and Abroad and on duty on board ships.

In July 1878, the AHC Committee recommended transferring the 270 men who had served between six and twelve years' service to the Reserve and replacing them by trained soldiers from the Line of three years' service. In order to bolster the Reserves, the Committee recommended recruitment into the AHC by direct enlistment for three years Army Service and nine with the Reserve, to be supplemented by the transfer of a small number of specially eligible men from the Line. The men transferred from Line Regiment would form the non-commissioned officers whose service would be extended to allow them to serve in hospitals in the colonies.

1879 Army Hospital Corps

The Army Hospital Corps had an average strength of 52 men.

It had 29 admissions into hospital with 2 deaths. 3 invalids were returned to England.

A recreation room for the Army Hospital Corps was opened during the year at the Valletta Station Hospital.

The new Warrant of 1879 raising the rates of pay of the Army Hospital Corps contained a clause that men in receipt of departmental pay will not be entitled to any allowances for extra time.

1880 Army Hospital Corps

The Army Hospital Corps had an average strength of 56 men.

It had 39 admissions into hospital with 1 death. 2 invalids were returned to England.

1881 Army Hospital Corps

The Army Hospital Corps had an average strength of 68 men.

It had 34 admissions into hospital; 2 invalids were returned to England.

1882 Army Hospital Corps

The strength of the AHC at Malta in 1882 was 95 men.

Soldiers from the detachment of the AHC based at Malta served in Egyptian Campaigns at the hospitals at Alexandria and Cairo.

The hospital establishments for an expeditionary force stipulated two field hospitals and one bearer company to each division entering upon active service. In all, four bearer companies and twelve field hospitals were established by hospital regulations for the expeditionary force to Egypt. The expeditionary force however only took half a bearer company instead of a full bearer company for each division as well as a reduced number of field hospitals.

To bring the bearer companies and field hospitals up to full established strength, the medical department sent every available man to the seat of war. The service hospitals were depleted of their army staff. A field hospital was equipped to care for 200 sick soldiers. To each field hospital were allocated 37 men of the AHC, but of these 15 were cooks, compounders of medicine, store keepers and clerks, which left only 12 men for the nursing of 200 sick or one nurse for every nine patients. In peace time the allocation was one nurse to ten sick patients.

The infantry left anyone unfit for field service at Malta. These were principally venereal cases. Others were left at Alexandria when the force moved up to Ismailia. On 6 September 1882, about 400 men were invalided to Malta and England. Those who were unlikely to be fit for duty for some time were repatriated to clear the base hospitals.

Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps Malta 1 April to 31 December 1882
Name Remarks
Captain of Orderlies  
Cook Charles  
Andrews John Embarked at England on 7 Aug 1882.
Arrived at Malta on 14 Aug on SS Italy No 29 transport.
Embarked for England on SS Ludgate Hill on 2 Dec 1882.
Sylvester H Arrived in HMS Orontes from South Africa on 3 Apr 1882.
Detained at Malta pending further orders.
11 Apr: Embarked for England in HMS Tamar.
Lieutenant of Orderlies  
Hewson Francis Rank changed to Quartermaster in 1881
Sergeant Major  
1201 Lockett John Spouse Sarah
2 children aged 14 yrs 11 mths and 12 yrs 11 mths.
Staff Sergeants  
2351 Chatten James Spouse Jane, no children.
9 May 1882: Returned to England.
3629 Goldsmith Frederick Spouse Annie, no children.
27 Nov 1882: Embarked for England.
2701 Hewitt Martin  
2264 Jarvis Charles Arrived from England 14 August 1882.
Spouse Carmela Jarvis residing at 15 Mut E Lines Aldershot
3630 Marshall Alfred Arrived from England 25 August 1882.
Spouse Elizabeth, no children.
3663 Short John  
1498 Smith Donald Spouse Margaret, seven children aged 15 yrs 5 mths, 13 yrs 8 mths, 12 yrs, 10 yrs, 8 yrs 1 mth, 5 yrs 8 mths, and 1 yr.
1065 Vella Luigi  
Sergeants  
4078 Andrews Archibald  
4268 Green John Arrived from England 27 August 1882.
Compounder of Medicine since 4 Oct 1882.
Spouse Kate Green residing at West End Ely Cambridge.
3624 King Alfred Promoted from Lance Sgt on 5 April 1882 vice Sgt Campbell.
Compounder of Medicine on 1 June 1882.
5027 Lawton Joseph Arrived from England 22 September 1882.
4657 Sanderson Robert Embarked for England on 21 November 1882.
4359 Short George Promoted Sgt from L/Sgt on 11 August 1882.
3414 Tobin Thomas Promoted Sgt from L/Sgt on 11 August 1882.
1267 Coughlen Edward Attached to AHC from 1 Apr to 19 July 1882.
985 Sleath Thomas Attached to AHC from 20 July to 31 Dec 1882.
Lance Sergeants  
2608 Mulroy Patrick Promoted L/Sgt from Cpl on 1 July vice L/Sgt McClay.
Left for Egypt on 23 July 1882.
4359 Short George Promoted L/Sgt from Cpl on 1 July 1882.
Compounder of Medicine on 26 July.
Promoted Sgt on 11 August 1882 vice Sgt Kaillor.
1st Class Corporals  
3393 Boxall William Departmental pay of 3d a day from 15 Aug 1882.
3778 Bradley John Arrived from England on 27 Aug 1882.
2012 Costello James Attached to AHC from 8 July to 19 July 1882.
4121 Fryer David Arrived from England on 14 Aug 1882.
Reduced to the rank of Pte on 13 Oct 1882.
1250 Henry James Attached to AHC from 1 to 6 April when he returned to regimental duties.
Reattached from 20 July to 14 Oct 1882, when he returned to the Royal Scots Regt.
3887 MacDonald Alexander Returned to England on 11 April 1882.
4711 MacDonald William Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
2608 Mulroy Patrick Promoted L/Sgt 1 July 1882.
1409 Sharpe Herbert Attached to AHC from 7 Apr to 7 July 1882.
Attached from 3rd/Kings Royal Rifle Corps.
4359 Short George Promoted L/Sgt 1 July 1882.
3922 Taylor Arthur Arrived from England 26 Mar 1882.
Left for Egypt 8 Aug 1882.
1957 Thatcher John Spouse Mary, no children.
2nd Class Corporals  
4774 Ballam William Promoted from L/Cpl on 3 Dec 1882.
2593 Bond Thomas Spouse Annie, two children aged 2 yrs 10 mths and 11 mths.
Embarked for England on 2 Dec 1882.
3534 Brodie William Arrived from Egypt on 14 Sept 1882.
2857 Close George Promoted from L/Cpl on 1 Sept 1882.
4312 Ellis Thomas Arrived from Egypt 3 Oct 1882.
Died on 11 Oct 1882.
4682 Holland Edward Arrived from England on 14 Aug 1882.
Promoted from L/Cpl on 1 Sept.
4351 Keene Henry Promoted from L/Cpl on 3 May 1882 vice Cpl Warne.
4392 Lloyd Robert Left for Egypt on 8 July 1882.
4418 Offord Edward Left for Egypt on 8 July 1882.
4026 Sykes Henry Arrived from HMS Crocodile on 28 Oct 1882.
Returned to England on 12 Dec 1882.
2988 Tagg George Arrived from Egypt on 3 Oct 1882.
Left for England on 11 Oct 1882.
3672 Whysall Frank Promoted from L/Cpl on 11 Oct 1882.
Lance Corporals  
4744 Ballam William Promoted from Pte on 11 Oct.
Promoted to 2nd Cpl on 3 Dec 1882.
4526 Butcher J Arrived from Egypt on 14 Sept 1882.
2857 Close George Promoted from Pte on 1 July 1882 vice L/Cpl Wood.
Promoted 2nd Class Cpl on 1 Sept 1882.
4682 Holland Edward Arrived from England on 14 Aug 1882.
Promoted 2nd Class Cpl on 1 Sept 1882.
3672 Whysall Frank Promoted from Pte on 20 Sept 1882.
Promoted 2nd Cpl on 11 Oct 1882.
2568 Woods Thomas Arrived from England on 20 Sept 1882.
Reverted to Pte on 18 Nov 1882.
Privates  
4388 Aggs William Granted Good Conduct pay at 1d a day from 15 Apr 1882.
4603 Allison Charles Arrived from Egypt on 12 Nov 1882.
1878 Andrews Charles Returned to England on 2 Oct 1882.
Spouse Rose Andrews residing at Herbert Hospital Woolwich.
4330 Anscomb Frederick Left for Egypt on 3 Aug 1882.
4869 Archibald William  
4061 Bailey Ambrose Returned to England 11 April 1882.
3162 Bailey James Arrived from Egypt on 19 September 1882.
Returned to England on 11 October 1882.
Spouse Marion Bailey residing at Herbert Hospital Woolwich.
4455 Baldwin Edward Left for Egypt 20 July 1882.
4744 Ballam William Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
Appointed L/Cpl on 11 Oct 1882.
4717 Banner Thomas Attached to HMS Serapis on 21 Dec 1882.
4339 Batchelor Edward  
4485 Beard William Discharged by purchase on 20 April 1882.
3332 Bell Robert Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
4130 Blackman William Arrived from England 14 Aug 1882.
3122 Boal Thomas Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
Left for England on 21 Nov 1882.
4611 Bond Ernest Arrived from England 27 Aug 1882.
Died of dysentery at Chanbray Hospital Gozo on 24 Sept 1882.
4297 Brabaron Frederick Arrived from Egypt on 22 Sept 1882.
Returned to England on 11 Oct 1882.
3377 Bradshaw George Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
Returned to England on 12 Dec 1882.
4817 Brodie Thomas Arrived from England 27 Aug 1882.
3207 Broom John Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
Returned to England 21 Nov 1882.
1214 Brown Edward Arrived from Egypt.
Returned to England on 11 Oct 1882.
3444 Brown John In civil prison for a civil offence from 14 Oct 1881 to 9 May 1882.
Returned to England on 9 May 1882.
4017 Brown Richard Left for Jamaica on 11 April 1882.
4887 Burfoot Frank Arrived from Egypt on 12 Nov 1882.
4730 Burrows George Arrived from Egypt on 29 Nov 1882.
4526 Butcher John Arrived from Egypt on 12 Nov 1882.
3952 Cain John Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
Left for England on 27 Nov 1882
5261 Cain Thomas Transferred from 2nd/Durham Light Infantry on 1 Dec 1882.
4727 Cakebread Alfred Arrived from England 14 Aug 1882.
2936 Chatfield Henry Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
Returned to England on 15 Oct 1882.
2857 Close George Promoted L/Cpl 1 July 1882 vice Wood.
4926 Curran Richard Granted Good Conduct Pay at 1d a day from 23 July 1882.
4582 Dale Frank Arrived from England 14 Aug 1882.
Forfeited his Good Conduct Pay on 7 Dec 1882.
4037 Dalton George Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
4521 Dare John Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
4995 Davies Samuel Transferred from the Royal Highlanders on 1 April 1882.
Left for Egypt on 20 July 1882.
2671 Davies George Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
3642 Davies Joseph Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
Returned to England 21 Nov 1882.
3738 Death Penben Arrived from England on 22 Sept 1882.
4520 Deedman Samuel Arrived from Egypt on 12 Nov 1882.
Fined 2s 6d for drunkenness 17 Dec 1882.
4399 Dodson Edward Arrived from Egypt.
Returned to England on 11 Oct 1882.
3999 Dominy George  
4028 Draper Alfred Left for Egypt on 23 July 1882.
4938 Durose George Arrived from England on 26 March 1882.
3530 Eastbourn Philip Arrived from England 14 Aug 1882.
Fined 7s 6d for drunkenness on 19 Aug 1882.
Fined a pound for drunkenness 28 Oct 1882.
In prison 1 Nov to 22 Dec 1882.
2176 Edge Frederick Discharged by purchase on 26 May 1882.
2266 Fanning George Spouse Ellen Fanning resident at 1 Braybrook Terrance Grosvenor Rd Aldershot.
Fined 7s 6d for drunkenness on 9 July 1882.
Left for Egypt on 23 July 1882.
4472 Feneron Henry Arrived from England 14 August 1882.
4564 Flower Charles Arrived from England 11 Aug 1882.
4704 Ford Alfred Arrived from Egypt on 9 Sept 1882.
2593 Ford Thomas Restored his good conduct pay at 1d a day from 1 July 1882.
4169 Fuller Frederick Arrived from England 14 Aug 1882.
Returned to England 12 Nov 1882.
4349 Fursey John Returned to England on 11 April 1882.
3335 Futter William Good conduct pay at 4d a day from 10 Sept 1882.
3900 Gardner Robert Spouse Kate Gardner residing at c/o Mrs Andridge High Street Mortlake.
2364 Gentry Edgar Arrived from Egypt on 9 Sept 1882.
5266 Gladstone Alex Transferred from the RA 1 Dec 1882.
4599 Goodwin Arthur Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
3130 Green William Arrived from England on 14 Aug 1882.
2955 Hague George Arrived from England 22 Sept 1822.
Returned to England 21 Nov 1822.
4286 Harber James Restored Good Conduct pay at 1 day from 23 July.
Left for Egypt 3 Aug 1882.
4231 Healy William Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
Charged 3 shillings 9 pence for loss of a grey cape for great coat other ranks.
Left for Egypt on 23 July 1882.
3893 Hindle John Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
3218 Hoare Thomas Arrived from Egypt on 9 Sept 1882.
4187 Holledge Thomas Arrived from Egypt 9 Sept 1882.
Fined 5s for drunkenness 23 Oct 1882.
Left for England 4 Nov 1882.
3609 Humphries John Arrived from England 26 Mar 1882.
Fined £1 for drunkenness 1 June 1882.
In prison 11 to 12 July 1882.
4219 Johnson John Arrived from Egypt 3 Oct 1882.
Returned to England 11 Oct 1882.
3711 Jones Alfred Arrived from Egypt 3 Oct 1882.
Returned to England 11 Oct 1882.
4678 Kelly James Arrived from Egypt 14 Sept 1882.
Spouse Julia Kelly residing at 29 Richmond Row Liverpool.
Returned to England 3 Oct 1882.
3173 Kelly Patrick Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
3930 Kirkman Alfred Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
3853 Knight George Returned to England 1 Apr 1882.
Arrived from Egypt 9 Sept 1882.
3961 Little George Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
30 days ship ration stoppage of two pence and a halfpenny per day was deducted from pay prior to leaving England.
Left for Egypt on 14 Aug 1882.
4746 Long Lambert Arrived from England on 14 August 1882.
3317 MacKnell Joseph Arrived from Egypt 19 Dec 1882.
4133 Maloney Thomas Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
4348 Mann Richard  
3327 Marsden William Arrived from England on 14 Aug 1882.
Fined 2s 6d for drunkenness 16 Oct 1882.
Spouse Annie Marsden residing at Plabline House Alderney
4946 Martin Michael Arrived from England on 14 August 1882.
4380 May John Good Conduct pay at a penny a day from 10 April.
Left for Egypt 3 August 1882.
4383 Mayo Henry Good Conduct pay at a penny a day from 13 April.
Left for Egypt on 14 Aug 1882.
4706 McNeil Dunean Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
4687 Messenger Samuel Arrived from Egypt 19 Dec 1882.
3579 Miller John Good conduct pay at 1 penny from 17 Nov 1882.
3602 Moore Frederick  
3338 Morgan George Returned to England 11 April 1882.
4250 Mowland Robert Arrived from England on 26 March 1882.
In cells 2 to 30 June.
In prison 1 Aug to 7 Sept for being absent without leave from 19 to 31 July 1882.
Returned to England on 14 Sept 1882.
Spouse Julia Mowland residing at 15 Bridgefoot Street Dublin.
3293 Murphy Allen Arrived from England on 26 March 1882.
4092 Murphy Edward Arrived from England on 14 Aug 1882.
3221 Murray James Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
4993 Murrell George Transferred from the 1st/Gordon Hldrs on 1 May 1882.
5260 Nash William Transferred from 2nd Dublin Light Inf 1 Dec 1882.
3640 Noble Urban Granted Good Conduct pay at 1 d a day from 16 July 1882.
4457 Oliver Alfred Arrived from Egypt 3 Oct 1882.
Returned to England 11 Oct 1882.
4396 Patten Augustine Left for Egypt on 23 July 1882.
4695 Peacock William Arrived from England 26 Mar 1882.
Died 11 Dec 1882.
3836 Petherick James Arrived from Egypt 5 Sept 1882.
3470 Quinton William In hospital 14 to 16 July 1882.
4552 Rangdale George Arrived from Egypt 22 Sept 1882.
Died after a fall 4 Oct 1882.
3322 Reed John Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
5102 Rouch John Arrived from England on 1 Aug 1882.
4038 Sadler John  
4165 Selwood Henry Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
4860 Shemmonds Thomas Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
4070 Shields Peter Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
4975 Skene James Transferred from the 1st/Gordon Hldrs 1 Apr 1882.
Died of enteric fever at Cottonera Hospital 30 Sept 1882.
3043 Smith Henry Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
Returned to England 4 Nov 1882.
3598 Strutt Henry Arrived from England on 26 Mar 1882.
Spouse Florence Strutt resident at 2 Woolsey Terrace Mill Lane, New Hampton Middlesex.
Left for Egypt 8 July 1882.
3781 Thomas Thomas Good Conduct pay of a penny a day from 15 April.
Left for Egypt 8 July 1882.
4535 Thwaites John Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
1001 Venables John Attached from Royal Scots 15 Oct 1882.
4387 Waller William  
3055 Wallis Frederick Arrived from England 22 Sept 1882.
Returned to England 21 Nov 1882.
5011 Watts Walter  
4262 Westall William  
300 Wharton John Attached from Royal Engineers 13 Nov 1882.
3211 Whiffin William  
3483 White Henry  
3125 Whitehorn George Restored Good Conduct pay 12 Dec 1882.
3672 Whysall Frank Promoted L/Cpl on 20 Sept 1882.
4192 Wilkins William  
4350 Wright Henry Returned to England on 11 April 1882.
4614 Wiseman Alfred Arrived from England on 27 August 1882.
142 Woods William Returned to England 12 Dec 1882.
78 Woods Aaron Arrived from Egypt 3 Oct 1882.
Returned to England 11 Oct 1882.
4407 Wyatt Richard Returned from Egypt 12 Sept 1882. Was in Malta 1 Apr 1882.
Good Conduct pay at a penny a day from 28 April.
4053 York William From HMS Seraphis 20 Dec 1882.
Table 6: Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps at Malta 1 April to 31 December 1882 (TNA:WO 16/2731).

1883 Army Hospital Corps

The AHC had an average strength of 89 men. It had 59 admissions (662.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (22.47 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.51 (39.43/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.39 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.71 days.

Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps serving at Malta 1 January to 31 June 1883
Name Remarks
Captain of Orderlies  
Cook Charles  
Quartermaster  
Hewson Francis  
Sergeant Major  
1201 Lockett John Spouse Sarah, two children aged 15 yrs 8 mths and 13 yrs 8 mths (Returns 1 Jan to 31 Mar 1883).
Staff Sergeants  
2701 Hewitt Martin  
2264 Jarvis Charles Spouse Maria Carmela.
3630 Marshall Alfred Spouse Elizabeth, no children.
3663 Short John  
1498 Smith Donald Spouse Margaret
7 children aged 16 yrs 2 mths, 14 yrs 5 mths, 12 yrs 9mths, 10 yrs 9mths, 8 yrs 10 mths, 6 yrs 5 mths, and 1 yr 9mths (Rtns 1 Jan to 31 Mar 1883).
1065 Vella Luigi  
Sergeants  
4078 Andrews Archibald  
2577 Connors M Attached to AHC from 31 Jan 1883.
4834 Cousins G Promoted from Cpl 8 June 1883.
3414 Dobie Thomas  
4268 Green John Compounder from 1 June 1883.
3624 King Alfred Embarked for England 30 May 1883.
5027 Lawton Joseph In hosp 8 Jan to 31 Mar 1883.
4359 Short George  
985 Sleath Thomas Attached to AHC. Returned to regimental duty 17 Jan 1883.
3414 Tobin Thomas  
Lance Sergeants (Attached)  
2506 O'Connor D Attached to AHC from 17 Jan 1883.
Returned to regimental duty 31 Jan 1883.
1st Class Corporals  
3393 Boxall William Discharged by purchase 22 Jan 1883.
3778 Bradley John  
2581 Bright A Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1833 on SS Calabria.
4257 Bruce H M Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1833 on SS Calabria.
4434 Carroll W Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1833 on SS Calabria.
4834 Cousins G Arrived from Egypt on 30 May 1833 on SS Calabria.
Promoted Sgt 8 June 1883 vice Kilkelly.
4351 Keene H Promoted from 2nd Class Cpl 23 Feb 1883.
4711 MacDonald W  
3092 Seager G Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1833 on SS Calabria.
1957 Thatcher John Spouse Mary, no children.
1075 Westcott J Attached from 22 Jan 1883.
Returned to regimental duties 25 Jan 1883.
2nd Class Corporals  
4744 Ballam William In hosp 1 to 18 Jan 1883.
4339 Batchelor Edward Promoted from Pte to L/Cpl 25 Mar 1883.
Promoted from L/Cpl to 2nd Class Cpl 12 May 1883.
3534 Brodie William  
4720 Clapshaw A Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1833 on SS Calabria.
2857 Close George Embarked for England on 16 June 1883.
5072 Hendren E  
4682 Holland Edward In hosp 1 to 11 Jan 1883.
4351 Keene Henry Promoted Cpl 23 Feb 1883.
3672 Whysall Frank  
Privates  
4388 Aggs William  
4603 Allison Charles  
4869 Archibald William  
4506 Backland C  
4717 Banner Thomas Returned from HMS Serapis 10 Feb 1883.
4339 Batchelor Edward Promoted L/Cpl 25 Mar 1883.
3332 Bell Robert  
4130 Blackman William  
4817 Brodie Thomas Prisoner 20 to 22 Apr 1883.
Fined 5s for drunkenness 22 Apr 1883.
4747 Brown W Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1883 on SS Calabria.
4506 Buckland C Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1883 on SS Calabria.
4827 Burfoot Frank Embarked for England 10 Feb 1883.
4730 Burrows George Fined 5s for drunkenness 17 May 1883.
4526 Butcher John  
5261 Cain Thomas Transferred from 2nd/Durham Light Infantry on 1 Dec 1882.
4727 Cakebread Alfred In hosp 9 Jan to 29 Mar 1883.
4926 Curran Richard  
4582 Dale Frank  
4037 Dalton George  
4521 Dare John  
2671 Davies George  
3738 Death Reuben Remits part of pay to his father John Death.
Fined 2s 6d for drunkenness 17 May 1883.
4520 Deedman Samuel Fined 2s 6d for drunkenness 31 Dec 1882.
Fined 5s for drunkenness 3 May 1883.
3999 Dominy George  
4938 Durose George  
3530 Eastbourn Philip Fined a pound for drunkenness 28 Oct 1882.
Fined 2s 6d for drunkenness 5 June 1883.
5464 Evans E Transferred from 1st/Shropshire Light Infantry 1 June 1883.
4472 Feneron Henry  
4564 Flower C  
4704 Ford Alfred  
2592 Ford Thomas Left for England 30 May 1883.
4564 Flower Charles  
4121 Fryer David In cells 8 Apr to 12 May and in guardroom 13 May 1883.
4169 Fuller Frederick Embarked for England 16 June 1883.
3335 Futter William Left for England 16 June 1883.
3900 Gardner Robert Spouse Kate Gardner residing High Street Mortlake.
2364 Gentry John  
5266 Gladstone Alex  
4599 Goodwin Arthur  
3130 Green William  
23216 Hall Henry Gunner Garrison Royal Artillery attached to AHC 20 Jan 1883.
3893 Hindle John  
3218 Hoare Thomas  
3609 Humphries John Remits part of pay to his mother H Humphries.
4678 Kelly James Arrived from Egypt on 14 Sept 1882.
3930 Kirkham A Arrived from Egypt 9 Sept 1882.
3853 Knight George Arrived from Egypt 9 Sept 1882.
4746 Long Lambert Remits part of pay to his mother A Long.
2170 Long J Attached to AHC from 25 Jan 1883.
4348 Mann Richard  
3327 Marsden William Arrived from England 14 Aug 1882.
4946 Martin Michael Arrived from England on 14 August 1882.
4706 McNeill D  
4687 Messenger Samuel Died 10 Mar 1883.
3579 Miller John  
3602 Moore Frederick  
3293 Murphy Allen Arrived from England on 26 March 1882.
4098 Murphy E Arrived from England on 14 Aug 1882.
4993 Murrell George Transferred from the 1st/Gordon Hldrs on 1 May 1882.
5260 Nash W  
4693 Nicholls G Arrived from Egypt 30 May 1883 on SS Calabria.
3640 Noble Urban Granted Good Conduct pay at 1 d a day from 16 July 1882.
4396 Patten August Left for Egypt on 23 July 1882.
3836 Petherick James Arrived from Egypt on 5 Sept 1882.
5440 Probert C Transferred to AHC from 2nd/Royal Sussex Regt 1 May 1883.
3470 Quinton William Discharged by purchase 7 June 1883.
5102 Rouch John Arrived from England on 1 Aug 1882.
4038 Sadler John  
4165 Selwood Henry  
4860 Shemmonds Thomas Discharged by purchase on 4 April 1883.
4070 Shields Peter  
4535 Thwaites John  
3781 Thomas J Returned from Egypt 30 May 1883.
4716 Vaughan W Arrived from Egypt 30 May on SS Calabria.
1001 Venables John Returned to regimental duty 22 Jan 1883.
4863 Walmesley H Arrived from Egypt on 30 May on SS Calabria.
4387 Waller William  
5011 Watts Walter  
4262 Westall William  
300 Wharton John Returned to regimental duty 19 Jan 1883.
3211 Whiffin William  
3483 White Henry  
5439 Whitehorn F Transferred from 2nd/Royal Sussex Regt on 1 May 1883.
3125 Whitehorn Giles  
4192 Wilkins William  
4614 Wiseman Alfred Remitted part of pay to his father James Wiseman.
2568 Woods Thomas Arrived from England on 20 Sept 1882.
Reverted to Pte on 18 Nov 1882.
142 Woods W
4407 Wyatt Richard  
4153 York William Fined 2s 6d for drunkenness 24 May 1883.
Table VII: Detachment of the Army Hospital Corps serving at Malta 1 Jan to 31 June 1883 (TNA:WO 16/2731).

1884 Army Hospital Corps

20 Sep 1884 The officers of the Army Medical Department and the Quartermasters of the Army Hospital Corps were designated the Army Medical Staff (AMS).,/p>

The non-commissioned Officers and men of the Army Hospital Corps became the Medical Staff Corps (MSC).

The strength of the AHC in January 1884 was 72 men.

1 July Strength: 2 Officers, 14 Sgts, 69 rank and file, total 85 men.

1 Aug 1884 Compounder of medicine 1065 Sgt Luigi Vella AHC was promoted Staff Sgt 1st Class. He was discharged on a pension on 29 December 1884.

13 Dec 1884 A number of soldiers of the AHC were sent from Malta to Egypt. They were followed by another group on 22 February 1885.

Bibliography

  • TNA:WO 12/10428, Quarterly pay lists of detachment of the Army Hospital Corps stationed at Malta 1 January 1861 to 31 December 1864.
  • TNA:WO 12/10435, Quarterly pay lists of detachment of the Army Hospital Corps stationed at Malta 1 January 1871 to 31 December 1876.
  • TNA:T 1/16554, Army Hospital Corps Warrant governing revision of pay 18 August 1879.
  • TNA:WO 16/2731. Army Hospital Corps Ceylon, Jamaica, Malta Muster Books and pay lists, 1882 – 1883.
  • TNA:WO 73/56, Office of the Commander-in-Chief and War Office, General monthly returns of the regimental strength of the British Army ( 1 January–1 June 1898,).
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  • Army Hospital Corps. Br Med J 1875; 2:461 (Published 9 October 1875).
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  • Adcock J., Enteric fever among four men of the Army Hospital Corps at Cottonera Hospital. Army Medical Department Report for 1876 Vol XVIII p 68. London 1877.
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  • Captain William Morrison (1840–1919) Glimpses of Life from within from 1860 to 1985. J Roy Army Med Corps (1975); 121:38–52, 87–100, 149–162, 204–219.