RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
85th (Buck's Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

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The 85th (Buck's Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

Introduction

The 85th Foot was raised in Buckinghamshire in 1794 on the outbreak of war with revolutionary France.

In 1801, The Bucks Volunteers Militia was incorporated into the 85th Regiment of Foot. It became a Light Infantry Corps in 1808.

In 1815, it added to its title The Duke of York's Own after the Prince Regent's younger brother Frederick.

In 1821, the regiment was retitled The 85th (Buck's Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry) Regiment.

On 1 July 1881, the 85th amalgamated with the 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment to form the Second Battalion of The King's Light Infantry (Shropshire Regiment).

In 1920, the regimental name changed to The King's Shropshire Light Infantry.

On 10 July 1968, The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, The King's Shropshire Light Infantry, The Durham Light Infantry and The Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry, merged to form the Light Infantry.

The 85th (Buck's Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

1821 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

13 July 1821 The 85th arrived from England.

Inspector of Hospitals John Hennen reported that the 85th Regiment were generally active and healthy, and in the prime of life. Apart from Ophthalmia they were regarded as a healthy regiment.1

The following were baptised in 1821:

The following were buried in 1821:

1822 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

21 Mar–20 June 1822 The battalion was at Valletta, then at Cottonera. Ophthalmia was prevalent during the year, but no cases of pulmonary diseases were reported. Assistant Surgeon Whitney Luke attributed the comparative exemption of the Corps from pulmonary disease to the exclusive use of flannel shirts, to the exclusion of linen or calico, an assumption which I think there can be very little difficulty in admitting.

The following were baptised in 1822:

The following were buried in 1822:

1823 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

1823 The 85th had an average daily sick of 25. The ratio of sick to well was 1:20. The main diseases were ulcers and continued fever which was blamed on intemperance. The regimental hospital of the 85th also looked after the sick of the Invalid Depot from the Ionian Islands. Between 21 Sept and 20 Dec 1823, 205 invalids arrived at Malta from the Ionian islands.

The following were married in 1823:

The following were baptised in 1823:

1824 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

1824 Strength: 550 men.

14 Oct Burial of William Collins infant son of QM Sgt Collins 85th Regiment. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

The following were baptised in 1824:

1825 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

The following were baptised in 1825:

The following were buried in 1825:

1826 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

1826 Listed as being at Gibraltar.

The following were married in 1826:

The following were baptised in 1826:

The following were buried 1826:

1827 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

16 Jan 1827 476 men, 44 women and 64 children embarked for Gibraltar.

1828 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

5 Apr 1828 487 men returned from Gibraltar.

3 Sep Burial of Elizabeth Miller wife of Hospital Sgt William Miller 85th Regiment, (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

The following was baptised in 1828:

1829 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

10 Jan 1829 Burial of Armourer Sgt William Walker 85th King's Light Infantry, aged 52 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

25 Sep Strength 515 men (6 coys).

The following were married in 1829:

The following were baptised in 1829:

1830 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

25 Feb 1830 Strength 513 men (6 coys).

The following were married in 1830:

The following were baptised in 1830:

The following were buried in 1830:

1831 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

1 Apr 1831 Strength: Six companies Rank and File 473 (Effective), 515 (Established).

3–20 Oct 1831 The 85th embarked for England through a direct order from the Horse Guards to the commanding officer, but without any order or communication to the Lieutenant Governor from the Secretary of State for the Colonial Department. It was replaced at Malta by the 42nd Royal Highland Regiment. The 85th arrived at Winchester in December 1831.

The following were married in 1831:

The following were baptised in 1831:

The following were buried in 1831:

The 85th (Buck's Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

1842 — 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry)

10 Feb 1842 Death of Lt Adams 85th Foot.

Bibliography