Regiments
Of the Malta Garrison
49th (Hertfordshire
The Princess of Wales's)

The 49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

Berkshire Regiment
The China Dragon with a crown above enclosed within a laurel wreath. Below is the inscription 1st Bn The Royal Berkshire Regiment 1956.
(Main Guard Valletta)

The 49th Foot was raised in 1743 as Colonel Edward Trelawny's Regiment of Foot.

In 1751 the regiment was numbered 49 in the infantry's order of precedence. It received its territorial association with Hertfordshire in 1782.

In 1816, the regiment was renamed The 49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's) Regiment, after Princess Charlotte of Wales, daughter of the Prince Regent, later King George IV.

The 49th served as marines at the Battle of Copenhagen on 2 April 1801. It was granted the Battle Honour Copenhagen in February 1819. The China Dragon was granted for service in China during the First Opium War (1839–42).

On 1 July 1881, the 49th amalgamated with the 66th (Berkshire) Regiment to form The 1st Battalion The Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment). The 66th became the 2nd Battalion.

In 1885, the regiment was granted the Royal title in recognition of its service in the Sudan, and became The Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment).

In 1920, the name changed to The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's).

In 1959, The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) amalgamated with the Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's), to form The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire).

The 49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's) Regiment

1853 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

2 Apr 1853 The 1st/49th embarked at Corfu for Malta.

13 Oct HQ company moved from the Auberge de Castille to the Auberge de Bavarie, with companies transferring from Fort San Salvatore, Fort St Angelo, and Fort Ricasoli to Fort Lower St Elmo Barracks.

Baptisms in 1853:

Burials in 1853:

1854 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

Mar The regiment marched from the Auberge Bavarie to Fort Ricasoli, and Lower St Elmo vice the 3rd (Buffs). It had 519 men fit for duty.

11 Apr 1854 The 1st/49th embarked on the transport Hope for Turkey.

11 Apr 130 men of the 1st/49th embarked on the transport Sultan for Turkey. It was present at Alma (1854), Inkerman (1854) and Sevastopol (1855). It moved to Barbados in 1857.

Nov In November, the regiment had 18 officers and 678 men serving in the Crimea. Of the 201 admissions into the hospital, 107 were from gunshot wounds. The men had diarrhoea; there were 3 deaths from cholera.

Marriages in 1854:

Baptisms in 1854:

Burials in 1854:

1855 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

Burials in 1855:

1856 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

The 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment)

1882 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment)

8 July 1882 The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment embarked at Gibraltar. It disembarked in Malta on 12 July 1882.

23 July The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment deployed to Egypt. It returned to Gibraltar from Egypt on 12 May 1883 but redeployed to Egypt on 21 August 1884.

The 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment)

1886 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment)

25 May 1886 Half a battalion, (310 men), returned from Egypt (Suakin Expedition). It was stationed in Pembroke Camp for 7 months. The other half (4 coys) moved to Cyprus on 30 May 1886.

The section in Malta had an average strength of 164 men. It had 89 admissions into hospital with no deaths. Its average constantly sick was 4.45.

The average sick time to each soldier was 9.90 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.25 days.

1887 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment (half battalion) had an average strength of 397 men quartered at Fort Ricasoli. The main body was in Cyprus from 30 May 1886 to 2 February 1888 when the Royal Berkshire embarked for Malta.

It had 152 admissions into hospital with 3 deaths. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 12.12. The average sick time to each soldier was 11.14 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.10 days.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1887:

1888 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment)

3 Feb 1888 HQ Coy and half a battalion embarked at Cyprus and disembarked in Malta on 9 February. The battalion was quartered in Cottonera and Forrest Hospital.

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 790 men (8 coys). It had 5 admissions into hospital with 4 deaths. 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 23.19. The average sick time to each soldier was 10.74 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.90 days.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1888:

1889 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 857 men (8 coys). It had 361 admissions into hospital with 6 deaths. 10 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 23.41. The average sick time to each soldier was 9.97 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.66 days.

The battalion was at Fort Ricasoli for 7 and a half months and at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 4 and a half months. It had detachments at Pembroke Camp.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church, Valletta in 1889:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1889:

Pte John Andrews drowned following an altercation with a boatman who had ferried him across the Grand Harbour to Fort Ricasoli. Subsequently, scuffles broke out between soldiers from the fort and the local inhabitants.

1890 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

Marsamxetto
Marsamxetto Barracks Valletta

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 875 men. It had 374 admissions (427.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.57/1000 mean strength). 16 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 25.89 (29.59/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.80 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.27 days.

The battalion was at Marsamxetto Barracks and Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months with detachments at Pembroke Camp for 9 months.

Baptisms in 1890:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1890:

1891 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

Frank Bookham
Sgt Frank Bookham A Coy died 31 Jan 1891 aged 25 yrs (Ta' Braxia Cemetery).

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 995 men.

It had 678 admissions (681.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 7 deaths (7.03/1000 mean strength). 20 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 44.67 (44.80/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.30 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.05 days.

The battalion was quartered at Marsamxetto Barracks and Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months.

Baptisms in 1891:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1891:

1892 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

Francis B R Hemphill
Major Francis Bacon Russell Hemphill born Dublin 13 May 1854 died 7 June 1891. He was the son of Mr Sergeant Hemphil QC and Augusta Mary Hemphill nee Stanhope.
(Ta' Braxia Cemetery)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 1004 men.

It had 540 admissions (546.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 11 deaths (10.96/1000 mean strength). 9 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 37.17 (37.02/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.55 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.78 days.

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months. It had detachments at Fort Mosta and Fort St Angelo.

Baptisms in 1892:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1892:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1892:

1893 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 173 men. It had 141 admissions into hospital with 9 deaths. 9 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 13.70. The average sick time to each soldier was 28.00 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 35.46 days.

4 Mar 1893 The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 2 months. It embarked for Bermuda where it arrived on 19 March 1893. It proceeded to Nova Scotia on 2 December 1895.

Baptisms in 1893:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1893:

The 1st/The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's)

1956 1st/The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's)

Aug 1956 The 1st/The Royal Berkshire Regiment arrived from England but left for Nicosia, Cyprus in October.

Bibliography