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Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The 41st (Welch) Regiment

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The 41st (Welch) Regiment

Introduction

The 41st Foot was raised in 1719 from invalids and out-pensioners. In 1741 it was known as the Royal Invalids.

In 1751 the Royal Invalids was numbered 41st in the infantry order of precedence. In 1787 it lost its title of Royal Invalids and became a Regiment of Foot. In 1831 it was given a territorial affiliation, becoming the 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot.

On 3 August 1843, the 41st was granted permission to bear the honour Candahar 1842, in commemoration of the action fought by the regiment in the cantonments at Kandahar Afghanistan on 29 May 1842.

On 1 July 1881, the 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot amalgamated with the 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot to form The Welsh Regiment. The revised spelling of Welch was adopted in 1920.

In June 1969 the Welch Regiment (41st/69th Foot), linked with the South Wales Borderers (24th Foot) to form The Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st Foot).

The 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot

1853 1st/41st (Welch)

28 Feb 1853 The 1st/41st (Welch) Regiment arrived at Malta from Corfu. 585 men disembarked on 1 Mar 1853.

13 Oct HQ company moved from Fort Manoel to Floriana Barracks. The rest of the regiment marched from Fort Tigne and Fort Ricasoli to Floriana Barracks.

The following were buried in 1853:

  • 29 Sep Hannah Elizabeth Barrowdale, daughter of Pte William Barrowdale.
  • 10 Oct Edwin Turnbull son of Sgt Edwin Turnbull.
  • 26 Oct Pte William Browne aged 26 years. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
  • 24 Dec Pte George Barr aged 26 years, (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1854 1st/41st (Welch)

1854 585 men were at Fort Manoel and Floriana Barracks.

Apr The 1st/41st (Welch) Regiment left for Turkey on the declaration of war against Russia.

Nov 1854 In November 1854, the regiment had 18 officers and 678 men serving in the Crimea. 100 recruits joined the regiment on 18 November 1854.

Bowel complaints prevailed among them. Its high incidence was ascribed by the surgeon to the cold and wet weather.

The following were buried in 1854:

  • 3 Jan Pte Frederick Ceasor aged 38 years.
  • 11 Jan Pte Charles Coulton aged 28 years.
  • 7 Feb Pte William Barnett aged 32 years.
  • 11 Apr Mary Ann Morgan aged 8 years, daughter of Pte Morgan.
  • 3 June Ann Targett aged 12 months, daughter of L/Cpl Henry Targett.
  • 1 Aug William French aged 1 year 7 months, son of Pte John French.
  • 25 Oct Anne Maria Marrion aged 4 months 2 weeks, daughter of Pte William Marrion.

1855 1st/41st (Welch)

The following were buried in 1855:

  • 7 Feb Christiana George aged 25 years, wife of Sgt John George 41st Regiment (deceased).
  • 7 May Pte James Dilworth aged 30 years.
  • 4 June Pte Edward Mills aged 40 years.
  • 22 Sep Cpl James Holmes 41st Regiment.

1856 1st/41st (Welch)

The regiment was in the Crimea (1854-56). It gained battle honours for the Alma, Inkerman and Sevastopol.

27 Mar 1856 In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta Bachelor CSgt James Gill born in Clayhidon, Devon, son of William and Isabella Gill married Mary Ann Fitzell spinster daughter of Adam and Grace Fitzell, born in Ireland.

The Welsh Regiment

1 July 1881 The 41st Regiment became The 1st Battalion The Welsh Regiment.

1889 1st/Welsh

24 Aug 1889 The 1st/The Welsh Regiment embarked in Egypt. The men disembarked in Malta on 29 August and marched into Isola Gate Barracks and Polverista Gate Barracks.

It had an average strength of 262 men. It had 159 admissions (606.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.82/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 8.45 (32.25/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.77 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.40 days.

1890 1st/Welsh

The 1st/Welsh Regiment had an average strength of 920 men. It had 545 admissions (592.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 7 deaths (7.61/1000 mean strength). 12 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 29.09 (31.63/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.54 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.48 days.

The 1st/Welsh Regiment was quartered at Isola Gate Cottonera for 11 1/2 months with detachments at Citta Vecchia and Valletta for 2 weeks and Pembroke Camp for 12 months.

The following were buried in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1890:

  • 5 Feb Edward Fabian aged 27 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
  • 15 Mar Valentine Graham aged 1 year 1 month, died at Cottonera.
  • 27 May Ewan Lewis aged 22 years drowned in May.
  • 11 Sep John Jones aged 23 years, died at Francesco de Paola Barracks.
  • 6 Nov H Moulden aged 20 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.

9 Mar Pte Thomas Kerne The Welch Regt aged 22 years, was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery.

8 Dec Pte George Smith was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery.

1891 1st/Welsh

The 1st/Welsh Regiment had an average strength of 939 men. It had 649 admissions (691.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (2.13/1000 mean strength). 16 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 44.28 (47.16/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.21 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.90 days.

The 1st/Welsh Regiment was quartered at Floriana and Citta Vecchia for 12 months.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1891:

  • 17 Mar Pte Russell Rees aged 22 years.
  • 29 May Infant Valentine Edward J Williams aged 14 weeks.
  • 9 June Infant Bertram McDonald aged 7 months.
  • 5 July Infant Walter H Williams aged 18 weeks.

1892 1st/Welsh

The 1st/Welsh Regiment had an average strength of 870 men. It had 783 admissions (900/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (5.75/1000 mean strength). 24 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 45.08 (54.82/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.36 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.07 days.

The 1st/Welsh Regiment was quartered at Floriana and Notre Dame Barracks for 12 months. It had detachments at Citta Vecchia and Marsamxetto Barracks for 7 months.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1892:

  • 16 Jan R Jones.
  • 17 June C Williams aged 26 years.
  • 14 July Infant Clarence Albert McDonald aged 10 weeks.
  • 31 July Pte William Jackson aged 25 years.
  • 30 Aug Bdsm William Ayles aged 20 years.
  • 30 Oct Infant Francis William David Evans aged 7 months.

1893 1st/Welsh

The 1st/Welsh Regiment had an average strength of 461 men. It had 376 admissions (815.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (4.34/1000 mean strength). 15 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 25.02 (54.27/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.81 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.29 days.

The 1st/Welsh Regiment was quartered at Floriana and Notre Dame Barracks for 10 months. It embarked for Pembroke England on 13 Nov 1893.

26 Apr William Gough aged 20 years, died at Cottonera and was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • Cannon J., 1990, The Msida Bastion Cemetery Malta. Bucks Cannon Associates.
  • TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.
  • TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery Msida 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
  • TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.