The 3rd (East Kent–The Buffs) Regiment
The origins of the 3rd (The Buffs) Regiment of Foot dates back to 1665, when some independent companies drawn from the Train Bands of the City of London, served in the Netherlands to reinforce the Dutch in their struggle against Spain. The Holland Regiment (1665 – 1689) returned to England, where in 1708 became the Buffs (1708 – 1751).
In 1751, it was numbered The 3rd (The Buffs) in the infantry order of precedence. Its nickname of The Buffs, taken from the colour of its uniform facings, was incorporated into its title.
In 1782, the title East Kent was added, so that the regiment became The 3rd (East Kent – The Buffs) Regiment of Foot.
On 1 July 1881, the infantry were given a geographical connection with an appropriate territorial title in place of the regimental number. The 1st/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs) Regiment of Foot became The 1st Battalion The Buffs (East Kent) Regiment; the 2nd/3rd Foot became The 2nd Battalion, The Buffs (East Kent Regiment).
The title Royal was granted in 1935 to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of King George V and the regimental name changed to The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment).
In March 1961, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) merged with The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, to form the Queen's Own Buffs The Royal Kent Regiment.
The Buffs received the badge of the Dragon for its valour displayed under the Duke of Marlborough, in the campaigns against Louis XIV, and for which it was awarded the battle honours Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde and Malplaquet. Its Regimental Motto is Veteri Frondescit Honore (May it flourish through its ancient honour).
The 1st/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
1851 1st/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
9 Apr 1851 On 5 Apr 1851, HQ Division consisting of 294 men, 22 women and 22 children embarked at Queenstown on the Athenian. The regiment arrived at Malta on 9 April. It relieved The 44th Foot.
1 Nov 1851 559 men of 1st/3rd Foot occupied Floriana Barracks.
Baptisms in 1851:
- 8 July Alice Battle daughter of Mary and Armourer Sgt Richard Battle.
- 15 July Alfred Henry Morey son of Sarah and Sgt James Morey was baptised on 6 July 1851 by the Rev William Hare Chaplain to the Forces. He was publicly received into the church on 15 July.
- 22 July Thomas Falkner son of Ann and Pte William Falkner.
- 5 Aug Isabella Bailey daughter of Margaret and L/Cpl James Bailey.
- 26 Aug Thomas Young son of Ellen and Cpl Robert Young.
- 11 Nov John Hopper born on 13 October 1851, son of Elizabeth and Pte Thomas Hopper was privately baptised on 14 October 1851. He was publicly received into the church on 11 November.
- 9 Dec Robert Moore born on 24 November 1851, son of Margaret and Pte William Moore.
1852 1st/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
1852 Strength: 524 men. The battalion moved from Floriana Barracks to Fort Lower St Elmo Barracks. The officers were quartered at the Auberge de Bavarie.
Marriages in 1852:
- 26 Aug Widower Sgt Samuel Halton born in the Parish of Birmingham in the County of Warwickshire, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Halton married Janet Burton spinster daughter of Alexander and Charlotte Burton, a minor with the consent of her father, born in Dublin Ireland.
Baptisms in 1852:
- 23 Mar Mary Matilda Amelia King born on 23 February 1852, daughter of Mary Ann and Sgt and School Master John King.
- 27 Apr Patrick John Mansfield born on 20 March 1852, son of Catherine and Sgt Thomas Mansfield.
- 18 May Maria Payne born on 6 May 1852, daughter of Mary Ann and CSgt Payne.
- 13 July Lucy Jane Parr born on 27 June 1852, daughter of Margaret and Pte William Parr.
- 20 July Agnes Mary Wheeler born on 10 June 1852, daughter of Maria and Hospital Sgt Charles Wheeler 3rd Regiment.
- 29 July Harriet Ann Smith born on 29 July 1852, daughter of Ellen and Sgt Richard Smith was privately baptised. She was publicly admitted into the church on 7 September 1852.
- 9 Sep Emma Stillence born on 11 August 1850, daughter of Elizabeth and QM William Stillance.
- 14 Sep Louisa Flora Pope born on 17 July 1852, daughter of Harriet and Ensign and Adjutant James Pope.
- 2 Nov Daniel Silvester Fry born on 13 September 1852, son of Mary Ann and Cpl Abraham Fry.
Burials in 1852:
- 6 Feb Pte James Ward (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
- 17 May Pte John Thompson aged 23 years.
- Pte William Reeves The Buffs. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
- 3 June Georgina Bridge aged 4 years 3 months, daughter of Capt George Bridge.
- 12 July Victoria Jane Payne aged 2 years 6 months, daughter of CSgt Payne 3rd Regt- the Buffs.
1853 1st/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
Jan 1853 Strength: 439 men. A draft of three officers and 21 men left Castlebar Depôt for Dublin on 15 January 1853 to embark for Malta.
24 Jan A draft of three officers and 20 men embarked at Deptford on board transport John Oldham for Malta.
13 Oct 1853 HQ company moved from Lower St Elmo Barracks to Fort Manoel. Two companies occupied Fort Ricasoli, one company moved from Fort Tigne to Fort St Angelo.
Baptisms in 1853:
- 11 Jan Jane Ann Jackson born on 12 December 1852, daughter of Ellen and Cpl Henry Jackson.
- 11 Jan Thomas Colley born on 2 December 1852, son of Jane and Sgt Thomas Colley.
- 18 Jan George Heyatt born on 9 December 1852, son of Mary Jane and Sgt Walter Heyatt.
- 15 Feb Ann Day born on 28 January 1853, daughter of Charlotte and Sgt Thomas Day.
- 22 Mar Mary Ann Faulkner born on 25 February 1853, daughter of Ann and Pte William Faulkner.
- 12 Apr Sarah Jane Marshall born on 22 March 1853, daughter of Mary Ann and Pte Thomas Ambrose Marshall.
- 27 Apr Martha Eliza Batchelor born on 24 March 1853, daughter of Maria and Pte Alfred Batchelor was privately baptised in Valletta. She was publicly received into the church on 7 June 1853.
- 17 May Harriet Sophia Hazell born on 3 May 1853, daughter of Margaret and Pte Thomas Hazell.
- 21 June Ann Ellen Walton born on 30 May 1853, daughter of Janet and Sgt Samuel Walton.
- 16 Aug Henry Eastwood born on 2 August 1853, son of Fanny and Pte Amos Eastwood.
- 23 Aug Elizabeth Mary Ann Parr born on 31 July 1853, daughter of Margaret and Pte William Parr.
- 6 Sep George Cronabury born on 24 July 1853, son of Jane and Pte Christopher Cronabury.
- 4 Oct Edward Howes born on 19 July 1853, son of Eliza and Pay Sgt William Howes.
- 10 Oct Sarah Wilson born on 17 May 1853, daughter of Mary and Sgt William Wilson.
- 10 Dec John Thomas Watson born on 24 November 1853, son of Margaret and Pte John Watson.
- 24 Dec William Charles Battle born on 2 December 1853, son of Mary and Sgt Richard Battle.
Burials in 1853:
- 15 Feb Pte Robert Brown aged 26 years.
- 24 Feb Pte Michael Mansfield aged 35 years.
- 5 Mar Pte Henry Whitall aged 27 years.
- 21 Aug Henry Eastwood aged 18 days, son of Pte Eastwood.
- 3 Sep Isabella Spailing aged 4 years, daughter of Sgt and Master Tailor Philip Spailing.
- 8 Sep Pte George Magson aged 37 years 6 months.
- 10 Sep Maria Wheeler aged 26 years, wife of Sgt Wheeler, (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
- 12 Sep Sgt James Edwards aged 26 years.
- 19 Oct Sarah Wilson aged 5 months, daughter of Sgt William Wilson.
- 2 Dec Pte Jesse Watson aged 25 years.
- 2 Dec Emelia Pilbeam aged 2 days, daughter of Sgt Maj Robert Pilbeam.
- 23 Dec Sgt William Wilson aged 32 years.
1854 1st/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
3 Mar 1854 HQ and 1 coy from Manoel Island and 2 coys moved from Fort Ricasoli to Auberge Bavarie and Fort Lower St Elmo vice the 49th Regiment.
18 Apr During the Crimean War the Buffs formed part of the Malta Garrison. They were kept in reserve at Auberge de Bavarie and Lower St Elmo Barracks until required in the East.
20 May The Steamer Karnak left Cork on 20 May with 60 private soldiers, 3 women and 10 children of 3rd Regiment of Foot, 5 private soldiers, 7 women and 15 children of 9th Regiment of Foot, 102 private soldiers, 6 women and 9 children of 62nd Regiment of Foot, and 47 private soldiers, 2 women and 0 children of 68th Regiment of Foot. The ship was under the medical charge of Assistant Surgeon Andrew risk 23rd Regiment. It arrived at Malta on 31 May 1854. There had been no casualties or sick during the voyage other than a single case of measles.
10 Oct The 1st/3rd moved to Fort Verdala Barracks vice the 9th Foot.
12 Nov 1854 The 1st/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs) embarked for Athens on the Ajax to relieve the 97th Foot, under orders to join the allied forces in the Crimea.
Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1854:
- 11 Apr Batchelor Captain
Walter Pownall born at Walton near Liverpool in the County of Lancashire, son of James and Mary Ann Pownall, married Georgina Eliza Gordon Anderson born in the Parish of Nairn, Scotland, second daughter of Colonel Sir Alexander Anderson, deceased, and Elizabeth his wife.
Capt W Pownall became captain on 6 Dec 1850. He was wounded at Sebastopol on 28 May 1855.
Baptisms in 1854:
- 3 Apr Charles Henry Young born on 3 April 1854, son of Ellen and Cpl Robert Young.
- 12 Apr Frances Emma Smith born on 17 February 1854, daughter of Ellen and Sgt Richard Smith.
- 10 May Jane Payne born on 1 May 1854, daughter of Mary Anne and CSgt William Payne.
- 14 June Ellen Matilda Jenkins born on 1 June 1854, daughter of Cpl Thomas Jenkins 3rd Regiment - The Buffs and Caroline was baptised by Chaplain to the Forces William Hare.
- 15 June Johanna Barrowcliffe born on 2 June 1854, daughter of Pte Joseph Barrowcliffe and Jane.
- 5 July Edward Joseph Eastwood born on 26 June 1854, son of Pte Amos Eastwood and Frances was baptised by Chaplain to the Forces William Hare.
- 21 Aug Anna Spailing born on 8 August 1854, daughter of Jane and Master tailor Philip Sparling.
Burials in 1854:
- 1 May Ellen Young aged 28 years, wife of Cpl Robert Young.
- 22 June Kate Roach aged 1 year, daughter of Sgt Richard Roach.
- 5 July Pte James Gamble aged 33 years 6 months.
- 26 July Cpl James Webb aged 28 years.
- 26 July Pte Thomas Smith Garnett aged 28 years.
- 28 July Pte Richard Winsdale aged 26 years.
- 1 Aug Pte William Lee aged 28 years.
- 4 Aug Charles James Young aged 4 months, son of Cpl Robert Young.
- 22 Aug Anna Spailing aged 14 days, daughter of Master Tailor Sgt Philip Spailing.
- 28 Aug Rose Elizabeth Summers aged 3 years 11 months, daughter of Sgt Thomas Summers.
- 3 Sep Isabella Spailing aged 4 years, daughter of Master Tailor Sgt Philip Spailing.
- 8 Sep Pte George Robson aged 22 years.
- 12 Sep Pte John Thomas Roberts aged 18 years.
- 7 Oct Sgt Thomas Mansfield aged 32 years.
- 15 Oct John Henry Jackson aged 5 years 6 months, son of Pte Jackson.
- 19 Nov Johanna Barrowcliff aged 5 months 2 weeks, daughter of Pte Joseph Barrowcliff.
- 26 Dec Thomas F B Somers aged 14 months, son of Sgt Thomas Somers.
1855 1st/3rd East Kent–The Buffs
27 Mar 1855 On 24 March 1855, 570 men embarked at Piraeus Greece. They arrived at Malta on 27 March.
14 Apr 1855 The 1st/3rd East Kent–The Buffs embarked for the Crimea. It served in the Crimea until 10 May 1856, when it embarked for the Ionian Islands.
Baptisms in 1855:
- 7 Feb Rosa Elizabeth Jackson born on 19 January 1855, daughter of Ellen Elizabeth and Pte Henry Jackson 3rd Regiment The Buffs.
Burials in 1855:
- 7 Oct Pte Henry Hudson aged 23 years.
East Kent Militia
1855 East Kent Militia
On 25 April 1855, 547 men, 50 women and 45 children of the East Kent Militia arrived to form part of the garrison.
Baptisms in 1855:
- 19 July Alfred Richardson born on 8 July 1855, son of Frances Maria and Cpl William Richardson.
- 25 July William Henry Heyburn born on 3 June 1855, son of Mary Ann and Pte Richard Heyburn.
- 29 Aug Catherine Susanna Mayer born on 8 August 1855, daughter of Catherine Susanna and QM Sgt James Mayer.
- 29 Aug James Clinton born on 31 July 1855, son of Jane and Dmr George Clinton.
- 19 Sep Elizabeth Ellen Mepham born on 18 June 1855, daughter of Catherine and Sgt Edmund Mepham.
- 21 Nov William Thomas Brown born on 23 October 1855, son of Harriet and Pte James Brown.
- 5 Dec Mary Jane Catherine Arnold born on 15 October 1855, daughter of Mary Anne and Pte William John Arnold.
- 17 Dec Henry William Newton born on 5 December 1855, son of Anne and Pte William Henry Newton.
- 26 Dec Charles Edmund Jones born on 4 December 1855, son of Elizabeth and Sgt George Edmund Jones.
Burials in 1855:
- 12 May Pte John Bradley aged 19 years.
- 26 July Alfred Richardson son of Cpl Richardson aged 17 days.
- 26 July James Mayner son of QM Sgt James Mayner aged 1 year.
- 7 Aug William H Newton son of Pte William H Newton aged 16 months.
- 4 Sep William Broadbridge son of Pte Frederick Broadbridge aged 3 years 6 months.
- 9 Sep Pte James Monnt aged 21 years.
- 19 Sep Pte Charles Clear aged 35 years.
- 19 Sep Pte Henry Thomas aged 24 years.
- 22 Sep Pte Henry Gill aged 19 years.
- 28 Sep Pte Frederick Graham aged 23 years.
- 29 Sep Pte James Ashdown aged 35 years.
- 6 Oct Elizabeth Carpenter aged 38 years 6 months, wife of Pte John Carpenter (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
- 9 Oct Pte James Hillyer aged 26 years.
- 11 Oct Pte John Thomas Wilkins aged 19 years.
- 18 Oct Pte Henry Vallins aged 22 years.
- 23 Oct Sgt Henry Allright aged 21 years.
- 28 Oct Pte John Rowcliffe aged 19 years.
- 31 Oct Pte William Bradford aged 22 years.
- 5 Nov James Clinton aged 3 months, son of Drm George Clinton.
- 7 Nov Pte John Hogben aged 27 years.
- 8 Nov Ann Campbell aged 31 years, wife of Sgt Campbell.
- 14 Nov George Clinton aged 7 years 10 months, son of Dmr George Clinton.
- 26 Nov William Brown aged 1 month, son of Pte James Brown.
- 1 Dec Frances Hardinge aged 28 years, wife of Schoolmaster C J Hardinge.
- 6 Dec Mary Hewer aged 47 years, wife of Paymaster Sgt William Hewer (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
- 6 Dec Harriet Brown aged 22 years, wife of Pte James Browne.
- 12 Dec L/Cpl Stephen Cooper aged 18 years.
- 26 Dec William Henry Newton aged 1 month, son of Pte Henry W Newton.
1856 East Kent Militia
The East Kent Militia served in Malta from 25 April 1855 to 4 June 1856.
Baptisms in 1856:
- 30 Jan George Alfred Catchpool born 18 January 1856, son of Martha Elizabeth and Sgt Maj John Cathchpool East Kent Militia.
- 19 Mar Gerald George Whitehead born 29 January 1856, son of Frances Elizabeth and Adjutant and Capt Frederick George Whitehead East Kent Militia.
- 28 May Mary Anne Elizabeth Dady born 21 January 1856, daughter of Mary Anne and Pte James Dady East Kent Militia.
The 1st/The Buffs (East Kent) Regiment
1882 – The 1st/The Buffs (East Kent) Regiment
11 Sep 1882 The 1st/The Buffs left Aldershot and embarked at Portsmouth on 11 September 1882. It disembarked at Malta on 20 September.
20 Sep Soon after its arrival, 8 Coys, HQ Coy, 25 officers, 47 Sgts, 16 Trumpeters or Drummers, 724 Rank and File and 5 horses, embarked on the transport Iberia for Queenstown where The Buffs disembarked on 29 September 1882.
1884 – The 1st/The Buffs (East Kent) Regiment
17 Oct 1884 The 1st/The Buffs moved to Buttevant. On 29 January 1885, it left Buttevant and embarked for Malta.
1885 1st/The Buffs (East Kent)
29 Jan 1885 The 1st/The Buffs (East Kent) Regiment embarked at Queenstown for Malta. 1,037 men (8 coys) disembarked in Malta on 9 February 1885.
The 1st/East Kent Regiment had an average strength of 580 men. It had 564 admissions (972.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 12 deaths (20.68 deaths/1000 mean strength). 14 invalids returned to England.
Its average constantly sick was 37.20 (64.13/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 23.41 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.07 days.
A corporal killed himself by slashing his throat. No motive or mental aberration could be discovered in this case.
A canteen sergeant shot himself through the head after irregularities were discovered in the accounts.
12 Sep The 1st/The Buffs (East Kent) Regiment embarked for Singapore, arriving there on 9 October 1885.
A detachment of 192 all ranks (173 rank and file) was left at Malta when the regiment sailed for Singapore.
1886 1st/The Buffs (East Kent)
June 1886 The detachment of 111 men left Malta Command.
The 2nd/The 3rd (East Kent–The Buffs) Regiment of Foot
1858 2nd/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
16 Apr 1858 The 2nd/3rd Foot embarked at Cork and Portsmouth for Malta.
1 May Strength: Rank and File 498 (6 Coys Effective), 480 (Established).
Together with the 10 Coys of the 2nd/2nd Regiment, the 10 Coys of the 28th Foot, and the 6 Coys of the Royal Malta Fencible Regiment, the 3rd (East Kent–The Buffs) formed part of 2nd Brigade.
1 Sep Strength: 35 Officers, 42 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 787 rank and file, 883 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,849 rank and file). A detachment was at Fort Ricasoli.
1 Dec 1858 Strength: 37 Officers, 42 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 778 rank and file, 876 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,618 rank and file).
Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:
- 17 May Bachelor Sgt Washington Busman to Hannah Barnes spinster born in Torquay, Devon.
- 15 June Bachelor CSgt Patrick Walsh to Mary Anne Williams spinster, born in Cork.
- 23 Sep Bachelor Armourer Sgt William Horrocks to Catharine Fitzgerald, spinster daughter of Thomas and Catharine Fitzgerald born in Cork.
Baptisms in 1858:
- 28 May Eliza White, daughter of Hanna and Pte William White.
- 24 June Mary Jane Walsh born 31 May 1858, daughter of Mary and Pte William Walsh.
- 4 Aug Francis Andrew Brew son of Mary and Sgt Maj George Brew.
Burials in Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pietà in 1858:
- 26 July Rose Sargent aged 25 years, wife of Maj John Neptune Sargent 2nd/3rd Regiment.
J N Sargent was commissioned ensign by purchase on 19 January 1844 and became a Brevet Major on 2 November 1855 and a Major 3rd (East Kent) Regiment (The Buffs) on 26 February 1856.
Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1858:
- 14 Sep Pte Henry Kennedy aged 20 years.
- 4 Oct Pte William Ward aged 18 years.
- 19 Oct Pte F Simmons aged 19 years.
- 18 Nov Pte John Watling.
1859 2nd/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
1 Jan 1859 Strength: 37 Officers, 42 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 757 rank and file, 855 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,537 rank and file).
1 Apr – 26 Aug Location: Floriana Barracks.
1 Aug Strength: 37 Officers, 45 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 806 rank and file, 909 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).
27 Aug – 31 Dec Location: Isola Gate, San Francesco de Paola Barracks, and St Elena Gate Vittoriosa.
In 1859, the regiment had 233.2 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 4.64 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.
1 Dec 1859 Strength: 39 Officers, 44 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 808 rank and file, 912 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7,044 rank and file).
Baptisms in 1859:
- 20 Mar Mary Anne Catherine Orlopp born 28 February 1859, daughter of Catherine and CSgt Adam Orlopp.
- 3 Apr William Henry Gladwin born 7 March 1859, son of Sarah and Sgt Henry James Gladwin.
- 22 May Lucy Agnes Caroline Somerset born 28 March 1859, daughter of Harriet Lade and Capt Henry George Edward Somerset.
- 17 July Bridget Ann Collett born 24 April 1859, daughter of Bridget and Sgt Aaron Collett was received into the church, having been baptised privately.
- 31 July Charles Horatio Busman born 11 July 1859, son of Hannah and Paymaster Sgt Washington Busman.
- 11 Sep Frederick John Laurie born 11 September 1859, son of Elizabeth and Cpl Joseph Laurie.
- 9 Oct James Richard Smith, son of Elizabeth and Charles Smith.
Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1859:
- 25 Feb Pte Andrew Brenkey aged 19 years.
- 9 Apr William Godfrey Featherstone son of Sgt Edward Featherstone.
- 29 Apr Pte Aaron Reid aged 20 years.
- 13 June Jane Walsh aged 32 years, wife of CSgt William Walsh.
- 3 July Margaret Kelly aged 5 years, stepdaughter of Sgt William Barton.
- 22 Aug Thomas Alexander Jackson son of James Jackson.
Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1859:
- 3 July Christopher Israel Clarke aged 11 months, son of School Master C Clarke.
- 18 Oct Sarah Bowman aged 8 months, daughter of Frederick Bowman 1st/3rd Buffs (deceased).
- 18 Nov Cecilia Pittendrigh aged 2 years, daughter of QM George Pittendrigh.
Burials at Rock Gate Cemetery in 1859:
- 31 Aug Pte William Ward aged 18 years 2nd/3rd Regiment.
- 4 Sep LCpl Thomas Hill aged 23 years.
- 11 Sep Pte William Morris aged 19 years.
- 23 Sep Eliza White aged 1 year 4 months, daughter of Pte William White.
- 18 Nov Elizabeth Mary Ann Shaw aged 29 years, wife of CSgt William Shaw.
- 20 Nov Pte Robert Crow aged 26 years.
- 20 Dec Pte Joseph Button.
1860 2nd/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
|Average Strength||Admissions Hospital||Deaths||Admissions/1000||Deaths/1000|
|Admissions into hospital and deaths during the year with ratio of admissions and deaths per 1000 of strength. The average strength of the troops, exclusive of the Royal Malta Fencibles, was 5,950 men.|
1 Jan 1860 Strength: 39 Officers, 43 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 808 rank and file, 911 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7018 rank and file).
The 2nd/3rd Foot was quartered in Fort Verdala, Cottonera.
The regiment had the largest number of deaths in the garrison. 248 soldiers were admitted with continued fevers with 6 deaths. In June, when admissions from continued fevers became very numerous, tents were pitched for 200 of the men to sleep in with a view to diminish the over crowding in barracks. As this approach appeared to prove satisfactory, it was adopted in July by the 1st/22nd Foot, the 23rd Foot and Rifle Brigade and the rooms on the ground floor of Lower St Elmo Barracks were vacated by the married men of the 23rd Regiment.
On 20 September, detachments were sent by the various regiments to Pembroke Camp for rifle practice and the barracks were thus relieved for the remainder of the year by about 1200 men.
The 2nd/3rd Regiment had 216 admissions into hospital for ophthalmia. The disease took the form of a simple inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1860:
- 4 Apr Margaret Brew aged 5 months, daughter of Sgt G Brew.
Burials in Rock Gate Cemetery in 1860:
- 4 Jan Pte William Benson aged 31 years.
- 27 Jan Pte Joseph Lowcock aged 22 years.
- 7 Feb William Henry Gladwin aged 8 months, son of Pte H J Gladwin.
- 17 Mar Sgt Aaron Collett.
- 5 June Pte John Sowbridge.
- 27 June L/Cpl Joseph Duke.
- 28 June Frances Jane Wernham aged 1 year.
- 17 July Pte William A Tomkins.
- 30 Sep Charlotte Susan Dillon aged 6 months, daughter of Thomas Dillon.
- 27 Nov Pte Thomas Jones aged 27 years.
- 16 Dec Elizabeth Wernham aged 24 years, wife of Armourer Sgt Wernham.
1861 2nd/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
In 1861, the regiment had an average strength of 873 men, 678 hospital admissions (777 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths among the invalids (2.95 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).
The 2nd/3rd Regiment occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks in which continued fever had been so prevalent and fatal in 1859 but which in 1861 only accounted for 90 admissions (103 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with no deaths. To avoid overcrowding, four companies were sent to Pembroke Camp during the summer months.
Burials in Rock Gate Cemetery in 1861:
- 4 Feb Mary Elizabeth Grant aged 1 year 4 months, daughter of Sgt Grant.
Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1861:
- 15 Sep Emily Jane Gladwin aged 1 year 5 months, daughter of Sgt H J Gladwin.
Burials in Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pietà in 1861:
- 23 Oct George Henry Storks Pittendrigh aged 1 year 2 months, son of QM George Pittendrigh.
1862 2nd/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs)
In 1862, the regiment had an average strength of 382 men, 184 hospital admissions (482 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital and 1 among the invalids (5.24 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).
The 2nd/3rd (East Kent–The Buffs) occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks during the first half of the year.
11 June 1862 The 2nd/3rd Foot embarked for Gibraltar where it arrived on 18 June 1862. It was relieved by The 1st/25th (The King's Own Borderers) Regiment from Gibraltar.
Burials in Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1862:
- 8 Apr Caroline Pettendrigh aged 33 years, wife of QM Pettendrigh at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.
Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1862:
- 24 Jan Julia Savage aged 1 year 10 months, daughter of Master Tailor Savage.
- 10 Aug Pte John Waller Light Coy The Buffs accidentally drowned in the Quarantine Harbour.
The 4th/The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
1940 4th/Buffs (Royal East Kent)
10 Nov 1940 HMS Barham and other ships arrived at Malta from England via Gibraltar with over 2000 Army personnel on board including 4th/Buffs and 12 Field Regiment Royal Artillery.
1941 4th/Buffs (Royal East Kent)
31 Mar 1941 Strength: 32 officers and 663 men. Commanding officer Lt Col Marshall. In June 4th/Buffs were at Attard and Cowsheds.
14 Apr Numerous bombs fell in the are around Attard. B Coy 4th/Buffs sustained four battle casualties which were evacuated to Medical Aid Post Attard. Two were moved to General Hospital Mtarfa where No 6096441 Pte James Boorman died form his multiple injuries.
30 Sep Strength: 35 officers and 1105 men.
1942 4th/Buffs (Royal East Kent)
21 Mar 1942 No 6288229 Pte Raymond Edwin Siviour aged 26 years was killed in action.
1943 4th/Buffs (Royal East Kent)
6 Sep 1943 The 4th/Buffs left Malta.
The 1st/5th/The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
1915 – 1st/5th/The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1915:
- 31 Aug Pte Handcock W E aged 25 years.
- Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
- Rudolf R., 1988. Campaign histories of the Infantry Regiments of the British Army, Hayward and Sons, Polstead Suffolk.
- Badges of H M Services. Briggs and Co Ltd, Manchester.
- Cannon J., 1990, The Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Malta. Bucks Cannon Associates.
- The Malta Times, No 611 dated 31 October 1854.
- TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
- TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
- TNA:WO 156/112. Burial Register from 16 January 1837 to 28 August 1853.
- TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials Sept 1853 to June 1862.
- TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
- TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.