RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

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The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

Introduction

The 36th Regiment was raised in Ireland in 1701 by William Caulfeild 2nd Viscount Charlemont.

It was numbered 36th Foot in 1751, to which the title Herefordshire was added in 1782.

On 1 July 1881, the 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment amalgamated with the 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment to form the Worcestershire Regiment. The motto Firm is that of the 36th Foot.

In 1920, The Worcestershire Regiment linked with the Sherwood Foresters Regiment to form the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29th/45th Foot).

The 1st/36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

1817 36th (Herefordshire)

27 Sep 1817 778 men of the 36th Regiment arrived from Portsmouth.

1818 36th (Herefordshire)

1818 Strength: 799 men.

Feb 1818 Death of Pte John Chadwick Light Coy 36th Regiment. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1819 36th (Herefordshire)

21 June–20 Dec 1819 The regiment had a total of 34 officers, 701 men, 84 women and 119 children on its strength during this period. 13 officers, 30 women and 50 children were admitted to hospital. There were no deaths among the officers and women, but seven children died during this reporting period. A detachment was on command at Gozo.

Monthly abstract of admissions and deaths 36th Regiment
From 21 June to 20 December 1819
Month Acute Diseases
Adm/Dths
Chronic Diseases
Adm/Dths
Surgical Diseases
Adm/Dths
Total Admissions/Deaths
July 29/0 1/0 15/0 45/0
August 31/2 4/0 28/0 63/2
September 25/0 5/0 23/0 53/0
October 25/1 3/0 21/0 49/1
November 19/1 4/1 25/0 48/2
December 8/2 4/0 18/0 30/2
TOTAL 137/6 21/1 130/0 288/7
Table 1: Monthly abstract of Admissions and Deaths 36th Regiment for the period 21 June to 20 December 1819 (TNA:WO 334/1)

Between June to December 1819, the average number of sick soldiers was 25 a day. The proportion of sick to healthy was 1 in 28. The regimental surgeon listed the prevailing diseases as: Febris Continua Communis (59 cases), Ophthalmia (13 cases), Pneumonia (7 cases), Acute Hepatitis (15 cases), Chronic Hepatitis, Dysentery (14 cases), Diarrhoea (2), Syphilis, Gonorrhoea (18 cases), and Hernia Humoralis (7 cases).

Simple Continued Fever accounted for 59 admissions with 1 death. The number of fever cases decreased during the last three months of the year. Patients were bled "according to the vigour and urgency of the symptoms".1 In addition they were loaded with purgatives, diaphoretics, and diluents. Their surgeon reported that a careful administration of these remedies has seldom failed in lessening the violence of the arterial action, restoring the regularity of the bowels, and re-establishing the functions of the skin.1 Headaches accompanying the fever were treated by the use of the lancet to the temporal arteries, attaching leeches to the head, or by the cold applications to the head. It was no wonder that many soldiers manifested the greatest reluctance to go into hospital, and consequently not infrequently concealed their complaints until they are compelled by excruciating sufferings or the strong arm of Military Discipline.1

Between June to December 1819, the number of deaths in proportion to diseases was 1 in 45. The recorded deaths were: Pte John Medhurst (Fever), Pte Edward Williams (Acute Hepatitis), Pte John Beggs (Chronic Hepatitis), Pte John Hook (Phthisis), two unknown cases (Dysentery). In addition a soldier was executed (shot) by sentence of a General Court Martial, and another, Pte Joseph Gibbs, drowned while bathing.

The following died in 1819:

1820 36th (Herefordshire)

Dec 1820 HQ and six companies left Malta for Zante in the Ionian Islands.

The following were married in 1820:

The following were baptised in 1820:

The following died in Malta in 1820:

1821 36th (Herefordshire)

14 June 1821 A detachment of 227 men, 21 women, and 29 children moved to Cephalonia where they were joined by the companies from Zante. In Nov they relocated to Corfu due to the large number of sick, while their worst cases were sent to Malta to recover.

The following were baptised in 1821:

1822

Malta 1822 The detachment from Malta joined the main body in Cephalonia.

The following were baptised in 1822:

1823 36th (Herefordshire)

The following was baptised in Malta in 1823:

1824 36th (Herefordshire)

The following were baptised in Malta in 1824:

1825 36th (Herefordshire)

The following were baptised in 1825:

1826 36th (Herefordshire)

The following were baptised in 1826:

The 1st/The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

8 Nov 1855 Burial of Capt John Rotton 36th Regiment.

Bibliography