Of the Malta Garrison
36th (Herefordshire)

The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

The 36th Regiment was raised in Ireland in 1701 by William Caulfeild 2nd Viscount Charlemont.

It was numbered 36th Foot in 1751, to which the title Herefordshire was added in 1782.

On 1 July 1881, the 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment amalgamated with the 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment to form the Worcestershire Regiment. The 36th becoming the Second Battalion. The motto Firm is that of the 36th Foot.

In 1920, The Worcestershire Regiment linked with the Sherwood Foresters Regiment to form the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29th/45th Foot).

The 1st/36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

1817 36th (Herefordshire)

27 Sep 1817 778 men of the 36th Regiment arrived from Portsmouth.

1818 36th (Herefordshire)

1818 Strength: 799 men.

Burials at the Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana in 1818:

1819 36th (Herefordshire)

21 June–20 Dec 1819 The regiment had a total of 34 officers, 701 men, 84 women and 119 children on its strength during this period. 13 officers, 30 women and 50 children were admitted to hospital. There were no deaths among the officers and women, but seven children died during this reporting period. A detachment was on command at Gozo.

Monthly abstract of admissions and deaths 36th Regiment
From 21 June to 20 December 1819
Month Acute Diseases
Chronic Diseases
Surgical Diseases
Total Admissions/Deaths
July 29/0 1/0 15/0 45/0
August 31/2 4/0 28/0 63/2
September 25/0 5/0 23/0 53/0
October 25/1 3/0 21/0 49/1
November 19/1 4/1 25/0 48/2
December 8/2 4/0 18/0 30/2
TOTAL 137/6 21/1 130/0 288/7
Table 1: Monthly abstract of Admissions and Deaths 36th Regiment for the period 21 June to 20 December 1819 (TNA:WO 334/1)

Between June to December 1819, the average number of sick soldiers was 25 a day. The proportion of sick to healthy was 1 in 28. The regimental surgeon listed the prevailing diseases as: Febris Continua Communis (59 cases), Ophthalmia (13 cases), Pneumonia (7 cases), Acute Hepatitis (15 cases), Chronic Hepatitis, Dysentery (14 cases), Diarrhoea (2), Syphilis, Gonorrhoea (18 cases), and Hernia Humoralis (7 cases).

Simple Continued Fever accounted for 59 admissions with 1 death. The number of fever cases decreased during the last three months of the year. Patients were bled "according to the vigour and urgency of the symptoms".1 In addition they were loaded with purgatives, diaphoretics, and diluents. Their surgeon reported that a careful administration of these remedies has seldom failed in lessening the violence of the arterial action, restoring the regularity of the bowels, and re-establishing the functions of the skin.1 Headaches accompanying the fever were treated by the use of the lancet to the temporal arteries, attaching leeches to the head, or by the cold applications to the head. It was no wonder that many soldiers manifested the greatest reluctance to go into hospital, and consequently not infrequently concealed their complaints until they are compelled by excruciating sufferings or the strong arm of Military Discipline.1

Between June to December 1819, the number of deaths in proportion to diseases was 1 in 45. The recorded deaths were: Pte John Medhurst (Fever), Pte Edward Williams (Acute Hepatitis), Pte John Beggs (Chronic Hepatitis), Pte John Hook (Phthisis), two unknown cases (Dysentery). In addition a soldier was executed (shot) by sentence of a General Court Martial, and another, Pte Joseph Gibbs, drowned while bathing.

Burials in the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana in 1819:

1820 36th (Herefordshire)

Dec 1820 HQ and six companies left Malta for Zante in the Ionian Islands.

Marriages in 1820:

Baptisms in 1820:

Burials in 1820:

1821 36th (Herefordshire)

14 June 1821 A detachment of 227 men, 21 women, and 29 children moved to Cephalonia where it was joined by the companies from Zante. In November it relocated to Corfu due to the large number of sick, while the worst cases were sent to the Convalescent Depôt established in Gozo, Malta.

Baptisms in 1821:

1822 36th (Herefordshire)

Malta 1822 The detachment from Malta joined the main body in Cephalonia.

Baptisms in 1822:

Deaths in 1822:

1823 36th (Herefordshire)

Baptisms in 1823:

Burials in 1823:

1824 36th (Herefordshire)

Baptisms in 1824:

Burials in 1824:

1825 36th (Herefordshire)

Baptisms in 1825:

Burials in 1825:

1826 36th (Herefordshire)

Baptisms in 1826:

The 1st/The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment


Baptisms in 1855:


J Francis Foster
Memorial to 36th Reg - India 4 Aug 1863 to 18 Dec 1875 (Hereford Cathedral)

11 Feb 1869 Assistant Surgeon John Francis Foster aged 30 years, died at Malta on his passage home following his tour of service in India. (Drew lists him as John Frederick Foster).

The regimental surgeon, Arthur Bell died at Peshawar on 2 October 1869, aged 41 years.

The 1st/1st Herefordshire Regiment

The 1st/Herefordshire Regiment landed at Suvla Bay, Gallipoli on 9 August 1915, as part of the 53rd Division.

1915 – 1st/Herefordshire

Burials at Pietà Military Cemetery in 1915: