In 1751 it was numbered 28th in the order of precedence of the infantry. In 1782 it was granted its territorial association with North Gloucestershire.
On 1 July 1881, The 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment merged with the 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot to form the 1st Battalion The Gloucestershire Regiment.
The 28th had the unique distinction of wearing the Sphinx at the back of their head dress as well as at the front. This commemorates the action of 21 March 1801, when the men fought the French back to back under General Sir Ralph Abercrombie in the Egyptian Campaign. After 1815, officers wore a white metal rectangle with the Sphinx for Egypt over 28th on the back of their shako, which later became the white metal Sphinx. The Sphinx shown is a female one, a Greek creature and not the true Egyptian male Sphinx. The Egyptian male sphinx, had a beard and its tail laid on its back, whereas the female Sphinx had large breasts and a tail which stood up vertically over its back.
4 Mar 1854 The 1st/28th arrived from England by steam navigation. It had a smooth passage with little discomfort. The regiment was quartered at Bighi, San Salvatore, Zabbar, and Valletta before its departure for Turkey and the Crimea on 7 April 1854.
In Nov 1854 the regiment had 21 officers and 561 serving in the Crimea. Bowel complaints were common and cases of cholera broke out. Some soldiers showed symptoms of scurvy.
Surgeon Marlow ascribed the prevalence of bowel complaints to the wet and cold weather, fatigue and insufficient clothing, the men being literally in rags. They had insufficient bedding, having only one blanket each.
The 1st/28th Regiment had an average strength of 636 men. It had 513 admissions (806.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths including 1 among the invalids (6.29 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 22 invalids returned to England. One man died of pyaemia, the primary lesion being an infection of the dorsum of his foot.
The 28th Regiment had 29 admissions for simple continued fever, most of which were of a mild character; a few were complicated with visceral lesions and several were very tedious, being followed by neuralgia and rheumatism.
1 Jan 1874 The men were at Lower St Elmo Barracks.
The 28th Foot had an average strength of 635 men. It had 508 admissions (800/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 8 deaths including 4 among the invalids (12.60 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 36 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 25.0 (39.37/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.36 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.96 days.
The men were at Fort Ricasoli.
18 Dec 1875 The 1st/28th embarked for Hong Kong where it arrived on 1 February 1876. It was replaced in the garrison by the 98th (The Prince of Wales's) Regiment which disembarked from the West Indies on 13 Dec 1875.
The 1st/Gloucestershire Regiment
1 July 1881 The 28th Regiment became The 1st Battalion The Gloucester Regiment.
1 Nov 1893 The 1st/Gloucestershire Regiment left Aldershot and embarked at Portsmouth. It disembarked in Malta on 11 November 1893.
It had an average strength of 118 men, 188 admissions (1593.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 3 deaths (25.42/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.
Its average constantly sick was 7.06 (59.83/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.84 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 13.71 days.
The 1st/Gloucestershire Regiment was quartered at Pembroke Camp for 2 months. The men were largely employed on leveling the camp, laying out gardens and rebuilding the musketry butts.
An outbreak of enteric fever took place at Pembroke Camp. The fever broke out 15 days after the heavy rains of 13 – 14 Nov 1893. The first case was admitted on 28 November. A commission was appointed by the Government to investigate the outbreak. The commission identified the introduction of milk into the camp by irregular vendors as well as contamination of the drinking water as a possible source of the epidemic. Open tanks collected rain water in winter and aqueduct water in summer. The tanks had no filter beds.
The 1st/Gloucestershire Regiment had an average strength of 981 men. It had 818 admissions (833.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.07/1000 mean strength). 8 invalids returned to England.
Its average constantly sick was 70.97 (72.34/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 26.40 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 31.66 days.
The 1st/Gloucestershire Regiment was in Pembroke Camp Barracks for 12 months.
The 1st/Gloucestershire Regiment had an average strength of 906 men. It had 621 admissions (683.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (6.62/1000 mean strength). 19 invalids returned to England.
Its average constantly sick was 45.78 (50.53/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.44 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.91 days.
21 Nov 1895 The 1st/Gloucestershire Regiment was in Pembroke Camp Barracks for 1 month and Isola Gate for 10 months. It embarked for Egypt in November 1895 and for Bombay from Egypt on 6 February 1897.
The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1895:
25 JuneWalter Thomas Harding aged 1 year, son of Pte Harding died at Cottonera.
7 AugEdith Elizabeth Muriel Keitley aged 4 moths died at Cottonera.
30 OctRobert George Hewitt aged 5 weeks son of CSgt Hewitt died at Cottonera.
11 Nov Pte George Nurse aged 21 years died at Cottonera.
16 Nov Pte Caroline Jane Mathews aged 33 years wife of Sgt Mathews died at Cottonera.