Regiments
Of the Malta Garrison
21st
(Royal North British
Fusiliers)

The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers)

The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers) was raised in 1678, as Colonel The Earl of Mar's Regiment of Foot. It was described as a fusilier regiment in 1691.

In 1712, it became The Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.

In 1751 it was numbered 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.

In 1877, the regimental title changed to The 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers), and to The 1st Battalion The Royal Scots Fusiliers in the Cardwell reforms of 1 July 1881.

In 1959, The 1st/Royal Scots Fusiliers amalgamated with The 1st/Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment).

The 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1855 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

Burials in 1855:

1856 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

2 June 1856 The 1st/21st arrived from Balaclava in the Crimea. It had 917 men at Fort Ricasoli.

Burials in 1856:

1857 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1 Mar 1857 Strength: 776 men at Fort Ricasoli.

King Henry
Capt Henry King drowned on 28 Mar 1857 aged 23 yrs (Msida Bastion Cemetery)
King Henry
Memorial Capt Henry King, Rochester Cathedral
Thomas Coakley
Thomas Coakley died 30 Oct 1857 aged 20 yrs 6 mths (Ta Braxia Pietà).

Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1857:

Baptisms in 1857:

Burials in Floriana cemetery in 1857:

Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pietà in 1857:

1858 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1 Jan 1858 Strength: Rank and File 806 (Effective), 800 (Established). Together with the 1st/14th Foot and 57th Foot, the ten companies of 21st Foot formed part of 1st Brigade.

1 Dec Strength: 29 Officers, 44 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 786 rank and file, 878 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,618 rank and file).

Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:

Baptisms in 1858:

Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1858:

Burials in Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pietà in 1858:

1859 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

Thomas Coakley
Thomas Coakley died 30 Oct 1857 aged 20 yrs 6 mths. Served at the siege and capture of Sebastopol and the expedition to Kimburn. This was the first burial in Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pietà.

1 Jan 1859 Strength: 29 Officers, 42 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 752 rank and file, 844 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,537 rank and file).

1 Jun Strength: 31 Officers, 46 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 805 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6,937 rank and file).

1 Dec 1859 Strength: 36 Officers, 46 NCOs, 18 Buglers/Drummers, 802 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7,044 rank and file).

In 1859, the regiment had 129.7 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 2.36 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

Marriages in 1859:

Baptisms in 1859:

Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1859:

Burials in Rock Gate Cemetery in 1859:

Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1859:

1860 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

Admissions and Deaths during 1860
Average Strength Admissions Hospital Deaths Admissions/1000 Deaths/1000
142 111   782  
Admissions into hospital and deaths during the year with ratio of admissions and deaths per 1000 of strength. The average strength of the troops, exclusive of the Royal Malta Fencibles, was 5,950 men.

1 Jan 1860 Strength: 36 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 791 rank and file, 890 total all ranks.

17 Mar 1860 The 1st/21st embarked on the troop ship Himalaya and left for the West Indies. It arrived in Barbados on 6 April where it relieved 49th Foot.

During its nine months in Barbados, the regiment had 84 cases of remittent fever with two deaths. The 1st/21st was deemed to have been exceptionally healthy the year before it left Malta, for whilst the admissions for fever were exceedingly numerous in other regiments, the 1st/21st was the only corps which appeared to have enjoyed a marked exemption from the disease.1

The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own)

1961 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers

1961 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers were at St Patrick's Barracks Pembroke, with a coy in Benghazi towards the end of the year.

1962 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers

1962 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers sailed to England on the troopship HMT Oxfordshire. It was the last army unit to move by troopship.

Bibliography