RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The 21st
(Royal North British Fusiliers)

search maltaramc

The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers)

Introduction

The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers) was raised in 1678, as Colonel The Earl of Mar's Regiment of Foot. It was described as a fusilier regiment in 1691.

In 1712, it became The Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.

In 1751 it was numbered 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.

In 1877, the regimental title changed to The 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers), and to The Royal Scots Fusiliers in the Cardwell reforms of 1 July 1881.

In 1959, The 1st/Royal Scots Fusiliers amalgamated with The 1st/Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment).

The 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1855 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

14 Aug 1855 Burial of Pte William Pomeroy 21st Fusiliers aged 20 years.

1856 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

2 June 1856 The 1st/21st arrived from Balaclava in the Crimea. It had 917 men at Fort Ricasoli.

7 July Burial of Cpl William Erskine aged 24 years.

1857 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1 Mar 1857 Strength: 776 men at Fort Ricasoli.

The following were baptised in 1857:

  • 12 Aug Mary Jane Cooper born 18 July 1857, daughter of Jane and Sgt John Cooper.
  • 12 Aug Marion Chambers born 10 July 1857, daughter of Marion and Sgt Robert Chambers.
  • 26 Aug Catharine Webb born 2 August 1857, daughter of Jane and Pte William Webb.
  • 9 Sep Ellen Forster born 26 July 1857, daughter of Ellen and Sgt James Forster.

The following were buried in Floriana cemetery in 1857:

  • 30 Mar Capt Henry King 21st Fusiliers aged 28 years son of The Venerable Walker King Archdeacon of Rochester.
  • 31 Oct Lt and Adjutant Thomas Coakley 21st Fusiliers aged 20 years at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.

3 Feb In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, bachelor Sgt Abraham Bailey of the band of the 21st Royal North British Fusiliers married Charlotte Elizabeth Miller, spinster daughter of John and Elizabeth Miller of Athlone County Roscommon, Ireland.

1858 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1 Mar 1858 Strength: Rank and File 803 (effective), 800 (established). Together with 14th Foot and 57th Foot, the ten companies of 21st Foot formed part of 1st Brigade.

1 Dec Strength: 29 Officers, 44 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 786 rank and file, 878 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4618 rank and file).

The following were baptised in 1858:

  • 5 Sep George Edmund Image born 22 July 1858, son of Charlotte and Capt John George Image.
  • 5 Sep Algernon Jennings born 13 August 1858, son of Jane and Pte George Jennings.
  • 19 Sep Hugh Fairly born 27 August 1858, son of Anne and QM Sgt John Fairly.
  • 11 Dec Frederick Henry Burnside born 10 December 1858, son of Elizabeth Stuart and Capt Frederick Robert Eyre Burnside.
  • 27 Dec Andrew Ramsay Stuart born 16 November 1858, son of Lilias Oswald and Col John Ramsay Stuart CB.

The following were buried in Floriana in 1858:

  • 8 Feb Pte John Hamilton 21st Regiment aged 22 years.
  • 13 Aug Marion Chalmers aged 1 year 1 month, daughter of Sgt Chalmers.
  • 8 Oct Pte John Hurst aged 21 years 10 months.
  • 13 Dec Frederick Henry Burnside aged 3 days, son of Capt F Robert Eyre Burnside 21st Regiment at Ta' Braxia Cemetery Floriana.
  • 31 Dec Andrew Ramsey Stuart aged 6 weeks, son of Colonel John Ramsay Stuart CB 21st Regiment at Ta' Braxia Cemetery, Msida.

The following were married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:

  • 25 Sep Bachelor Drum Major Robert Levers to Elizabeth Sturgeon, spinster born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.
  • 7 Oct Bachelor CSgt Elias Parsons to Mary Anne Dyke, spinster daughter of James Stephen and Miriam Dyke.

1859 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1 Feb 1859 Strength: 34 Officers, 44 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 782 rank and file, 881 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4771 rank and file).

1 Apr Strength: 31 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 777 rank and file, 871 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5650 rank and file).

14 May In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor Pte James Conners married Susannah Feltham, spinster of Shapwick, Dorset.

1 Aug Strength: 31 Officers, 46 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 804 rank and file, 901 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).

In 1859, the regiment had 129.7 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 2.36 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

1 Dec 1859 Strength: 36 Officers, 46 NCOs, 18 Buglers/Drummers, 802 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7044 rank and file).

The following were baptised in 1859:

  • 27 Feb Pte and Carpenter John Coombs born 6 January 1836, son of Sarah and Richard Coombs.
  • 27 Feb James John Cattle born 5 February 1859, son of Caroline and CSgt Robert Cattle.
  • 27 Feb Agnes Susanna Frotman born 6 February 1859, daughter of Agnes and Sgt Charles Frotman.
  • 20 Mar Alfred Henry Webb born 28 Feb 1859, son of Jane and Pte William Webb.
  • 17 Apr James Chalmers born 25 Mar 1859, son of Miron and Sgt Robert Chalmers.
  • 10 July Lucy Foster born on 29 May 1859, daughter of James and CSgt Ellen Foster.
  • 31 July Anne Jane Rogers born on 10 July 1859, daughter of Sarah and CSgt William Rogers.
  • 7 Aug Mary Bronson born 9 July 1859, daughter of Catherine and Sgt Thomas Bronson.
  • 30 Oct Eliza Jane Parsons, daughter of Mary Anne and CSgt Elias Parsons.
  • 25 Dec Agnes Cooper born 13 November 1859, daughter of Jane and CSgt John Cooper.

The following were buried in Floriana Cemetery in 1859:

  • 21 June Agnes Susanna Frotman aged 4 months 2 weeks, daughter of Sgt C Frotman 1st/21st Regiment.
  • 4 July Drum Major Robert Jevers 1st/21st Regiment aged 29 years at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.
  • 28 July Algemon Jennings aged 11 months, son of Pte G Jennings 1st/21st Regiment.
  • 3 Sep Martha Price aged 1 year 6 months, daughter of James Price Instructor of Musketry 21st Fusiliers at Rock Gate Cemetery.

1860 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

Admissions and Deaths during 1860
Average Strength Admissions Hospital Deaths Admissions/1000 Deaths/1000
142 111   782  
Admissions into hospital and deaths during the year with ratio of admissions and deaths per 1000 of strength. The average strength of the troops, exclusive of the Royal Malta Fencibles, was 5,950 men.

1 Jan 1860 Strength: 36 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 791 rank and file, 890 total all ranks.

17 Mar The 1st/21st embarked on the troop ship Himalaya and left for the West Indies. It arrived in Barbados on 6 April where it relieved 49th Foot. During the nine months it served in Barbados, the regiment had 84 cases of remittent fever with two deaths. The regiment was deemed to have been exceptionally healthy the year before it left Malta, for whilst the admissions for fever were exceedingly numerous in other regiments, the 1st/21st was the only corps which appeared to have enjoyed a marked exemption from the disease.1

The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own)

1961 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers

1961 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers were at St Patrick's Barracks Pembroke, with a coy in Benghazi towards the end of the year.

1962 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers

1962 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers sailed to England on the troopship HMT Oxfordshire. It was the last army unit to move by troopship.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • 1Boileau, J. P. H., A few remarks on Yellow Fever, and the movement of troops Brit Med J. 1882, 1; 1097: 7 (7 January 1882).
  • British Army Units Location and dates 1945.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.