RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The 19th (1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment

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The 19th (1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment

Introduction

The 19th (1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment was raised in November 1688 as Colonel Francis Luttrell's Regiment of Foot. It was numbered 19th Foot in 1751.

In 1782, the 19th Regiment of Foot became The 19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment of Foot.

In 1875, following the marriage in 1863 of Princess Alexandra of the Royal House of Denmark to Edward Prince of Wales, the regiment became The 19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding — Princess of Wales's Own) Regiment of Foot.

On 1 July 1881, the regimental name changed to The Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment).

In 1902, it became The Yorkshire Regiment (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own).

In 1920 The Yorkshire Regiment (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own) became The Green Howards (Alexandra Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment).

The title Green Howards was officially recognised in 1920. The name was derived from Colonel Howard who commanded the 19th Foot. The regiment was called Howard's Greens from the colour of their regimental facings, which in time became the Green Howards.

The 19th (1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment

1840 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding)

4–13 Oct 1840 600 men, 55 women and 66 children of the 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment arrived from Cork to reinforce the garrison. They had left Cork on 12 September.

30 Nov Baptism of Elizabeth Wilkinson born on 18 November 1840, daughter of Cpl Anthony Wilkinson and Ellen.

1841 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding)

25 Jan 1841 Death of Captain Stirling 19th Foot.

Feb 1841 In February a number of troops were affected with partial ophthalmia.

16 Oct Bachelor Drm Major William Holt married Hannah Bates, spinster.

The following were baptised in 1841:

  • 22 Feb Thomas Thompson born on 14 February, son of Pte Thomas Thompson and Mary.
  • 25 Apr George Wheeler born on 15 April, son of CSgt George Wheeler and Eliza.
  • 26 Apr Samuel William Hollingsworth born on 12 April , son of Sgt James Hollingsworth and Mary.
  • 6 June William Attley born on 13 May, son of Pte Hiram Attley and Hannorah.
  • 26 July Talbot Hamilton born on 11 February, son of Lt Col Thomas Talbot Hamilton and Jane.
  • 8 Aug Richard Henry Dillon born on 26 July, son of Cpl Martin Dillon and Mary.
  • 6 Sep Thomas Henry Burrell born on 30 August, son of Pte James Burrell and Anne.
  • 26 Sep Charles Pebody born on 11 September, son of Sgt Major Richard Pebody and Marian.
  • 10 Oct Louisa Whitley born on 25 September, daughter of Sgt John Whitley and Catharine.
  • 17 Oct Mary Cobay born on 6 October, daughter of Cpl George Cobay and Hannah.
  • 31 Oct Benjamin James Butler Stoney born on 2 October, son of Lt Henry Butler Stoney and Frances Sarah.
  • 14 Nov Charles Braine born on 1 November, son of L/Sgt William Braine and Sarah Helen.
  • 14 Nov James Clifford born on 7 November, son of Pte George Clifford and Ellen.
  • 15 Nov Emma Elizabeth Potts born on 20 October, daughter of Brevet Major and Captain Charles Highmore Potts and Gertruida Maria.
  • 5 Dec Mary Jane Eden born on 18 November, daughter of Hospital Sgt Francis Eden and Ellen.
  • 19 Dec Henrietta Dodd born on 13 December, daughter of Pte George Dodd and Margaret.

1842 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding)

26 Jan 1842 A detachment of 42 men, 2 women and 8 children arrived from England.

28 Mar Bachelor Sgt Schoolmaster Henry Sims married Ruth Buskell, spinster of the Parish of Great Allingham in the County of Norfolk, England.

2 May On the morning of 2 May, The 19th Foot marched from the Cottonera district to Fort Lower St Elmo Barracks. It was replaced by the 88th (Connaught Rangers) which moved to the Cottonera district.

6 May Two companies occupied Strada Torre Barracks Valletta which had been vacated by the Royal Malta Fencible Regiment.

22 Dec Between August and September, a private of the 19th Foot brutally assaulted a man of the Rifle Brigade, for which he was sentenced to a term imprisonment. On his release, he renewed his quarrel, and having enlisted some of his comrades, it became a party affair, which in mid-December, led to a fracas with the Rifle Brigade, when the 19th were routed. On 23 December, 150 men of the 19th turned out with their side arms, and were involved in a running fight with 150 soldiers of the Rifle Bde, from St James Cavalier to the bottom of Strada Mercanti. Several men were severely wounded, one so badly as to be considered in imminent danger. The 19th Foot were confined to their barracks but the animosity between them and Rifle Bde continued. The 19th stoned a picket of the Rifles and urged the 88th Regiment to join them, but the latter declined. The Governor and Garrison Commander Lt Gen Sir Henry Bouverie ordered a Court of Enquiry and placed a picket at Lower St Elmo under the command of a captain, which was to remain on duty till 23:00 hours. The tattoo was called at 20 hours instead of 20:30 hours, and the men of the 19th were confined to barracks from sun set from where they were forbidden to absent themselves with out a pass from the captain on duty.1

The following were baptised in 1842:

  • 9 Jan William Reuben Kelly born on 31 December 1841, son of L/Sgt John Kelly and Eliza.
  • 16 Jan Jane Speed born on 10 January 1842, daughter of Pte John Speed and Sarah.
  • 6 Feb Thomas Green born on 28 January, son of Sgt William Green and Eliza.
  • 29 May Anne Wells born on 21 May, daughter of Sgt Richard Wells and Jane.
  • 5 June John Carlisle O'Brien born on 15 May, son of CSgt Patrick O'Brien and Mary.
  • 8 June Isabella Catherine Hamilton born on 8 May, daughter of Lt Col Thomas Talbot Hamilton and Jane.
  • 12 June Mary Wilson born on 5 June, daughter of Pte James Wilson and Catherine.
  • 18 July Emma Simmonds born on 7 July, daughter of CSgt John Simmonds and Mary Anne.
  • 7 Aug Sarah Makin born on 25 July, daughter of Pte James Makin and Mary.
  • 4 Sep Emma Lindenberg born on 27 August, daughter of Cpl Samuel Lindenberg and Jane.
  • 23 Oct Anna Darling born on 7 October, daughter of Pte William Darling and Eliza.
  • 12 Dec William Patterson born on 25 November, son of Sgt John Patterson and Mary Ann.

12 Aug 1842 Strength 607 men.

1843 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding)

9 Jan 1843 599 men, 85 women and 115 children, embarked for the Ionian Islands to relieve 1st/42nd Foot. Six companies of the 19th Regiment arrived in Cephalonia on 30 January 1843.

1 Jan Baptism of Martha Jane Hollingsworth born on 19 December 1842, daughter of Sgt James Hollingsworth and Mary.

The 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment

1854 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding)

23 Dec 1854 Burial in Malta of Pte Amos Smith 19th Regiment, of the Expeditionary Force deployed in the Crimea.

1855 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding)

2 Nov 1855 Burial in Malta of Pte James Heard aged 24 years.

1856 1st/19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding)

8 Mar 1856 Burial in Malta of Cpl Edward Morrell 19th Regiment.

The 1st/Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment)

1 July 1881 The 1st Battalion 19th Regiment became The 1st Battalion The Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment).

1884 1st/The Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment)

27 Feb 1884 The 1st/The Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment) embarked in Nova Scotia and disembarked in Malta on 17 March.

The 1st/Yorkshire Regiment had an average strength of 271 men. It had 470 admissions (1734.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.69 deaths/1000 mean strength). 21 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 23.31 (86.01/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 31.48 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.15 days.

The PMO, Surgeon-General James Sinclair, remarked that the 1st/Yorkshire Regiment had a large number of admissions into hospital. The regiment only stayed in Malta a little over four months.

A private soldier was found dead in the square of Lower St Elmo Barracks following a fall from a window.

4 Aug 1884 The 1st/Yorkshire Regiment embarked for Egypt, arriving there on 8 August. It left Egypt for Cyprus on 1 February 1888.

The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment)

1937 1st/Green Howards

Dec 1937 The 1st/Green Howards arrived at Malta on a short tour of foreign service.
Strength: 374 rank and file.

1938 1st/Green Howards

30 June 1938 Strength: 433 rank and file.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • Wickes, H. L., 1974. Regiments of Foot Southampton: Osprey Ltd.
  • TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  • The Malta Times or Broad Sheet of the Mediterranean, 5 September 1840; Issue No 31.
  • 1The Malta Times, 23 December 1842; Issue No 25.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.
  • TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Baptism Register from 14 July 1839 to 25 December 1859.