RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Rifle Brigade

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The Rifle Brigade

Introduction

The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) traces its origins to an experimental Corps of Riflemen raised in March 1800. On 25 August 1800, three companies of this embryonic corps joined the expedition under General Pulteney against the Spanish at El Ferrol. Pulteney decided that El Ferrol could not be taken and he proceeded to reinforce the blockade of the French in Malta, where this part of the Corps was broken up.

On 18 January 1803, the Rifle Corps was placed among the numbered regiments of the line as the 95th or Rifle Regiment, but continued to retain the name The Rifle Corps.

On 16 February 1816, in recognition of its distinguished service in the Battle of Waterloo, the 95th was taken out of the numbered regiments of the line and granted the title The Rifle Brigade (London Gazette 23 February 1816). The battle honour Waterloo was granted to the regiment on 8 December 1815.

Following the death of Prince Albert on 14 December 1861, Queen Victoria ordered the regiment to be designated The Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade, (London Gazette 17 January 1862).

On 1 July 1881, the name changed to The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own). In 1958 it became The 3rd Green Jackets, The Rifle Brigade, and in 1968, The 3rd Battalion, The Royal Green Jackets.

When in Malta, The Rifle Brigade marched to the tune of the Ninety Fifth arranged by their bandmaster William Miller in 1842.

The 1st/The Rifle Brigade

1840 1st/Rifle Brigade

10 Nov 1840 Embarked at Deptford for Malta where it arrived on 13 January 1841.

1841 1st/Rifle Brigade

13 Jan 1841 The 1st/Rifle Brigade consisting of 632 men, 40 women and 52 children arrived from England on the Abercrombie Robinson and relieved The 92nd (Highland) Regiment. The men were at Fort Manoel, St Salvatore Barracks, and Zabbar Gate. Latter in the year they were dispersed between Fort Ricasoli, Zejtun Barracks, Isola Gate Barracks, St Francesco de Paola, Lower St Elmo Barracks, St James Cavalier and Fort Tigne.

10 June John Rowland son of Cpl and Master shoemaker Richard Rowland 1st/The Rifle Bde died 10 June 1841, aged 1 year 7 months. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

12 Oct Bachelor Sgt William Stillwell married Elizabeth Snow, spinster and daughter of Sgt Samuel Snow 1st/Rifle Bde.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1841:

  • 28 Mar Elizabeth Cowan born on 19 December 1840, daughter of Pte Samuel Cowan and Catharine.
  • 4 Apr Edward Abraham Ackerman born on 14 March 1841, son of Pte George Abraham Ackerman and Rebecca.
  • 2 May Margaret Maria Davey born on 21 April 1841, daughter of Acting Cpl Thomas Davey and Jane.
  • 11 July Richard Rowland born on 23 March 1841, son of Cpl Richard Rowland and Susannah.
  • 15 Aug Frances Chitty born on 3 August 1841, daughter of Bugler Caleb Chitty and Eliza.

1842 1st/Rifle Brigade

29 Apr 1842 Strength: 585 men. On 29 April, the 1st/Rifle Bde moved from the right to the left wing of Lower St Elmo Barracks.

3 May On 3 May a company relieved the detachment of the Royal Malta Fencible Regiment at Fort Tigne.

22 Dec Some time between August and September, a private of the 19th Foot brutally assaulted a man of the Rifle Brigade. He was sentenced to a term imprisonment, but on his release he renewed his quarrel and enlisted some of his comrades to seek revenge. In mid-December, there was a fracas when the Rifle Brigade routed the 19th Foot. On 23 December, 150 men of the 19th turned out with their side arms and were involved in a running fight with 150 soldiers of the Rifle Bde from St James Cavalier to the bottom of Strada Mercanti. Several men were severely wounded, one so badly as to be considered in imminent danger. The 19th Foot were confined to their barracks but the animosity between them and Rifle Bde continued. The 19th stoned a picket of the Rifles and urged The 88th Regiment to join them, but the latter declined. The Governor and Garrison Commander Lt Gen Sir Henry Bouverie ordered a Court of Enquiry and placed a picket at Lower St Elmo under the command of a captain which was to remain on duty till 23:00 hours. The tattoo was called at 20 hours instead of 20:30 hours, and the men of the 19th were confined to barracks from sun set. They were forbidden to absent themselves with out a pass from the captain on duty.1

29 Dec Bachelor Bugle Major William Miller married Hannah Frances Robinson, widow of the town of Blyth in the Parish of Earsdon County Northumberland, England.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1842:

  • 2 Jan Robert Baggs born on 19 December 1841, son of Pte John Baggs and Rachel.
  • 18 Apr Sarah Ann Miller born on 15 December 1841, daughter of Pte Joseph Miller and Catherine.
  • 15 May Elizabeth Legee born on 3 May 1842, daughter of Pte Frederick Legee and Mary.
  • 9 June William Atkins born on 22 May 1842, son of Pte John Atkins and Anne.
  • 7 Aug Anne Blythe born on 8 July 1842, daughter of Sgt Richard Blythe and Sarah.
  • 21 Nov William Williamson born on 9 November 1842, son of Pte Robert Williamson and Margaret.

The following were buried in Malta in 1842:

  • 22 Apr Sarah Ann Miller daughter of Andrew Miller 1st/Rifle Bde, died 22 April 1842, aged 4 months and 2 days, (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
  • 27 May George Richard Herd son of Sgt George Herd 1st/Rifle Bde, also Jane Herd his wife aged 25 years died 27 May 1842, (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1843 1st/Rifle Brigade

2 Mar 1843 HQ Coy and the Right Wing of the 1st Bn consisting of 8 officers, 281 men, 27 women and 48 children left for Corfu on board the Boyne to replace the 77th Foot.

24 Mar Men from The 1st/Rifle Brigade gave a performance at the Opera House for the benefit of the poor. Seven pounds were distributed to infant schools, the Ladies Charitable Society, and to poor individuals.

1 Apr The Left Wing of the 1st Bn consisting of 8 officers, 264 men, 25 women and 31 children left for Corfu on board the Boyne to replace the 77th Foot.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1843:

  • 6 Jan Eliza Valletta Putman born on 24 December 1842, daughter of Pte William Putman and Sarah.
  • 24 Feb Richard Alfred Taylor born on 11 January 1843, son of QM Richard Taylor and Mary.
  • 26 Mar Robert William Wake Wheatley born on 6 March 1843, son of Pte Robert Wheatley and Mary Anne was baptised by the Rev John Cleugh Chaplain to Government.
  • 31 Mar William John Miller born on 21 March 1843, son of Pte Joseph Miller and Catharine was baptised by the Rev John Thomas Howe Le Mesurier Chaplain to the Forces.

1845 – 1st/Rifle Brigade

17 June Bachelor Bugle Major William Money 1st/Rifle Brigade married Mary Lindsay, spinster and daughter of John Lindsay Laboratory Foreman in the Ordnance Department.

The 1st/The Rifle Brigade

1855 1st/Rifle Brigade

The following were buried at Malta in 1855:

  • 1 Oct Bugler George Moss 1st/Rifle Bde aged 18 years.
  • 12 Oct Sgt David Flory 1st/Rifle Bde aged 34 years.
  • 21 Oct Pte William Duckett 1st/Rifle Bde aged 20 years.
  • 27 Oct Charles Smith aged 18 years 4 months.
  • 5 Nov Pte Henry Bishop aged 28 years.
  • 8 Nov Pte George Moss aged 19 years.

1856 1st/Rifle Brigade

The following were buried in 1856:

  • 14 Jan Pte John Bryant Rifle Brigade.
  • 15 Jan Pte John Hadwick 1st/Rifle Brigade.
  • 17 Jan Pte William Merritt 1st/Rifle Brigade.

The 1st/The Rifle Brigade

1898 1st/Rifle Brigade

4 Feb 1898 The 1st/Rifle Bde was returning to England from Hong Kong after more than 17 years service abroad when it was ordered to land at Malta. It reinforced the garrison following the departure of battalions for Egypt.

The 1st/The Rifle Brigade

1904 1st/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

20 Apr 1904 The 1st/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) left Portsmouth and embarked on the Plassy at Southampton on 12 April. It disembarked in Malta on 20 April 1904.

The men were quartered at Fort Manoel with detachments at Bahar-ic-Chaghak and Ghajn Tuffieha. Training was carried out at Pembroke and Mellieha.

1 Apr Burial of Cpl Samuel Mitchell aged 27 yrs at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 3, Grave 10).

6 May No 9308 Acting Cpl B. Rifle Bde arrived at Malta in April 1904. He was admitted to hospital on 6 May 1904 for treatment with mercury of his syphilitic ulceration of the tonsils and uvula. He was discharged on 6 June 1904.

10 Nov 1904 Cpl B. was admitted to the military hospital Valletta from Fort Manoel. He had been unwell for three days with headaches, backache and diarrhoea. Mild enteric fever was diagnosed. On 17 Nov he complained of abdominal pains. Cpl B died on 19 Nov 1904 from a perforation of his small bowel. A postmortem examination showed typical ulcers in the ileum with a perforated ulcer in the terminal ileum. The Micrococcus melitensis was also cultured from specimens of his spleen.

1905 1st/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

June 1905 Up to the beginning of June 1905, The 1st/Rifle Brigade was at Fort Manoel and hutments. Seven of the barrack rooms in the fort were casemates, each accommodating 9 men. There were three other rooms accommodating 36 men in all. The hutments consisted of 28 huts each accommodating 18 men.

In June 1905, The 1st/Rifle Brigade moved to St Andrew's Barracks. The barracks were completed in the early part of 1905 and consisted of nine double storied company blocks, each rooms accommodating 14 men.

1906 1st/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

1906 The 1st/Rifle Brigade was at St Andrew's Barracks.

6 Aug Pte Robert Sanderson 1st Rifle Brigade, aged 27 years fired a weapon at Sgt John Simpson Rifle Bde at St Andrew's Barracks. The bullet hit Sgt Simpson in his left chest, penetrated the thoracic cavity, and came out at the infra spinal process of the left scapula. Sanderson then proceeded to assault Simpson with a bayonet causing him further injuries to his right hand and right clavicle.

26 Sep Pte Robert Sanderson was found guilty before HM Criminal Court on a charge of Attempted Wilful Homicide. He was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labour and transferred to England, in accordance with Clause 2(b) of the Colonial Prisoners Removal Act 1884.2

15 Oct 1906 HQ and 8 companies consisting of 14 officers, 2 warrant officers, 39 sergeants, 13 ensigns, 552 rank and file, 1 officer's wife and 5 officer's children, 1 female servant, 40 soldier's wives and 48 soldier's children of The 1st/Rifle Brigade embarked on the Sicilia for Southampton and onwards to Belfast.

The 2nd/The Rifle Brigade

1826 2nd/Rifle Brigade

22 Feb 1826 515 men of The 2nd/Rifle Brigade arrived from Ireland on the Vibilia, Cato and Sovereign.

The battalion was at the Lazaretto and Fort Manoel, Lower St Elmo Barracks and Fort Tigne with a detachment at Fort Chambray Gozo.

21 July Burial of Victoire Hardy nee Delhaye, wife of Pte Samuel Hardy 2nd/Rifle Bde, aged 32 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

Oct The 2nd/Rifle Brigade moved to Isola Barracks, San Francesco de Paola and San Salvatore Barracks.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1826:

  • 5 Mar Matilda Roberts daughter of Pte John Roberts and Mary Ann, born on 26 February 1826.
  • 5 Mar Jane Vibilia Flintham daughter of Sgt William Flintham and Elizabeth, born on 18 February 1826.
  • 19 Mar Mary Ann McKenzie daughter of Pte Alexander McKenzie and Ann, born on 14 March 1826.
  • 6 May Eliza Anne Gray daughter of Brevet Major Charles George Gray and Jane, born on 23 April.
  • 7 May Maria Flattary daughter of Cpl Edward Flattary and Anne, born on 30 April 1826.
  • 16 May Anne Markland daughter of Pte George Markland and Anne, born on 6 May.
  • 25 June John Townsend Trafford son of Sgt Major Robert Trafford and Harriet, born on 31 May.
  • 13 July Robert Fairfoot son of QM Robert Fairfoot and Catharine, born on 3 July.
  • 16 July Richard Wilson son of Sgt Valentine Wilson and Margaret, born on 29 June.
  • 30 July James Ainscow son of Pte John Ainscow and Anne, born on 5 July.
  • 8 Aug Mary Fleming daughter of Sgt Thomas Fleming and Anne, born on 19 June.
  • 15 Oct William Betts son of Pte William Betts and Hannah, born on 1 October .
  • 26 Nov James Moore son of Pte Patrick Moore and Mary, born on 14 November.
  • 17 Dec Elizabeth Taylor daughter of Pte Thomas Taylor and Anne, born on 30 November.

1827 2nd/Rifle Brigade

16 Apr 1827 Bachelor Schoolmaster Sgt John Fraser married Sarah Griffith, spinster and daughter of John Griffith, clerk of the Government Chapel.

25 Oct Strength: Rank and File (Effective) 515, Rank and File (Establishment) 516.

Dec The 2nd/Rifle Brigade was at Lower St Elmo Barracks.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1827:

  • 14 Jan Elizabeth Hatwell daughter of Pte John Hatwell and Elizabeth, born on 5 January 1827.
  • 29 Apr Sarah Chisnell daughter of Pte William Chisnell and Eliza, born on 18 March 1827.
  • 17 June William McKinlay son of Cpl James McKinlay and Mary, born on 2 June 1827.
  • 15 July William Lewis son of Pte William Lewis and Margaret, born on 7 July 1827.
  • 12 Aug Emily Hyde daughter of Pte William Hydes and Bridget, born on 22 July 1827.
  • 19 Aug George Anderson son of CSgt James Anderson and Mary Ann, born on 2 Aug 1827.
  • 21 Oct Margaret Maria Taylor daughter of Sgt David Taylor and Winifred, born on 13 October 1827.
  • 4 Nov John Roberts son of Cpl John Roberts and Mary Ann, born on 26 October 1827.

1828 2nd/Rifle Brigade

20 Mar Bachelor Pte Edward Miller married Teresa de Bonn, spinster of the Parish of St Lorenzo Vittoriosa, Malta.

25 Aug Strength: 519 men (6 coys).

The following were baptised in 1828:

  • 20 Jan Ellen Cooper daughter of Pte Alexander Cooper and Mary, born on 8 January.
  • 10 Feb Margaret Mackenzie daughter of Pte Alexander Mackenzie and Anne, born on 1 February.
  • 17 Feb Anne Fleming daughter of Sgt Thomas Fleming and Anne, born on 1 February.
  • 17 Feb Edward Markland son of Pte John Markland and Anne, born on 26 January.
  • 27 Apr Charles Evans son of CSgt William Evans and Mary, born on 22 April.
  • 18 May John Hartwell son of Bugler John Hartwell and Elizabeth, born on 8 May.
  • 8 June Alexander Fraser son of School Master Sgt John Fraser and Sarah, born on 26 May.
  • 8 June Anne Eastwood daughter of Pte Thomas Eastwood and Elizabeth, born on 27 May.
  • 6 July Elizabeth Richardson daughter of Pte William Richardson and Elizabeth, born on 14 June.
  • 27 July John Wild son of Sgt Thomas Wild and Jane, born on 9 July.
  • 28 Sep Anne Flattary daughter of Sgt Edward Flattary and Anne, born on 12 September.
  • 26 Oct Katherine Moore daughter of Pte Patrick Moore and Mary, born on 10 October 1828 was publicly baptised in the Government Chapel.
  • 16 Nov Thomas Betts son of Pte William Betts and Hannah, born on 3 November.

The following died in 1828:

  • 3 June Margaret Fleming daughter of Ann and Sgt Thomas Fleming 2nd/Rifle Bde, aged 4 years, (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).
  • 23 June John Richardson son of Elizabeth and Pte William Richardson 2nd/Rifle Bde, aged 5 years, (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1829 2nd/Rifle Brigade

Dec 1829 The 2nd/Rifle Brigade moved to Floriana Barracks.

Strength: 521 men.

The following married in 1829:

  • 7 Jan Bachelor Armourer Sgt John Egan to Mary Anne Lynch, spinster daughter of Sgt Major Lynch 28th Regiment, deceased.
  • 12 June Bachelor Cpl Henry Mills to Jane Kirby, spinster daughter of Sgt Thomas Kirby 35th Regiment, pensioner.
  • 29 June Bachelor CSgt Samuel Ransley to Sarah Kingswell, spinster daughter of James Kingswell, Blockmaster in the Naval Arsenal, of the Parish of St Nicholas Deptford in the County of Kent.
  • 5 Aug Bachelor Acting Sgt David Killin to Mary Cooke, spinster of the Parish of Kirk-Lealam in the County of York.

The following were baptised in 1829:

  • 1 Feb Anne Fallan daughter of Pte Matthew Fallan and Anne, born on 14 January.
  • 4 Mar George Johann Weichel son of Band Master George Henry Weichel of Luneburg in Hannover and Sophie Weichel of Luneburg Hannover, born on 27 December 1828.
  • 13 Mar George Wilson son of CSgt Valentine Wilson and Margaret, born on 15 January.
  • 3 May Caroline Field daughter of Pte Joseph Field and Mary, born on 6 April.
  • 23 June Frances Mary Fitzmaurice daughter of Capt John Fitzmaurice and Frances Maria, born on 11 April.
  • 5 July Elizabeth McKinlay daughter of Pte James McKinlay and Mary, born on 25 June.
  • 26 July Catherine Hayes daughter of Pte John Hayes and Catherine born on 18 July.
  • 30 Aug James Lewis son of Pte Joseph Lewis and Margaret, born on 21 August.
  • 6 Sep Joseph Hide son of William Hide and Bridget, born on 17 August.
  • 6 Sep William Hide son of William Hide and Bridget, born on 17 August.
  • 20 Sep Thomas Fleming son of CSgt Thomas Fleming and Anne, born on 18 September.
  • 20 Oct Margaret Evans daughter of CSgt William Evans and Mary, born on 17 October 1829.
  • 8 Nov Thomas Woodthorpe Trafford son of Sgt Major Robert Trafford and Harriet, born on 14 October 1829.
  • 8 Nov Margaret Evans daughter of CSgt William Evans and Mary, born on 17 October.
  • 8 Nov William Taylor son of Sgt David Taylor and Winifred, born on 23 October.
  • 15 Nov Mary Wild daughter of Sgt Thomas Wild and Janet, born on 29 October.
  • 29 Nov Thomas Hartwell son of Bugle John Hartwell and Elizabeth, born on 5 November.

1830 2nd/Rifle Brigade

25 Feb 1830 Strength: 516 men (6 coys).

Dec The 2nd/Rifle Brigade was stationed at the Cottonera District.

The following were baptised in 1830:

  • 10 Jan Samuel Markland son of Pte John Markland and Anne, born on 22 December 1829.
  • 31 Jan George Roberts son of Sgt George Roberts and Mary Ann, born on 23 January.
  • 25 Apr Orlando William Chisnell son of Pte William Chisnell and Eliza, born on 5 April.
  • 2 May Mary Ann daughter of Sgt David Killin and Mary Anne, born on 15 April.
  • 18 June Edward Flattery son of Sgt Edward Flattery and Anne, born on 15 June.
  • 18 July Sarah Penton daughter of Pte James Penton and Margaret, born on 7 July.
  • 10 Oct Margaret Cordial daughter of Sgt Henry Cordial and Eliza, born on 29 September.
  • 10 Oct Thomas Dawson son of Bugle Major Thomas Dawson and Anne, born on 10 December 1829.
  • 7 Nov George Field son of Pte Joseph Field and Mary, born on 12 October.
  • 28 Nov Mary Richardson daughter of Pte William Richardson and Elizabeth, born on 9 November.

The following were buried in 1830:

  • 7 May Pte Thomas Ancell aged 26 years.
  • 18 May Anne Taylor aged 38 years, wife of Pte Thomas Taylor.
  • 21 June Edward Flattery aged 3 days, son of Sgt Edward Flattery.
  • 28 June Joseph Hide aged 10 months, son of Pte William Hide.
  • 26 Aug Mary Evans aged 30 years, wife of CSgt W. Evans.
  • 9 Sep Pte William Birney aged 23 years.
  • 16 Oct Pte Alexander McPherson aged 24 years.
  • 25 Oct Pte Thomas Taylor aged 34 years.
  • 28 Oct Pte John Markland aged 36 years.
  • 22 Nov Pte Thomas Lovett aged 33 years.
  • 24 Nov Mary Moore aged 34 years, wife of Pte P. Moore.
  • 29 Nov Pte John Clough aged 28 years.
  • 30 Nov Elizabeth Richardson aged 2 years 5 month, daughter of Sgt William Richardson (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).
  • 1 Dec Elizabeth Richardson aged 2 years, daughter of Pte William Richardson.

1831 2nd/Rifle Brigade

1 Apr 1831 Strength: Six companies Rank and File 493 (effective), 515 (established).

19 Dec Bachelor Captain John Woodford of Worcester married Penelope Cowper, spinster and minor, daughter of Henry and Catharine Cowper of Gibraltar with the consent of her guardian.

The following were baptised in 1831:

  • 20 Mar Charles Betts son of Pte William Betts and Hannah, born on 7 March.
  • 8 May Margaret Fleming daughter of CSgt Thomas Fleming and Anne, born on 24 April.
  • 8 May William McKinley son of Pte James McKinley and Mary, born on 19 April.
  • 19 June Robert Dudley Fairfort son of QM Robert Fairfort and Catherine, born on 1 June.
  • 28 July Geraldine Elizabeth Fitzmaurice daughter of Captain John Fitzmaurice and Frances Maria, born on 8 July 1831 was baptised by the Rev Charles William Dodd Chaplain HMS Melville.
  • 31 July William Jessup son of Pte Cornelius Jessup and Johanna, born on 10 July.
  • 28 Aug Edward Flattery son of Sgt Edward Flattery and Ann, born on 28 July.
  • 16 Oct William Lewis son of Pte Joseph Lewis and Margaret, born on 3 October.
  • 13 Nov Mary Jane Mills daughter of Cpl Henry Mills and Jane, born on 29 October.

The following were buried in 1831:

  • 23 Jan Pte Andrew Cray aged 22 years.
  • 4 Mar Pte Robert Simpkin aged 26 years.
  • 26 Mar Pte William Phillips aged 23 years.
  • 16 May Pte Thomas James aged 36 years.
  • 22 May Mary Anne Egan aged 19 years, wife of Armourer Sgt G. Egan.
  • 10 Aug Margaret Cordial aged 10 months, daughter of Sgt Henry Cordial.
  • 26 Aug Thomas Fleming aged 18 months, son of Thomas Fleming.
  • 30 Sep Margaret Evans aged 2 years, daughter of CSgt William Evans.
  • 6 Oct Angelique Halfpenny aged 35 years, wife of Sgt W. Halfpenny.
  • 4 Nov Pte Josias Bircham aged 37 years.
  • 19 Nov William Jessup aged 4 months, son of Cornelius Jessup.

1832 2nd/Rifle Brigade

10 Jan 1832 Lt Col George Brown 2nd Rifles was sworn in as acting Lt Governor and commander of the garrison. He took over the civil administration of Malta during the absence of the governor.

28 Jan Bachelor Lt Sidney Beckwith of Halifax Nova Scotia married Eliza Mary Harvey, spinster daughter of Samuel and Sarah Harvey formerly of the Parish of Portsea in the County of Southampton, currently of HM Naval Arsenal in Malta.

13–23 Feb 507 men of The 2nd/Rifle Brigade embarked for Corfu.

15 Oct Catherine Frances Woodford daughter of Capt John Woodford and Penelope, born on 17 September 1832 was baptised on 15 October.

The following were buried in 1832:

  • 2 Jan William Taylor aged 2 years, son of Sgt David Taylor.
  • 13 Jan Pte James Gregory aged 26 years.
  • 30 Jan Pte John Brown aged 25 years.
  • 17 Feb Pte David Campbell.

1833 2nd/Rifle Brigade

6 June Clementina Beckwith daughter of Lt Sidney Beckwith and Eliza Mary, born on 11 January 1833 and privately baptised at Corfu by the Rev H Leeves was publicly received into the church.

The 2nd/The Rifle Brigade

1841 — 2nd/Rifle Brigade

Mar 1841 Assistant Surgeon Henry Downes 2nd/Rifle Brigade, was most severely reprimanded by the Commander-in-Chief and Sir J W McGrigor for neglecting a child. It was only at the intercession of the commanding officer and Sir J McGrigor that Lord Hill refrained from bringing him to a Court Martial. Downes was censured in front of the whole regiment.

In 1843, the Principal Medical Officer Nova Scotia reported him to be somewhat idle and ineffective with lack of industry and firmness of purpose. In 1845, the report of his PMO stated that a great improvement had taken place.

In 1847, Mr Downes had an attack of insanity temporary brought on by domestic affliction and a fall from his horse. He was reported well two months later. Despite this adverse confidential report Henry Downes was promoted to the Staff on 1 Sept 1855. He served in the Crimea as the surgeon of 97th Regiment and retired on 7 Aug 1866 with the Hon Rank of Deputy Inspector General.

1854 2nd/Rifle Brigade

8 Mar 1854 The 2nd/Rifle Brigade arrived from England. It encamped at St Clement's Parade Ground.

29 Mar The 2nd/Rifle Brigade left for Turkey and the Crimea.

Nov The 2nd/Rifle Brigade regiment had 16 officers and 684 men serving in the Crimea. In November, bowel complaints predominated with only 36 of the admissions from wounds. Men in the 1st/Rifle Brigade, which had 19 officers and 678 men in the Crimea, were also laid down with bowel disorders brought on according to their surgeon by exposure. 131 men were admitted to hospital; 13 died of gunshot wounds. 21 admissions and 1 death were ascribed to scurvy.

1855 2nd/Rifle Brigade

The following were buried in 1855:

  • 15 Feb Pte William Cousins aged 19 years.
  • 2 Aug Lt A Penrhyn Boileau aged 19 years.
  • 2 Nov CSgt Edward Dyer aged 29 years.
  • 2 Nov Pte William Hitchman aged 21 years.
  • 5 Nov Pte Thomas Prestige aged 20 years.

The 2nd/The Rifle Brigade

1 July 1881 The 2nd/Rifle Brigade became the 2nd/The Prince Consort's Own (Rifle Brigade).

1897 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

23 Sep 1897 The 2nd/Rifle Brigade left Aldershot for the Royal Albert Docks Woolwich, where it embarked on the Avoca. It disembarked at Malta on 3 October.

It had an average strength of 135 men with 108 admissions (800/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.58 (41.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.09 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.86 days.

The 2nd/Rifle Brigade was quartered at Isola Gate Barracks, San Francesco de Paola Barracks, St John's Cavalier Vittoriosa and Polverista Barracks, all on the Cottonera side of the Grand Harbour.

1898 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

The 2nd/Rifle Brigade had an average strength of 682 men. It had 894 admissions (1310.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 32 deaths (46.92/1000 mean strength). 50 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 56.76 (83.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 30.38 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.17 days.

12 July 1898 The 2nd/Rifle Brigade was quartered at Verdala Barracks for 6 months. In July, it left Verdala Barracks and embarked for Egypt on board the Nubia. The battalion disembarked in Alexandria on 16 July.

21 Sep The 2nd/Rifle Brigade left Alexandria for Crete after fighting in the Nile Campaign. It served in Crete for 3 1/2 months and in Egypt for 10 weeks from July 1898.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1898:

  • 31 Jan Pte Charles Hurren aged 22 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 4 Feb Pte George Richard Carpenter aged 24 years 11 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 14 Oct Pte J Scott aged 25 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 28 Oct Pte G Edwards aged 28 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 4 Nov Pte Henry Todd aged 23 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 7 Dec L/Sgt William Albert Smith aged 23 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 28 Dec Pte Albert Edward Vokes aged 23 years, died at Cottonera.

1899 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

11 Mar 1899 Pte Edward Boyt aged 24 years died at Cottonera and was buried in Rinella Cemetery.

2 Oct The 2nd/Rifle Brigade left Crete for Natal on board the transport Jelunga.

The 2nd/The Rifle Brigade

1933 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

29 Sept 1933 The 2nd/Rifle Brigade arrived from England on the Neuralia. It occupied St Andrew's Barracks, with detachments at Casemate Barracks Floriana.

31 Dec Strength: 549 men.

1934 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

31 Dec 1934 Strength: 845 men.

1935 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

30 June 1935 Strength: 839 men.

31 Dec Strength: 845 men.

1936 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

30 June 1936 Strength: 563 men (short term).

1937 2nd/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

30 June 1937 Strength: 508 men.

30 Dec The 2nd/Rifle Brigade left for India on board the Dunera.

The 4th/The Rifle Brigade

1858 4th/Rifle Brigade

1 Sep 1858 Strength: 38 Officers, 38 NCOs, 18 Buglers/Drummers, 579 rank and file, 673 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4849 rank and file).

1 Dec Strength: 38 Officers, 38 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 588 rank and file, 684 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4618 rank and file).

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1858:

  • 16 Sep Pte Frederick Andrews 4th/Rifle Bde aged 18 years 5 months.
  • 5 Oct Pte James Ward 4th/Rifle Bde aged 18 years.
  • 23 Oct Pte Joseph Smith 4th/Rifle Bde aged 25 years.
  • 26 Oct Mary Coward Matthews aged 1 year 6 months, daughter of Pte Charles Matthews 4th/Rifle Bde.
  • 30 Nov Fanny Clements aged 1 year, daughter of Bugle Major Clements 4th/Rifle Bde.
  • 18 Dec CSgt James Crouch aged 35 years 8 months 4th/Rifle Bde.

1859 4th/Rifle Brigade

1 Jan 1859 The 4th/Rifle Brigade arrived from England on the Urgent, with 2 Coys on the Perseverance.

1 Feb Strength: 39 Officers, 37 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 733 rank and file, 829 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4771 rank and file).

1 Mar–26 Sep The men were at Lower St Elmo Barracks.

22 Mar Bachelor Cpl John Charles Jesse married Amelia Nickson, spinster of Enniskillen, Ireland in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta.

1 Apr Strength: 37 Officers, 38 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 721 rank and file, 816 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5650 rank and file).

1 Aug Strength: 37 Officers, 41 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 799 rank and file, 898 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).

26 Sep The 4th/Rifle Bde moved from Lower St Elmo Barracks and took over the quarters at Fort Ricasoli previously occupied by the 2nd/23rd Regiment.

27 Sep–31 Dec 1859 The men were at Fort Ricasoli.

In 1859, the regiment had 309.2 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 17.32 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

1 Dec 1859 Strength: 39 Officers, 43 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 799 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7044 rank and file).

The following were buried in 1859:

  • 10 Jan Sgt Thomas Wigley aged 20 years in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 24 Mar Hannah Sophia Badger aged 4 months, daughter of Sgt Maj John Badger in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 31 Mar Pte Charles Bolwell aged 20 years in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 21 May Pte George Page aged 21 years in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 6 Aug Thomas Jameson aged 11 months son of Sgt J Jameson in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 8 Aug Pte John Gambull aged 27 years in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 8 Aug Pte Edward Lovatt aged 20 years in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 16 Aug George Thomas Clements aged 7 months 2 week, son of Bugle Major T Clements in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 13 Sep Pte Thomas Wood aged 20 years in Floriana Cemetery.
  • 1 Oct Pte Manuel James aged 20 years in Rock Gate Cemetery.
  • 17 Nov Pte Richard Lane aged 20 years in Rock Gate Cemetery.
  • 19 Nov Pte Henry Davies aged 18 years in Rock Gate Cemetery.
  • 25 Nov Pte Henry Smith aged 27 years in Rock Gate Cemetery.
  • 26 Nov Pte Joshua Hawkins aged 26 years in Rock Gate Cemetery.
  • 6 Dec Pte George James Jones aged 25 years in Rock Gate Cemetery.
  • 15 Dec Pte George Hume aged 32 years in Rock Gate Cemetery.
  • 27 Dec Sgt John Spriggs aged 39 years in Floriana Cemetery.

1860 4th/Rifle Brigade

1 Jan 1860 Strength: 39 Officers, 43 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 789 rank and file, 892 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7018 rank and file).

1 June Strength: 37 Officers, 44 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 795 rank and file, 895 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6203 rank and file).

In 1860, the regiment had an average strength of 857 men, 591 hospital admissions (690 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 7 deaths in hospital (8.17 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). 254 soldiers were admitted (296/1000 strength) with continued fevers with 1 death (1.17/1000 strength). A private soldier of the Rifle Brigade committed suicide by throwing himself from the balcony of the regimental hospital.

In June, when admissions from continued fevers from the 3rd Regiment became very numerous, tents were pitched for 200 of the men to sleep in with a view to diminish the over crowding in barracks. As this approach appeared to prove satisfactory, it was adopted in July by the 1st/22nd Foot, the 23rd Foot and Rifle Brigade and the rooms on the ground floor of Lower St Elmo Barracks were vacated by the married men of the 23rd Regiment. On 20 Sept, detachments were sent by the various regiments to Pembroke Camp for rifle practice and the barracks were thus relieved for the remainder of the year by about 1200 men.

The 4th/Rifle Bde was quartered in Forts Ricasoli and San Salvatore.

The following were buried at Rock Gate Cemetery in 1860 unless stated otherwise:

  • 2 Jan Pte Richard Dunn aged 20 years.
  • 18 Jan Pte Richard Goodge aged 20 years.
  • 30 Jan Pte Richard Davis aged 23 years.
  • 27 Feb Pte William Baldwin aged 23 years.
  • 1 Mar Charles Henry Jesse aged 8 months, son of Sgt John Charles Jesse.
  • 12 Mar Elizabeth Milmoth aged 44 years, wife of Pte G Milmoth.
  • 17 July Bugler Samuel Mullock aged 20 years 6 months.
  • 20 July Pte Thomas Cook aged 21 years.
  • 24 July Pte Joseph Crowther aged 20 years.

1861 4th/Rifle Brigade

In 1861, the regiment had an average strength of 870 men, 432 hospital admissions (496 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 3 deaths in hospital and 3 death out of hospital and 1 death among the invalids (8.05 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1861 unless stated otherwise:

  • 16 June Julia Harriet Vaughan aged 4 months, daughter of Sgt F Vaughan.
  • 8 Aug Annie Dawson aged 1 year 7 months, daughter of Sgt William Dawson.
  • 15 Aug Pte William Holdcroft aged 26 years.
  • 22 Oct Pte William Jackson aged 22 years.

1862 4th/The Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade

In 1862, the regiment had an average strength of 864 men, 352 hospital admissions (407 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 5 deaths in hospital and 1 out of hospital (6.94 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The 4th/Rifle Brigade were quartered at Fort Manoel, Lazaretto, and Plague Hospital.

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1862:

  • 14 Apr Thomas Gregory aged 23 years.
  • 15 Apr Pte George Perry aged 21 years.

1863 4th/The Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade

1963 Strength: 601 men.

17 Sep The 4th/The Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade embarked for Gibraltar. It was replaced by the 100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadians) Regiment of Foot.

In 1863, the regiment had an average strength of 601 men, 188 hospital admissions (312.8 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 4 deaths in hospital (6.65 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The 4th/The Rifle Brigade

1905 4th/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

16 Nov 1905 On 8 Nov 1905, The 4th/Rifle Brigade embarked at Southampton from Chatham on the Assaye. It disembarked at Malta on 16 November. The men were at Pembroke Barracks, Mellieha Barracks, and Ghajn Tuffieha, but then moved to Floriana Barracks and Fort Manoel.

1906 4th/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

1906 The 4th/Rifle Brigade was at St George's Barracks, Pembroke. 80 men fell ill with Simple Continued Fever, which was attributed to the battalion first exposure of the hot Maltese summer.

21 Dec Pte Daniel Phillips aged 21 years of Floriana Barracks was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery.

1907 4th/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

1907 Four companies were at Floriana Barracks (HQ Coy), and four companies in the huts at Fort Manoel. During the summer of 1907, there was an outbreak of Simple Continued Fever. This assumed an epidemic form among the non-commissioned officers and men of "C" Company at Floriana Barracks. The number of admissions from simple continued fevers from the battalion was 119. Of these, twenty six were from Fort Manoel or from the companies of musketry camp; the remaining ninety-three were from Floriana. The companies were sent to Mtarfa for a change of air in an attempt to reduce the incidence of fever.

1908 4th/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

1908 The men were at St Andrew's Barracks. There were 17 cases of pyrexia of uncertain origin.

1909 4th/Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)

22 Jan 1909 The 4th/Rifle Brigade embarked for Alexandria on the Braemar Castle.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  • TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
  • TNA:WO 156/121. Burial Register 1830–1837.
  • 2TNA:CO 158/353, 1906 War and Colonial Department Correspondence Secretary of State.
  • Service of the Rifle Brigade in Malta – personal correspondence Museum of The Royal Green Jackets dated 18 June 1990.
  • Outbreak of Simple Continued Fever in a company 4th Bn Rifle Bde at Floriana Barracks. J Roy Army Medical Corps, (Sept 1909), vol xiii: 3; p 252.
  • Crawford Kennedy J., A case of double and simultaneous infection by the organisms of enteric fever and of Malta Fever Barracks. J R Army Medical Corps, (Mar 1905) vol iv: 3; p 364.
  • The Malta Times or Broad Sheet of the Mediterranean, 5 Sept 1840; Issue No 31.
  • 1The Malta Times, 23 December 1842; Issues No 25 26.
  • TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
  • TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.
  • TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Marriage Register 1 January 1820 to 12 June 1839.
  • TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Baptism Register 2 January 1820 to 29 June 1839.
  • TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Baptism Register from 14 July 1839 to 25 December 1859.