RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)

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The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)

Introduction

The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment was raised by the Earl of Peterborough in 1661 to garrison Tangier. This formed part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza, on becoming Queen Consort to King Charles II.

Tangier withstood repeated attacks by the moors but was finally abandoned in 1684 when the regiment was withdrawn and designated The Queen's Regiment of Foot. It became a Royal Regiment in 1703, and received the motto Pristinœ Virtutis Memor for its actions in the siege of Namur in 1695 and in repelling repeated attacks by the French at Tongres. The other motto Vel Exuviae Triumphant refers to the service of the regiment in the Duke of Marlborough's Spanish campaigns.

From 1751 to 1881, the regimental title was the 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment.

On 1 July 1881, the infantry were given a geographical connection with an appropriate territorial title in place of the regimental number. The 1st Battalion The 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment became The 1st Battalion The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment.

In 1921 the title changed to the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey).

In 1959, the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) amalgamated with the East Surrey Regiment to form the Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment.

The 1st/The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment

1892 1st/The Queen's (Royal West Surrey)

1 July 1881 The 1st Battalion 2nd Regiment became the 1st Battalion The Queens (Royal West Surrey) Regiment

23 Dec 1891 The 1st/The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment embarked at Portsmouth from Aldershot. It disembarked in Malta on 2 January 1892.

It had an average strength of 788 men, 904 admissions (1147.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 9 deaths (11.42/1000 mean strength). 23 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 55.04 (69.85/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.56 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.28 days.

The 1st/Royal West Surrey Regiment was quartered at Fort Verdala Barracks for 12 months. It had detachments at Fort Chambray Gozo for 1 month.

The following were baptised in 1892:

  • 1 May Frederick Alexander born 11 Apr 1892, son of Fanny and Pte Frederick Alexander of Cottonera.
  • 26 July William John Richard Cash born 26 July 1892, son of Martha Jane and Sgt John William Cash of Cottonera.
  • 14 Aug Maud Hodges born 5 Aug 1892, daughter of Alice Maud and Sgt Frederick Hodges of Cottonera.
  • 14 Aug Frederick George Sawyer born 14 July 1892, son of Annie Maria and Pte Frederick George Sawyer of Cottonera.
  • 21 Aug Mary Flora Wakeford born 7 July 1892, daughter of Sarah and Sgt Daniel Wakeford of Cottonera.
  • 4 Sep Winifred Ellen Collins born 12 Aug 1892, daughter of Rosina and CSgt Herbert Edward Collins of Cottonera.
  • 13 Nov James Hoare born 24 Oct 1892, son of Minnie Agnes and Sgt James Hoare of Verdala Barracks.

The following were buried in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1892:

  • 16 Jan Robert Rudd aged 4 months 11 days, son of CSgt Robert Rudd died at Cottonera.
  • 21 Jan John R Horwel? aged 7 days, died at Polverista.
  • 11 June Annie Hodges aged 1 year 7 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 18 July Frederick Hockley aged 18 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 27 July George John James aged 20 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 28 July William John Richard Cash aged 1 day, son of CSgt Cash died at Cottonera.
  • 4 Aug Pte John Edward Mann aged 19 years 11 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 28 Aug Gertrude Florence Bessie Inkster aged 2 years 8 months, daughter of Band Master F J Inkster died at Cottonera.
  • 15 Sep Thomas William Bui? aged 20 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 2 Oct Mary Flora Wakeford aged 3 months, died at St Nicholas.
  • 1 Nov Alfred John Coneads ? aged 11 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 14 Nov W Weller aged 23 years 4 months, died at Cottonera.

The following was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1892:

  • 24 Sep Simpson Phillip aged 20 years.

1893 1st/The Queen's (Royal West Surrey)

The 1st Royal West Surrey Regiment had an average strength of 838 men. It had 758 admissions (904.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.77/1000 mean strength). 24 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 49.74 (59.36/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.06 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.95 days.

The 1st/Royal West Surrey Regiment was quartered at Fort Verdala Barracks for 10 months and Notre Dame Barracks Floriana for 2 months.

The following were baptised in 1893:

  • 5 Feb Emily Walters born 13 Jan 1893, daughter of Emily and CSgt William Walters.
  • 5 Mar George Albert Mawdith born 26 Jan 1893, son of Catherine and Sgt William Edward Mawdith.
  • 16 Apr Caroline Annie Jones born 17 Mar 1893, daughter of Jane Elizabeth and Sgt Henry Alfred Jones.
  • 23 Apr William Frederick Allam born 29 Dec 1892, son of Ellen and Sgt William Allam.
  • 9 July Florence Melita Bourne born 12 June 1893, daughter of Emily and Cpl George Bourne of Cottonera.
  • 27 Aug Charles Thomas Smith born 12 Aug 1893, son of Harriet Jane and CSgt Charles Edward Smith.
  • 8 Nov Edith Emma Rudd born 20 Oct 1893, daughter of Edith Emma and CSgt Robert Rudd of Floriana.
  • 20 Dec Cecil Daniel Wakeford born 19 Nov 1893, son of Sarah and Sgt Daniel Wakeford of Floriana.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1893:

  • 17 Feb George Butler aged 22 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
  • 12 June Pte Alfred Downing aged 21 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 28 Sep J W Elliott aged 19 years, died at Cottonera.

1894 1st/The Queen's (Royal West Surrey)

The 1st/Royal West Surrey Regiment had an average strength of 947 men. It had 617 admissions (705.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.36/1000 mean strength). 7 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 47.49 (51.78/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.90 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.79 days.

The 1st/Royal West Surrey Regiment was quartered at Floriana Barracks and Notre Dame Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

The following were baptised in 1894:

  • 28 Jan Alice Edna Garvin born 10 Jan 1894, daughter of Alice and Sgt John Edward Garvin of Floriana.
  • 11 Mar Violet Winifred Ellen Woodward born 27 Jan 1894, daughter of Ellen and Sgt James Henry Woodward of Floriana.
  • 15 Apr Malcolm James McGregor born 10 Feb 1894, son of Susan and Cpl Henry McGregor of the Sanatorium Citta Vecchia.
  • 5 July Alice Melita Jones born 11 June 1894, daughter of Jane Elizabeth and Sgt Harry Alfred Jones of Floriana.
  • 5 July Annie Victoria Allam born 23 June 1894, daughter of Ellen and Sgt William Allam of Floriana.
  • 12 July William Richard Walters born 25 June 1894, son of Emily and CSgt William Walters of Floriana.
  • 12 July Arthur Hodges born 27 June 1894, son of Alice Maude and Sgt Frederick Hodges.
  • 2 Aug Herbert Edward Collins born 10 July 1894, son of Rosina and CSgt Herbert Edward Collins of Floriana.
  • 6 Sep Eileen Sawyer born 27 Aug 1894, daughter of Annie Maria and Pte Frederick George Sawyer of Floriana.
  • 13 Dec James Thomas Hope born 29 Nov 1894, son of Mary and Sgt James Hope of Floriana.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1894:

  • 26 July Pte William John Roud aged 23 years.
  • 2 Aug Child Florence Melita Bourne aged 1 year 6 months, daughter of Cpl Bourne.
  • 29 Nov Pte Henry Clements aged 24 years 1 month.
  • 8 Dec Pte Francis Henry Lownes aged 23 years 5 months.
  • 8 Dec Infant Dorothy Saunders aged 3 months, daughter of SgtMaj Saunders.

1895 1st/The Queen's (Royal West Surrey)

The 1st/Royal West Surrey Regiment had an average strength of 10 men. It had 22 admissions (556/1000 mean strength) into hospital.

Its average constantly sick was 2.67 (66.75/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 24.36 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 44.30 days.

17 Jan 1895 The 1st/Royal West Surrey Regiment was quartered at Floriana Barracks and Notre Dame Ravelin for 2 weeks. It embarked for Bombay on 17 January, where it arrived on 30 January 1895.

The following were baptised in 1895:

  • 7 Feb George Hoare born 16 Jan 1895, son of Minnie Agnes and Sgt James Hoare of Floriana.
  • 14 Feb Elizabeth Helen Reader born 25 Jan 1895, daughter of Carmena and Sgt Ernest John Ward Reader of Valletta.
  • 8 May Walter Graham Mawditt born 27 Apr 1895, son of Catharine and Sgt William Edward Mawditt of Valletta.

The 1st/The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)

1929 1st/The Queen's Royal Regt (West Surrey)

Apr 1929 The 1st Battalion arrived at Malta. It had 27 officers and 798 rank and file.

1 Oct Strength: 28 officers and 925 rank and file.

1930 1st/The Queen's Royal Regt (West Surrey)

1 Jan 1930 Strength: 28 officers and 839 men. The band of the 1st/Queen's Royal regiment visited the grounds of the military hospital Mtarfa.

Oct The 1st Battalion embarked for China. It was relieved by the 2nd/Worcestershire regiment which arrived on the Neuralia.

The 2nd/The 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot

1800–1801

Dec 1800 The 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment arrived at Malta in December 1800 as part of Sir Ralph Abercrombie's Expedition to expel the French from Egypt. It did not form part of the garrison but embarked with the army on 10 December 1800 when it formed part of Brigadier General Doyle's 4th Brigade.

The Battalion left Egypt for Gibraltar via Malta, where 90 officers and men were struck by the yellow fever epidemic of 1804. For its service in Egypt, The Queen's was authorises to display the Sphinx and Egypt on its colours.

The 2nd/The 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot

1858 2nd/2nd (Queen's Royal)

12 Feb 1858 Six companies of the 2nd Battalion the 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot arrived from Portsmouth. They occupied Fort Manoel barracks.

1 Mar Strength: Rank and File 457 (6 Coys Effective), 480 (Established). Together with the 10 Coys of the 28th Foot and the 6 Coys of the Royal Malta Fencible Regiment, the 2nd/2nd Regiment formed part of 2nd Brigade.

1 Apr Strength: Rank and File 783 (10 Coys Effective), 800 (Established). Together with the 6 Coys of the 3rd Foot, the 10 Coys of the 28th Foot, and the 6 Coys of the Royal Malta Fencible Regiment, the 2nd/2nd Regiment formed part of 2nd Brigade.

26 Aug 1858 The 2nd/2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment embarked for the Ionian Islands.

The following was baptised in 1858:

  • 1 Aug Eliza Jane Bridges born 15 July 1858, daughter of Mary and Sgt John Bridges.

The following was buried at Floriana in 1858:

  • 6 Sep Sgt Thomas Hawkins 2nd/2nd Regiment.

The 2nd/The 2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot

1877 2nd/2nd (Queen's Royal)

26 July 1877 The 2nd Battalion embarked at Portsmouth from Aldershot. It disembarked in Malta on 6 August 1877.

The 2nd/2nd Foot had an average strength of 343 men. It had 573 admissions (1670.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (5.83/1000 mean strength). It had 2 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 26.29 (76.65/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 27.97 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.75 days.

In Aug 1877, the sudden arrival of the 2nd/2nd, and the 2nd/13th Regiments forced the Government to reoccupy of the Old Lazaretto Barracks and other buildings not hitherto in use. After the embarkation of the 2nd/2nd for India, the old Lazaretto Barracks on Manoel Island, which was unfit for habitation, was handed back to the Civil Government.

1878 2nd/2nd (Queen's Royal)

The 2nd/2nd Foot had an average strength of 87 men. It had 151 admissions (1735.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (11.49 deaths/1000 mean strength). 19 invalids were returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.09 (115.97/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 42.33 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.39 days.

6 Feb 1878 The 2nd/2nd Regiment embarked for Bombay after a short tour of 7 months, where it disembarked on 1 Mar 1878.

1 July 1881 The 2nd/2nd Regiment became The 2nd Battalion The Queens (Royal West Surrey) Regiment.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Rudolf R., 1988. Campaign histories of the Infantry Regiments of the British Army, Hayward and Sons, Polstead Suffolk.
  • TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.
  • Register No 13. Burials No 8, Pietà Cemetery 1887–1908.