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Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Royal Garrison Regiment

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The Royal Garrison Regiment

Introduction

The Royal Garrison Regiment was formed in 1901 and consisted of five battalions. The regiment served as an infantry reserve for service during the second Boer War.

The 1st, 3rd and 4th Battalions arrived at Malta in 1901. In April 1904 the battalions from Malta left for South Africa to relief the regular units which returned to normal duties.

The 2nd Battalion was formed at Aldershot on 10 April 1901 and embarked on the Dilwara for Gibraltar on 15 May 1901. It left Gibraltar for Durban, South Africa on 11 April 1904. The 2nd Battalion returned on the Dunerato Southampton on 4 August 1905 and was disbanded on 15 September 1905.

The 5th Battalion Royal Garrison Regiment was raised at Aldershot on 1 March 1902. It embarked on the Aurania for Halifax, Nova Scotia on 20 September 1902. The battalion embarked of the Canada in Halifax Nova Scotia on 24 November 1905. it disembarked in Liverpool on 23/24 Nov 1904 and was disbanded on 31 December 1905.

The Royal Garrison Regiment was disbanded in 1908.

The 1st/Royal Garrison Regiment

1901 1st/Royal Garrison Regiment

31 May 1901 The 1st/Royal Garrison Regiment was formed at Aldershot on 10 April 1901. It embarked at Southampton on the SS Formosa on 23 May 1901 and disembarked at Malta on 31 May.

The following were buried in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1901:

  • 15 June Frances Maude Lyne aged 8 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 15 June Mabel Irene Muir aged 4 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 2 July Garwaker aged 34 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 25 Aug William Young aged 34 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 26 Sep William Borling aged 38 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 18 Nov Pte John Tipping aged 33 years 6 months, died at Cottonera Hospital.

1902 1st/Royal Garrison Regiment

1902 The regiment was located at Verdala Barracks.

The following were buried in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1902:

  • 4 Jan Pte James Woodley aged 38 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
  • 2 May Sgt James McReynolds aged 40 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 3 May Pte Edward Cunningham Evans aged 37 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 5 May Elizabeth McReynolds aged 39 years, wife of Sgt McReynolds 1st/RGR died at Cospicua.
  • 18 June Ursula Sarah Coles aged 9 months, daughter of Pte Coles 1st/RGR died at Cottonera.
  • 23 June George Hollis aged 4 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 30 June Florence Annie Gregory aged 8 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 11 July Frederick John Day aged 9 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 18 July Grace King aged 11 months, daughter of L/Cpl King 1st/RGR died at Cottonera.
  • 27 July Edward Charles Lyne aged 7 months, son of Pte Lyne 1st/RGR died at Cottonera.
  • 7 Aug Beatrice Ethel Gray aged 1 year 3 months, daughter of Pte Gray 1st/RGR died at Tas Silg.
  • 21 Aug Pte George Cox 1st/RGR aged 38 years 8 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 30 Aug Pte Thomas Hodges 1st/RGR aged 35 years 5 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 6 Sep Pte Albert Bird 1st/RGR aged 38 years 6 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 1 Nov Gerald Gordon Grove aged 2 years, son of Sgt Grove 1st/RGR died at Cottonera.
  • 9 Dec Samuel James Marshall aged 2 years 3 months, son of Sgt Marshall 1st/RGR died at Corradino.
  • 15 Dec Ada Mary Day aged 26 years 5 months, wife of Pte Day 1st/RGR died at Cottonera.

1903 1st/Royal Garrison Regiment

1903 The regiment moved to Fort St Elmo.

The following were buried in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1903:

  • 7 Mar Pte Richard Beck aged 40 years 6 months, died at Cottonera.
  • 13 Mar George Fuller aged few minutes, died at Cottonera.
  • 13 Mar Henry Fuller aged few minutes, died at Cottonera.
  • 13 Mar William Fuller aged few minutes, died at Cottonera.
  • 1 May Sgt William Marshall aged 36 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 2 May Pte H Whitewood aged 34 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 25 July Cpl Arthur Thomas Rawlings aged 36 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
  • 4 Aug Dorcas Adshead aged 1 year, died at Verdala Barracks.

1904 1st/Royal Garrison Regiment

The following were buried in Gozo Cemetery in 1904:

  • 19 Jan Florence Edith Taylor aged six mths in Gozo Cemetery, daughter of Pte.
  • 10 Mar Frances Kath Gray aged 33 yrs 6 mths in Gozo Cemetery, wife of Pte.
  • 26 Mar Ada Victoria Taylor aged 2 yrs 6 mths in Gozo Cemetery, daughter of Pte John Taylor. The burial service was conducted by Lieutenant E H Thinkell White, Officer Commanding Troops Gozo.

29 Apr 1904 The 1st/Royal Garrison Regiment embarked on the Sicilia for Durban, South Africa where it arrived on 26 May 1904.

The 1st Battalion Royal Garrison Regiment was disbanded on 30 September 1908.

The 3rd/Royal Garrison Regiment

1901 3rd/Royal Garrison Regiment

28 Sep 1901 The 3rd/Royal Garrison Regiment was formed at Warley Essex on 20 June 1901. It embarked for Malta on the Assaye at Southampton on 20 Sep 1901. It disembarked at Malta on 28 Sep 1901 and was quartered at Verdala Barracks and Lower St Elmo Barracks.

1902 3rd/Royal Garrison Regiment

6 Oct 1902 Burial of Sgt Charles Gallagher aged 28 yrs 11 mths, at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 2, Grave 5).

1903 3rd/Royal Garrison Regiment

1903 The regiment was stationed at Mtarfa Barracks

22 Apr 1903 Pte O'Shea 3rd Royal Garrison Regiment was found guilty of murder but was also judged to be insane. He was transferred to Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum on board the SS Peria. The Lunatic Asylum at Malta had pronounced him not insane. O'Shea had claimed that his moment of insanity had been caused by the affects of a wound received on the battlefield and on certain surgical operation that he had underwent.

The following were buried in Malta in 1903:

  • 4 Oct Pte Henry Charles Fay aged 39 yrs in Gozo Cemetery.
  • 19 Oct L/Cpl Arthur Edward Atherly aged 33 yrs in Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 1, Row 2, Grave 11).
  • 14 Nov Pte Alfred Edward Evans 3rd/RGR aged 36 years, died at Verdala and was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery
  • 24 Nov Pte John Henry Taylor aged 34 yrs 6 mths in Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 2, Grave 12).

1904 3rd/Royal Garrison Regiment

20 Apr 1904 The 3rd/Royal Garrison Regiment embarked for Capetown South Africa on board the Plassy. It disembarked at Capetown on 13 May 1904 and returned on the Dilwara to Southampton on 2 Oct 1905.

The following were buried in Malta in 1904:

  • 12 Jan Cpl George William Murfleet aged 35 yrs 5 mths in Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 3, Grave 14).
  • 18 Apr Pte Charles Aston aged 32 yrs at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 3, Grave 4).
  • 24 May Maj and QM Evi John Crane aged 54 yrs 6 mths at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 1, Row 3, Grave 1).

The 3rd Battalion Royal Garrison Regiment was disbanded on 30 November 1905.

The 4th/Royal Garrison Regiment

1901 4th/Royal Garrison Regiment

18 Dec 1901 The 4th/Royal Garrison Regiment was formed at Warley Essex on 1 Sep 1901. On 7 Dec 1901 "B" Coy, "C" Coy and "D" Coy embarked at Birkenhead from Aldershot on the SS Assyria. Half of the battalion arrived at Malta on 18 Dec 1901.

1902 4th/Royal Garrison Regiment

12 May 1902 On 12 May Head Quarters Coy and another four coys embarked on the SS Borneo at the Royal Albert Dock from Aldershot. Head quarters Coy disembarked at Malta on 21 May 1902.

The following were buried in Malta in 1902:

  • 1 Jan Pte James Taylor aged 33 yrs, in Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 11, Row 1, Grave 12).
  • 30 Dec CSgt James Bailey aged 33 yrs, in Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 2, Grave 6).

1903 4th/Royal Garrison Regiment

1903 The regiment was at Verdala Barracks.

The following were buried in Malta in 1903:

  • 11 May Pte Samuel Chubb aged 37 yrs, in Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 2, Grave 8).
  • 27 Oct Pte William Pegram 4th/RGR aged 35 years, died at Verdala Barracks and was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery.
  • 8 Nov Gladys Mabel Nelley aged 1 year 4 months, died at Verdala and was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery.

1904 4th/Royal Garrison Regiment

1904 The regimental strength was 205 men located at Verdala Barracks.

29 June 1904 The 4th/Royal Garrison Regiment embarked on the Dunera for Durban, South Africa where it arrived on 25 July 1904.

The following were buried in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1904:

  • 25 Jan Pte James Welch 4th/RGR aged 33 years 10 months, died at Verdala.
  • 23 Apr L/Cpl James Douglas 4th/RGR aged 42 years 3 months, died at Verdala.
  • 24 Apr Gladys Gough aged 1 year 4 months, daughter of L/Sgt G Gough died at St Nicholas Married Quarters.
  • 19 June Winifred Alexandr Mew aged 7 months, daughter of Sgt Mew died at St Nicholas Married Quarters.
  • 13 July Alice Ethel Beard aged 10 months, daughter of Pte Beard died at St Nicholas Married Quarters.

The 4th Battalion Royal Garrison Regiment was disbanded on 30 September 1905.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • Famous Units. The National Army Museum. Available from http://www.nam.ac.uk/research/famous-units.
  • TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
  • TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.