RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

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The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

Introduction

The Royal Scots was raised in Scotland on 28 March 1633 for the Scottish coronation of King Charles I. The regiment was used in the service of the king of France though it officially remained a regiment of the Crown. It returned to Britain in 1660 on the restoration of the monarchy and was ranked as the 1st Regiment of Foot.

In 1684, The Royal Scots became His Majesty's Royal Regiment of Foot.

On 1 July 1881, the 1st Regiment became The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment), as the county regiment for Mid East and West Lothian.

In 1920, the name changed to The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment).

The 1st/Regiment (The Royals)

1854 1st/The Royal Scots

27 Nov Burial of Pte Lucas 1st Regiment.

1855 1st/The Royal Scots

The following were buried in Malta in 1855:

  • 14 Feb Sgt William Knowles aged 27 years.
  • 11 May Cpl William Halliday aged 18 years.

The 1st/Royal Scots

1878 1st/The Royal Scots

The 1st/1st Foot embarked at Portsmouth for Malta on 27 Jan 1878.

It had an average strength of 747 men. It had 1220 admissions (1633/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 23 deaths (30.79 deaths/1000 mean strength). 59 invalids were returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 66.05 (88.42/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 32.27 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.76 days.

14 deaths in the 1st/1st Regiment were from enteric fever. The disease struck during the last eight months of the year. The 1st/1st Regiment occupied Floriana Barracks until October, when it moved to the Cottonera District, with detachments at Pembroke Camp. In the Valletta District, it lost one man in May from enteric fever, two in July, three in August, one in October, and one in November; two men died at Pembroke Camp in December.

1879 1st/The Royal Scots

The 1st/1st Regiment had an average strength of 742 men. It had 805 admissions (1084.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (5.39/1000 mean strength). 21 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 46.48 (62.64/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 22.86 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.07 days.

1880 1st/The Royal Scots

The 1st/1st Foot had an average strength of 691 men. It had 520 admissions (752.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (5.79 deaths/1000 mean strength). 13 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 35.92 (51.98/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.03 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.28 days.

1881 1st/The Royal Scots (Lothian)

The 1st/Lothian Regiment had an average strength of 615 men. It had 595 admissions (967.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 11 deaths (17.88 deaths/1000 mean strength). 24 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 42.53 (69.15/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.24 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.08 days.

1882 1st/The Royal Scots (Lothian)

The 1st/Royal Scots had an average strength of 535 men. It had 381 admissions (712.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths including 1 among the invalids (3.74 deaths/1000 mean strength). 16 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 30.91 (57.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.08 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.61 days.

11 Apr 1882 Four coys embarked for the West Indies; a draft of 262 men returned to England.

1883 1st/The Royal Scots (Lothian)

The 1st/Royal Scots had an average strength of 72 men. It had 44 admissions (611.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.57 (49.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.09 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.61 days.

Jan 1883 The 1st/Royal Scots was ordered to the West Indies. Several men were left behind as invalids.

1 Jan – 24 Feb 1883 Half of the battalion formed part of the garrison.

The 2nd/Royal Scots

1800 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

20 Dec 1800 The 2nd Battalion arrived from Gibraltar. On 20 Dec it joined Abercrombie's Expedition to Egypt.

1801 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

1 Nov 1801 In Nov 1801 the regiment was withdrawn from Egypt and proceeded to Malta, where it remained for four months.
Strength: 29 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 473 rank and file fit for duty, 173 rank and file sick, 769 total officers and men, 1123 establishment.

1802 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

1 Jan 1802 Strength: 30 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 507 rank and file fit for duty, 118 rank and file sick, 748 total officers and men, 1123 establishment.

May 1802 The regiment left for Gibraltar.

The 2nd/Royal Scots

1855 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

The following were buried in Malta in 1855:

  • 30 July Pte Robert Dent 2nd/1st Royals aged 18 years.
  • 11 Sep Lt Charles Howard Proby aged 21 years.
  • 12 Sep Pte John Eyers aged 20 years.
  • 28 Sep Cpl John Howard aged 22 years.

1856 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

11 June 1856 749 men of The 2nd Battalion arrived from Turkey and the Crimea. The men were quartered at Cottonera and at St George's Bay.

The following were buried in Malta in 1856:

  • 1 Mar Pte John Jones 2nd/1st Royals.
  • 26 May Ensign William Augustus Hamilton 2nd/1st Royals.
  • 30 Dec Pte Samuel Morrell aged 30 years.

1857 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

May 1857 The 2nd Battalion left for Gibraltar.

The following were buried in Floriana in 1857:

  • 24 Apr Frederick Knapp 2nd/1st Royals aged 37 years.
  • 25 May Pte Henry Bamhant 2nd/1st Royals aged 19 years 6 months.

The 2nd/The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

1890 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

19 Dec 1890 The 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) arrived from Aldershot via Portsmouth and relieved the 1st/Bedfordshire Regiment, which embarked for India. The battalion was quartered at Cottonera for 13 days.

It had an average strength of 16 men with 22 admissions (606.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital.

1891 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment had an average strength of 977 men. It had 788 admissions (755.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.09/1000 mean strength). 20 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 46.59 (47.69/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.41 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.04 days.

The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment was at Isola District for 12 months with detachments at Pembroke Camp.

The following were buried in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

  • 20 July Isabella Herbert aged 5 weeks, died at St Nicholas.
  • 25 July Emily Bowers aged 1 year 1 month, died at St Nicholas.
  • 8 Aug Pte George Carter aged 24 years, drowned.
  • 14 Aug Edwin Crow aged 20 years, died at Cottonera.
  • 15 Aug Victor Florentine aged 18 years, died at Cottonera.

13 Aug Henry Archer aged 19 years 2 months was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery.

1892 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment had an average strength of 188 men. It had 140 admissions (744.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.32/1000 mean strength). 11 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 9.97 (53.03/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.41 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.03 days.

7 Mar 1892 The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment was at Isola District for 3 months. It embarked on the Wellington for Bombay on 7 March, arriving there on 24 March.

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1892:

  • 31 Mar A Andrews aged 20 years 8 months, died at Cottonera.

The 2nd/Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment)

1946 2nd/Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment)

12 Dec 1946 Arrived from Palestine (MELF). Minor difficulties were encountered in its administration owing to the absence of documents. The regiment was quartered at St Andrew's Barracks, Pembroke.

1947 2nd/Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment)

June 1947 The battalion left for Trieste.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.
  • TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.