Regiments
Of the Malta Garrison
The Border Regiment

The Border Regiment

Border Regt
A Star similar to the Order of the Garter with a crown displacing the uppermost point, superimposed with a star similar to the Order of the Bath, lying on a laurel wreath, and bearing the battle honours on the four arms. In the centre, a circle inscribed Arroyo dos Molinos 1811, and within the circle a Dragon superscribed China. On the base is a scroll inscribed The Border Regiment Drummers Bn 1926.

The Border Regiment was formed on 1 July 1881 through the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment and the 55th (Westmoreland) Regiment.

The 34th became The 1st Battalion, the 55th became The 2nd Battalion of the Border Regiment.

The 34th received the Battle Honour Arroyo dos Molinos 1811 from its service in the Peninsula War, when on 28 October 1811, the 34th captured its opposite number in the French Army.

The 55th was granted the China Dragon superscribed China for its service during the China War of 1840–42.

In 1959, the Border Regiment linked with the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment.

The 1st/Border Regiment (34th)

1855 – 34th Regiment

Burials in 1855:

1856 – 34th Regiment

Burials in 1856:

The 1st/Border Regiment

1 July 1881 The 34th Regiment became The 1st Battalion The Border Regiment.

1897 1st/Border

Border Regiment
The Pioneers The Border Regt
(Sa Maison Gardens Floriana)

19 Nov The 1st/Border Regiment embarked at Southampton from Aldershot on 10 November 1897. It disembarked in Malta on 19 November.

It had an average strength of 103 men with 75 admissions into hospital.

Its average constantly sick was 3.56. The average sick time to each soldier was 12.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.33 days.

The 1st/Border Regiment was quartered at Mtarfa Barracks for 6 weeks (Imtarfa).

1898 1st/Border

Admissions and Deaths during 1898
Average Strength Admissions Hospital Deaths Admissions/1000 Deaths/1000
824 928 6 1126 7
Admissions into hospital and deaths during the year with ratio of admissions and deaths per 1000 of strength. The average strength of the troops, exclusive of the Royal Malta Artillery, was 7,390 men.
James Shaw
5909 Pt James Shaw 1st/Border Regt died 28 July 1899 aged 26 years.
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

The 1st/Border Regiment was quartered at Mtarfa Barracks for 8 months and at Floriana for 4 months where it occupied Notre Dame Ravelin and the Old Laboratory, Valletta. It moved to Marsamxetto Barracks Valletta on the arrival of the 3rd/Lancaster Regiment.

12 Sep A detachment of about 251 men arrived at Crete from Malta. It left Crete on 4 November.

Its average constantly sick was 48.64. The average sick time to each soldier was 21.55 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.33 days.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1898:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1898:

1899 1st/Border

SS Sumatra
SS Sumatra carrying the Borders to the Cape. (Navy and Army Illustrated Vol IX No 142 page 135 dated 21 Oct 1899.)
1st Border
The 1st Border inspected by General Lord Congleton on the Floriana Parade Ground prior to their embarkation for the Cape. (Navy and Army Illustrated Vol IX No 142 page 135 dated 21 Oct 1899.)

1 June Strength: 1026 men.

1 Sep Strength: 985 men.
The regiment was located at Floriana Barracks.

6 Sep A detail from the 1st/Border Regiment separated from the main body at Malta and embarked for Southampton.
It arrived at Shorncliffe on 14 September 1899 and joined Details left behind when the battalion embarked for Malta.

27 Sep The Border Regiment embarked on SS Sumatra for Natal, South Africa.
It landed at Cape Town on 29 October 1899, and formed part of 5th Bde under Major General Hart.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church in 1899:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1899:

The 55th Regiment

1855 – 55th Regiment

Burials in 1855:

The 1st/Border Regiment

1915 – 1st/Border

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1915:

The 2nd/Border Regiment

1 July 1881 The 55th Regiment became the 2nd Battalion The Border regiment.

1888 2nd/Border

2 Nov The 2nd/Border Regiment (714 men (8 coys) embarked at Portsmouth for Malta. It disembarked in Malta on 13 November 1888.

It had an average strength of 89 men. It had 110 admissions into hospital.

Its average constantly sick was 6.55. The average sick time to each soldier was 26.93 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.70 days.

The 2nd/Border Regiment was quartered as follows: HQ, A Coy and B Coys at Isola Gate, C Coy, Band and Drums at St Francesco de Paola, G Coy at St Paul's Bastion, and D Coy, E Coy and F Coy at Polverista Barracks.

The officers' mess occupied the Inquisitor's Palace Vittoriosa.

1889 2nd/Border

The 2nd/Border Regiment had an average strength of 777 men. It had 541 admissions into hospital with 6 deaths. 21 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 34.33. The average sick time to each soldier was 16.13 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.16 days.

HQ Coy, B Coy, E Coy, F Coy and H Coy moved in July 1889 to Pembroke Camp. A Coy, C Coy, D Coy, and G Coy went to Fort Chambray Gozo.

Baptisms in the Garrison Church Valletta in 1889:

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1889:

1890 2nd/Border

William S. Horton
5880 Boy William Sandford Horton, Band 1st Border Regt, Died 20 Oct 1898, at the Station Hospital Valletta, aged 16 years (Pieta' Military Cemetery).
A number of Boy Regts were recruited from Parish Boys between the ages of 10 and 16 so as to relieve parishes of the upkeep of young boys and to increase the strength of the army.

The 2nd/Border Regiment had an average strength of 123 men. It had 93 admissions into hospital with 3 deaths. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.58. The average sick time to each soldier was 19.53 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.82 days.

21 Feb The 2nd/Border Regiment was quartered at Verdala Barracks Cottonera for 1 3/4 months with detachments at Pembroke Camp. It embarked for Bombay India on 21 Feb 1890, where it arrived on 10 Mar 1890. It was relieved in Malta by the 1st/Bedfordshire Regiment.

Baptisms in 1890:

Burials at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1890:

The 2nd/Border Regiment

1924 2nd/Border

13 Dec The 2nd/Border Regiment arrived from Aldershot and was located at Mtarfa Barracks. Its strength was 8 officers and 710 men.

1925 2nd/Border

1 Jan Strength: 26 officers and 541 rank and file.

1 Oct Strength: 7 officers and 794 rank and file.

1926 2nd/Border

1 Jan Strength: 24 officers and 789 rank and file.

1 Oct Strength: 0 officers and 23 rank and file.

23 Jan–5 Dec In Jan 1926, the regiment left for Khartoum to relief the 1st/Dorsetshire Regiment. Their families remained at Mtarfa Barracks.

1927 2nd/Border

1 Jan Strength: 29 officers and 536 rank and file.

23 Jan Strength: Left for Shanghai as part of the International Defence Force during China's Civil War between the nationalists and the communists.

The 6th/Border Regiment

The 6th Battalion Border Regiment formed part of 33rd Brigade 11th (Northern) Division in Gallipoli.

Burials in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1915:

Bibliography