The 16th (Bedfordshire Regiment)
The 16th Foot was raised in 1688 as Colonel James Douglas' Regiment of Foot. In 1751 it became the 16th Regiment of Foot and in 1782 it was given the county association with Buckinghamshire. In 1809, the county title was exchanged with the 14th at the request of the colonel of that regiment, to become the 16th (Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot.
On 1 July 1881 the 16th Foot became the 1st Battalion of the Bedfordshire Regiment. In 1919, the name Hertfordshire was incorporated into the title under Army Order 269. This was in recognition of the men from Hertfordshire who served with the Bedfordshire Regiment during the Great War.
In 1958 the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment amalgamated with the Essex Regiment to become the 3rd/East Anglian Regiment.
The 1st/Bedfordshire Regiment
On 12 Feb 1890 the 1st/Bedfordshire embarked at Portsmouth from Aldershot. It disembarked at Malta on 21 Feb 1890 and replaced the 2nd/Border Regiment which left for India.
It had an average strength of 582 men with 468 admissions (804.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 9 deaths (15.46/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England.
Its average constantly sick was 29.13 (50.05/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.27 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.72 days.
The 1st/Bedfordshire Regiment was quartered at Verdala Barracks on the Cottonera side of the Grand Harbour for 11 months with detachments at Pembroke Camp for 4 months.
Malta 19 Dec 1890 The Bedfordshire Regiment was relieved by the 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment. It embarked for Bombay India where it arrived on 7 Jan 1891.
The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1890:
- 29 March L W Burr aged 20 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 6 April George Ball aged 19 years 9 months, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 12 May J Sheppard aged 24 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 30 May Child of CSgt Farr stillborn died at Verdala Barracks.
- 2 July Frederick Taylor aged 2 years, died at Verdala Barracks.
- 5 July Joseph Taylor aged 8 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
- 21 July E Greggs aged 1 year 1 month, died at Verdala Barracks.
- 26 July Emily Brooks aged 1 year 3 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
- 30 July Sgt J Ward aged 26 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 11 August Mabel M Mole aged 9 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
- 17 August Florence Kirey aged 10 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
- 13 September H Hooton aged 26 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 24 September S Jeffrey aged 20 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 24 September H Wainwright aged 21 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 21 October F Clarke aged 19 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
- 5 November Alfred Reeves aged 23 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
Malta 9 May 1891 A detachment of 1st/Bedfordshire Regiment remained in Malta until May 1891. It had an average strength of 4 men with 3 admissions and 2 deaths and 4 invalids returned home.
The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:
- 10 May William Mansworthy aged 23 years, died at Cottonera Hospital.
The 1st/Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment
1925 1st/Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire
Nov 1925 Arrived from Aldershot.
1926 1st/Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire
Malta 1 Jan 1926 Strength: 26 officers and 598 men.
Malta 1 Oct 1926 Strength: 27 officers and 797 rank and file.
1927 1st/Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire
Malta 1 Jan 1927 Strength: 28 officers and 828 men.
Malta Feb Left for Shanghai as part of the International Defence Force during China's Civil War between nationalists and communists. The regiment was tasked to protect the port and the European population in Shanghai.
Malta 1 Apr 1927 Strength: 0 officers and 39 men.
1928 1st/Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire
Malta 1 Jan 1928 Strength: 0 officers and 38 men.
1929 1st/Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire
Malta 1 Jan 1929 Strength: 0 officers and 37 men.
- Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
- Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
- Famous Units. The National Army Museum. Available from http://www.nam.ac.uk/research/famous-units.
- TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
- TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.