Inspector of Hospitals John Hennen reported that the 18th Foot had between a hundred to two hundred men unfit for Malta, and a burden to the service, labouring under the effects of repeated attacks of fever and hepatic diseases contracted in the West Indies, and also from pulmonary afflictions.1
The following were baptised in 1821:
27 AprElijah Johnston son of Cpl John Thomas Johnston and Michelina, born on 17 April.
20 MaySarah McLaughlin daughter of Sgt James McLaughlin and Elizabeth, born on 20 April.
20 MayJames Wethers son of Pte James Wethers and Nancy, born on 19 April.
27 MayJohn Mathews son of Acting Cpl Richard Mathews and Mary, born on 8 April.
10 JuneJohn Logan son of Pte John Logan and Jane, born on 26 May.
1 JulyElizabeth Morrow daughter of Pte James Morrow and Mary Anne, born on 17 June.
29 JulyMaria Dowling daughter of Pte Archibald Dowling and Mary, born on 27 March.
2 SepEllen McCartney daughter of Pte James McCartney and Elizabeth, born on 26 August.
30 SepAnna Matilda Quinland daughter of Pte John Quinland and Mary, born on 16 September.
1 OctEllen Karr daughter of Pte James Karr and Mary, born on 16 September.
21 OctJames Ferguson son of Sgt John Ferguson and Anne, born on 16 July.
21 OctEliza Jamason daughter of Pte Thomas Jamason and Susan, born on 16 October.
28 OctWilliam Ross son of Cpl Thomas Ross and Mary, born on 16 September.
9 DecSara Kay daughter of Pte William Kay and Christiana, born on 29 November.
16 DecCatharine Thompson daughter of Sgt Lewis Thompson and Eleanor, born on 11 June.
23 DecMoses Home son of Sgt James Home and Margaret, born on 26 November.
1822 The 1st/18th had its HQ at Cospicua (Bormla), with a detachment of 52 men at Gozo. The regimental hospital was at Fort Ricasoli.
A regimental soldier was transferred from the Ophthalmia Ward in the Military Hospital Valletta to the Regimental Hospital of the 18th Regiment at Fort Ricasoli for the benefit of a change of air. Staff Surgeon James Dillon Tully said that the patient had an opaque cornea of his left eye before he left for England, and his health had been a good deal impaired by a long confinement in hospital.
The following were baptised in 1822:
17 FebWilliam Armstrong son of Pte James Armstrong and Honorah, born on 9 February.
10 MarCatherine Wilson daughter of Sgt Andrew Wilson and Susannah, born on 26 February.
6 AprElizabeth Norton daughter of Pte Richard Norton and Mary, born on 21 March.
14 AprSarah Anne Crosier daughter of Pte Patrick Crosier and Eliza, born on 6 April.
16 AprSamuel Smyth son of Lt Col in the Army and Major in the 18th Royal Irish Regiment Robert Smyth and Catharine Clarke, born on 20 November 1821.
16 AprFrancis George Blakeney son of Pte Robert Blakeney and Anne, born on 20 December 1821.
12 MayJane Crawford daughter of Cpl George Crawford and Martha, born on 20 January.
16 JuneJane Harrow daughter of Pte Jane Harrow and Mary, born on 11 June.
30 JuneThomas McGill son of Cpl Matthew McGill and Mary, born on 20 June.
14 JulyEliza Jane Stewart daughter of Pte John Stewart and Elizabeth, born on 10 July.
4 SepJames McMurray son of Pte Thomas McMurray and Jane, born on 1 September.
15 SepDavid Doak son of Pte Samuel Doak and Margaret, born on 8 September.
29 SepMargaret McCartney daughter of Pte James McCartney and Elizabeth, born on 16 September.
29 SepWilliam Dodds son of Pte William Dodds and Catharine, born on 9 September.
29 DecSusannah McKelly daughter of Sgt Joseph McKelly and Elizabeth, born on 21 December.
29 DecJames McGill son of Pte James McGill and Anne, born on 25 December.
1823 The regiment had 593 men with an average daily sick of 31. The ratio of sick to well was 1:18. The prevailing diseases were: continued fever, pulmonary and bowel disorders, and venereal complaints. In 1823, the regiment moved from Valletta to Floriana replacing 80th Foot.
The following were married in 1823:
12 Feb Widower Sgt Robert Shannon to Amelia Simons, a spinster of Swansea in the County of Glamorgan South Wales.
8 Sep Bachelor Acting Cpl Robert Currens to Elizabeth Proctor, spinster daughter of Cpl Proctor 18th Regiment, deceased.
15 Sep Bachelor Pte George Peel to Mary Quinland, spinster daughter of Pte John Quinland 18th Regiment.
The following were baptised in 1823:
12 JanRichard Cready son of Cpl William Cready and Anne, born on 2 January.
9 FebJoseph McNeal son of Acting Cpl John McNeal and Ellen, born on 9 December 1822.
12 FebEleanor Bowles daughter of Sgt James Bowles and Maria, born on 3 February.
16 FebJane McConkey daughter of Sgt Robert McConkey and Martha, born on 13 February.
23 FebSamuel Procter son of Pte Samuel Procter and Elizabeth, born on 18 February.
27 FebAnne Doran daughter of Captain John Doran and Georgiana, born on 21 January.
29 MarMary Ross daughter of Sgt Thomas Ross and Mary, born on 4 March.
6 AprPriscilla Weathers daughter of Pte James Weathers and Anne, born on 21 March.
27 AprElizabeth Stewart daughter of Cpl Andrew Stewart and Catharine, born on 16 April.
4 MayMargaret Morrow daughter of Pte James Morrow and Mary Anne, born on 26 April.
17 MayJames Parker Percival son of Brigade Major and Captain Robert Percival 18th Regiment and Antoinette, born on 30 March.
18 MayElizabeth Solay daughter of Pte James Solay and Judith, born on 11 May 1823 and publicly received into the church on 25 May.
1 JuneJohn Kirkpatrick son of Pte William Kirkpatrick and Sarah, born on 26 May.
10 JuneRebecca Stewart daughter of Pte Henry Stewart and Margaret, born on 9 June 1823 was privately baptised on 10 June and publicly admitted into the church on 15 June.
30 JulyDonald McQueen son of Pte Donald McQueen and Cecilia, born on 24 July 1823, privately baptised and publicly admitted into the church on 3 August.
24 AugElizabeth Dowling daughter of Pte Archibald Dowling and Mary, born on 7 August.
14 SepEmma Miller daughter of Sgt William Miller and Elizabeth, born on 9 September.
5 OctJohn East son of Pte Henry East and Mary, born on 18 September.
14 OctCatharine Edminston daughter of Cpl James Edminston and Bridget, born on 12 October.
16 NovElizabeth Plunket daughter of Pte James Plunket and Margaret, born on 12 November 1823, privately baptised and publicly received into the church on 30 November.
21 DecWilliam John McCartney son of Pte James McCartney and Elizabeth, born on 14 December.
28 DecRichard Crawford son of Pte George Crawford and Martha, born on 19 December.
The following died in 1823:
15 Apr Pte George Morris Grenadier Coy 18th Royal Irish (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).
31 July Maj John McNeil 18th Regiment, aged 43 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).
12 Dec 1830 The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment was in contingent with the 90th Foot and 95th Foot which sailed from Corfu, when, on 18 Dec 1830, it was wrecked on the coast of Sicily. The 18th Foot re-embarked on HMS Madagascar on 23 December. It disembarked at Malta on 24 December 1830.
18 Jan 1872 The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) embarked at Queenstown and arrived in Malta from Fermoy Ireland on 30 January 1872.
In 1872, the 1st/18th had an average strength of 612 men. It had 770 admissions (1258/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths in hospital and 1 out of hospital (8.17/1000 mean strength).
Its average strength from 30 June to 30 September was 694 men. During this third quarter of the year when fevers were prevalent, the regiment had a total of 333 hospital admissions with 2 deaths.
It had: 4 cases of enteric fever with 1 death, 115 of continued fevers with 1 death and 214 of febricula with no deaths. The only fatal case of enteric fever in the 18th Foot, was one admitted from Fort Ricasoli in September.
The regiment brought measles into the station. Of the 9 reported cases among the troops, seven occurred in the 1st/18th Regiment. The disease prevailed to a considerable extent among the families of the soldiers during the year, 93 attacks and 8 deaths being recorded from it.
The men were quartered at Fort Ricasoli, San Salvatore Barracks, and Zabbar Gate Barracks. They were in camp until 28 February.
The 1st/18th Regiment had an average strength of 516 men. It had 280 admissions (542.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths including 1 among the invalids (5.81 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 17 invalids returned to England. A soldier of the 1st/18th Regiment was killed from a gun-shot. The men at Verdala Barracks.
20 Oct 1874 The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) embarked for Bombay where it arrived on 15 November 1874. It was relieved in Malta by the 101st Royal Bengal Fusiliers.
The 2nd/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment left Aldershot for Portsmouth on 28 Feb 1884. It disembarked at Malta on 10 Mar 1884.
The 2nd/Royal Irish Regiment had an average strength of 743 men. It had 718 admissions (966.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 13 deaths (17.49 deaths/1000 mean strength). 13 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 52.02 (70.01/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.51 days.
The 2nd/Royal Irish Regiment had 15 admissions into hospital with pneumonia soon after the regiment had disembarked; 14 were transferred from hospital on board ship. A private soldier died after falling down 7.6 meters into the ditch of the fortifications.
7 Jan 1885 The 2nd/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment left for Rawalpindi Bengal India, but 29 soldiers were still in Malta in June 1885.
Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
1Hennen, J. Reports on diseases of the garrison of Malta 21 June-23 Sept 1823. Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine RAMC 374.
TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Marriage Register 1 January 1820 to 12 June 1839.
TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Baptism Register 2 January 1820 to 29 June 1839.