RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment

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The 14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment

Introduction

The 14th Foot was raised at Canterbury in 1685, during the Monmouth Rebellion, as Colonel Sir Edward Hales's Regiment of Foot.

The regiment took part in the defence of Gibraltar in 1727. It was numbered 14th Foot in 1751, to which Bedfordshire was added in 1782. In 1809 the 14th Regiment of Foot and the 16th Regiment of Foot swapped counties leaving the 14th with Buckinghamshire.

In March 1836, the regiment was given permission to bear on its Colours the word Tournay in commemoration of the distinguished conduct of the Brigade consisting of the 14th, 37th and 53rd Regts in the action fought at Tournay on 22 May 1794.

In 1876, the regimental title changed to The 14th (Buckinghamshire - The Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment, and on 1 July 1881, to the Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment).

In 1922, The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment) became The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own).

On 25 April 1958, The West Yorkshire Regiment linked with The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) to form The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire.

The 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment

1854 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire)

15 May 1854 The 1st/14th arrived from Ireland.

July The detachment of the 14th Regiment marched from Fort Ricasoli to Strada Torre Barracks Valletta.

10 Oct In the annual garrison turn over, the 1st/14th moved from Auberge de Castille and Fort Manoel to Floriana Barracks.

Dec 1854 The 14th Regiment and The Royal Malta Fencible Regiment were the only two regiments to garrison the island when the Expeditionary Force sailed for the Crimea. The 635 men of 14th Foot occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks and Floriana Barracks

The following were buried in 1854:

1855 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire)

10 Jan 1855 The 1st/14th embarked for the Crimea. In its absence the island was partly garrisoned by militia from England which volunteered for service overseas.

25 Apr 547 men, 50 women and 45 children of the East Kent Militia arrived to form part of the Malta Garrison.

18 May 150 rank and file arrived from England.

9 July 1855 Burial of William Berry aged 4 months, son of Sgt William Berry 14th Regiment.

1856 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire)

2 June 1856 The 1st/14th arrived from the Crimea. It had 804 men at the Cottonera.

The following were buried at Malta in 1856:

20 Sep 1856 In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor Pte William Leishman married Anne Caruana, spinster, of the City of Valletta.

1857 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire)

1 Mar 1857 Battalion strength 766 men.

June 1857 Ophthalmia broke out amongst the 14th Regiment. The monthly returns for Sept 1857 reveal that the disease in the 14th Regiment "was still dragging on and disabling the corps a great deal". Every care and precaution was taken, so that by Oct 1857, "the outbreak was much mitigated".

The following were buried in Floriana in 1857:

The following were married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1857:

1858 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire)

1 Mar 1858 Strength: Rank and File 734 (Effective), 800 (Established). Together with 21st Foot and 57th Foot, the ten companies of 1st/14th Foot formed part of 1st Brigade.

The following were buried at Floriana in 1858:

The following were married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:

The 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot

1867 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire)

30 Aug 1867 The 1st/14th Foot embarked on the Himalaya at Queenstown on 19 August 1867. It disembarked in Malta on 30 August and relieved the 29th Foot. Six companies marched in pouring rain from their disembarkation point in Valletta to Pembroke Camp. The men became thoroughly drenched which predisposed them to cholera. The same night a fatal case of cholera occurred at the camp in the wife of a private of the 1st/60th Regiment. Another 4 coys disembarked on 30 August. The men marched into camp on the glacis on Fort Manoel, awaiting the departure of 1st/60th Foot.

2 Sep Pte John Riley was the first soldier in his regiment to fall ill with cholera. He died within 9 hours of its onset.

6 Sep In an attempt to halt the spread of cholera, the troops were removed from their barracks and encamped on the musketry range at Pembroke Camp.

14 Sep The detachment at Pembroke Camp, apart from the married men, were placed under canvas at Fort Chambray Gozo.

27 Oct 1867 The detachment which had been moved from Pembroke to Fort Chambray Gozo returned to Pembroke to prepare for the start of the annual course of musketry on 1st November.

In 1867, the regiment had an average strength of 228 men. There were 362 hospital admissions (1587.7 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 18 deaths in hospital and 2 out of hospital (87.72 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

1868 1st/14th (Buckinghamshire)

1868 Ophthalmia prevailed among the men of the 14th Regiment who had 41 cases on the sick list.

9 May A draft of 263 men and 15 Drummers disembarked from the troopship Simoon and joined HQ Coy at Pembroke Camp.

10 Oct Another draft arrived in the steamship Brenda and joined HQ Coy at Pembroke Camp.

13 Oct Assistant surgeon John G. Randall and more men arrived in the troopship Crocodile. The men did not disembark as the battalion was under orders to leave Malta on 20 October.

20 Oct 1868 The battalion marched from Pembroke Camp to Fort Manoel, and embarked on the Crocodile for Bombay. It arrived at Alexandria on 25 October, where the men transferred to the Euphrates and continued on their journey to Bombay via Aden. The 1st/14th arrived in India on 13 Nov 1868. A soldier labouring under paralysis, who had been left behind in Malta when the regiment embarked for India died in 1869.

The average annual strength in 1868 was 593 men. There were 404 admissions into hospital; 5 died in hospital. The ratio per 1000 mean strength of those admitted was 681 and for deaths 8.43.

The 1st/14th occupied Pembroke Camp. From June to September, the regiment had 31 admissions for continued fevers, with 1 deaths.

The 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot

1810 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

Mar 1810 The 2nd/14th Regiment embarked for Malta, but was ordered to disembark on reaching Gibraltar. Two companies were detached to Tariffa for the defence of that town against the French. They returned to Gibraltar in June, when the Battalion proceeded to Malta. 300 sick soldiers were left behind in England.

23 June The 2nd/14th arrived from Gibraltar. It replaced the 1st/39th Foot.

25 June 1810 Field officers present: 1; Captains present: 8; Subalterns present: 17; Rank and File (Effective): 762; Rank and File (Establishment): 1208; On passage: 214; At Home: 183.

1811 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

Jan 1811 The flank Companies 2nd/14th Foot proceeded to Sicily to reinforce the troops commanded by Major General William Bentinck.

25 Oct Field officers present: 2; Captains present: 8; Subalterns present: 23; Rank and File (Effective): 1083; Rank and File (Establishment): 1208; On passage: 0; At Home: 174.

1812 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

Mar 1812 A detachment 2nd/14th Foot escorted French prisoners of war to England via Gibraltar. It returned from Gibraltar in May.

25 Oct Field officers present: 2; Captains present: 8; Subalterns present: 21; Rank and File (Effective): 981; Rank and File (Establishment): 1216; On passage: 0; At Home: 418.

25 Dec Field officers present: 2; Captains present: 7; Subalterns present: 21; Rank and File (Effective): 984; Rank and File (Establishment): 1208; At Home: 268.

1813 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

1813 Strength: 977 men were based at Fort Lower St Elmo.

31 Jan A detachment of 20 men embarked for guard duties at Lampedusa, which was finally abandoned in 1814.

25 Feb Field officers present: 2; Captains present: 7; Subalterns present: 21; Rank and File (Effective): 975; Rank and File (Establishment): 1208.

10 May 5 coys embarked for Sicily.

25 May Field officers present: 2; Captains present: 7; Subalterns present: 26; Rank and File (Effective): 964; Rank and File (Establishment): 1208.

25 Aug Rank and File (Effective): 964; Rank and File (Establishment): 1200.

3 Oct A detachment of 150 men arrived from England.

9 Oct A detachment of 21 men escorted Lieut Gen Hildebrand Oakes to England.

25 Oct 1813 Rank and File (Effective): 1093; Rank and File (Establishment): 1200.

1814 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

1814 Strength: 1093 men.

25 Mar 1814 The 2nd/14th embarked on 24/25 March and was replaced by the 2nd/10th Foot. It was withdrawn from Malta to join Lieut Gen Lord William Bentinck's force on the North West coast of Italy. Bentinck captured Genoa. From Genoa, the 2nd/14th was ordered to Marseilles, where it landed on 12 July 1815. On the surrender of Napoleon, the battalion was ordered to Malta, where it arrived in Jan 1816.

The 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot

1816 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

Jan 1816 The 2nd/14th arrived from Marseilles.

20 Mar Two companies (331 men) and an assistant surgeon, embarked for the Ionian Islands. The remainder of the regiment left Malta on 26 April. The Battalion was stationed in the Ionian Islands for the next 17 months.

1817 — 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

Autumn 1817 The 2nd Battalion embarked at Cephalonia. It sailed for Malta where it remained for a few days before proceeding to England to be disbanded. The 2nd/14th disembarked at Portsmouth on 24 November. It was reduced at Chichester on 23 December 1817, when the 420 men of the 2nd/14th Foot were absorbed in the 1st Battalion 14th Foot.

The 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot

1854 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

1855 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

Early in 1855, the regiment arrived in the Crimea from Malta. It had a strength of 827 men.

1856 2nd/14th (Buckinghamshire)

The 2nd/14th The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment)

1912 2nd/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

10 Jan 1912 The 2nd Battalion embarked on the Rewa at Southampton from Colchester and disembarked at Malta on 17 January.

1913 2nd/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

7 June 1913 300 officers and men of The 2nd/West Yorkshire Regiment with detachments of the Army Service Corps, Royal Army Medical Corps, and Army Veterinary Corps left the Grand Harbour for San Giovanni di Medua on the Albania coast. The ships of the international fleet dropped anchor in the bay of San Giovanni. The troops disembarked at mid-day the following day, and marched the 28 miles to Scutari. The roads, although in a poor state, wound through delightfully picturesque and mountainous country.

1914 2nd/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

29 July 1914 Mobilisation Order received at midnight. By 01:00 hrs 30 July all depôts were opened and stores and equipment were prepared for issue. All units in Malta had draw their ammunition by midnight 30 July other than the Army Pay Corps.

21 Aug Ordnance Stores Malta started packing mobilisation equipment for the regiment.

13 Sep On 13 September, HT Ships Gallicia, Nevasa and Galika arrived at Malta with the Territorial Brigade of the 1st City of London Royal Fusiliers.

15 Sep 1914 H.T. ships Nevasa and Gallicia sailed from Malta with the 2nd/Middlesex Regiment and the 2nd/West Yorkshire Regiment respectively.

The 3rd/The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment)

1901 3rd/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

Mar 1901 The 3rd Battalion arrived from England.

23 May 1901 Burial of Pte William Prentice aged 18 yrs 2 mths, at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 1, Grave 9).

29 June John William Bottomley aged 19 years died at Cottonera and was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery.

1902 3rd/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

24 Feb 1902 The 3rd Battalion embarked for England.

The 1st Garrison Battalion The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment)

1915 1st Gar Bn/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

Aug 1915 The 1st Garrison Battalion The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment was raised in Aug 1915 and sent to Malta on garrison duty.

1916 1st Gar Bn/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

1917 1st Gar Bn/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

16 July 1917 Elizabeth Madge Green born on 22 May 1917, daughter of CSM George Arthur Green and Dorothy, resident at 3 D Block, Msida Bastion Floriana was baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta.

1918 1st Gar Bn/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

9 June 1918 Philip Michael Swayne born on 29 April 1918, daughter of Capt Philip Swayne and Vere, resident at 5 D Piazza Miratore Floriana was baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta.

1919 1st Gar Bn/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

1 July 1919 Strength: 12 officers and 188 rank and file.

1 Dec Strength: 2 officers and 97 rank and file.

A riot broke out in Valletta on Saturday 7 June during the meeting of the National Assembly, when a crowd attacked the Union Club, the Governor's Palace and the University. It lasted till Tuesday when the new Governor, General Herbert Plumer arrived to take over the administration of Malta. Protests arose from the increasing cost of food and widespread unemployment; university students also aired their grievances in connection with university degrees. The premises of the Malta Daily Chronicle were destroyed; a flour mill in Hamrun was looted. The military was called in to assist the police. Soldiers of the West Yorkshire Regiment fired on the crowd and used their bayonets to restore order; four were killed and eight injured. 32 Maltese were arrested in connection with the riots. Sentences were handed down ranging from 3 months to 7 years imprisonment with the Governor remitting 14 minor sentences. On 22 June General Plumer declared that the Secretary of State Lord Milner was prepared to consider how far it was possible to grant the people of Malta an order to share in the administration, without impairing Imperial interests.1

1920 1st Gar Bn/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire)

1 Jan 1920 Strength: 2 officers and 82 men.

April 1920 The 1st Gar Bn/Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire) returned to York.

Bibliography