RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

search maltaramc

The 10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

Introduction

The 10th Regiment of Foot was raised in 1685 during the Monmouth Rebellion as Colonel Sir John Greville's Regiment of Foot.

In 1751 it was numbered 10th Foot; in 1782 it received the title North Lincolnshire.

The Sphinx was granted in July 1802 for its service in Egypt under Sir Ralph Abercrombie.

On 1 July 1881, The 10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment became The Lincolnshire Regiment.

In November 1946, The Lincolnshire Regiment was granted the prefix Royal.

In June 1960, The Lincolnshire Regiment linked with The Northamptonshire Regiment to form the 2nd Battalion The East Anglian Regiment.

The 1st/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1803 – 1st/10th (North Lincolnshire)

5 Mar 1803 The 1st/10th Foot embarked suddenly at Alexandria when plague broke out among the natives.

27 Apr The 1st/10th Foot arrived at Malta and immediately went into quarantine for 42 days. On completion of quarantine, The 1st/10th sailed for Gibraltar where it arrived on 20 June 1803.

The 1st/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1815 1st/10th (North Lincolnshire)

9 June 1815 The 1st/10th Foot arrived from Naples following the dissolution of the Army of the Mediterranean. It had 649 men.

1816 1st/10th (North Lincolnshire)

23 Jan 1816 The two battalions of 10th Foot were consolidated into one regiment. The officers were paid up to 24th March 1816, and embarked for England as the opportunity arose.1

21 Aug – 28 Oct 1816 A detachment including an assistant surgeon left for the Ionian Islands on 21 Aug. The rest embarked for the Ionian Islands on 28 Oct 1816.

The 1st/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1818 10th (North Lincolnshire)

21 Mar 1818 Five companies embarked at Corfu for Malta and occupied the barracks in the Cottonera district.

1819 10th (North Lincolnshire)

25 Feb – 24 Mar 1819 HQ Company embarked at Cephalonia. It arrived at Malta with the detachment from Zante and occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks Valletta.

Monthly Abstract of Admissions and Deaths for 10th Regiment
From 21 June to 20 December 1819
Month Acute Diseases
Adm/Dths
Chronic Diseases
Adm/Dths
Surgical Diseases
Adm/Dths
Total Admissions/Deaths
July 44/0 28/0 48/0 120/0
August 42/1 4/0 59/0 105/1
September 32/1 10/1 50/0 92/2
October 21/0 9/0 47/0 77/0
November 37/1 9/2 82/0 128/3
December 25/2 6/0 57/0 88/2
TOTAL 201/5 66/3 343/0 610/8
Table 1: Monthly abstract of Admissions to hospital and Deaths 10th Regiment from 21 June to 20 December. (TNA:WO 334/1)

The regiment had an average strength of 731 men. The average number of daily sick was 54. A total of 571 sick was admitted to hospital; there were 7 deaths among the rank and file. Severe cases of dysentery broke out among the men. Between 21 June and 20 December 1819, the regiment had the following number of admissions and deaths from fever:

Admissions and Deaths from fever 10th Foot 21 June to 20 December 1819
Febris Admissions Deaths
Quotidian Intermittent 3 0
Tertian 23 0
Common Continued 110 1
Table 2: Admissions and deaths from fever 10th Foot from 21 June to 20 December 1819. (TNA:WO 334/1)

Intermittent Fever was the most frequent manifestation of malaria. Soldiers were infected in the Ionian Islands and relapsed at Malta. Bark (quinine) was the main treatment, but mercury was also prescribed when the surgeon suspected additional liver or visceral disease. Tourniquets were applied to the arms and thighs and kept on for six minutes during the cold or chill stage of the fever. So convinced was the surgeon in their efficacy to abort or reduce the duration of the cold stage, that medical orderlies were allowed to apply them at the first appearance of the fever, without waiting for instructions from their surgeon.

Common Continued Fever accounted for 110 admissions. There were no deaths, although one death from fever was placed by the surgeon under this heading from not knowing where better to place it. The fever was characterised by violent delirium and great irritability of stomach, constant tremor and agitation of the hands and body, and profuse perspiration.4 Pain in the forehead was such a constant and leading symptom of the fever, that it was denominated as Cephalitis by some surgeons. The spectrum of symptoms described may actually belong to separate infections, rather than to a single disease. Blood letting from the arm was resorted to. The necessity and utility of copious venesection in this fever stated surgeon William O'Donel, are abundantly established by experience.4

Brevet Maj Brome William 10th Regiment died 24 June 1819, aged 41 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1820 10th (North Lincolnshire)

1820 The regiment occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks until 21 April 1820, when HQ Coy moved to Isola with detachments at Floriana, Fort Manoel, Fort Tigné, and Gozo.

Distribution 10th Foot 1820
Detachment Men Women Children
Isola 368 27 41
Floriana 134 9 3
Fort Manoel 110 5 3
Fort Tigné 14 1 1
Gozo 61 4 3
Ionian Islands 8 4 3
Floriana Hospital 26 1 1
TOTAL 721 47 55
Table 3: Distribution 10th Foot 1820

17 Oct 1820 Bachelor Pte William Elliott married Sarah Belham, spinster and daughter of Thomas Belham a resident of Malta.

The following were baptised in 1820:

  • 31 Mar Eleanor Margaret Jane Lane daughter of Lt Richard Lane 10th Regiment and Eliza, born on 22 February.
  • 9 Apr Mary Anne Stansfield daughter of Sgt Robert Stansfield and Susan, born on 27 March.
  • 14 May Maria Smith daughter of Sgt Robert Smith and Sarah, born on 30 April.
  • 4 June William Blenkinsop son of Sgt William Blenkinsop and Mary, born on 29 May.
  • 6 Aug John Smith son of Pte John and Mary Smith born on 27 July.
  • 8 Oct William Turner son of Pte William and Elizabeth Turner born on 26 September.
  • 17 Dec Jane Caroline Lumsden daughter of Sgt Jacob Lumsden and Jane born on 1 November.

28 Dec 1820 Death of CSgt Barnett Henry aged 34 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1821 10th (North Lincolnshire)

24 Apr 1821 The 10th Foot embarked at Malta for Portsmouth.

The following were married in 1821:

  • 9 Feb Bachelor Sgt Major Samuel Johnston to Catharine Glenwright, widow of Sgt Major George Glenwright 36th Regiment.
  • 14 Feb Bachelor Sgt John Jarrett to Sarah Pearson, widow of Sgt Isaac Pearson 10th Regiment.
  • 14 Feb Bachelor Sgt Edward Francis Dawes to Anne Barnett, widow of Sgt Henry Barnett 10th Regiment.
  • 21 Feb Bachelor Sgt John Horne to Mary Evans, spinster daughter of Cpl Robert Evans 10th Regiment, deceased.

The following were baptised in 1821:

  • 7 Jan Margaret Anne Garner daughter of Sgt John Garner and Jane, born on 22 December 1820.
  • 18 Mar George Edward Leggett son of Sgt James Leggett and Mary, born on 8 March 1821.

The 10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1855 10th (North Lincolnshire)

1856 10th (North Lincolnshire)

The 10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1 July 1881 The 1st Battalion 10th Regiment became The 1st Battalion The Lincolnshire Regiment.

1895 1st/Lincolnshire

1 Feb 1895 The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment left Aldershot and embarked at Southampton. It disembarked in Malta on 10 February.

The battalion had an average strength of 787 men with 670 admissions (851.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 1 death (1.27/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 35.90 (45.62/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.65 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.56 days.

The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment was quartered at Pembroke Camp for 8 months and Lower St Elmo Barracks for 10 weeks.

4 Aug Pte Thomas Stanhope, aged 23 years 8 months was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery.

1896 1st/Lincolnshire

The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment had an average strength of 981 men. It had 717 admissions (730.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (6.12/1000 mean strength). 23 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 57.07 (58.18/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.20 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.13 days.

The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months. It had detachments at St Angelo and Fort Salvatore.

The following were buried in Pietà Military Cemetery in 1896:

  • 8 Jan Infant Shaw aged 1 day, son of Sgt Shaw.
  • 14 Feb Infant Cyril Augustus Marks aged 3 months, son of Band Master Marks.
  • 10 May Sgt Richard Noel Robinson aged 23 years.
  • 23 May Mrs Katharine Alicia Smith aged 22 years, wife of Armourer Sgt Smith.
  • 5 June Cpl John David Brown aged 21 years.
  • 24 June Infant Albert Alfred Hawkins aged 4 months, son of Cpl Hawkins.
  • 10 Nov Infant Madeline Dorothy Smith aged 6 weeks, daughter of Sgt Smith.
  • 30 Nov Pte Charles Harris, aged 22 years 10 months.

1897 1st/Lincolnshire

The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment had an average strength of 87 men. It had 87 admissions (1000/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (22.99/1000 mean strength). 14 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 9.10 (104.6/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 38.19 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 38.19 days.

3 Feb 1897 The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 1 month. It embarked for Egypt arriving there on 6 February 1897. The battalion embarked in Egypt for Bombay on 8 November 1898.

The 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1809 — 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

1809 In 1809 The 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment formed part of the Anglo-Sicilian Army which formed a diversion on the eastern coast of Spain.

1810 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

12 Aug 1810 The 2nd/10th Foot and The 2nd/14th Foot were under orders to proceed immediately to Malta.

24 Sep 1810 General Oakes, commanding the troops in Malta, was informed that The 2nd/10th Regiment and The 14th Regiment were to proceed immediately to Malta. Upon their debarkation, The 1st/31st and The 39th Regiments were to embark and sail without delay for Gibraltar. Almost 300 men of The 14th Regiment were left in England sick. but embarked for Malta on recovery. The total strength of the two battalions was: 10th Foot - 550 men, 14th Foot - 1100 men. The 2nd/10th Foot arrived from Gibraltar.

1 Oct 1810 Oakes reported to Bunbury, Under-Secretary of State Downing Street, that he was well pleased with The 2nd/10th and The 14th Regiments both as to officers and men and I trust they will soon become a very fine corps and appear in high order. The 10th, the very young are a remarkably good description of men - I only wish they were more numerous.3

1811 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

22 Aug 1811 The 2nd/10th Foot embarked at Malta for Sicily. It landed at Messina on 27 August. The Battalion left Messina in January 1812, when it formed part of the expedition for Spain.

The 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1814 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

24 Mar 1814 533 men of The 2nd/10th Foot arrived from Sicily and replaced The 2nd/14th Foot.

11 Aug Lt Gen Lord William Bentinck was instructed to withdraw the whole of the British troops and all ordnance and stores from Sicily and to send The 1st/10th Foot, The 31st, and a small detachment of De Roll's Regiments to Malta, as well as the whole of the heavy ordnance and stores. The 1st/10th Regiment was to be completed to 1200 men by the incorporation of men from the 2nd Battalion. The officers of The 2nd/10th were to return to England. On 15 August the above order was cancelled and the evacuation of Sicily did not proceed until October 1815.

1815 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

8 Mar 1815 Men whose service had expired left on the transport Cora.

9 June 493 men of 2nd/10th Foot proceeded to Malta. They occupied Fort St Elmo where the men suffered severely from ophthalmia.

1816 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

23 Jan 1816 The 2nd Battalion was disbanded as part of the reduction of the army after the peace in Europe. The invalids and Limited Servicemen were sent to England in Jan 1816.

Aug 1816 The regiment commenced embarking by detachments from Malta to Corfu, where it was stationed until the end of Aug 1817.

The 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment

1878 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

6 Aug 1878 The 2nd/10th Foot embarked at Portsmouth for Malta where it arrived on 19 August 1878.

The 2nd/10th Foot had an average strength of 271 men. It had 315 admissions (1162.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (14.76 deaths/1000 mean strength).

Its average constantly sick was 11.31 (41.73/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.23 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 13.11 days.

1879 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

The 2nd/10th Regiment had an average strength of 636 men. It had 554 admissions (871.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 8 deaths (12.58/1000 mean strength). 9 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 28.15 (44.26/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.15 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.55 days.

The 2nd/10th Regiment had one of the highest mortality rates during the year. Six of the deaths were due to enteric fever.

1880 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

The 2nd/10th Foot had an average strength of 652 men. It had 449 admissions (688.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 8 deaths (12.27 deaths/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 25.51 (39.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.32 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.79 days.

1881 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)

The 2nd/Lincolnshire Regiment had an average strength of 167 men. It had 166 admissions (994.0/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.98 deaths/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 9.71 (58.14/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.23 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.35 days.

22 Mar 1881 The 2nd/10th Foot embarked for Gibraltar.

The 2nd/Lincolnshire Regiment

1935 2nd/Lincolnshire

28 Sep 1935 Reinforcements arrived at Malta during the Abyssinia Crisis. 8 officers and 763 men of The 2nd/Lincolnshire Regiment arrived from Catterick on HMT Somersetshire on 28 Sept 1935. The regiment marched to The RAF Station at Kalafrana headed by their regimental band. The battalion occupied Kalafrana for nine months, when it was housed in two large RAF hangars. Regimental officers shared the RAF mess.

1936 2nd/Lincolnshire

14 July 1936 The reinforcements which were at Malta during the Abyssinia Crisis left for Palestine.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • Cannon R, 1847. Historical records of the 10th Regiment, (North Lincolnshire). London. Parker Furnwall and Parker.
  • 1TNA:WO 1/2130, Returns of 1816.
  • 2TNA:CO 159/4, Downing Street 24 April 1810.
  • 3TNA:CO 158/16 f 353, Oakes to Bunbury dated 1 Oct 1810.
  • 4TNA:WO 334/1, Half Yearly Returns of sick of the 10th Regiment from 21 June to 20 December 1819.
  • TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
  • TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Marriage Register, 1 January 1820 to 12 June 1839.
  • TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Baptism Register, 2 January 1820 to 29 June 1839.
  • TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  • Register No 13. Burials No 8, Pietà Cemetery 1887–1908.