25 Feb – 24 Mar 1819 HQ Company embarked at Cephalonia. It arrived at Malta with the detachment from Zante and occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks Valletta.
Monthly Abstract of Admissions and Deaths for 10th Regiment From 21 June to 20 December 1819
Acute Diseases Adm/Dths
Chronic Diseases Adm/Dths
Surgical Diseases Adm/Dths
Table 1: Monthly abstract of Admissions to hospital and Deaths 10th Regiment from 21 June to 20 December. (TNA:WO 334/1)
The regiment had an average strength of 731 men. The average number of daily sick was 54. A total of 571 sick was admitted to hospital; there were 7 deaths among the rank and file. Severe cases of dysentery broke out among the men. Between 21 June and 20 December 1819, the regiment had the following number of admissions and deaths from fever:
Admissions and Deaths from fever 10th Foot 21 June to 20 December 1819
Table 2: Admissions and deaths from fever 10th Foot from 21 June to 20 December 1819. (TNA:WO 334/1)
Intermittent Fever was the most frequent manifestation of malaria. Soldiers were infected in the Ionian Islands and relapsed at Malta. Bark (quinine) was the main treatment, but mercury was also prescribed when the surgeon suspected additional liver or visceral disease. Tourniquets were applied to the arms and thighs and kept on for six minutes during the cold or chill stage of the fever. So convinced was the surgeon in their efficacy to abort or reduce the duration of the cold stage, that medical orderlies were allowed to apply them at the first appearance of the fever, without waiting for instructions from their surgeon.
Common Continued Fever accounted for 110 admissions. There were no deaths, although one death from fever was placed by the surgeon under this heading from not knowing where better to place it. The fever was characterised by violent delirium and great irritability of stomach, constant tremor and agitation of the hands and body, and profuse perspiration.4 Pain in the forehead was such a constant and leading symptom of the fever, that it was denominated as Cephalitis by some surgeons. The spectrum of symptoms described may actually belong to separate infections, rather than to a single disease. Blood letting from the arm was resorted to. The necessity and utility of copious venesection in this fever stated surgeon William O'Donel, are abundantly established by experience.4
Brevet Maj Brome William 10th Regiment died 24 June 1819, aged 41 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).
The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment had an average strength of 981 men. It had 717 admissions (730.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (6.12/1000 mean strength). 23 invalids returned to England.
Its average constantly sick was 57.07 (58.18/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.20 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.13 days.
The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months. It had detachments at St Angelo and Fort Salvatore.
The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment had an average strength of 87 men. It had 87 admissions (1000/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (22.99/1000 mean strength). 14 invalids returned to England.
Its average constantly sick was 9.10 (104.6/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 38.19 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 38.19 days.
3 Feb 1897 The 1st/Lincolnshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 1 month. It embarked for Egypt arriving there on 6 February 1897. The battalion embarked in Egypt for Bombay on 8 November 1898.
The 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment
1809 — 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire)
1809 In 1809 The 2nd/10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment formed part of the Anglo-Sicilian Army which formed a diversion on the eastern coast of Spain.
12 Aug 1810 The 2nd/10th Foot and The 2nd/14th Foot were under orders to proceed immediately to Malta.
24 Sep 1810 General Oakes, commanding the troops in Malta, was informed that The 2nd/10th Regiment and The 14th Regiment were to proceed immediately to Malta. Upon their debarkation, The 1st/31st and The 39th Regiments were to embark and sail without delay for Gibraltar. Almost 300 men of The 14th Regiment were left in England sick. but embarked for Malta on recovery. The total strength of the two battalions was: 10th Foot - 550 men, 14th Foot - 1100 men. The 2nd/10th Foot arrived from Gibraltar.
1 Oct 1810 Oakes reported to Bunbury, Under-Secretary of State Downing Street, that he was well pleased with The 2nd/10th and The 14th Regiments both as to officers and men and I trust they will soon become a very fine corps and appear in high order. The 10th, the very young are a remarkably good description of men - I only wish they were more numerous.3
24 Mar 1814 533 men of The 2nd/10th Foot arrived from Sicily and replaced The 2nd/14th Foot.
11 Aug Lt Gen Lord William Bentinck was instructed to withdraw the whole of the British troops and all ordnance and stores from Sicily and to send The 1st/10th Foot, The 31st, and a small detachment of De Roll's Regiments to Malta, as well as the whole of the heavy ordnance and stores. The 1st/10th Regiment was to be completed to 1200 men by the incorporation of men from the 2nd Battalion. The officers of The 2nd/10th were to return to England. On 15 August the above order was cancelled and the evacuation of Sicily did not proceed until October 1815.
The 2nd/10th Regiment had an average strength of 636 men. It had 554 admissions (871.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 8 deaths (12.58/1000 mean strength). 9 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 28.15 (44.26/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.15 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.55 days.
The 2nd/10th Regiment had one of the highest mortality rates during the year. Six of the deaths were due to enteric fever.
The 2nd/10th Foot had an average strength of 652 men. It had 449 admissions (688.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 8 deaths (12.27 deaths/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 25.51 (39.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.32 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.79 days.
The 2nd/Lincolnshire Regiment had an average strength of 167 men. It had 166 admissions (994.0/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.98 deaths/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 9.71 (58.14/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.23 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.35 days.
22 Mar 1881 The 2nd/10th Foot embarked for Gibraltar.
28 Sep 1935Reinforcements arrived at Malta during the Abyssinia Crisis. 8 officers and 763 men of The 2nd/Lincolnshire Regiment arrived from Catterick on HMT Somersetshire on 28 Sept 1935. The regiment marched to The RAF Station at Kalafrana headed by their regimental band. The battalion occupied Kalafrana for nine months, when it was housed in two large RAF hangars. Regimental officers shared the RAF mess.
14 July 1936 The reinforcements which were at Malta during the Abyssinia Crisis left for Palestine.
Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
Cannon R, 1847. Historical records of the 10th Regiment, (North Lincolnshire). London. Parker Furnwall and Parker.
1TNA:WO 1/2130, Returns of 1816.
2TNA:CO 159/4, Downing Street 24 April 1810.
3TNA:CO 158/16 f 353, Oakes to Bunbury dated 1 Oct 1810.
4TNA:WO 334/1, Half Yearly Returns of sick of the 10th Regiment from 21 June to 20 December 1819.
TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Marriage Register, 1 January 1820 to 12 June 1839.
TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Baptism Register, 2 January 1820 to 29 June 1839.